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Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.04.2024
Scientists grow human mini-lungs as animal alternative for nanomaterial safety testing
Human mini-lungs grown by University of Manchester scientists mimic the response of animals when exposed to certain nanomaterials. The study at the University's NanoCell Biology Lab at the Centre for Nanotechnology in Medicine is published in the influential journal nanotoday . Though not expected to replace animal models completely, human organoids could soon lead to significant reductions in research animal numbers, the team led by cell biologist and nanotoxicologist Dr Sandra Vranic argues.

Health - Chemistry - 17.04.2024
AI speeds up drug design for Parkinson's ten-fold
AI speeds up drug design for Parkinson’s ten-fold
Researchers have used artificial intelligence techniques to massively accelerate the search for Parkinson's disease treatments. Machine learning is having a real impact on drug discovery - it's speeding up the whole process of identifying the most promising candidates Michele Vendruscolo The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, designed and used an AI-based strategy to identify compounds that block the clumping, or aggregation, of alpha-synuclein, the protein that characterises Parkinson's.

Chemistry - Health - 10.04.2024
Revolutionary molecular device unleashes potential for targeted drug delivery and self-healing materials
In a new breakthrough that could revolutionise medical and material engineering, scientists have developed a first-of-its-kind molecular device that controls the release of multiple small molecules using force. The researchers from The University of Manchester describe a force-controlled release system that harnesses natural forces to trigger targeted release of molecules, which could significantly advance medical treatment and smart materials.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 08.04.2024
Cutting-edge ruthenium catalyst for new reaction discovery and optimisation
Researchers at The University of Manchester have achieved a groundbreaking advancement in catalyst technology. They have developed a new catalyst which has been shown to have a wide variety of uses and the potential to streamline optimisation processes in industry and support new scientific discoveries.

Environment - Chemistry - 28.03.2024
New approach to monitoring freshwater quality can identify sources of pollution, and predict their effects
New approach to monitoring freshwater quality can identify sources of pollution, and predict their effects
Analysing the diversity of organic compounds dissolved in freshwater provides a reliable measure of ecosystem health, say scientists. Our technique is a very simple way to get a comprehensive overview of what's going on in a particular river or lake. Jérémy Fonvielle The source of pollutants in rivers and freshwater lakes can now be identified using a comprehensive new water quality analysis, according to scientists at the University of Cambridge and Trent University, Canada.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 23.02.2024
Compound vital for all life likely played a role in life's origin
Compound vital for all life likely played a role in life’s origin
A chemical compound essential to all living things has been synthesised in a lab in conditions that could have occurred on early Earth, suggesting it played a role at the outset of life, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The compound, pantetheine, is the active fragment of Coenzyme A. It is important for metabolism - the chemical processes that maintain life.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 15.01.2024
Accelerating how new drugs are made with machine learning
Researchers have developed a platform that combines automated experiments with AI to predict how chemicals will react with one another, which could accelerate the design process for new drugs. A deeper understanding of the chemistry could enable us to make pharmaceuticals and so many other useful products much faster.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 19.12.2023
Scientists tackle difficult-to-recycle thermoset polymers
Scientists tackle difficult-to-recycle thermoset polymers
Scientists have discovered how to make thermosets like gels, rubbers and elastomers so they can be degraded and be re-formed without loss of function. Published on Tuesday 19 December 2023 Last updated on Thursday 21 December 2023 A team of UK scientists has got a step closer to making several different types of plastic much easier to recycle, using a method that could be applied to a whole range of difficult-to-recycle polymers, including rubbers, gels and adhesives.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 12.12.2023
Vast amounts of waste caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
Vast amounts of waste caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
While the lithium-ion batteries in disposable electronic cigarettes are discarded after a single use, they can continue to perform at high capacity for hundreds of cycles, according to new research from UCL and the University of Oxford, supported by The Faraday Institution. The study, published in Joule , highlights a growing environmental threat from these increasingly popular vape pens, which are not designed to be recharged.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 08.12.2023
Vast amounts of waste are caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
While the lithium-ion batteries in disposable electronic cigarettes are discarded after a single use, they can continue to perform at high capacity for hundreds of cycles, according to new research from the University of Oxford and UCL, supported by The Faraday Institution. The study, published today in Joule , highlights a growing environmental threat from these increasingly popular vape pens, which are not designed to be recharged.

