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Health - 01.07.2020
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease and heart failure in later life, according to an international team of researchers. When we looked at all the available research, the answer was clear: women who develop high blood pressure during pregnancy - even when it doesn't develop into pre-eclampsia - are more likely to develop several different kinds of cardiovascular disease Clare Oliver-Williams Between 1-6% of all pregnancies in Western countries are affected by high blood pressure, which usually returns to normal after giving birth.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 01.07.2020
Tabletop quantum experiment could detect gravitational waves
Tiny diamond crystals could be used as an incredibly sensitive and small gravitational detector capable of measuring gravitational waves, suggests new UCL-led research. Predicted by Einstein's general theory of relativity, gravitational waves are ripples in space-time generated by certain movements of massive objects.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 30.06.2020
Reveals how water in deep Earth triggers earthquakes and volcanic activity
Reveals how water in deep Earth triggers earthquakes and volcanic activity
Scientists have for the first time linked the deep Earth's water cycle to earthquakes and volcanic activity. Water, sulphur and carbon dioxide, which are cycled through the deep Earth, play a key role in the evolution of our planet - including in the formation of continents, the emergence of life, the concentration of mineral resources, and the distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes.

Health - Social Sciences - 30.06.2020
More than 40% of COVID-19 infections had no symptoms
A study of COVID-19 in the quarantined Italian town of V, where most of the population was tested, reveals the importance of asymptomatic cases. The authors of the new research suggest asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic people are an important factor in the transmission of COVID-19. They also argue that widespread testing, isolating infected people, and a community lockdown effectively stopped the outbreak in its tracks.

Health - 30.06.2020
Frailty is as important as age or underlying health issues in Covid-19 death risk
Frailty is as important as either age or underlying health issues in determining whether someone may die from Covid-19, a new study has found. The analysis of 1,564 hospital patients at 10 sites in the UK and one in Italy by specialists in geriatric care suggests increasing frailty is linked to a higher risk of death and longer time spent in hospital.

History / Archeology - 30.06.2020
Shows iconic golden eagle was once common throughout Wales
Shows iconic golden eagle was once common throughout Wales
A new study has shown that golden and white-tailed eagles were widespread and common throughout historic Wales. Scientists looked at their historical distribution as part of their bid to bring the species, which became regionally extinct in the early-1800s, back to the Welsh countryside. During their research they gained fascinating insights by looking at archaeological, fossil and observational records - and even Welsh place names.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.06.2020
Asteroid impact, not volcanoes, made the Earth uninhabitable for dinosaurs
Asteroid impact, not volcanoes, made the Earth uninhabitable for dinosaurs
Modelling of the Chicxulub asteroid impact 66 million years ago shows it created a world largely unsuitable for dinosaurs to live in. The asteroid, which struck the Earth off the coast of Mexico at the end of the Cretaceous era 66 million years ago, has long been believed to be the cause of the demise of all dinosaur species except those that became birds.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.06.2020
Joint cell discovery offers new hope for people with Rheumatoid Arthritis
The key to swift treatments to cure the pain of rheumatoid arthritis has been found in the joints of people with the condition who are in longterm remission. The study - published today and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with Fondazione A.Gemelli IRCCS in Italy and the Versus Arthritis funded Research into Inflammatory Arthritis Centre (RACE) - found that people with arthritis in long-term remission had a difference in cell function which could settle inflammation and 'teach' nearby cells to repair the joint.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.06.2020
Faecal microbial transplantation more effective and less costly than antibiotics to treat C-diff infections
An innovative treatment for patients with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) which uses transplanted gut bacteria to treat the infection, is a more effective and more cost-efficient treatment than using antibiotics, a new UK study has found. CDI is an infection of the bowel, which commonly affects people who have recently been treated in hospital, those with underlying conditions and patients over 65.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.06.2020
New heart valve could transform open heart surgery for millions of patients globally
New heart valve could transform open heart surgery for millions of patients globally
A new polymeric heart valve with a life span potentially longer than current artificial valves that would also prevent the need for the millions of patients with diseased heart valves to require life-long blood thinning tablets has been developed by scientists at the universities of Bristol and Cambridge.

