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Results 61 - 80 of 459.


Health - Life Sciences - 22.01.2023
Wearable tech, AI and clinical teams combine to change the face of clinical trial monitoring
Wearable tech, AI and clinical teams combine to change the face of clinical trial monitoring
A multi-disciplinary team of researchers, involving several UCL scientists, has developed a way to monitor the progression of movement disorders using motion capture technology and AI.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.01.2023
Brain health ’Check-in’ tool to help reduce dementia risk
A free new digital tool has been launched by Alzheimer's Research UK, supported by evidence from UCL researchers, to help people keep their brain healthy and reduce their dementia risk. Only 2% of the public are doing everything they can to keep their brains healthy, according to new figures released by the charity.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.01.2023
Role of lymphatic system in bone healing revealed
Role of lymphatic system in bone healing revealed
It was previously assumed that bones lacked lymphatic vessels, but new research from the MRC Human Immunology Unit  at Oxford's MRC Weatherall Institute for Molecular Medicine  not only locates them within bone tissue, but demonstrates their role in bone and blood cell regeneration and reveals changes associated with aging.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.01.2023
’Remarkable’ results in colon cancer trial
Giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before surgery cuts the risk of the disease coming back, according to the results of a new clinical trial. The FOxTROT trial, a collaborative study by scientists at Leeds and the University of Birmingham, showed that giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before rather than after surgery reduced the chance of cancer returning within 2 years by 28%.

Chemistry - Innovation - 20.01.2023
Researchers unravel the complex reaction pathways in zero carbon fuel synthesis
Researchers have used isotopes of carbon to trace how carbon dioxide emissions could be converted into low-carbon fuels and chemicals. The result could help the chemical industry, which is the third largest subsector in terms of direct CO2 emissions, recycle its own waste using current manufacturing processes.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.01.2023
How post-feeding breasts bounce back from the brink of death to kick-start milk production
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have discovered a protein that kick-starts milk production after breastfeeding has paused The team found the Rac1 protein which turns milk-secreting cells into cannibalistic cell eaters to clear up dead cells and remove surplus milk, also kick-starts milk production after temporary pauses The groundbreaking study provides new insights into how breast cancer cells might acquire resistance to cell death

Health - Pharmacology - 20.01.2023
Does COVID really damage your immune system and make you more vulnerable to infections? The evidence is lacking
Over the past month or two, many northern hemisphere countries including the US and the UK have seen a large wave of respiratory viral infections. These include RSV ( respiratory syncytial virus ), flu and COVID in all ages, as well as bacterial infections such as strep A in children. Sometimes these infections can be very serious.

Physics - Innovation - 20.01.2023
Method to preserve entanglement could enable new quantum tech
An international team of researchers has developed a new method of overcoming a key challenge for the development of future quantum tech. In a new paper published in the journal Physical Review X Quantum, the researchers describe how they may have solved a key problem for quantum technologies by keeping particles entangled in previously impossible conditions.

Health - Life Sciences - 20.01.2023
How post-feeding breasts bounce back from the brink of death to kickstart milk production
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have discovered a protein that kickstarts milk production after breastfeeding has paused The team found the Rac1 protein which turns milk-secreting cells into cannibalistic cell eaters to clear up dead cells and remove surplus milk, also kickstarts milk production after temporary pauses The groundbreaking study provides new insights into how breast cancer cells might acquire resistance to cell death in

