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Results 81 - 100 of 559.

Environment - 12.03.2020
Australia's bushfires 'made 30% more likely by climate change'
Australia’s bushfires ’made 30% more likely by climate change’
Study explores role of human induced climate change in the 2019-2020 South-Eastern Australian bushfire season. The World Weather Attribution (WWA) initiative has released the  first analysis  of the role climate change played in the 2019/2020 bushfire season in South-Eastern Australia, which showed that the risk of intense fire weather has increased by 30% since 1900 as a result of anthropogenic climate change.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.03.2020
AI finds "smell" genes might have a role beyond the nose
The genes that help you smell could also be assisting the spread of colon cancer. Humans have around 400 "smell-sensing" genes which activate in a combination of ways to allow us to smell the ranges of smells that we do. However, the genes have been found to be expressed in parts of the body other than the nose, with their role previously remaining a mystery.

Psychology - 12.03.2020
Poor sleep in infancy linked to behavioural and emotional problems in toddlers
Disrupted and poor quality sleep in the earliest months of a child's life can be an indicator of depression, anxiety and behavioural problems among toddlers, according to a new study. Researchers at the Institute for Mental Health, at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, in Helsinki , found a clear relationship between sleep problems in infancy such as frequent night wakings, short sleep duration or difficulty in falling asleep and particular emotional and behavioural problems at 24 months of age.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2020
New pre-clinical link between gut microbiome and brain function
Scientists find new pre-clinical link between gut microbiome and brain function Scientists at the University of Glasgow have described new molecules which form a direct link between the gut microbiome and the brain, leading to inhibition of brain cell function in pre-clinical investigations in mice.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 11.03.2020
Bristol pioneers use of VR for designing new drugs
Bristol pioneers use of VR for designing new drugs
The findings, published in the journal PLOS One describe how researchers used VR to understand how common medications work on a molecular level. Many drugs are small molecules, and discovering new drugs involves finding molecules that bind to biological targets like proteins. In the study, users were able to use VR to ‘step inside' proteins and manipulate them, and the drugs binding to them, in atomic detail, using interactive molecular dynamics simulations in VR (iMD-VR).

Health - Life Sciences - 11.03.2020
Research response in Scotland
University of Glasgow leads COVID-19 research response in Scotland The MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) is at the heart of COVID-19 research response in Scotland and the UK. Covid-19 is a new disease in humans, caused by a member of the coronavirus family of viruses. Thought to have originated in bats, it was first recorded in humans in China in late 2019, and can cause a fever, cough and breathing problems.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 11.03.2020
EPSRC New Investigator Award 2020 for research on protocellular materials
EPSRC New Investigator Award 2020 for research on protocellular materials
Dr Pierangelo Gobbo said: "Currently, the research field of bottom-up synthetic biology is trying to fill the gap between biology and chemistry to better understand how the non-living becomes alive. To do this, attempts have been made to construct what are called protocells. These are cell-like entities created from scratch using only a limited toolbox of molecules, materials, and chemical reactions.

Health - 11.03.2020
Smart bones curve to protect against fracture
Bones grow curved in response to pressure and strain and these changes can be long-lasting, according to a new study by UCL, the Royal Veterinary College London and the Max Planck Institute. Bones can change their shape throughout our life by regulating bone formation and resorption processes, which is often a response to forces which press, pull and twist the skeleton during everyday movements and exercise.

