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Results 61 - 80 of 627.


Life Sciences - Health - 07.07.2021
Rare genetic variants confer largest increase in type 2 diabetes risk seen to date
Rare genetic variants confer largest increase in type 2 diabetes risk seen to date
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have identified rare genetic variants - carried by one in 3,000 people - that have a larger impact on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes than any previously identified genetic effect. For complex diseases such as type 2 diabetes, many variants play a role [in disease risk], but often only increasing our risk by a tiny amount.

Chemistry - Health - 07.07.2021
New approach will help identify drugs that can ’glue’ proteins together
A new screening method that can test the effectiveness of therapeutic molecules designed to 'glue' proteins together in the body has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham and the University of Leicester. The research paves the way for drug developers to screen large numbers of potential new drug compounds to discover new treatments for diseases such as breast cancer and Parkinson's disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.07.2021
Arthritis drugs save lives of hospitalised Covid-19 patients
Drugs used to treat arthritis, known as interleukin-6 antagonists, reduce deaths and the need for mechanical ventilation among people hospitalised with Covid-19, according to a new study involving UCL which has prompted new World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. In the study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association , researchers analysed 27 randomised trials involving nearly 11,000 patients.

Health - Psychology - 07.07.2021
UK public view COVID-19 as a threat because of lockdowns
Research published in Royal Society Open Science from Lorraine Whitmarsh finds that people have judged COVID risks by the magnitude of the policy response. Last updated on Thursday 8 July 2021 The UK public is likely to take the COVID-19 pandemic less seriously once restrictions are lifted, according to new research.

Pedagogy - 06.07.2021
Autistic children can benefit from attention training - new study
Autistic children can benefit from attention training - new study
Attention training in young people with autism can lead to significant improvements in academic performance, according to a new study. Researchers at the University of Birmingham in the UK along with institutions in São Paolo, in Brazil, tested a computer programme designed to train basic attention skills among a group of autistic children aged between eight and 14 years old.

Astronomy / Space Science - 06.07.2021
Kepler telescope glimpses a free-floating planet population
Tantalising evidence has been uncovered for a mysterious population of 'free-floating' planets which may be alone in deep space, unbound to any host star. The results include four new discoveries that are consistent with planets of similar masses to Earth, published today in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society .

Physics - Life Sciences - 05.07.2021
Nanomaterials shape and form influences their ability to cross the blood brain barrier - study
Nanomaterials shape and form influences their ability to cross the blood brain barrier - study
Nanomaterials found in consumer and health-care products can pass from the bloodstream to the brain side of a blood-brain barrier model with varying ease depending on their shape - creating potential neurological impacts that could be both positive and negative, a new study reveals. Scientists found that metal-based nanomaterials such as silver and zinc oxide can cross an in vitro model of the 'blood brain barrier' (BBB) as both particles and dissolved ions - adversely affecting the health of astrocyte cells, which control neurological responses.

Environment - 05.07.2021
Early humans were sheltered from worst effects of volcanic supereruption
Early humans were sheltered from worst effects of volcanic supereruption
A massive volcanic eruption in Indonesia about 74,000 years ago likely caused severe climate disruption in many areas of the globe, but early human populations were sheltered from the worst effects, suggests a new study published in the journal PNAS . Ultimately, this will help to mitigate the environmental and societal hazards from future volcanic eruptions Anja Schmidt The eruption of the Toba volcano was the largest volcanic eruption in the past two million years, but its impacts on climate and human evolution have been unclear.

Health - 05.07.2021
Breakthrough in tissue engineering as 'shape memory' supports tissue growth
Breakthrough in tissue engineering as ’shape memory’ supports tissue growth
Research published today has demonstrated the viability of 3D-printed tissue scaffolds that harmlessly degrade while promoting tissue regeneration following implantation. The scaffolds showed highly promising tissue-healing performance, including the ability to support cell migration, the 'ingrowth' of tissues, and revascularisation (blood vessel growth).

