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Life Sciences - Health - 06.02.2023
Rare genetic disease may protect Ashkenazi Jews against TB
Scientists may have solved the question of why Ashkenazi Jews are significantly more susceptible to a rare genetic disorder known as Gaucher disease - and the answer may help settle the debate about whether they are less susceptible to tuberculosis (TB). We-d unknowingly landed in a debate that's been going on in human genetics for decades: are Ashkenazi Jews somehow less likely to get TB infection? The answer appears to be yes.

Health - Psychology - 06.02.2023
New home-based self-help psychological therapy reduces anxiety and depression in people with heart disease
A study led by Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust (GMMH) and the University of Manchester (UoM), and funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) has found that a psychological therapy called Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) can reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress in heart disease patients when delivered in a self-help format.

Chemistry - Physics - 06.02.2023
AI lights the way for futuristic electronics – from bendy TVs to lightweight solar cells
AI lights the way for futuristic electronics - from bendy TVs to lightweight solar cells Artificial intelligence (AI) is transforming modern electronics - accelerating the design of bendable TV screens, ultra-lightweight revolutionised solar cells and more. In a study published in Nature today, scientists used a type of AI algorithm to create new molecules, suited for electronics that could come straight from a sci-fi movie.

Environment - 06.02.2023
Pesticide use is linked to garden bird decline
Sussex researchers find pesticide use is linked to garden bird decline Pesticide use by British gardeners is playing a significant role in the declining populations of our songbirds, as shown by the first study of its kind, published in -Science Of The Total Environment. The study, conducted by researchers at the University of Sussex , shows that gardeners who use pesticides can expect to see fewer birds.

Environment - 06.02.2023
How much microfibre do we emit with our washing?
The UK-s laundry releases microfibres weighing the equivalent of up to 1,500 double-decker buses every year, according to new research. The discovery was made by academics in Leeds' School of Design , who co-created a test to measure how different materials and washing conditions affect the amount of microfibres released into water.

History / Archeology - 06.02.2023
Mysterious skeleton revealed to be that of unusual Lady Anchoress of York Barbican
Analysis of a skeleton from the York Barbican Collection at the University of Sheffield has revealed a new and unique perspective on the life of a medieval anchoress The new study suggests the skeleton could belong to that of Lady Isabel German, who lived a life of solitude in York in the 15th Century New radiocarbon dating and isotopic analysis of the bones has provided a new insight into the life of Lady German The collection and investigation

Earth Sciences - 06.02.2023
Magma observed taking an unexpected route beneath volcanoes
Magma observed taking an unexpected route beneath volcanoes
Researchers have observed magma taking an unexpected route beneath volcanoes, shedding light on the processes behind eruptions. The findings were based on data from a tectonic plate boundary in the Eastern Caribbean region. The results help us understand what drives the type and rate of volcanic eruptions , as well as the make-up of erupted magma.

Economics / Business - 06.02.2023
Investors who make decisions with others are half as likely to bet on falling stock prices
Investors who make decisions with others are half as likely to bet on falling stock prices - new research University of Sussex study finds that consulting others reduces financial overconfidence and improves the quality of investment decisions Researchers find that private investors become more aware of the limits of their investment knowledge when they involve others in financial decision-making Impact is most pronounced where non-experts are c

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.02.2023
Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments
Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments
Sussex researchers use Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments Researchers at the University of Sussex are using Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology to analyse different types of cancer cells to understand different gene dependencies, and to identify genes that are critical to a cell's survival.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.02.2023
Kisspeptin hormone injection could treat low sex drive in women and men
The hormone kisspeptin could be used to treat women and men distressed by their low sexual desire, according to two new studies. The studies, both published in JAMA Network Open , found that giving kisspeptin can boost sexual responses in women and men who have hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) - a condition characterised by low sexual desire that is distressing to the individual.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.02.2023
Rates of hatching failure in birds almost twice as high as previously estimated
New study from the University of Sheffield, IoZ, and UCL found more than one in six bird eggs fail to hatch Hatching failure increases as species decline, so the new research could be used to predict what species are most at risk of extinction Findings reveal that hatching failure is a much bigger problem for captive threatened species, with almost half (43 per cent) of their eggs failing to hatch The work provides evidence that conservation man

Physics - 03.02.2023
Attitudes towards green energy affected by fracking debate
Public attitudes towards some new low-carbon technologies could be negatively influenced by the fracking debate, new research from Cardiff University suggests. A team from the University's School of Psychology found that acceptance of deep geothermal energy - technology to harness the heat beneath the Earth's crust - was affected by the backdrop of controversy and opposition towards fracking for oil and gas.

