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Results 41 - 60 of 482.


Health - Pharmacology - 16.11.2023
Lab-grown 'small blood vessels' point to potential treatment for major cause of stroke and vascular dementia
Lab-grown ’small blood vessels’ point to potential treatment for major cause of stroke and vascular dementia
Cambridge scientists have grown small blood vessel-like models in the lab and used them to show how damage to the scaffolding that supports these vessels can cause them to leak, leading to conditions such as vascular dementia and stroke.

Pharmacology - Innovation - 16.11.2023
New device and drug combination will revolutionise heart failure treatment
A newly-developed heart failure device and medication combination is safe and effective to use, and will allow patients to receive treatment from the comfort of their own home A newly-developed heart failure device and medication combination is safe and effective to use, and will allow patients to receive treatment from the comfort of their own home.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2023
Hunger hormones impact decision-making brain area to drive behaviour
Hunger hormones impact decision-making brain area to drive behaviour
A hunger hormone produced in the gut can directly impact a decision-making part of the brain in order to drive an animal's behaviour, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The study in mice, published in Neuron , is the first to show how hunger hormones can directly impact activity of the brain's hippocampus when an animal is considering food.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.11.2023
First effective treatment to prevent multidrug-resistant TB
First effective treatment to prevent multidrug-resistant TB
An oral antibiotic taken once daily for six months can substantially reduce the risk of developing multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in both children and adults, according to two landmark clinical trials involving UCL researchers. The results were announced at the Union World Conference on Lung Health in Paris.

Health - Psychology - 15.11.2023
Mental health declines when becoming an unpaid carer
Becoming an unpaid carer for family and friends negatively affects the mental health of people of all ages and genders, finds a new study by researchers at UCL and St George's, University of London. The research, published in The Lancet Public Health , used data from more than 17,000 people in the UK Household Longitudinal Study between 2009 and 2020 to investigate mental and physical health changes around the transition to becoming a caregiver for the first time in adults aged 16 and older.

Environment - Health - 15.11.2023
New global projections highlight 'enormous human cost' to climate inaction
New global projections highlight ’enormous human cost’ to climate inaction
Delayed action on climate change is costing lives and livelihoods, with people exposed to dangerously high temperatures and predictions of a 4.7-fold increase in heat related deaths by mid-century, finds the latest Lancet Countdown report led by UCL researchers. The 2023 Report of the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change delivers a concerning health stocktake, with new global projections revealing the grave and mounting threat to human health as a result of climate inaction.

Social Sciences - 15.11.2023
New report shines a light on the scope and scale of teenage terrorism offenders for the first time
New report shines a light on the scope and scale of teenage terrorism offenders for the first time
New research into children convicted of terrorism offences in England and Wales has revealed a sharp rise in -homegrown- teenage terrorist activity, with extreme-right ideology fuelling the majority of cases. Authors, University of Southampton Criminology Lecturer, Dr Gina Vale, and ISD (Institute for Strategic Dialogue) analyst Hannah Rose analysed data spanning the last eight years to map trends in minors' ideological affiliations in this report, published by the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at King's College London.

Environment - 15.11.2023
New shipping study highlights benefits of reducing underwater radiated noise
New shipping study highlights benefits of reducing underwater radiated noise
A new study by the University of Southampton has been launched to assess the relationship between measures aimed at enhancing ship energy efficiency and underwater radiated noise emissions. The report was commissioned by the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) to highlight the synergy between the two as ships move through the water.

