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Results 81 - 100 of 626.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 24.06.2021
Rock crystals from the deep give microscopic clues to earthquake ground movements
Rock crystals from the deep give microscopic clues to earthquake ground movements
Microscopic imperfections in rock crystals deep beneath Earth's surface play a deciding factor in how the ground slowly moves and resets in the aftermath of major earthquakes, says new research involving the University of Cambridge.

Psychology - Health - 24.06.2021
Researchers call for improvements to working culture and conditions for junior doctors
Researchers are calling for changes to working culture and conditions for junior doctors in the UK after their new research has highlighted a lack of access to clinical and emotional support. The call comes as a University of Birmingham-led team of researchers, including experts from Keele University, University College London, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and the Universities of Leeds and Manchester, carried out a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 21 NHS junior doctors.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.06.2021
Better access to quality health care could curb antimicrobial resistance in East Africa
A One-Health review in East African countries shows that efforts to address antimicrobial resistance must go hand in hand with improved access to quality health care and antimicrobials. Led by the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, under a joint One Health PhD studentship programme, the review found that improving access to quality healthcare provision, of which antimicrobials are a major component, could help to address the risk of antimicrobial resistance in lowand middle-income countries.

Chemistry - Physics - 24.06.2021
Lowering the carbon footprint of fabric and plastic manufacturing
Manufacturing of plastics and fabrics could become greener and have a lower carbon footprint, thanks to a new catalyst architecture developed by a team of experts including UCL academics. Propylene, produced from propane, is critical to the manufacture of plastics, fabrics and other chemicals, and is in short supply.

Materials Science - Physics - 23.06.2021
Low-cost imaging technique shows how smartphone batteries could charge in minutes
Low-cost imaging technique shows how smartphone batteries could charge in minutes
Researchers have developed a simple lab-based technique that allows them to look inside lithium-ion batteries and follow lithium ions moving in real time as the batteries charge and discharge, something which has not been possible until now. This technique could be an important piece of the puzzle in the development of next-generation batteries Christoph Schnedermann Using the low-cost technique, the researchers identified the speed-limiting processes which, if addressed, could enable the batteries in most smartphones and laptops to charge in as little as five minutes.

Health - Innovation - 23.06.2021
Phone swabs can accurately detect COVID-19
An accurate, non-invasive, and low-cost method of testing for COVID-19 using samples taken from the screens of mobile phones has been developed by a team led by UCL researchers at Diagnosis Biotech. The study, published in eLife and led by Dr Rodrigo Young (UCL Institute of Ophthalmology), analysed swabs from smartphone screens rather than directly from people, and found that people who tested positive by the regular nasal swabbing PCRs were also positive when samples were taken from phone screens.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.06.2021
'Huge potential' in virtual clinical trials
’Huge potential’ in virtual clinical trials
A study involving virtual rather than real patients was as effective in evaluating a medical device used  to treat  brain  aneurysms, according to new research. The findings are proof of concept for  what are called  in-silico trials, where instead of recruiting people to a real-life clinical trial, researchers build digital simulations of patient groups, loosely akin to the way virtual populations are built in The Sims computer game.

Environment - 22.06.2021
Severe drying of the Amazon forest
Severe drying of the Amazon forest
Amazon rain forests could be at far higher risk of extreme drought than previously thought, according to new research. An international study led by the University warns that huge areas in the eastern part of the Amazon face severe drying by the end of the century if action is not taken to curb carbon emissions.

Environment - Health - 22.06.2021
Lead from leaded petrol persists in city air despite '90s ban
Lead from leaded petrol persists in city air despite ’90s ban
Lead levels in London's atmosphere have dropped drastically since lead additives in petrol were banned, and currently meet UK air quality targets - yet airborne particles in the capital are still highly lead-enriched compared to natural background levels, a new study reveals. And similar problems could exist in Birmingham and the West Midlands, as well as other conurbations across the country.

