Results 1 - 20 of 29.

Transport - 31.08.2023
Tracking drivers’ eyes can determine ability to take back control from ’auto-pilot’ mode
A team of UCL-led researchers has developed a new method to determine the attention levels of drivers and their readiness to respond to warning signals when using auto-pilot mode. The research, published in Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications , found that people's attention levels and how engrossed they are in on-screen activities can be detected from their eye movements.

Health - Transport - 13.07.2023
Airplane noise linked to next day heart health hospitalisations
Airplane noise linked to next day heart health hospitalisations
New research has investigated the potential impact of living near Heathrow airport on cardiovascular hospitalisations and deaths. The sound of airplanes flying overhead late at night is linked to a slight increase in hospital admissions for heart-related problems the following day, a study from Imperial College London suggests.

Transport - Health - 07.06.2023
Low traffic neighbourhoods in London cut daily driving among residents by 1.3km
Residents in Lambeth started driving less once their area became a low traffic neighbourhood relative to those living in surrounding areas. This is according to a new study of the London borough of Lambeth, which found that annual driving by residents living in four new LTNs introduced in 2020 decreased by 6% in the two years since their introduction compared to other control areas.

Materials Science - Transport - 07.06.2023
New study could help unlock ’game-changing’ batteries for electric vehicles and aviation
Significantly improved electric vehicle (EV) batteries could be a step closer thanks to a new study led by University of Oxford researchers, published today in Nature . Using advanced imaging techniques, this revealed mechanisms which cause lithium metal solid-state batteries (Li-SSBs) to fail. If these can be overcome, solid-state batteries using lithium metal anodes could deliver a step-change improvement in EV battery range, safety and performance, and help advance electrically powered aviation.

Transport - 31.03.2023
Pushing clocks back Down Under does not increase road traffic accidents
As Australia moves to ST, losing an hour of light at the end of the day, a study suggests there is no evidence that the time change increases road accidents. This Sunday marks the end of -Daylight Saving Time- (DST) in eastern Australia as states revert to -Standard Time- (ST) losing one hour of light at the end of the day.

Environment - Transport - 27.03.2023
Vehicle exhaust filters do not remove 'ultrafine' pollution - new study
Vehicle exhaust filters do not remove ’ultrafine’ pollution - new study
Filters fitted to vehicle exhaust systems to remove particulate matter pollution have limited impact on ultrafine particles, new research shows. o 3 minute read Airborne particles from vehicle emissions are a major contributor to air pollution levels. Exhaust filters designed to mitigate this pollution have been a legal requirement in new cars since 2011, and in heavy duty vehicles since 2013.

Transport - Health - 06.03.2023
Cheap charcoal air filters offer improvements to in-vehicle air quality
Cheap charcoal air filters offer improvements to in-vehicle air quality
A cheap charcoal air filter can reduce nitrogen dioxide (NO2) inside vehicles by as much as 90%, compared to levels outside the vehicle. Research presented in a report by WM Air, the West Midlands Air Quality Improvement Programme at the University of Birmingham, shows that charcoal filters, which costs around 10-20, can effectively remove NO2 from the air within vehicle cabins.

Environment - Transport - 16.12.2022
World's first net zero transatlantic flight to fly from London in 2023
World’s first net zero transatlantic flight to fly from London in 2023
Researchers will work with Virgin Atlantic to launch the world's first transatlantic flight powered solely by sustainable aviation fuel. The passenger flight from London to New York will be fuelled by 100 per cent sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), combined with carbon removal through biochar credits - a material that traps and stores carbon taken from the atmosphere - making the flight net zero.

Environment - Transport - 10.10.2022
Swarms of advanced UAVs to collect key environment data
Swarms of advanced unmanned aircraft are set to carry out aerial surveys of Antarctica - gathering crucial data on changes to the region's environment and wildlife - as part of new research with engineers from the University of Sheffield.