Politics - 15.11.2023
Focus groups can work without a moderator, shows research
Focus groups can work without a moderator, shows research
Remote moderation by video encourages frank discussion Published on Wednesday 15 November 2023 Last updated on Wednesday 15 November 2023 Focus groups that feed views, experiences and opinions into politics, business and research might yield more open interaction and discussion within groups by moving moderators to a separate room, shows new research.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 15.11.2023
’Bouncing’ comets could deliver building blocks for life to exoplanets
How did the molecular building blocks for life end up on Earth? One long-standing theory is that they could have been delivered by comets. Now, researchers from the University of Cambridge have shown how comets could deposit similar building blocks to other planets in the galaxy. It's possible that the molecules that led to life on Earth came from comets, so the same could be true for planets elsewhere in the galaxy Richard Anslow In order to deliver organic material, comets need to be travelling relatively slowly - at speeds below 15 kilometres per second.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 14.11.2023
New tool to help AI track animals could boost biology research
New tool to help AI track animals could boost biology research
A new machine learning tool from Imperial could help researchers track animal behaviour and pave the way for more AI use in the biological sciences. Biologists often study large numbers of animals to collect data on collective and individual behaviour. New machine learning tools promise to help scientists process the huge amount of data this work generates more quickly while lessening workload.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.11.2023
Extraordinary new space phenomenon mystifies scientists
Luminous fast blue optical transients are characterized by their intense blue light and are amongst the brightest known optical phenomena in the universe. They evolve rapidly, reaching peak brightness and fading again in a matter of days, unlike supernovae which take weeks or months. Image credit: NOIRLab/NSF/AURA/M.

Computer Science - Innovation - 14.11.2023
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Alongside colleagues from four other universities, Dr Eva Krumhuber (UCL Psychology & Language Sciences) writes in The Conversation that images of white faces generated by the StyleGAN2 algorithm look more "human" than actual people's faces. Does ChatGPT ever give you the eerie sense you're interacting with another human being? Artificial intelligence (AI) has reached an astounding level of realism, to the point that some tools can even fool people into thinking they are interacting with another human.

Health - Career - 14.11.2023
Nurses’ professional judgement not utilised in strategic decision making
Nurses' voices and professional judgement is not being utilised in strategic decision making potentially causing dissatisfaction among staff and a lack of high quality patient care, according to new research led by Cardiff Univeristy. The study, known as Pro-Judge, was funded by the RCN Foundation and looked at how nurses use professional judgement in making decisions about organising the nursing workforce to meet patient needs.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.11.2023
Exercise at consistent times could help re-align your body clocks for better skeletal health and performance, scientists suggest
Consistent daily patterns of exercise and rest can synchronise the local body clocks associated with joints and spine with the brain clock, potentially helping individuals to maintain skeletal health, improve athletic performance and avoid injury, research by University of Manchester scientists has argued.

Innovation - 14.11.2023
AI faces look more real than actual human faces
White faces generated by artificial intelligence (AI) now appear more real than human faces, according to new research co-authored by a UCL academic. In the study, led by the Australian National researchers and published in Psychological Science , more people thought AI-generated faces were human than the faces of real people.

Life Sciences - Sport - 14.11.2023
Left-handers aren't better spatially, gaming research shows
Left-handers aren’t better spatially, gaming research shows
Left-handedness is not linked to better spatial skills, despite some previous evidence of a performance gap, according to a large international study led by UCL and University of York researchers. The research, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B , also sheds light on how left-handedness varies by country, with the highest rates in the Netherlands and lowest in China.

Environment - Chemistry - 13.11.2023
Solar-powered device produces clean water and clean fuel at the same time
Solar-powered device produces clean water and clean fuel at the same time
A floating, solar-powered device that can turn contaminated water or seawater into clean hydrogen fuel and purified water, anywhere in the world, has been developed by researchers. These are the sorts of solutions we will need to develop a truly circular economy and sustainable future Erwin Reisner The device, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, could be useful in resource-limited or off-grid environments, since it works with any open water source and does not require any outside power.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.11.2023
Heart attack risk decreased in new mothers by self-monitoring blood pressure at home
Self-monitoring blood pressure after giving birth could help to cut new mothers' risk of future heart disease and strokes, according to new research by Oxford researchers. The study, funded by the BHF and supported by the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) , could be the first step towards blood pressure self-monitoring becoming routinely recommended for women who have high blood pressure during pregnancy, to prevent future health problems.

Environment - 13.11.2023
Faster Arctic warming hastens 2C rise by eight years
Faster Arctic warming hastens 2C rise by eight years
Faster warming in the Arctic will be responsible for a global 2C temperature rise being reached eight years earlier than if the region was warming at the average global rate, according to a new modelling study led by UCL researchers. The Arctic is currently warming nearly four times faster than the global average rate.