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Life Sciences - 11.06.2024
What’s going on in our brains when we plan?
Study uncovers how the brain simulates possible future actions by drawing from our stored memories. In pausing to think before making an important decision, we may imagine the potential outcomes of different choices we could make. While this 'mental simulation' is central to how we plan and make decisions in everyday life, how the brain works to accomplish this is not well understood.

Health - Computer Science - 11.06.2024
AI system learns to speak the language of cancer to enable improved diagnosis
A computer system which harnesses the power of AI to learn the language of cancer is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in biological samples with remarkable accuracy, its developers say. An international team of AI specialists and cancer scientists are behind the breakthrough development, which can also provide reliable predictions of patient outcomes.

Environment - Economics - 11.06.2024
EU climate policy: French manufacturers cut emissions by 43 million tonnes
The carbon emissions of French manufacturers fell by an estimated 15% during the first eight years of the EU Emissions Trading System policy. This is the key finding of a new study by experts at Imperial College Business School, in collaboration with the University of Virginia and University of Mannheim.

Health - 11.06.2024
Are waterbirths safe?
New research confirms that for women with an uncomplicated pregnancy, having a waterbirth is as safe as leaving the water before birth. Researchers looked at the birth experiences of over 87,000 women with an uncomplicated pregnancy who used water immersion during labour for comfort and pain relief.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 11.06.2024
Would astronauts' kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
Would astronauts’ kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
The structure and function of the kidneys is altered by space flight, with galactic radiation causing permanent damage that would jeopardise any mission to Mars, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the largest analysis of kidney health in space flight to date and includes the first health dataset for commercial astronauts.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Adolescents who experience higher levels of social anxiety symptoms are more likely to report increased suicidal thoughts and other depressive symptoms two years later, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The findings, published in JCPP Advances, highlights the need for early interventions to address society anxiety in young people.

Health - 10.06.2024
Children’s brain tumours could be diagnosed with 10 min scan, based on metabolic signature
New research suggests that MRI scanning could be used to determine which of four types of medulloblastoma present - which could cut wait for treatment by weeks. Children with the most common malignant form of brain cancer could see diagnostic wait times reduced thanks to new research that trialled a new, quicker and less invasive way of determining which type of tumour they have.

Environment - 10.06.2024
Textured tiles help endangered eels overcome human-made river obstacles
A new way of helping a critically endangered species of eel swim upstream during their migration has been tested by Cardiff researchers. The cheap and easy to retrofit method helps the fish overcome human-made obstacles such as culverts, weirs and flumes routinely used in UK waterways to enable river crossings via bridges and to regulate river flow.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.06.2024
Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users
Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users
Comment: Study claiming antidepressant withdrawal is uncommon fails to account for long term users Writing in The Conversation, Professor Joanna Moncrieff and Dr Mark Horowitz (both UCL Psychiatry) respond to new research that antidepressant withdrawal is less common than previously thought by highlighting the risks among long-term users.

Psychology - 07.06.2024
Unravelling the gendered undertones of narcissism
Unravelling the gendered undertones of narcissism
Narcissistic tendencies are heavily shaped by our upbringing and are significant contributors to violence and bullying in adult relationships - but the causes and outcomes are different for men and women. New research from the University of Southampton and City, University of London has uncovered significant gender differences in narcissism and its influence on partner violence and bullying behaviour.

Materials Science - Physics - 07.06.2024
Researchers engineer new approach for controlling thermal emission
The University of Manchester's National Graphene Institute has spearheaded an international team to engineer a novel approach for controlling thermal emission, detailed in a paper published in Science . This breakthrough offers new design strategies beyond conventional materials, with promising implications for thermal management and camouflage technologies.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.06.2024
Major cause of inflammatory bowel disease discovered
UK researchers have discovered a new biological pathway which drives inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and could be targeted with existing drugs. The work, carried out by researchers at the Francis Crick Institute, working with UCL and Imperial College London, uncovered a region of DNA which effectively dials up the activity of specific white blood cells, driving inflammation and increasing IBD risk.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.06.2024
Boosting key protein in eye cells could prevent age-related vision loss
Boosting key protein in eye cells could prevent age-related vision loss
Increasing the levels of a key protein in the cells at the back of the eye could help protect against the leading cause of vision loss among older adults, finds a new study co-led by a UCL researcher. The findings from an international team based in the UK, US, Germany and Australia are published in Science Translational Medicine .

Environment - Life Sciences - 06.06.2024
Analysis: A new AI tool to help monitor coral reef health
Analysis: A new AI tool to help monitor coral reef health
PhD candidate Ben Williams (UCL Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research and ZSL's Institute of Zoology) writes with a colleague about why they built SurfPerch, an AI led system to make it faster and easier for marine scientists to answer ecological questions. Coral reefs cover only 0.1% of the ocean's surface - yet they host 25% of all known marine species.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.06.2024
Major cause of inflammatory bowel disease discovered
Major cause of inflammatory bowel disease discovered
A new biological pathway that is a principal driver of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and related conditions, and which can be targeted using existing drugs, has been discovered by researchers at UCL, the Francis Crick Institute and Imperial College London. About 5% of the world's population, and one in ten people in the UK, are currently affected by an autoimmune disease, such as IBD, the umbrella term for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, which cause swelling and irritation of the digestive tract.

Astronomy / Space - 06.06.2024
Earliest detection of metal challenges what we know about the first galaxies
Earliest detection of metal challenges what we know about the first galaxies
Astronomers have detected carbon in a galaxy just 350 million years after the Big Bang, the earliest detection of any element in the universe other than hydrogen. Using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), an international team of astronomers led by the University of Cambridge observed a very young galaxy in the early universe and found that it contained surprising amounts of carbon, one of the seeds of life as we know it.

Health - 06.06.2024
Breakthrough research highlights Imperial’s strength in cardiovascular science
Three Imperial-led conference presentations have highlighted the university as a leader in cutting-edge cardiovascular disease research. New research from scientists at Imperial College London could help to advance treatment and care for patients with heart conditions. The work, funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF), covers areas including the use of artificial intelligence to diagnose heart attacks, remote monitoring of high-risk patients, and highlighting increased heart disease risk for British South Asians.

Career - 06.06.2024
Report proposes new rights to protect workers from 'unfair, unaccountable and uncaring' algorithms
Report proposes new rights to protect workers from ’unfair, unaccountable and uncaring’ algorithms
A report published today [6 June] calls for a new generation of rights to protect workers from the rise of 'management by algorithm'. The report published by the Institute of Employment Rights says that algorithmic management threatens to degrade workers' rights and conditions and that current protections in the law are inadequate in the face of technological change.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 05.06.2024
Training cognitive control in children does not change brain or behaviour
Training exercises designed to improve cognitive control in children do not make a significant difference to their ability to delay gratification or to their academic achievement, nor do they lead to any brain changes, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The findings, published in Nature Neuroscience , appear to debunk the popular idea that brain training could improve cognitive control - the mental processes that allow us to set and pursue shortor long-term goals - and thereby lead to tangible benefits to other real-life outcomes.

Environment - 05.06.2024
Electrified charcoal 'sponge' can soak up CO2 directly from the air
Electrified charcoal ’sponge’ can soak up CO2 directly from the air
Researchers have developed a low-cost, energy-efficient method for making materials that can capture carbon dioxide directly from the air. The first and most urgent thing we've got to do is reduce carbon emissions worldwide, but greenhouse gas removal is also thought to be necessary to achieve net zero emissions and limit the worst effects of climate change.