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.07.2021
Gang of black holes spotted at centre of star cluster
Scientists have been left stunned by a gang of more than 100 black holes sitting at the centre of a large collection of stars over 80,000 light years from Earth. The finding has been made inside Palomar 5, a 10-billion-year-old collection of stars that orbits around the Milky Way. Reporting their findings today in Nature Astronomy, the scientists say Palomar 5 contains about three times as many black holes as they would expect to find in a star cluster of this size, with each black hole having a mass of about 20 times that of the Sun.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.07.2021
COVID vaccines: combining AstraZeneca and Pfizer may boost immunity - new study
Late last year, I asked : is it safe to have more than one type of COVID-19 vaccine? A trial has now addressed that question, as well as what effect combining different vaccine types has on immunity. Most COVID-19 vaccines require two doses, and the usual strategy is to give people the same vaccine type for both.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.07.2021
Detecting oesophageal cancer with AI
Detecting oesophageal cancer with AI
Experts at UCL and spinout company Odin Vision working with clinicians at UCLH have used artificial intelligence (AI) to help detect early signs of oesophageal cancer. The first procedure in the world using the AI technology was performed at University College Hospital by UCLH consultant gastroenterologist Dr Rehan Haidry.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.07.2021
Aspirin could cut risk of death in cancer patients by 20%, major review of studies suggests
Patients with a wide range of cancers who take aspirin as part of their treatment could help to reduce their risk of death by 20%, a major review of existing research has suggested. Academics at Cardiff University carried out a systematic review of 118 published observational studies in patients with 18 different cancers.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 01.07.2021
Autistic individuals may be more likely to use recreational drugs to self-medicate their mental health
Autistic individuals may be more likely to use recreational drugs to self-medicate their mental health
While autistic individuals are less likely to use substances, those who do so are more likely to self-medicate for their mental health symptoms, according to new research from the University of Cambridge and published today in The Lancet Psychiatry .

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2021
Abnormalities in how the brain reorganises prior experiences identified in schizophrenia
Abnormalities in how the brain reorganises prior experiences identified in schizophrenia
Neuroscientists at UCL have, for the first time, identified abnormalities in the way memories are 'replayed' in the brains of people with schizophrenia; researchers say the pathbreaking study provides an entirely new basis for explaining many of the condition's core symptoms. Schizophrenia is a serious and debilitating mental disorder characterised by episodes of psychosis.

Chemistry - 01.07.2021
Instant water cleaning method ’millions of times’ better than commercial approach
A water disinfectant created on the spot using just hydrogen and the air around us is millions of times more effective at killing viruses and bacteria than traditional commercial methods, according to scientists from Cardiff University. Reporting their findings today Catalysis, the team say the results could revolutionise water disinfection technologies and present an unprecedented opportunity to provide clean water to communities that need it most.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.06.2021
Scientists identify 160 new drugs that could be repurposed against COVID-19
Scientists identify 160 new drugs that could be repurposed against COVID-19
Cambridge scientists have identified 200 approved drugs predicted to work against COVID-19 - of which only 40 are currently being tested in COVID-19 clinical trials. We hope this resource of potential drugs will accelerate the development of new drugs against COVID-19.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.06.2021
Ethnic disparities in statin treatment may lead to more heart attacks and strokes
People of South Asian and African/ African Caribbean ethnicity who have type 2 diabetes are less likely to be prescribed statins than those of European ethnicity, potentially contributing to thousands of preventable heart attacks and strokes each year, finds a new UCL-led study. The study, published in the open access journal PLOS Medicine and funded by Diabetes UK, used a database of 12 million anonymised national health records to look at rates of statin prescribing for people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who were also eligible for statins.

Health - 30.06.2021
Long COVID cases under-reported in NHS GP records
Using the full pseudonymised GP records of 57.9 million patients in England, researchers at Oxford University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine have found that formally recorded diagnoses of Long COVID are substantially lower than previous survey estimates for the same condition.

Environment - 30.06.2021
Fairer finance could speed up net zero for Africa by a decade
Levelling up access to finance so that poorer countries can afford the funds needed to switch to renewable energy could see regions like Africa reaching net zero emissions a decade earlier, according to a study led by UCL researchers. Access to finance (credit) is vital for the green energy transition needed to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, as laid out in the Paris Agreement.