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Results 81 - 100 of 642.

Health - 16.06.2020
Report looks at re-introducing elective surgery in English NHS
The conditions for re-introducing elective surgery in the English NHS whilst managing COVID-19 patients have been evaluated in a new report. Its authors found that all elective surgeries performed in the English NHS on a normal day could be reintroduced once COVID-19 patients require less than about 320 critical care beds.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 16.06.2020
Solar Orbiter makes first close approach to the Sun
ESA's Sun-exploring mission Solar Orbiter, which carries instruments proposed, designed and built at UCL, has made its first close approach to the Sun on June 15, getting as close as 77 million km to the star's surface, about half the distance between the Sun and Earth. In the week following this first perihelion, the point in the orbit closest to the Sun, the mission scientists will test the spacecraft's ten science instruments to prove that Solar Orbiter's telescopes are ready for future scientific observations.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.06.2020
Dexamethasone reduces death in hospitalised patients with severe respiratory complications of COVID-19
In March 2020, the RECOVERY (Randomised Evaluation of COVid-19 thERapY) trial was established as a randomised clinical trial to test a range of potential treatments for COVID-19, including low-dose dexamethasone (a steroid treatment). Over 11,500 patients have been enrolled from over 175 NHS hospitals in the UK.

Pedagogy - Health - 16.06.2020
Children show increase in mental health difficulties over COVID-19 lockdown
Parents/carers of children aged 4-10 years of age reported that over a one-month period in lockdown, they saw increases in their child's emotional difficulties, such as feeling unhappy, worried, being clingy and experiencing physical symptoms associated with worry, according to early results from the Co-SPACE study, asking parents and carers about their children's mental health through the COVID-19 crisis.

Health - Career - 16.06.2020
UofG researchers collaborate with international partners to mitigate global impacts of COVID-19
The University of Glasgow has committed to supporting international partners with a series of high-impact research collaborations to help mitigate the global health impacts of COVID-19. Researchers from across the University have been awarded funding totally £710,330 from the Global Challenges COVID-19 Rapid Response Research Fund to undertake short-term research projects to urgently assist partners in Colombia, Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi respond to COVID-19.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.06.2020
Finds evidence that loneliness makes it harder to quit smoking
Finds evidence that loneliness makes it harder to quit smoking
In a study published in the journal Addiction, University of Bristol researchers have found evidence for a causal link between prolonged experience of loneliness and smoking. Although numerous studies have shown there is an association, it has been difficult to disentangle whether being lonely leads to substance abuse, or if substance abuse leads to loneliness.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.06.2020
Signs of old age appear much earlier in poorer people
There is a faster decline in physical, mental and social function in people from lower socio-economic backgrounds, finds a large UCL-led cohort study. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) used a sample of 5,018 participants, aged 64 years on average, from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, first assessing them in 2004 and then eight years later in 2012.

History / Archeology - 16.06.2020
Battlefield archaeology helps veterans with physical and mental recovery
A new report by the charity Waterloo Uncovered reveals how archaeological work on the battlefield of Waterloo is helping Veterans and Serving Military Personnel with recovery from some of the mental and physical impacts of their service.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.06.2020
Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney could help unlock future treatments for kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke
Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney could help unlock future treatments for kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke
Scientists have discovered an important cell signalling pathway in the kidney which if stopped, could hold the key to treating chronic kidney disease as well as other deadly conditions, including heart attack and stroke. The pathway was already known to exist in the brain, where it helps to maintain the body's energy balance, but this is the first time it has been found in the kidney.

Computer Science - 15.06.2020
AI reduces 'communication gap' for nonverbal people by as much as half
AI reduces ’communication gap’ for nonverbal people by as much as half
Researchers have used artificial intelligence to reduce the 'communication gap' for nonverbal people with motor disabilities who rely on computers to converse with others. This method gives us hope for more innovative AI-infused systems to help people with motor disabilities to communicate in the future Per Ola Kristensson The team, from the University of Cambridge and the University of Dundee, developed a new context-aware method that reduces this communication gap by eliminating between 50% and 96% of the keystrokes the person has to type to communicate.

