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Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.09.2021
Changing diets to tackle climate change ’unattainable’ for minority groups
Making food more affordable for ethnic minority groups is crucial to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from our diets, scientists have suggested. According to a new study of food habits in the US, a healthy diet with lower environmental impacts is achievable for a large portion of the population. But it is unaffordable for up to 38% of Black and Hispanic individuals in the lowest income and education groups, twice the percentage of white individuals in the same group.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.09.2021
Potential new drug for incurable vascular dementia
A drug already used to treat high blood pressure could be re-purposed as the first treatment to tackle a type of vascular dementia caused by damaged and 'leaky' small blood vessels in the brain, according to research part-funded by the British Heart Foundation and published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation .

Health - Computer Science - 15.09.2021
World first for AI and machine learning to treat COVID-19 patients worldwide
World first for AI and machine learning to treat COVID-19 patients worldwide
Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge along with 20 other hospitals from across the world and healthcare technology leader, NVIDIA, have used artificial intelligence (AI) to predict Covid patients' oxygen needs on a global scale.

Computer Science - Health - 15.09.2021
Machine learning algorithm to diagnose deep vein thrombosis
A team of researchers are developing the use of an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm with the aim of diagnosing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) more quickly and as effectively as traditional radiologist-interpreted diagnostic scans, potentially cutting down long patient waiting lists and avoiding patients unnecessarily receiving drugs to treat DVT when they don't have it.

Health - 15.09.2021
Oxford to assess revolutionary multi-cancer blood test in trial, for future implementation in the NHS
The University of Oxford has announced a partnership with GRAIL, to evaluate the use of a new multi-cancer early detection (MCED) test in the NHS. The nation-wide SYMPLIFY study will investigate a MCED test developed by GRAIL, known as Galleri, for patients with non-specific symptoms that may be a result of cancer.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.09.2021
Have we detected dark energy? Cambridge scientists say it's a possibility
Have we detected dark energy? Cambridge scientists say it’s a possibility
Dark energy, the mysterious force that causes the universe to accelerate, may have been responsible for unexpected results from the XENON1T experiment, deep below Italy's Apennine Mountains. It was surprising that this excess could in principle have been caused by dark energy rather than dark matter.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.09.2021
COVID vaccine effects wane over time but still prevent death and severe illness
PIC SNIPE/Shutterstock Sheena Cruickshank , University of Manchester Several countries - including the UK - are now offering third COVID-19 shots amid reports of vaccines proving less effective over time. But do these countries really need to embark on widespread booster campaigns? Here's what research tells us so far about how vaccines are performing.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.09.2021
Astronomers solve 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding Chinese supernova of 1181AD
Astronomers solve 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding Chinese supernova of 1181AD
A 900-year-old cosmic mystery surrounding the origins of a famous supernova first spotted over China in 1181AD has finally been solved, according to an international team of astronomers. New research published today (September 15, 2021) says that a faint, fast expanding cloud (or nebula), called Pa30, surrounding one of the hottest stars in the Milky Way, known as Parker's Star, fits the profile, location and age of the historic supernova.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.09.2021
Care experienced children have poorer health outcomes
Care experienced children in Scotland have poorer health and higher average rates of mortality when compared to children in the general population, according to a new study. The study - led by the University of Glasgow and published in BMJ Open - also showed substantial differences in health outcomes and health service use between care experienced children and children in the general population.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 15.09.2021
New Study to Look at South Asian Women’s Experiences of Domestic Abuse and Viable Pathways to Justice
Researchers based at the University of Glasgow have launched a new study which will look at how South Asian women in Scotland get help for domestic abuse, and their experiences of the criminal justice system. The study will fill a vital gap in our understanding of how race, culture, social, education and community factors play into victim/survivors' decision-making on which services to access and when, as well as their perceptions of justice, and the justice system.

Life Sciences - 15.09.2021
Primate mothers may carry infants after death as a way of grieving
Some primate species may express grief over the death of their infant by carrying the corpse with them, sometimes for months, according to a new UCL-led study - with implications for our understanding of how non-human animals experience emotion. Published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B , the researchers compiled data from anecdotes reported in 126 publications on primate behaviour.

Economics / Business - 15.09.2021
Pension inequality a major issue when couples divorce
A new report has found that men within couples have substantially more private pension wealth than women, which poses particular challenges when they divorce.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.09.2021
Fixing protein production errors lengthens lifespan
Reducing naturally occurring errors in protein synthesis (production) improves both health and lifespan, finds a new study in simple model organisms led by researchers at UCL and MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences. The novel findings, published in Cell Metabolism , are the first to demonstrate a direct link between fewer protein mistakes and longevity.

Health - 14.09.2021
Changes to workplace cafeteria menus nudge workers to consume fewer calories
A study carried out at 19 workplace cafeterias has shown that reducing portion sizes and replacing higher calorie food and drinks with lower calorie options led to workers buying food and drink with fewer calories.  Our study suggests that making relatively simple changes to menus in workplace and other cafeterias could make an important contribution to tackling obesity Theresa Marteau Researchers at the University of Cambridge, who led the study, say that even simple interventions such as these could contribute towards tackling levels of obesity.

Health - 14.09.2021
Is anybody out there? Human embryos make contact with mother-to-be
Scientists at The University of Manchester and Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust have discovered a new way that human embryos are able to communicate with mothers-to-be after just six days. The team, who publish in the journal Human Reproduction today (14/09/21), reveal for the first time that embryos are able to detect foreign (non-self) cells - including pathogens - in their environment.

Health - 14.09.2021
New online tool developed to help prevent self-harm
A new online tool to help reduce and prevent repeat self-harm has been designed by researchers alongside those with lived experience. The tool was tested by a national sample of 514 people who have self-harmed to find out what they thought of it and whether they believed it could help them. The research that's been published today (insert date), in The Journal of Medical Internet Research, reveals the tool, which has previously been found to be effective, is liked by those with lived experience of self-harm.

Paleontology - Environment - 14.09.2021
Modern snakes evolved from a few survivors of dino-killing asteroid
Modern snakes evolved from a few survivors of dino-killing asteroid
Research from the Milner Centre for Evolution suggests modern snakes evolved from a handful of ancestors that survived the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs. Last updated on Tuesday 14 September 2021 A new study suggests that all living snakes evolved from a handful of species that survived the giant asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs and most other living things at the end of the Cretaceous.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.09.2021
New pathway that prevents bowel cancer treatment from working
Leading scientists at the University of Birmingham have discovered a previously unknown pathway that prevents specific drugs from working in patients with bowel cancer. The research findings pave the way for increasing the number of bowel cancer patients who can be successfully treated, say the scientists.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.09.2021
Affordable housing in outer space: Scientists develop cosmic concrete from space dust and astronaut blood
Transporting a single brick to Mars can cost more than a million British pounds - making the future construction of a Martian colony seem prohibitively expensive. Scientists at The University of Manchester have now developed a way to potentially overcome this problem, by creating a concrete-like material made of extra-terrestrial dust along with the blood, sweat and tears of astronauts.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.09.2021
New report suggests pandemic policing undermines public health measures whilst disproportionately targeting Black and Minority Ethnic communities
A new report raises concerns about the policing of the pandemic and shows that racially minoritised communities have been most harshly affected - being more likely to be stopped by the police, threatened or subject to police violence and falsely accused of rule-breaking and wrong-doing.