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Results 81 - 100 of 447.


Health - Life Sciences - 09.05.2023
Autoimmune disorders affect about one in ten individuals
A new population-based study involving 22 million people shows that autoimmune disorders now affect about one in ten individuals. Published in The Lancet , the work points to important socioeconomic, seasonal, and regional differences for several autoimmune disorders and provides new clues on possible causes behind these diseases.

Health - 09.05.2023
Low-cost pregnancy interventions could prevent millions of stillbirths and newborn deaths
Low-cost pregnancy interventions could prevent millions of stillbirths and newborn deaths
An estimated one million stillbirths and newborn baby deaths could be prevented each year by implementing low-cost pregnancy interventions in lowand middle-income countries, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The new four-paper series, published in The Lancet , examined some of the most common causes of fetal growth restriction and preterm birth.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.05.2023
Autoimmune disorders now affect around one in ten individuals
New population-based study led by UCL and the University of Oxford shows that autoimmune disorders are more common than previously thought. The research, published in The Lancet , estimates that around one in ten individuals in the UK now live with an autoimmune disorder. The findings also highlight important socioeconomic, seasonal and regional differences for several autoimmune disorders, providing new clues as to what factors may be involved in these conditions.

Environment - History / Archeology - 09.05.2023
Tooth enamel provides clues to hunter-gatherer lifestyle of Neanderthals
Tooth enamel provides clues to hunter-gatherer lifestyle of Neanderthals
A study by an international team of researchers, led by the University of Southampton, has given an intriguing glimpse of the hunting habits and diets of Neanderthals and other humans living in western Europe. The scientists examined chemical properties locked inside tooth enamel to piece together how pre-historic people lived off the land around the Almonda Cave system, near Torres Novas in central Portugal almost 100 thousand years ago.

Health - 09.05.2023
Lifesaving solution dramatically reduces severe bleeding after childbirth
A trial of a set of interventions to manage postpartum haemorrhage, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found a 60% reduction in heavy bleeding A new solution, known as E-MOTIVE, could provide a major breakthrough in reducing deaths from childbirth-related bleeding, according to a landmark study published today by researchers from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the University of Birmingham.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.05.2023
Autoimmune disorders found to affect around one in ten people
A new population-based study of 22 million people shows that autoimmune disorders now affect about one in ten individuals. The work, published in The Lancet , also highlights important socioeconomic, seasonal, and regional differences for several autoimmune disorders and provides new clues on possible causes behind these diseases.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 05.05.2023
Artificial neurons mimic complex brain abilities for next-generation AI computing
Researchers have created atomically thin artificial neurons capable of processing both light and electric signals for computing.áThe material enables the simultaneous existence of separate feedforward and feedback paths within a neural network, boosting the ability to solve complex problems. For decades, scientists have been investigating how to recreate the versatile computational capabilities of biological neurons to develop faster and more energy-efficient machine learning systems.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.05.2023
Genetic clues could predict leukaemia patients' risk of treatment failure
Genetic clues could predict leukaemia patients’ risk of treatment failure
New research led by UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) to predict which childhood leukaemia patients are at higher risk of not responding well to chemotherapy will allow clinicians to refine treatment strategies to give the best chance of success. The study, published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology , combined UK trial data from 2003-2019 to see which patients had worse outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.05.2023
Autoimmune disorders now affect around one in ten
Large-scale study reveals autoimmune disorders now affect around one in ten A new population-based study, involving 22 million people, shows that autoimmune disorders now affect around one in ten individuals. The work, which is published in The Lancet, further shows important socioeconomic, seasonal, and regional differences for several autoimmune disorders and provides new clues on possible causes behind these diseases.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.05.2023
South Korea badger farming linked to illegal wildlife trade and disease concerns
South Korea badger farming linked to illegal wildlife trade and disease concerns
Poorly monitored badger farming and illegal poaching in South Korea is a cause for concern for wildlife and human health, with regulation of the trade urgently needed, according to a new study involving UCL researchers. Published today in the Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, the study by researchers from UCL, Zoological Society London (ZSL) and Seoul National University, South Korea, found that a growing range of badger-derived products have been introduced to the market in South Korea over the last two decades.

