news 2021

Health - Jan 22
Health
Patients' chances of survival after cancer surgery is strongly linked with the standard of post-operation hospital care, a major international study suggests. Patients in low-and lower-middle-income countries were up to six times more likely to die from complications within 30 days of surgery compared with those in high-income countries, the report said.
Health - Jan 22

Nearly half of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) staff are likely to meet the threshold for PTSD, severe anxiety or problem drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers.

Astronomy - Jan 22

Detailed observations of molecular gas in a tidal dwarf galaxy have important implications for our understanding of how stars are formed.

Health - Jan 22

Physiologists at Bath want local people to come forward for a new study to determine how wearable technology can helps us measure the energy we use day-to-day.

Psychology - Jan 21

Spiritualist mediums might be more prone to immersive mental activities and unusual auditory experiences early in life, our researchers have found. Their findings could explain why some people and not others say they receive communications from ‘the dead' and eventually adopt spiritualist beliefs.


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Health - Pharmacology - 22.01.2021
Better post-surgical care would boost cancer survival chances
Better post-surgical care would boost cancer survival chances
Patients' chances of survival after cancer surgery is strongly linked with the standard of post-operation hospital care, a major international study suggests. Patients in low-and lower-middle-income countries were up to six times more likely to die from complications within 30 days of surgery compared with those in high-income countries, the report said.

Health - Psychology - 22.01.2021
Mental health of intensive care staff should be immediate priority
Nearly half of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) staff are likely to meet the threshold for PTSD, severe anxiety or problem drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. The study, published in Occupational Medicine , shows the stark impact of working in critical care during the COVID-10 pandemic.

Health - 22.01.2021
Volunteers wanted for six-week wearable tech health study
Physiologists at Bath want local people to come forward for a new study to determine how wearable technology can helps us measure the energy we use day-to-day. Last updated on Friday 22 January 2021 Scientists at the University of Bath are running a new study into how wearable technology impacts our day-to-day energy expenditure and want volunteers to take part.

Astronomy / Space Science - 22.01.2021
New galaxy sheds light on how stars form
Detailed observations of molecular gas in a tidal dwarf galaxy have important implications for our understanding of how stars are formed. Last updated on Friday 22 January 2021 A lot is known about galaxies. We know, for instance, that the stars within them are shaped from a blend of old star dust and molecules suspended in gas.

Psychology - 21.01.2021
Why some people report ’hearing the dead’
Spiritualist mediums might be more prone to immersive mental activities and unusual auditory experiences early in life, our researchers have found. Their findings could explain why some people and not others say they receive communications from ‘the dead' and eventually adopt spiritualist beliefs.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.01.2021
Teenagers catch moods and negative moods are more contagious
Mental health and emotional wellbeing among young people could be better understood by findings in a recently published pape r from the Universities of Birmingham and Oxford, which reveal that teenagers catch moods from friends and bad moods are more contagious than good ones. The authors, Dr Stephanie Burnett Heyes , of the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology and Dr Per Block , of Oxford's Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science , hope the ground-breaking study could lead to improved understanding of emotional wellbeing.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 21.01.2021
Magnetic waves explain mystery of Sun’s outer layer
A theory as to why the Sun's outer atmosphere differs in its chemical make-up from its inner layers has been confirmed by direct observation for the first time by scientists at UCL and the Italian Space Agency. The Sun's extremely hot outer layer, the corona, has a very different chemical composition from the cooler inner layers, but the reason for this has puzzled scientists for decades.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.01.2021
Non-invasive brain stimulation helps to ease tremors
A team involving UCL researchers have used electrical pulses to help suppress the tremors typically found in conditions such as Parkinson's disease. In a paper published , the scientists report their new way of suppressing the brain waves underpinning tremors, without the need for invasive techniques.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.01.2021
Analysis: Big data can help doctors predict which Covid patients will become seriously ill
Professor Mahdad Noursadeghi (UCL Infection & Immunity) and Dr Rishi Gupta (UCL Institute for Global Health) discuss the importance of their new online 4C deterioration model, which is helping NHS doctors identify Covid-19 patients likely to deteriorate. The pandemic continues to pose huge challenges to health services worldwide.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.01.2021
Counting elephants from space
Counting elephants from space
Satellite images processed with the help of computer algorithms devised at the University of Bath are a promising new tool for surveying endangered wildlife. Last updated on Friday 22 January 2021 For the first time, scientists have successfully used satellite cameras coupled with deep learning to count animals in complex geographical landscapes, taking conservationists an important step forward in monitoring populations of endangered species.