Life Sciences - 22.06.2021
Personality traits relate to being a morning or evening person at both the phenotypic and genetic level
· The relationship between personality, genes and chronotype (sleep patterns) has been studied by researchers at the University of Warwick and the University of Tartu, Estonia · People high in Conscientiousness and low in Openness are rather morning people; lower-level personality traits such as self-discipline, excitement-seeking, and straightforwardness have also been linked to chronotype · It is partly due to genetic factors, but there is sco

Environment - 22.06.2021
Aviation's contribution to cutting climate change likely to be small
Aviation’s contribution to cutting climate change likely to be small
Although the emissions targets for aviation are in line with the overall goals of the Paris Agreement, there is a high likelihood that the climate impact of aviation will not meet these goals, according to a new study. Aviation is an important contributor to the global economy, but contributes to climate change by creating carbon dioxide (CO2) as well as non-CO2 effects such as forming nitrogen oxides, ozone and contrailcirrus clouds, which all contribute to global warming.

Environment - 22.06.2021
Researchers team up with Callaly to discover recyclable materials for menstrual products
Researchers from the Henry Royce Institute at The University of Manchester's Sustainable Materials Innovation Hub (SMI Hub) in collaboration with Callaly are working together to find alternative sustainable materials for menstrual hygiene products to help combat the growing need for natural-renewable alternatives for plastics.

Psychology - Health - 22.06.2021
Brain differences in interpreting physical signals in mental health disorders
Brain differences in interpreting physical signals in mental health disorders
Researchers have shown why people with mental health disorders, including anorexia and panic disorders, experience physical signals differently.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.06.2021
Scientists to receive seed funding for most pressing cancer challenges
Nine UCL scientists have been shortlisted to work on some of the world's toughest cancer problems, as part of the £80 million Cancer Grand Challenges. In October 2020, Cancer Grand Challenges, founded by Cancer Research UK and the US National Cancer Institute, dared the global research community to take on nine of cancer's most pressing issues.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 21.06.2021
Summer catch-up programmes need to focus on teens’ wellbeing, not just academic progress
Education leaders need to refocus efforts to address issues around loneliness and social isolation felt by many young people during the pandemic. Last updated on Monday 21 June 2021 Summer holiday catch-up programmes to address gaps in knowledge after school closures need to support children who are still struggling due to social isolation.

Health - Psychology - 21.06.2021
New treatment significantly improves mental health in heart disease patients
A study, led by Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust (GMMH) and The University of Manchester (UoM), and funded by the National Institute for Healthcare Research (NIHR), has found that a mental health treatment called Metacognitive Therapy significantly improves symptoms of anxiety and depression for heart disease patients.

Health - 21.06.2021
Alcohol burden on ambulance service in Scotland three times higher than previous estimates
86,780 ambulance callouts were identified as alcohol-related in 2019, using a new method based on the notes taken by paramedics at the scene. This figure, an average of more than 230 call-outs every day, is more than three times higher than previously reported. Whilst paramedics have long described a heavy burden of alcohol on the Scottish ambulance service, this is the first study to accurately quantify that burden in a robust way that can be routinely monitored.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.06.2021
There's more to genes than DNA: how Mum and Dad add something extra, just for you
There’s more to genes than DNA: how Mum and Dad add something extra, just for you
Biologists at the University of Bath and the University of Vienna in Austria have discovered 71 new imprinted genes in the mouse genome. Last updated on Friday 25 June 2021 Biologists at the Universities of Bath and Vienna have discovered 71 new 'imprinted' genes in the mouse genome, a finding that takes them a step closer to unravelling some of the mysteries of epigenetics - an area of science that describes how genes are switched on (and off) in different cells at different stages in development and adulthood.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.06.2021
South Asian heritage citizens most likely to choose UK COVID vaccination
South Asian heritage citizens most likely to choose UK COVID vaccination
People of South Asian origin are the most likely of all Britain's minority ethnic communities to agree to COVID-19 vaccination - the safest way to reach population immunity, a new study reveals. In the first survey focussing on the UK's Black and Minority Ethnic (BAME) population and other high-risk groups identified for priority vaccination, researchers discovered that from 4,884 respondents, 79·3% were interested in taking approved vaccines.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.06.2021
Poorer health in most deprived areas may be linked to microbiomes in the gut
An earlier onset of disease and ageing in the most deprived could be linked to gut health and poor diet. A new, first-of-its-kind-study, led by the University of Glasgow and published in Scientific Reports, analysed the composition of microbes in the body and found that there was a higher amount of pathogenic - disease-causing - bacteria in those who were most biologically aged.