Health - 15.06.2020
Urgent testing, tracing, and isolation could save lives and economy
Population-wide testing, contact tracing, and isolation (PTTI) in the UK could save 50,000 lives and £700bn of GDP over the next two years, finds research co-led by UCL, University of Edinburgh and University of Haifa. The non-peer reviewed, pre-print study uses mathematical and economical models to investigate 31 scenarios for tackling COVID-19 in the UK o ver the next two years to estimate the impact, costs, feasibility, and health and economic effects of different strategies.

Social Sciences - 13.06.2020
Ethnic minorities' employment prospects lag behind white majority because of ‘persistent racism'
Ethnic minorities’ employment prospects lag behind white majority because of ‘persistent racism’
The employment prospects of some ethnic minorities have improved since the 1970s but still lag behind the white majority because of "persistent racism", a major new study says. Research, led by the University of Bristol, revealed that despite progress, most ethnic minority groups studied are still more likely to be in manual work or unemployed or sick than their white counterparts.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.06.2020
Analysis: Negative thinking linked with more rapid cognitive decline, study indicates
Dr Natalie Marchant (UCL Psychiatry) explains how in a new study involving 292 patients aged 55 and older, her team's research found that persistent negative thinking was linked to a decline of cognitive reasoning and revealed indicators of Alzheimer's disease. Dementia affects an estimated 54 million people worldwide.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.06.2020
LMICs will face ’extreme strain’ on health systems despite younger populations
Developing countries are likely to face extreme demand on health systems from COVID-19, despite having younger populations, according to researchers. Writing , researchers from Imperial's Covid-19 Response Team, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and University of Oxford, looked at the impact of coronavirus on low-middle income countries (LMICs).

Palaeontology - Life Sciences - 12.06.2020
Women are majorly under-represented in COVID-19 research authorship
Women are majorly under-represented in COVID-19 research authorship
Scientists at the Universities of Oxford, Exeter, Yunnan and Bristol and have discovered the oldest fossil of the group of animals that contains earthworms, leeches, ragworms and lugworms. This discovery pushes the origin of living groups of these worms (polychaetes) back tens of millions of years, demonstrating that they played an important part in the earliest animal ecosystems.

Health - 12.06.2020
Researchers lead international study on effects of COVID-19 on sleep
New research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found significant gender bias in research authorship relating to COVID-19, which means that women's views are not equally shaping the response to the pandemic. Women are under-represented as authors of research papers in many scientific areas, particularly in the most senior positions of first and last author, and this research published today in BMJ Global Health finds the trend persisting in publications on COVID-19.

Health - 12.06.2020
Declines in COVID-19 cases not due to herd immunity, says analysis
There is no evidence that declines in transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in some countries are the result of herd immunity, says new analysis. Herd immunity is achieved when a significant proportion of the population is protected from infection, either through becoming immune following a previous infection, or through other natural means, such as cross protection from exposure to related viruses, or through a vaccination programme.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 12.06.2020
Cloud security and genetic switch: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new ways to make cloud computing applications more trustworthy, to a small ‘switch' for turning genes on and off, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Cloud security The UKRI have announced funding for a new research project called CloudCAP: Capability-based Isolation for Cloud Native Applications.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.06.2020
Begins to rapidly understand deadly link between Covid-19 and cardiovascular diseases
People with heart and circulatory diseases are disproportionally affected by COVID-19. Data from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) has consistently shown heart disease to be among the most common pre-existing health conditions in people who have died with the virus in England and Wales. COVID-19 has also been shown to damage the heart and blood vessels, and increase the risk of blood clotting and inflammation, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes.

Health - 12.06.2020
Glasgow Lighthouse Lab processes more than 200,000 test samples
The Glasgow Lighthouse Lab, hosted by the University of Glasgow at its Queen Elizabeth University Hospital campus, has officially processed more than 200,000 test samples since opening in April.

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