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Health - Psychology - 28.02.2024
Therapy could be effective treatment for non-physical symptoms of menopause
Therapy could be effective treatment for non-physical symptoms of menopause
Interventions such as mindfulness and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), could be an effective treatment option for menopause-related mood symptoms, memory and concentration problems, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in the Journal of Affective Disorders , is the most up-to-date study of its kind, providing a meta-analysis of 30 studies involving 3,501 women who were going through the menopause in 14 countries, including the UK, USA, Iran, Australia, and China.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.02.2024
UK cancer treatment falls behind other countries
UK cancer treatment falls behind other countries
People in the UK were treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy less often than in comparable countries and faced long waits for treatments, according to two new studies led by UCL researchers. For the two papers, published in The Lancet Oncology and part-funded by Cancer Research UK, an international team of researchers examined data from over 780,000 people with cancer diagnosed between 2012 and 2017 in four comparable countries (Australia, Canada, Norway and the UK).

Pharmacology - Health - 27.02.2024
COVID-19 antiviral treatment should be taken for longer
COVID-19 antiviral treatment should be taken for longer
The currently recommended five-day course of molnupiravir, an antiviral treatment, may not be long enough to treat COVID-19, according to a new paper involving UCL researchers. The study, published in Nature Communications , was conducted as part of PANORAMIC, an ongoing clinical trial evaluating potential treatments for COVID-19.

Health - 26.02.2024
Black children more likely to experience complications after emergency appendicitis surgery
Black children are four times more likely than white children to experience complications after having their appendix removed, but further assessment is needed to understand the cause of the association, according to research from UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital. The study, published in Anaesthesia , aimed to characterise the incidence and epidemiology of postoperative complications in children undergoing appendicectomy in the UK.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.02.2024
Vest can detect earlier signs of heart muscle disease
Vest can detect earlier signs of heart muscle disease
A reusable vest that can map the electric impulses of the heart in fine detail could detect abnormalities from a potentially fatal heart disease much earlier than is currently possible, suggests a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology , found that an electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) vest, developed by Dr Gaby Captur at UCL, could detect electrical changes associated with an inherited heart muscle condition at a stage when standard tests do not pick up signs of disease.

Health - 26.02.2024
Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria
Blindness from some inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria
Sight loss in certain inherited eye diseases may be caused by gut bacteria, and is potentially treatable by antimicrobials, finds a new study in mice co-led by a UCL and Moorfields researcher. The international study observed that in eyes with sight loss caused by a particular genetic mutation, known to cause eye diseases that lead to blindness, gut bacteria were found within the damaged areas of the eye.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.02.2024
Diet intervention links longer remissions of type 2 diabetes and improved health over 5 years
New findings from a three-year observational extension of the landmark Diabetes Remission Clinical Trial DiRECT reveal that, for those in remission from type 2 diabetes at the end of year two of the original study, 26% still remained in remission at year five. The overall remission rate was 13% of those with data at 5 years New findings from a three-year observational extension of the landmark Diabetes Remission Clinical Trial DiRECT reveal that, for those in remission from type 2 diabetes at the end of year two of the original study, 26% still remained in remission at year five.

Health - 23.02.2024
Having a ’regular doctor’ can significantly reduce GP workload
If all GP practices moved to a model where patients saw the same doctor at each visit, it could significantly reduce doctor workload while improving patient health, a study suggests. In one of the largest studies of its kind, researchers from the University of Cambridge and INSEAD analysed data from more than 10 million consultations in 381 English primary care practices over a period of 11 years.