Health - 19.01.2023
At-home cardiac rehabilitation programme is a success in Scotland
REACH-HF, an award-winning cardiac rehabilitation programme which helps people living with heart failure improve their quality of life from the convenience and safety of their own homes, should be rolled out across Scotland, according to a new study. Led by researchers at the University of Glasgow, the SCOT:REACH-HF study followed more than 100 people with heart failure in Scotland as they participated in the REACH-HF programme.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.01.2023
Chemotherapy before surgery cuts risk of colon cancer returning, trial finds
Chemotherapy before surgery cuts risk of colon cancer returning, trial finds
Patients with early stage colon cancer benefit from 6 weeks of chemotherapy before surgery Giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before surgery cuts their risk of the disease coming back, according to the results of a Cancer Research UK-funded clinical trial. The FOxTROT trial showed that giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before rather than after surgery reduced the chance of cancer returning within 2 years by 28%.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.01.2023
Vaccination shown to protect against pregnancy complications from COVID-19 Omicron variant
Vaccination shown to protect against pregnancy complications from COVID-19 Omicron variant
The global network led by the Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute (OMPHI) at the University of Oxford has today published, in The Lancet , the results of the ' 2022 INTERCOVID Study ' conducted in 41 hospitals across 18 countries. To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 Omicron variant on maternal and neonatal outcomes the researchers studied 1,545 pregnant women diagnosed with the variant and 3,073 non-diagnosed, concomitant pregnant women as controls.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 17.01.2023
New study tests impact of coming off antidepressants on mood and thinking patterns
University psychologists aiming to improve help for people withdrawing from antidepressants want volunteers to come forward to participate in the new study. New research being led by a team of psychologists at the University of Bath hopes to provide evidence to improve the clinical care of people in the process of withdrawing from antidepressants.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.01.2023
Gone fishing: highly accurate test for common respiratory viruses uses DNA as ’bait’
A new test that -fishes- for multiple respiratory viruses at once using single strands of DNA as -bait-, and gives highly accurate results in under an hour, has been developed by Cambridge researchers. Good diagnostics are the key to good treatments Filip Bo¨ković The test uses DNA -nanobait- to detect the most common respiratory viruses - including influenza, rhinovirus, RSV and COVID-19 - at the same time.

Environment - 16.01.2023
Genetically modified rice could be key to tackling food shortages caused by climate change
Reducing the number of stomata that rice have makes them more tolerant to salt water, according to researchers at the University of Sheffield As sea levels rise, seawater is reaching places it previously wouldn-t, causing increasing damage to crops Sheffield scientists had already discovered that rice with fewer stomata are more drought resistant, needing up to 60 per cent less water - now, they have shown that the same plants are also able to g

Environment - 16.01.2023
Hydropower without the environmental impact
Scientists have analysed data from nearly three million rivers across the globe to identify where hydropower stations could be sited with limited environmental impacts. The analysis identified 124,761 potential locations that met the strict environmental criteria. Of those, 4,644 of the schemes could be run profitably and would be capable of generating an additional 5.

Psychology - Health - 16.01.2023
The link between mental health and ADHD is strong - so why aren't we paying attention?
The link between mental health and ADHD is strong - so why aren’t we paying attention?
Adults with high levels of ADHD symptoms are more likely to have anxiety and depression than adults with high levels of autistic traits, new research finds. Adults with high levels of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are more likely to experience anxiety and depression than adults with high levels of autistic traits, according to new research led by psychologists at the University of Bath.

Health - 16.01.2023
Hospitals can speed up surgery times with separate patient preparation
Hospitals can speed up surgery times with separate patient preparation
Computer modelling shows a 40 per cent improvement in theatre idle times when surgery induction procedures are reconfigured Preparing patients for surgery in a separate space from the operating theatre brings significant benefits in freeing up operating theatre schedules and staff time, according to new research from the University of Bath.

Agronomy / Food Science - 13.01.2023
Why chocolate feels so good? It ’s down to lubrication
Scientists have decoded the physical process that takes place in the mouth when chocolate is eaten, as it changes from a solid into a smooth emulsion that many people find totally irresistible. By analysing each of the steps, the interdisciplinary research team at the University of Leeds hope it will lead to the development of a new generation of luxury chocolate that will have the same feel and texture but will be healthier to consume.

Economics / Business - Health - 13.01.2023
Addressing online gambling harms across sub-Saharan Africa
Addressing online gambling harms across sub-Saharan Africa
A new study funded by the British Academy and Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) has reported that governments across Sub-Saharan Africa are struggling to keep pace with the mass expansion of gambling, brought about through online technologies and smartphone apps. An international team, coordinated by the universities of Glasgow, Ghana and Bath, in partnership with the Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit (MEIRU), reviewed existing policies in place to regulate the gambling industry across 49 countries.