Health - 19.01.2021
Free online tool calculates risk of COVID-19 transmission in poorly-ventilated spaces
Free online tool calculates risk of COVID-19 transmission in poorly-ventilated spaces
The vital role of ventilation in the spread of COVID-19 has been quantified by researchers, who have found that in poorly-ventilated spaces, the virus can spread further than two metres in seconds, and is far more likely to spread through prolonged talking than through coughing.

Health - 19.01.2021
Scientists working to develop new immunotherapy for breast cancer
Glasgow scientists working to develop new immunotherapy for breast cancer As scientists across the globe are harnessing the power of immunotherapy to fight coronavirus, leading researchers at the University of Glasgow are investigating how the immune system might be used to stop breast cancer from spreading and becoming incurable.

Life Sciences - 19.01.2021
New starfish-like fossil reveals evolution in action
New starfish-like fossil reveals evolution in action
Researchers from the University of Cambridge have discovered a fossil of the earliest starfish-like animal, which helps us understand the origins of the nimble-armed creature.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.01.2021
Eye tests predict Parkinson’s-linked cognitive decline 18 months ahead
Simple vision tests can predict which people with Parkinson's disease will develop cognitive impairment and possible dementia 18 months later, according to a new study by UCL researchers. The study, published in Movement Disorders , adds to evidence that vision changes precede the cognitive decline that occurs in many, but not all, people with Parkinson's.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.01.2021
Blood tests could bring new hope to Alzheimer’s clinical trials
A team of scientists at UCL have found that blood tests measuring the hallmark Alzheimer's protein, beta-amyloid (amyloid), could radically reduce the cost of clinical trials and potentially open the door to treating the disease earlier. The findings, published in the journal Brain , suggest that blood tests could be used to recruit people to Alzheimer's drug trials before they start showing any symptoms.

Health - 19.01.2021
Iron test could improve outcomes for heart patients
Researchers at the University of Glasgow are investigating whether outcomes from heart surgery could be improved if patients were routinely tested and treated for iron deficiency. It's estimated that up to half of people who have heart surgery have iron deficiency, which can lead to increased blood transfusions, longer stays in intensive care and slower recovery.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.01.2021
New biomaterials can be ’fine-tuned’ for medical applications
Researchers in the UK and the United States have succeeded in ‘fine tuning' a new thermoplastic biomaterial to enable both the rate at which it degrades in the body and its mechanical properties to be controlled independently. The material, a type of polyester, has been designed for use in soft tissue repair or flexible bioelectronics by a team at the University of Birmingham in the UK and Duke University in the US.

Health - Psychology - 19.01.2021
Back up words with actions and pay more than lip service to the importance of doctor’s mental health
A study based on responses of doctors in frontline healthcare across the UK and Ireland highlights the mental health toll COVID-19 has placed on them. Last updated on Monday 18 January 2021 New research findings suggest that during the first wave of the pandemic in 2020 nearly half (45%) of doctors working in emergency medicine, intensive care and anaesthetics reported psychological distress - substantially higher than figures for the general population.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 19.01.2021
Dinosaur-era sea lizard had teeth like a shark
New study identifies a bizarre new species suggesting that giant marine lizards thrived before the asteroid wiped them out 66 million years ago. Last updated on Monday 18 January 2021 A new species of mosasaur - an ancient sea-going lizard from the age of dinosaurs - has been found with shark-like teeth that gave it a deadly slicing bite.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.01.2021
Genetic factors involved in shaping the composition of the human gut microbiome, finds international research team
Human genes have an impact on shaping our gut ecosystem according to new evidence from the international MIBioGen consortium study involving more than 18,000 people. The findings, led by the University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands and involving researchers at the University of Bristol, are published today [18 January] .
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