Music - 04.05.2023
UK weather conditions influence music success in the markets
Music is an integral part of our daily lives, but what makes a song successful in the competitive music market remains a mystery to even the most experienced experts. A new study, led by researchers at the University of Oxford, suggests that environmental factors such as weather conditions and seasonal patterns can play a significant role in shaping listener preferences and choices, potentially impacting a song's success in the market.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.05.2023
Q&A: Does diabetes mean worse outcomes for cancer patients?
Diabetes is a known risk factor for developing cancer, but could it also predict how cancer patients respond to treatment? In a recent study of thousands of cancer patients*, researchers found that having Type 2 diabetes was strongly linked to worse outcomes among those receiving immunotherapy drugs called immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Politics - Social Sciences - 04.05.2023
Are ethnic and religious minority voters key to election success?
New research led by experts from The University of Manchester , the University of St Andrews, the University of Essex and the University of Nottingham suggests that people from ethnic and religious minority groups are more likely to be interested in politics than White British people. Evidence for Equality National Survey (EVENS) is a major new survey of racism and ethnic inequalities carried out by the Centre on the Dynamics of Ethnicity (CoDE).

Health - 04.05.2023
Study hints at potential for health conditions to be diagnosed earlier
Study hints at potential for health conditions to be diagnosed earlier
Conditions such as coeliac disease and Parkinson's disease could be detected in principle up to 10 years earlier than they are currently, suggests a new study by UCL researchers. The study, published in the British Journal of General Practice , reviewed existing evidence on how people's use of healthcare changed in the weeks, months and years ahead of the diagnosis of a range of conditions.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.05.2023
Major funding boost for University cell matrix biologists announced
Professor Rachel Lennon, Wellcome Senior Research Fellow in Clinical Science (spectacles) and Richard Naylor, Research Associate at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research are exploring how kidney cells work at the basic level. This could lead to new methods of treatment for patients with kidney disease..photograph by David Sandison/Wellcome.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.05.2023
Southampton bone disease study praised by MP Caroline Nokes
Politician Caroline Nokes MP has praised University of Southampton academics for their pioneering work which found inequalities in both the treatment of men and women with debilitating bone diseases and sex bias in laboratory experiments. The Member of Parliament for Romsey and Southampton North, on visiting the University, heard how medication used for skeletal conditions including osteoporosis has historically been developed with female patients in mind.

Life Sciences - 03.05.2023
Dogs may be at risk from high levels of lead from shotgun pellets in raw pheasant dog food
Researchers tested samples of raw pheasant dog food and discovered that the majority contained high levels of lead that could put dogs- health at risk if they eat it frequently. Lead is a toxic metal that negatively affects body systems of people and animals, with the nervous system being particularly sensitive.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 02.05.2023
Signs that a rocky exoplanet could have an atmosphere detected by JWST
Signs that a rocky exoplanet could have an atmosphere detected by JWST
Scientists working with the James Webb Space Telescope say new data potentially shows water vapour around a rocky exoplanet - a first if confirmed. However, the water signature may also be coming from the star itself, so additional observations are needed. Water vapour has been seen on gaseous exoplanets before, but to date no atmosphere has been detected around a rocky exoplanet - defined as those with sizes less than or equal to 1.4x Earth's radius.

Astronomy / Space Science - 02.05.2023
Advanced aliens could soon detect life on Earth, say scientists
Aliens on nearby stars could detect Earth through radio signals leaked from the planet, new research suggests. Scientists from The University of Manchester the University of Mauritius used crowd sourced data to simulate radio leakage from mobile towers to determine what alien civilisations might detect from various nearby stars, including Barnard's star, six light years away from Earth.

Life Sciences - 28.04.2023
Structured exploration allows animal brains to learn faster than AI
Structured exploration allows animal brains to learn faster than AI
Neuroscientists at UCL have uncovered how exploratory actions enable animals to learn their spatial environment more efficiently. Their findings could help build better AI agents that can learn faster and require less experience. Unit at UCL found the instinctual exploratory runs that animals carry out are not random.