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Health - Pharmacology - 16.09.2021
Research provides new insight into fundamental workings of the immune system in response to therapy to treat skin cancer
New research led by the University of Birmingham suggests that skin cancer patients could have a better prognosis if their T cells send messages from five specific genes in their immune response to drugs given to treat the disease. The research, carried out in mice, cells in the laboratory, and using publicly available data from patients with advanced melanoma before and after treatment with Nivolumab therapy, publishes today in Immunity.

Health - 16.09.2021
Study links childhood exposure to air pollution and self-harm in later life
A study of over 1.4 million Danes has revealed a link between higher levels of exposure to two common pollutants during childhood and an increased risk of self-harm in later life. The collaboration between academics at The University of Manchester and Aarhus University in Denmark is published today (16/09/2021) in a special issue on suicide prevention of the journal Preventive Medicine .

Pharmacology - Health - 15.09.2021
Potential new drug for incurable vascular dementia
A drug already used to treat high blood pressure could be re-purposed as the first treatment to tackle a type of vascular dementia caused by damaged and 'leaky' small blood vessels in the brain, according to research part-funded by the British Heart Foundation and published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation .

Health - Computer Science - 15.09.2021
World first for AI and machine learning to treat COVID-19 patients worldwide
World first for AI and machine learning to treat COVID-19 patients worldwide
Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge along with 20 other hospitals from across the world and healthcare technology leader, NVIDIA, have used artificial intelligence (AI) to predict Covid patients' oxygen needs on a global scale.

Computer Science - Health - 15.09.2021
Machine learning algorithm to diagnose deep vein thrombosis
A team of researchers are developing the use of an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm with the aim of diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) more quickly and as effectively as traditional radiologist-interpreted diagnostic scans, potentially cutting down long patient waiting lists and avoiding patients unnecessarily receiving drugs to treat DVT when they don't have it.

Health - 15.09.2021
Oxford to assess revolutionary multi-cancer blood test in trial, for future implementation in the NHS
The University of Oxford has announced a partnership with GRAIL, to evaluate the use of a new multi-cancer early detection (MCED) test in the NHS. The nation-wide SYMPLIFY study will investigate a MCED test developed by GRAIL, known as Galleri, for patients with non-specific symptoms that may be a result of cancer.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.09.2021
COVID vaccine effects wane over time but still prevent death and severe illness
PIC SNIPE/Shutterstock Sheena Cruickshank , University of Manchester Several countries - including the UK - are now offering third COVID-19 shots amid reports of vaccines proving less effective over time. But do these countries really need to embark on widespread booster campaigns? Here's what research tells us so far about how vaccines are performing.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.09.2021
Care experienced children have poorer health outcomes
Care experienced children in Scotland have poorer health and higher average rates of mortality when compared to children in the general population, according to a new study. The study - led by the University of Glasgow and published in BMJ Open - also showed substantial differences in health outcomes and health service use between care experienced children and children in the general population.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.09.2021
Fixing protein production errors lengthens lifespan
Reducing naturally occurring errors in protein synthesis (production) improves both health and lifespan, finds a new study in simple model organisms led by researchers at UCL and MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences. The novel findings, published in Cell Metabolism , are the first to demonstrate a direct link between fewer protein mistakes and longevity.

Health - 14.09.2021
Changes to workplace cafeteria menus nudge workers to consume fewer calories
A study carried out at 19 workplace cafeterias has shown that reducing portion sizes and replacing higher calorie food and drinks with lower calorie options led to workers buying food and drink with fewer calories. Our study suggests that making relatively simple changes to menus in workplace and other cafeterias could make an important contribution to tackling obesity Theresa Marteau Researchers at the University of Cambridge, who led the study, say that even simple interventions such as these could contribute towards tackling levels of obesity.

Health - 14.09.2021
Is anybody out there? Human embryos make contact with mother-to-be
Scientists at The University of Manchester and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust have discovered a new way that human embryos are able to communicate with mothers-to-be after just six days. The team, who publish in the journal Human Reproduction today (14/09/21), reveal for the first time that embryos are able to detect foreign (non-self) cells - including pathogens - in their environment.

Health - 14.09.2021
New online tool developed to help prevent self-harm
A new online tool to help reduce and prevent repeat self-harm has been designed by researchers alongside those with lived experience. The tool was tested by a national sample of 514 people who have self-harmed to find out what they thought of it and whether they believed it could help them. The research that's been published today (insert date), in The Journal of Medical Internet Research, reveals the tool, which has previously been found to be effective, is liked by those with lived experience of self-harm.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.09.2021
New pathway that prevents bowel cancer treatment from working
Leading scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered a previously unknown pathway that prevents specific drugs from working in patients with bowel cancer. The research findings pave the way for increasing the number of bowel cancer patients who can be successfully treated, say the scientists.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.09.2021
New report suggests pandemic policing undermines public health measures whilst disproportionately targeting Black and Minority Ethnic communities
A new report raises concerns about the policing of the pandemic and shows that racially minoritised communities have been most harshly affected - being more likely to be stopped by the police, threatened or subject to police violence and falsely accused of rule-breaking and wrong-doing.

Health - 10.09.2021
Nearly half of adults have experienced discrimination during Covid-19 pandemic
Nearly half of adults (44%) reported having experienced some kind of discrimination since the start of the pandemic*, find UCL researchers as part of the Covid-19 Social Study. Having been treated with less courtesy or respect than others was the most common type of discrimination (28%), followed by having been threatened or harassed (14%), having had people act as if they were afraid of them (13%), and having received poorer service for deliveries/in stores (12%) or in a medical setting (11%).

Pharmacology - Health - 09.09.2021
FDA-approved drugs reduced SARS-CoV-2 infection in lab
An in vitro study of drugs already approved by the regulatory authority in the United States to treat a range of conditions, has shown eight of them are also effective in slowing SARS-CoV-2 replication in infected human cells. The team led by University of Manchester scientists used the drugs to treat liver and kidney cells, which are commonly targeted by the virus in patients with severe disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.09.2021
Review suggests best ways to treat to reoccurring prostate cancer
The review funded by Cancer Research UK, in which academics at the Universities of Manchester and Leeds, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust and Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust screened 2,197 articles is published in the journal Frontiers in Oncology this week (9/09/21). Despite advances in radiation treatment for prostate cancer, an established technique, it can reoccur in some patients most often within the prostate gland itself.

Psychology - Health - 09.09.2021
'Headspace' app could benefit people with asthma
’Headspace’ app could benefit people with asthma
Psychologists are keen to understand whether a popular mindfulness app could offer fresh hope for people with asthma. Last updated on Monday 13 September 2021 People with asthma given access to a popular mindfulness app improved symptoms and quality of life after just three months, researchers behind new psychological research say.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.09.2021
Gut bacteria accumulate many common medications and may reduce their effectiveness
Gut bacteria accumulate many common medications and may reduce their effectiveness
Common medications can accumulate in gut bacteria, a new study has found, altering bacterial function and potentially reducing the medications' effectiveness.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.09.2021
CPAP and oxygen have similar impact on mortality of COVID-19 patients that wouldn’t benefit from intensive care
Unwell COVID-19 patients may be treated just as effectively with oxygen through a mask rather than the sometimes difficult to tolerate therapy known as Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP), according to a new study. The patients in the study, whose frailty and other medical conditions meant they were unlikely to benefit from invasive mechanical ventilation and intensive care treatment, received treatment with either an oxygen mask or CPAP.
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