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Physics - Innovation - 20.05.2024
Scientists make quantum breakthrough in 2D materials
Scientists have discovered that a 'single atomic defect' in a layered 2D material can hold onto quantum information for microseconds at room temperature, underscoring the potential of 2D materials in advancing quantum technologies. The defect, found by researchers from the Universities of Manchester and Cambridge using a thin material called Hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) , demonstrates spin coherence-a property where an electronic spin can retain quantum information- under ambient conditions.

Pharmacology - 20.05.2024
How beeswax could help families in warzones
Beeswax and local herbs could be crucial in helping families living in conflict zones store food, according to scientists from Cardiff University and Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute of National Technical University, Ukraine.

Transport - 20.05.2024
Underwater signals generated by open sea airplane crashes could be key to detecting final resting place of MH370
Signals captured on underwater microphones could be key to locating airplanes such as MH370 when they crash into the ocean, Cardiff University research shows. More than 100 hours of data, captured by devices known as hydrophones after 10 historical aircraft accidents and one submarine disappearance, were analysed for the study.

Life Sciences - Environment - 17.05.2024
Earth's earliest sea creatures drove evolution by stirring the water
Earth’s earliest sea creatures drove evolution by stirring the water
3D reconstructions suggest that simple marine animals living over 560 million years ago drove the emergence of more complex life by mixing the seawater around them It's exciting to learn that the very first animals from 580 million years ago had a significant impact on their environment, despite not being able to move or swim.

History / Archeology - 17.05.2024
Pagan-Christian trade networks supplied horses from overseas for the last horse sacrifices in Europe
Pagan-Christian trade networks supplied horses from overseas for the last horse sacrifices in Europe
Horses crossed the Baltic Sea in ships during the Late Viking Age and were sacrificed for funeral rituals, according to research from Cardiff University. Published in the journal Science Advances , studies on the remains of horses found at ancient burial sites in Russia and Lithuania show that they were brought overseas from Scandinavia utilising expansive trade networks connecting the Viking world with the Byzantine and Arab Empires.

Astronomy / Space - 16.05.2024
Webb detects most distant black hole merger to date
An international team of astronomers, led by the University of Cambridge, has used the James Webb Space Telescope to find evidence for an ongoing merger of two galaxies and their massive black holes when the Universe was only 740 million years old. This marks the most distant detection of a black hole merger ever obtained and the first time that this phenomenon has been detected so early in the Universe.

Health - Psychology - 16.05.2024
Study identifies 'hot-spots' of high rates of depression linked to deprivation
Study identifies ’hot-spots’ of high rates of depression linked to deprivation
Research led by the University of Southampton shows particular regions of England have suffered over a decade of increasing mental health inequalities, but finds the picture varies greatly across different parts of the country. The study, in collaboration with the University of Liverpool, examines the relationship between socioeconomic conditions within local areas and the mental health of people who live there.

Computer Science - Innovation - 16.05.2024
Intelligent surfaces research breakthrough could solve indoor positioning problem
A new advance in a developing form of wireless communications could help precisely pinpoint the locations of people and objects indoors, researchers say. Engineers from University of Glasgow and colleagues from the UK and Australia are behind the research breakthrough. Their work could have a wide range of future applications, from helping emergency services quickly find people trapped in smoke-filled buildings to offering device-assisted navigation through public spaces for blind and partially-sighted people.

Pharmacology - 16.05.2024
Scientists brew killer bee beer
A new beer is being brewed by microbiologists, using extracts found in killer bees from Namibia. Scientists from Cardiff University have used brewer's yeast that resides in the gut microbiome of killer honeybees in Namibia and applied it to develop a unique craft beer. The Cardiff microbiologists originally visited Namibia as part of a project that unites Cardiff University and the University of Namibia for sustainable environmental development, when the scientists became interested in the Africanised honey bee - also known as the killer bee.

Health - 16.05.2024
Tobacco corporation attempts to gain public trust in its science are having success
Tobacco corporation attempts to gain public trust in its science are having success
Tobacco corporation attempts to gain public trust in its science are having success - new research Philip Morris International gains trust in industry-funded science by posing as a generous supporter and concealing its involvement through third parties A new study suggests that the tobacco company Philip Morris International (PMI), is successfully increasing public trust in industry-funded science by portraying itself as a generous supporter of scientific research while simultaneously concealing its involvement through third parties.