Law - 03.02.2023
Domestic abuse information ’not adequately captured’ in child contact cases
Domestic abuse allegations and convictions of parents who have perpetrated abuse are not being adequately captured by Scottish civil courts during child contact hearings, a new study by the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh Napier has found. Researchers discovered family lawyers were heavily reliant on their clients telling them about ongoing or past domestic abuse as there is no formal mechanism for them to be informed about criminal proceedings.

Physics - Chemistry - 02.02.2023
New form of ice is like a snapshot of liquid water
New form of ice is like a snapshot of liquid water
A collaboration between scientists at Cambridge and UCL has led to the discovery of a new form of ice that more closely resembles liquid water than any other and may hold the key to understanding this most famous of liquids. Our discovery of MDA raises many questions on the very nature of liquid water and so understanding MDA-s precise atomic structure is very important Michael Davies The new form of ice is amorphous.

Health - Career - 02.02.2023
Levelling Up goals should be assessed through self-reported health measures
Links between an area's health and employment figures are stronger when looking at self-rated health measures, compared with life expectancy or mortality indicators, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in BMC Public Health, sought to evaluate which health indicator is most closely linked to labour market outcomes, such as not being in paid work, working hours (i.e.

Physics - 02.02.2023
Researchers devise a new path toward ’quantum light’
Researchers have theorised a new mechanism to generate high-energy -quantum light-, which could be used to investigate new properties of matter at the atomic scale. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, along with colleagues from the US, Israel and Austria, developed a theory describing a new state of light, which has controllable quantum properties over a broad range of frequencies, up as high as X-ray frequencies.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.02.2023
Combined steroid and statin treatment could reduce ’accelerated ageing’ in preterm babies, study in rats suggests
Potentially life-saving steroids commonly given to preterm babies also increase the risk of long-term cardiovascular problems, but a new study in rats has found that if given in conjunction with statins, their positive effects remain while the potential negative side-effects are -weeded out-. "We are not saying to stop using glucocorticoids, as they are clearly a life-saving treatment.

Physics - Chemistry - 02.02.2023
Discovery of new ice may change understanding of water
Discovery of new ice may change understanding of water
Researchers at UCL and the University of Cambridge have discovered a new type of ice that more closely resembles liquid water than any other known ices and that may rewrite our understanding of water and its many anomalies. The newly discovered ice is amorphous - that is, its molecules are in a disorganised form, not neatly ordered as they are in ordinary, crystalline ice.

Mathematics - 02.02.2023
New maths research to improve disease diagnosis and cybersecurity
New maths research to improve disease diagnosis and cybersecurity
A new programme aims to extract useful information from huge, complex datasets. Bath mathematicians will be building models to identify big dataset anomalies. A new UK-wide research programme that aims to extract useful information from huge, complex datasets has been launched. As part of the programme, mathematicians from the University of Bath will be developing tools to identify dataset anomalies that point to serious problems that might otherwise go undetected.

Physics - 01.02.2023
The world’s most intense high-energy neutrino beam measures the ’unmeasurable’ proton for the first time
Once deemed -unmeasurable- protons have been measured using a high-energy neutrino beam. The first statistically significant study to measure the size of protons using neutrinos is published today, after years of data-gathering · The proton radius seen by the neutrinos is 0.73 femtometres - a quadrillionth of one metre · Measurements were made by firing high-energy neutrino beams at protons for a decade in the Main INjector ExpeRiment for v-A (MINERvA) experiment, at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Illinois, USA Protons have puzzled scientists for decades.
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