- 11.03.2020
The origins of life on Earth challenged in new research
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Social Sciences - 11.03.2020
Baboon mothers carry their dead infant up to ten days
Baboon mothers living in the wild carry dead infants for up to ten days, according to a new study led by UCL and Université de Montpellier. The research, published in Royal Society Open Science , is the most extensive study on baboons, reporting on 12 cases of group responses to infants' deaths, including a miscarriage and two stillbirths, recorded over 13 years in wild Namibian chacma baboons.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.03.2020
Possible breast cancer treatment could go to clinical trial immediately as scientists spot target in 'normal' cells
Possible breast cancer treatment could go to clinical trial immediately as scientists spot target in ’normal’ cells
A worldwide collaborative study led by scientists at the University of Sussex has proposed a new treatment strategy for patients with a rare but aggressive subtype of cancer known as triple negative breast cancer. The treatment targets healthy cells using drugs that are already available and currently in use for patients with leukaemia and lymphoma.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 11.03.2020
Evolutionary elements arrived on Earth much later than thought, say scientists
An international team of geologists, led by scientists at the University of Cologne and including an academic from Cardiff University, say that a large proportion of the elements carbon and nitrogen, as well as the compound water, were not delivered to Earth until very late in the planet's formation.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2020
Are non-smoking young adults who use e-cigarettes more likely to smoke in the future?
Researchers from the University of Bristol's Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG), with support from Bristol's MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre (BRC), combined the results of 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use compared to non-use in young non-smokers is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2020
Experts call for more mental health support for parents of children with genetic learning disabilities
Experts call for more mental health support for parents of children with genetic learning disabilities
Parents of children with genetic conditions that cause learning disabilities are at risk of mental health problems, suggests new research published today in the British Journal of Psychiatry . The teams behind the study have called for greater support for parents whose child receives a genetic diagnosis for their learning disability.

Environment - 10.03.2020
Coral fossils reveal how changing wind patterns affect ocean circulation and CO2
Coral fossils reveal how changing wind patterns affect ocean circulation and CO2
Coral skeletons from the Southern Ocean have revealed how changes in wind patterns affect worldwide ocean circulation and atmospheric CO2 levels. The findings show that wind patterns have a larger impact on oceans than previously thought and could provide new insights into the future changes that could arise from global warming.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.03.2020
Dramatic increase in bowel cancer in young adults in England
Using NHS patient data from the last 40 years, the research led by Adam Chambers at the University of Bristol and UH Bristol , looked at more than 55,000 cases of colorectal (bowel) cancer over 40 years in England. Adam Chambers, Honorary Senior Research Associate in the School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the University of Bristol and Colorectal Registrar at UH Bristol , said: "Age has always been a major risk factor for bowel cancer, with the majority of cases being diagnosed in patients over 60 and therefore bowel cancer screening has focused on older age groups.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.03.2020
Astronomers pinpoint rare binary brown dwarf
Astronomers working on ‘first light' results from a newly commissioned telescope in Chile made a chance discovery that led to the identification of a rare eclipsing binary brown dwarf system. The discovery was led by an international team of researchers, including scientists at the University of Birmingham, working on the SPECULOOS (Search for habitable Planets EClipsing ULtra-cOOl Stars) project.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.03.2020
Prostate cancer ’fingerprint’ detected in blood sample
Scientists at UCL have invented a new test to identify the earliest genetic changes of prostate cancer in blood: a process which could allow doctors to see if cancers have spread, monitor tumour behaviour and enable better treatment selection. In the study, published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at UCL Cancer Institute used Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) to establish if they could identify prostate cancer DNA in blood plasma.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.03.2020
Scientists design new model to further understand causes of Alzheimer’s disease
Scientists from Cardiff University have brought together all known risk factors for Alzheimer's disease for the first time to produce a new model of the disease which it is hoped will help speed up the discovery of new treatments. The Multiplex Model is a new way of looking at Alzheimer's disease developed by Professor Julie Williams, Dr Rebecca Sims and Dr Matt Hill of the University's UK Dementia Research Institute (UKDRI) and unveiled .

Physics - 09.03.2020
Researchers shed new light on how malaria parasites evade mosquitos' defences
Researchers shed new light on how malaria parasites evade mosquitos’ defences
The malaria parasite uses a specific molecule on its surface to get around a mosquito's immune system, allowing it to invade and infect humans. The molecule could be targeted by new transmission-blocking vaccines, or even thwarted by genetically modified mosquitos. The study, published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , was led by scientists at Imperial College London.

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