Health - 16.05.2024
Around 6% of the UK adult population have a food allergy, new report finds
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) publishes its Patterns and Prevalence of Adult Food Allergy (PAFA) report, a large study carried out by partners including The University of Manchester, into the prevalence of food allergies in the adult population in the UK. PAFA project found that more than 30% of adults report living with symptoms of food hypersensitivity.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.05.2024
Most dangerous areas for whale shark-shipping vessel collisions revealed
Most dangerous areas for whale shark-shipping vessel collisions revealed
Researchers have found that heavily used shipping lanes pass through crucial whale shark feeding grounds, posing a threat to this endangered species. Research published in Science of the Total Environment has revealed areas where the sharks are at the highest risk of colliding with large shipping vessels by mapping the locations of whale shark aggregations and overlaying them with information on shipping traffic.

Astronomy / Space - 15.05.2024
New Earth-sized world orbiting an ultra-cool star
A new, Earth-sized planet orbiting an ultra-cool red dwarf star, has been detected by an international team of astronomers - just 55 light years away. The planet is only the second of its kind to be discovered around this type of star. Called SPECULOOS-3 b, it takes around 17 hours to complete an orbit of the star which is more than twice as cold as our sun, as well as ten times less massive and a hundred times less luminous.

Paleontology - Environment - 15.05.2024
First ’warm-blooded’ dinosaurs may have emerged 180 million years ago
The ability to regulate body temperature, a trait all mammals and birds have today, may have evolved among some dinosaurs early in the Jurassic period about 180 million years ago, suggests a new study led by UCL and University of Vigo researchers. In the early 20 century, dinosaurs were considered slow-moving, "cold-blooded" animals like modern-day reptiles, relying on heat from the sun to regulate their temperature.

Health - Computer Science - 14.05.2024
Female health apps misuse highly sensitive data
Apps designed for female health monitoring are exposing users to unnecessary privacy and safety risks through their poor data handling practices, according to new research from UCL and King's College London. The study, presented at the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) 2024 on 14 May, is the most extensive evaluation of the privacy practices of female health apps to date.

Environment - History / Archeology - 14.05.2024
2023 was the hottest summer in two thousand years
Researchers have found that 2023 was the hottest summer in the Northern Hemisphere in the past two thousand years, almost four degrees warmer than the coldest summer during the same period. When you look at the long sweep of history, you can see just how dramatic recent global warming is Ulf Büntgen Although 2023 has been reported as the hottest year on record, the instrumental evidence only reaches back as far as 1850 at best, and most records are limited to certain regions.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.05.2024
’Weight loss’ drug semaglutide linked to better heart health
The weight loss drug semaglutide delivers cardiovascular benefits irrespective of starting weight and amount of weight lost, according to preliminary findings from a UCL-led research team. The findings, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO), suggest that even people with mild obesity or those not losing weight are likely to gain some cardiovascular advantage.

Life Sciences - 13.05.2024
Sleep may not clear brain toxins
The brain's ability to rid itself of toxins may actually be reduced during sleep, contrary to the leading scientific theory. Over the past decade, the leading explanation for why we sleep has been that it provides the brain with an opportunity to flush out toxins. However, a new study led by scientists at the UK Dementia Research Institute (UK DRI) at Imperial College London indicates that this may not be true.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.05.2024
Birth by C-section more than doubles odds of measles vaccine failure
Researchers say it is vital that children born by caesarean section receive two doses of the measles vaccine for robust protection against the disease. A study by the University of Cambridge, UK, and Fudan University, China, has found that a single dose of the measles jab is up to 2.6 times more likely to be completely ineffective in children born by C-section, compared to those born naturally.

Environment - Health - 13.05.2024
Scientists ask the public to help find mosquitoes in Scotland
We're used to seeing the humble midge around the Scottish countryside, but now scientists are asking people in Scotland to be on the lookout for mosquitoes, as new research shows they can be found in many locations across the country. Mosquito Scotland - a collaborative project between the University of Glasgow, the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR), the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH) - has established a surveillance project across the country, and has been collecting data on Scottish mosquitoes for a year.