Physics - Chemistry - 05.12.2023
Atomically Precise Assembly of 2D Materials Paves Way for Next-Generation Electronics
Scientists at the University of Manchester Unveil Inorganic Stamp Technology for Creating Atomically Clean Interfaces Key Highlights Atomically clean interfaces: The new stamp design has enabled the creation of atomically clean interfaces between stacked 2D materials over extended areas, a significant improvement over existing techniques.

Astronomy / Space - Chemistry - 15.11.2023
’Bouncing’ comets could deliver building blocks for life to exoplanets
How did the molecular building blocks for life end up on Earth? One long-standing theory is that they could have been delivered by comets. Now, researchers from the University of Cambridge have shown how comets could deposit similar building blocks to other planets in the galaxy. It's possible that the molecules that led to life on Earth came from comets, so the same could be true for planets elsewhere in the galaxy Richard Anslow In order to deliver organic material, comets need to be travelling relatively slowly - at speeds below 15 kilometres per second.

Environment - Chemistry - 13.11.2023
Solar-powered device produces clean water and clean fuel at the same time
Solar-powered device produces clean water and clean fuel at the same time
A floating, solar-powered device that can turn contaminated water or seawater into clean hydrogen fuel and purified water, anywhere in the world, has been developed by researchers. These are the sorts of solutions we will need to develop a truly circular economy and sustainable future Erwin Reisner The device, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, could be useful in resource-limited or off-grid environments, since it works with any open water source and does not require any outside power.

Physics - Chemistry - 06.11.2023
Graphene’s proton permeability: A switch for future energy technologies
"Understanding the connection between electronic and ion transport properties in electrode-electrolyte interfaces at the molecular scale could enable new strategies to accelerate processes central to many renewable energy technologies, including hydrogen generation and utilisation." Researchers from the National Graphene Institute at the University of Manchester have discovered a way to use light to accelerate proton transport through graphene , which could revolutionise the way we generate hydrogen.

Physics - Chemistry - 03.11.2023
What Guy Fawkes can teach us about the sky at night
With bonfire night on the horizon, scientists reveal just why fireworks are differently coloured and what this can teach us about stars in space. Elements commonly found in salts are used to make the colours in fireworks. The colours are caused when the elements are heated, causing them to release light in different colours, from bright blues to deep reds.

Physics - Chemistry - 27.10.2023
Scientists receive funding to create a universal software for quantum dynamics simulations
· Scientists will develop a universal code for computer simulations which improve our understanding of the quantum world · This will help researchers across the world collaborate on experiments to make use of quantum effects · Many important new technologies - like quantum computing and generating clean energy - are based on understanding and controlling the dynamics of electrons, atoms and molecules For the first time, scientists will develop a universal software framework for simulations, removing many barriers that exist to achieving a deeper understanding across the quantum world.

Chemistry - Innovation - 03.10.2023
Researchers shed new light on catalyst behaviour
Advancing Catalyst Research: Unveiling Mechanisms through Operando Spectroscopy Catalysts play a pivotal role in facilitating chemical reactions that underlie essential industrial processes, from refining fuels to manufacturing pharmaceuticals.

Environment - Chemistry - 22.09.2023
Waterfleas hold key to cleaner environment and better human health
A novel way of removing chemical pollutants from wastewater could see the humble waterflea helping to create cleaner rivers and waterways. Tiny waterfleas could play a pivotal role in removing persistent chemical pollutants from wastewater - making it safe to use in factories, farms and homes, a new study reveals.

Chemistry - Innovation - 22.09.2023
Scientists make methanol at room temperature
Scientists make methanol at room temperature
A more sustainable method of creating methanol - a key component of fuels, plastics, and medicines - has been developed by Cardiff scientists and an international team of collaborators. The process, which uses a highly active catalyst, converts oxygen and the natural gas methane into methanol at room temperature without the need for external energy sources such as light or electricity.

Chemistry - Innovation - 21.09.2023
New method for purifying drinking water could be used in disaster zones
New method for purifying drinking water could be used in disaster zones
Scientists at Bath have developed a new desalination method that pumps water through a membrane without using any external pressure. Published on Thursday 21 September 2023 Last updated on Thursday 21 September 2023 Scientists have developed a new method that converts seawater into drinking water that could be useful in disaster zones where there is limited electrical power.
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