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Materials Science - 03.10.2023
Fabien introduces innovative approach to Digital Volume Correlation
Revolutionising Material Analysis: Sub-Volume Adaptive Meshing in Global Digital Volume Correlation Materials science is an exciting and constantly evolving study of the properties and behaviour of different materials. Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) is a crucial technique in this field, enabling researchers to accurately track changes and analyse complex structural deformations.

Chemistry - Innovation - 03.10.2023
Researchers shed new light on catalyst behaviour
Advancing Catalyst Research: Unveiling Mechanisms through Operando Spectroscopy Catalysts play a pivotal role in facilitating chemical reactions that underlie essential industrial processes, from refining fuels to manufacturing pharmaceuticals.

Health - 03.10.2023
Type 2 diabetes diagnosis at age 30 can reduce life expectancy by up to 14 years
An individual diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at age 30 years could see their life expectancy fall by as much as 14 years, an international team of researchers has warned. Given the impact type 2 diabetes will have on people's lives, preventing - or at least delaying the onset - of the condition should be an urgent priority Stephen Kaptoge Even people who do not develop the condition until later in life - with a diagnosis at age 50 years - could see their life expectancy fall by up to six years, an analysis of data from 19 high-income countries found.

Astronomy / Space Science - 02.10.2023
Massive low earth orbit communications satellites could disrupt astronomy
Massive low earth orbit communications satellites could disrupt astronomy
Observations of the BlueWalker 3 prototype satellite show it is one of the brightest objects in the night sky, outshining all but the brightest stars. Astronomers have raised concerns that without mitigation, groups of large satellites could disrupt our ability to observe the stars from Earth and perform radio astronomy.

Psychology - Health - 02.10.2023
Calls for verbal abuse of children by adults to be formally recognised as form of child maltreatment
Calls for verbal abuse of children by adults to be formally recognised as form of child maltreatment
A new systematic review by researchers at UCL and Wingate University has highlighted the importance of identifying childhood verbal abuse by adults as a standalone subtype of child maltreatment, to ensure targeted prevention and address the lasting harm it can inflict. Child maltreatment is currently classified into four subtypes: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect.

Health - Psychology - 29.09.2023
Increased risk of depression and anxiety when in higher education
Increased risk of depression and anxiety when in higher education
Young people who are in higher education in England face a small increased risk of depression and anxiety, compared to their peers who are not attending higher education, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research paper, published in The Lancet Public Health , is the first to find evidence of higher levels of depression and anxiety among higher education students compared with their peers.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.09.2023
Autistic individuals have increased risk of chronic physical health conditions across the whole body
Autistic individuals have increased risk of chronic physical health conditions across the whole body
Autistic people have higher rates of chronic physical health conditions across the whole body and are more likely to have complex health needs, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. Their findings, published in the journal áMolecular Autism , have important implications for the clinical care of autistic people.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 28.09.2023
Scientists observe the influence of gravity on antimatter for the first time
Scientists have demonstrated the existence of gravity between antimatter and Earth, reaffirming Albert Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. It is thought that Isaac Newton's historic work on gravity was inspired by watching an apple fall to Earth from a tree. But for decades, scientists have wondered what would happen to an "anti-apple" made of antimatter - would it fall in the same way if it existed? Until now, the question has left scientists with an incomplete picture of the Universe's gravitating content.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 28.09.2023
Doll play allows children to develop and practice social skills regardless of their neurodevelopmental profile
Neuroscientists from Cardiff University have found that doll play could benefit children with varying social communication styles, including those who display neurodivergent traits commonly associated with autism. Part of a long-term study commissioned by Mattel, researchers monitored the brain activity of 57 children aged 4 to 8 years with varying levels of autistic traits.

Health - 27.09.2023
Risk of premature birth from smoking while pregnant more than double previous estimates
Cambridge researchers have found that women who smoke during pregnancy are 2.6 times more likely to give birth prematurely compared to non-smokers - more than double the previous estimate.