Health - Pedagogy - 22.02.2024
Decreasing sedentary time in class reduces obesity in children
Introducing more movement into lessons led to an 8% reduction in children's waist-to-height ratio, according to new research from UCL and the Institute of Sport, Exercise and Health (ISEH). The study, published in Obesity Facts , is the first scientific assessment of the impact that reducing sedentary behaviour in the classroom has on obesity in primary school children.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.02.2024
ITalkBetter app significantly improves speech in stroke patients
A UCL-developed app that provides speech therapy for people with the language disorder aphasia has been found to significantly improve their ability to talk. iTalkBetter, developed by the Neurotherapeutics Group at the UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, provides users the digital platform to practice over 200 commonly used words, in their own time and without any limits on the amount of therapy they receive.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.02.2024
'Virtual biopsy' uses AI to help doctors assess lung cancer
’Virtual biopsy’ uses AI to help doctors assess lung cancer
Researchers have used artificial intelligence (AI) to extract information about the chemical makeup of lung tumours from medical scans. For the first time, they have demonstrated how combining medical imaging with AI can be used to provide a 'virtual biopsy' for cancer patients. Their non-invasive method can classify the type of lung cancer a patient has - which is crucial in selecting the right treatment - and can predict if the cancer is likely to progress.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.02.2024
'Dynamic duo' defences in bacteria ward off viral threats
’Dynamic duo’ defences in bacteria ward off viral threats
Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered that bacteria can pair up their defence systems to create a formidable force, greater than the sum of its parts, to fight off attack from phage viruses. Understanding how bacteria react to this type of virus is a big step in combatting antimicrobial resistance.

Health - 22.02.2024
Fewer nurses linked to delayed care and serious outcomes in emergency departments
Having fewer nurses on shift in emergency departments is linked to worse outcomes for patients, including heart attacks in the department, according to a new research paper. The paper found that lower staffing levels in emergency departments were associated with longer waits, patients leaving without being seen, and longer overall stays in in the department.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2024
Long COVID linked to persistently high levels of inflammatory protein: a potential biomarker and target for treatments
Long COVID linked to persistently high levels of inflammatory protein: a potential biomarker and target for treatments
SARS-CoV-2 triggers the production of the antiviral protein IFN- ? , which is associated with fatigue, muscle ache and depression. New research shows that in Long COVID patients, IFN- y production persists until symptoms improve, highlighting a potential biomarker and a target for therapies. We hope that this could help to pave the way to develop therapies and give some patients a firm diagnosis Benjamin Krishna A University of Cambridge-led study identifies the protein interferon gamma (IFN- ?

Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2024
Research progress reveals faster, more accurate blood flow simulation to revolutionise treatment of vascular diseases
A review has shed light on the groundbreaking advancements in the simulation of blood flow within the intricate vascular system that could transform medical treatment and device innovation for vascular diseases. Modelling vascular flow is crucial for understanding and treating vascular diseases, but traditional methods are labour and computationally intensive.

Health - Computer Science - 21.02.2024
Removing bias from healthcare AI tools
Rapid advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have opened the way for the creation of a huge range of new healthcare tools, but to ensure that these tools do not exacerbate pre-existing health inequities, researchers urge the use of more representative data in their development. Researchers from Oxford University's Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (NDORMS) , University College London and the Centre for Ethnic Health Research , supported by Health Data Research UK , have for the first time studied the full detail of ethnicity data in the NHS.

Health - Psychology - 21.02.2024
Avid appetite in childhood linked to later eating disorder symptoms
An enthusiastic response to food in early childhood may be linked to a higher likelihood of experiencing eating disorder symptoms in adolescence, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL and Erasmus University Rotterdam. The study, published iná The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health , looked at survey data from 3,670 young people in the UK and the Netherlands to investigate how appetite traits in early childhood might relate to the likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms up to 10 years later.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.02.2024
Red light can reduce blood glucose levels
Shining a specific frequency of red light on a person's back for 15 minutes can reduce blood sugar levels, according to a new study from City, University of London and UCL. The researchers found that 670 nm red light stimulated energy production within mitochondria, the tiny powerhouses within cells, leading to increased consumption of glucose.

Health - Physics - 20.02.2024
Terahertz biosensor detects skin cancer with remarkable accuracy
Researchers have developed a revolutionary biosensor using terahertz (THz) waves that can detect skin cancer with exceptional sensitivity, potentially paving the way for earlier and easier diagnoses. Researchers have developed a revolutionary biosensor using terahertz (THz) waves that can detect skin cancer with exceptional sensitivity, potentially paving the way for earlier and easier diagnoses.

Psychology - Health - 20.02.2024
Understanding the relationship between our sleep, body clock and mental health
Problems with our sleep and internal body clock can trigger or worsen a range of psychiatric disorders, according to a new review of recent research evidence. The review, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , suggests gaining a better understanding of the relationship between sleep, circadian rhythms and mental health could unlock new holistic treatments to alleviate mental health problems.
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