Materials Science - Transport - 23.08.2022
Machine learning algorithm predicts how to get the most out of electric vehicle batteries
Researchers have developed a machine learning algorithm that could help reduce charging times and prolong battery life in electric vehicles by predicting how different driving patterns affect battery performance, improving safety and reliability.

Transport - Environment - 29.11.2021
First in-flight 100% sustainable-fuels emissions study of passenger jet shows early promise
Initial findings from a world-first study of the impact of 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on both engines of a commercial jet have provided promising early results. The ECLIF3 study, involving Airbus , Rolls-Royce , German research centre DLR , and SAF producer Neste , marks the first time 100% SAF has been measured simultaneously on both engines of a commercial passenger aircraft - an Airbus A350 aircraft powered by Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines.

Transport - Environment - 11.10.2021
Cut European short-haul flights to dramatically reduce emissions according to new research
New data curated by scientists at The University of Manchester has found that the main culprit for aviation emissions across the connected continent of Europe is countless short journey flights. The research, recently published in journal Transportation Research , identified that a large number of flights over distances of less than 300 miles between city pairs with existing public transport connections are a key contributor of harmful emissions.

Transport - 29.09.2021
Lincoln and Hull among UK’s traffic collision hotspots
Cities such as Lincoln and Hull and towns including Woking, Maidstone and Ashford have more road traffic collisions than would be expected given their population size, a new study by UCL researchers has found. For the study, published in PLOS ONE , researchers analysed traffic collision data along with population data from over 300 urban areas in England, Wales, France, Germany and Spain in 2018 and, for Spain only, 2015.

Transport - Health - 05.11.2020
Analysis: staying coronavirus safe on trains, planes and automobiles
Many of us rely on public transport to get to work, school, and to meet friends and family. But in the time of Covid-19, Dr Lena Ciric (UCL Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering) asks: is it safe to use these vehicles and is there a difference between them? Transport has contributed to the spread of coronavirus - locally, regionally and internationally.

Transport - 20.08.2020
Routing apps can deliver real-time insights into traffic emissions
Routing apps such as Google Maps or Nokia's Here platform could offer a cost-effective way of calculating emission hotspots in real time, say researchers at the University of Birmingham. These apps routinely capture detailed information as motorists use the GPS technology to plan and navigate routes.

Health - Transport - 12.08.2020
Car passengers can reduce pollution risk by closing windows and changing route
Drivers and passengers can inhale significantly lower levels of air pollution by setting their vehicle's ventilation systems more effectively and taking a 'cleaner' route to their destination, a new study reveals. Road transport emissions are major source of urban air pollution - nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) coming from vehicle exhausts, plus non-exhaust emissions such as brake dust, tyre wear and road dust in the case of PM.

Environment - Transport - 23.03.2020
Electric cars better for climate in 95% of the world
Fears that electric cars could actually increase carbon emissions are unfounded in almost all parts of the world, new research shows. Understanding the effect of low-carbon innovations on relevant sectors of the economy, such as heating and transport, is crucial for the development of effective policy Pablo Salas Reports have questioned whether electric cars really are 'greener' once emissions from production and generating their electricity are taken into account.

Environment - Transport - 19.02.2020
Researchers advise county council on net zero policy actions
A team of early-career researchers from the University of Cambridge are working with the county council to identify the best ways for Cambridgeshire to reach net zero emissions.

Transport - Social Sciences - 18.02.2020
Uber linked to a reduction in serious road traffic injuries in the UK
A study by University of Oxford researchers, published today in Social Science & Medicine , has found that ride-hailing provider, Uber, is associated with a 9% decline in serious road accident injuries in the UK. However, that relative improvement is counterbalanced by the fact that there was an increase in slight road accident injuries in London.

Environment - Transport - 12.02.2020
Small altitude changes could cut contrail impact of flights by up to 59 per cent
Altering the altitudes of less than two per cent of flights could reduce contrail-linked climate change by 59 per cent, says a new Imperial study. This new method could very quickly help to reduce the overall climate impact of the aviation industry. Dr Marc Stettler Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Aircraft contrails - the white streaks aircraft leave in the sky - could be as bad for the climate as their carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.