Environment - 29.06.2020
Soft coral garden discovered in Greenland’s deep sea
A deep-sea soft coral garden habitat has been discovered in Greenlandic waters by scientists from UCL, ZSL and Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, using an innovative and low-cost deep-sea video camera built and deployed by the team. The soft coral garden, presented in a new Frontiers in Marine Science paper, is the first habitat of this kind to have been identified and assessed in west Greenland waters.

Health - 29.06.2020
Declining eyesight improved by looking at deep red light
Staring at a deep red light for three minutes a day can significantly improve declining eyesight, finds a new UCL-led study, the first of its kind in humans. Scientists believe the discovery, published in the Journals of Gerontology , could signal the dawn of new affordable home-based eye therapies, helping the millions of people globally with naturally declining vision.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.06.2020
Brain complications in patients with severe COVID-19
Neurological and psychiatric complications observed in critically ill patients during the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, shine new light on conditions which may be linked to coronavirus, finds new research co-led by UCL. The study, published in the Lancet Psychiatry , describes 153 patients treated in UK hospitals, who were deemed by doctors to represent the most severe cases.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.06.2020
Third of people report enjoying lockdown
On balance a third of people in the UK have been enjoying the lockdown, while 46% have not been enjoying it and 21% have mixed feelings, finds UCL's Covid-19 Social Study. The research also shows that 17% of people have not been enjoying lockdown 'at all', whilst only 4% of people have been enjoying it 'very much'.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.06.2020
Shelling out for dinner: dolphins learn foraging skills from peers
Shelling out for dinner: dolphins learn foraging skills from peers
A new study demonstrates for the first time that dolphins can learn foraging techniques outside the mother-calf bond - showing that they have a similar cultural nature to great apes. The findings, led by an international research team including academics at the University of Bristol, are published in Current Biology.

Health - 26.06.2020
Bristol part of largest global study on impact of COVID-19 across 129 countries
The COH-FIT (Collaborative Outcomes study on Health and Functioning during Infection Times) is an online survey project to identify risk and protective factors that will inform prevention and intervention programmes for the COVID-19 pandemic, and if other pandemics occur in the future. The study, led by clinicians Professor Christoph Correll from the US and Dr Marco Solmi from Italy, aims to collect data from around 100,000 participants.

Life Sciences - 26.06.2020
Does fossil study prove iconic sabretooth was really a ’pussycat’
Not all sabretooth cats were fearsome predators - some may have been scavengers using their teeth to rip open carcasses before extracting their prey's innards with a big tongue, according to a new study. Thylacosmilus atrox lived some five million years ago in Argentina - a jaguar-sized marsupial with huge canines, fuelling speculation it was an even more vicious predator than placental carnivores, such as the North American Smilodon fatalis, that it superficially resembled.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.06.2020
Scientists develop model that reproduces photosynthesis
An international team, led by the University of California (Riverside) in collaboration with scientists from the Universities of Glasgow and Amsterdam, has constructed a model that reproduces a currently unrecognized general feature of photosynthesis, that can be observed across many types of photosynthetic organisms.

Health - 25.06.2020
Antibody tests may help detect COVID-19 infection - if used at right time
Scientists have analysed data from around the world to examine the accuracy of antibody tests for COVID-19, and have shown that the timing of testing is critical. The tests do not work accurately when administered at the wrong time. In the most comprehensive review of its kind of COVID-19 testing, researchers have examined all available test accuracy evidence for antibody tests published up to the end of April.

Health - Environment - 25.06.2020
Air pollution could help London transport planners fight COVID-19
Measuring air quality across London could help fight COVID-19 by providing a rapid means of deciding whether to reduce public transport movement - given strong links between exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 transmission, a new study reveals. Analysis of air pollution, COVID-19 cases and fatality rates in London demonstrates a connection between increased levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM2.5) and higher risk of viral transmission.

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