Environment - 27.09.2023
Government policies work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Policies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions have been effective, however more stringent regulations are needed to limit global warming to the Paris temperature goals, finds a new analysis by UCL researchers of international efforts to fight climate change. The research, published in Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources , tracked the rate of greenhouse gas emissions over the last two decades against global efforts to reduce them.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2023
AI-driven techniques reveal new targets for drug discovery
Researchers have developed a method to identify new targets for human disease, including neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. The discovery of protein phase separation opens up new opportunities for drug discovery Michele Vendruscolo The research team, led by the University of Cambridge, presented an approach to identify therapeutic targets for human diseases associated with a phenomenon known as protein phase separation, a recently discovered phenomenon widely present in cells that drives a variety of important biological functions.

Mathematics - 27.09.2023
Wing-screen wipers: How self-cleaning cicadas could help us have cleaner cars
Self-cleaning cicadas could help design new tech which will make our cars cleaner, scientists say. A type of large insect known as a cicada is able to keep its wings clean of dust and dirt through a remarkable process which could be applied in modern technology. The texture of the cicada wing is unusually repellent to water - known as being "super hydrophobic".

Social Sciences - 27.09.2023
Social media may increase the risk of teenage alcohol use and binge drinking
Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research Teenagers who spend 30 minutes or more on social media every day may be more at risk of alcohol use and binge drinking, according to new research.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 27.09.2023
New simulations shed light on origins of Saturn’s rings and icy Moons
A new series of supercomputer simulations has offered an answer to the mystery of the origins of Saturn's rings - one that involves a massive collision in the recent history of the 4.5 billion-year-old Solar System. A new series of supercomputer simulations has offered an answer to the mystery of the origins of Saturn's rings - one that involves a massive collision in the recent history of the 4.5 billion-year-old Solar System.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.09.2023
'Anti-tangle' molecule could aid search for new dementia treatments, say scientists
’Anti-tangle’ molecule could aid search for new dementia treatments, say scientists
A team of scientists from Bath and Bristol have identified a protein fragment that could be a template for new therapeutics for dementia. Published on Wednesday 27 September 2023 Last updated on Wednesday 27 September 2023 Scientists have identified a molecule that can prevent tangling of a brain protein that is linked to diseases such as Parkinson's.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.09.2023
Fluorescence gives doctors a real-time connection with the health of the gut
Fluorescence gives doctors a real-time connection with the health of the gut
Imperial and US medical technology company MediBeacon have partnered to advance a non-invasive method of assessing intestinal health. In healthy people, the wall of the intestine forms a barrier between the contents of the gut and the rest of the body, with only the nutrients produced by digestion passing through.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 25.09.2023
Methane and carbon dioxide found in atmosphere of habitable zone exoplanet
Methane and carbon dioxide found in atmosphere of habitable zone exoplanet
Astronomers have for the first time discovered carbon-based molecules in the atmosphere of an exoplanet in the habitable zone. The international team, which includes Cardiff University astrophysicist Dr Subi Sarkar, used data from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to detect methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of K2-18 b. Orbiting a red-dwarf star 124 light years away in the constellation of Leo, K2-18 b is a 'sub-Neptune' exoplanet 2.6 times the size of Earth and 8.6 times the mass of Earth.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.09.2023
Nanopore sequencing and DNA barcoding method gives hope of personalised medicine
Nanopore sequencing and DNA barcoding method gives hope of personalised medicine
With the ability to map dozens of biomarkers at once, a new method could transform testing for conditions including heart disease and cancer. Currently, many diseases are diagnosed from blood tests that look for one biomarker (such as a protein or other small molecule) or, at most, a couple of biomarkers of the same type.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.09.2023
New vaccine technology could protect from future viruses and variants
Studies of a 'future-proof' vaccine candidate have shown that just one antigen can be modified to provide a broadly protective immune response in animals. The studies suggest that a single vaccine with combinations of these antigens - a substance that causes the immune system to produce antibodies against it - could protect against an even greater range of current and future coronaviruses.
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