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Results 41 - 60 of 558.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 13.01.2021
Mathematics explains how giant ’whirlpools’ form in developing egg cells
The swirling currents occur when the rodlike structures that extend inward from the cells' membranes bend in tandem, like stalks of wheat caught in a strong breeze, according to a study from the University of Cambridge and the Flatiron Institute. The mechanism of the swirling instability is disarmingly simple, and the agreement between our calculations and experimental observations supports the idea that this is indeed the process at work in fruit fly egg cells Raymond Goldstein Egg cells are among the largest cells in the animal kingdom.

Life Sciences - 13.01.2021
Ancient DNA reveals secrets of Game of Thrones wolves
For fans of the TV show Game of Thrones, dire wolves are often seen as mysterious iconic legends. Now, for the first time, an international team led by Durham University and colleagues in Australia, Germany and the US, have analysed ancient DNA from dire wolves to reveal a complex history of these ice age predators.

Health - Psychology - 13.01.2021
High insulin levels during childhood a risk for mental health problems later in life
Researchers have shown that the link between physical and mental illness is closer than previously thought. Certain changes in physical health, which are detectable in childhood, are linked with the development of mental illness in adulthood.

Health - 13.01.2021
Lockdown compliance improving but low take up of Covid tests ’worrying’
Less than half (43%) of people who developed Covid-19 symptoms say they've requested a test, find UCL researchers as part of the Covid-19 Social Study. Three quarters (75%) of adults aged 60+ who reported experiencing symptoms at least once said they had never requested a test, with just 18% of the same age group saying they requested a test every time they experienced symptoms.

Life Sciences - 13.01.2021
Teeth functioned and evolved in giant mega-sharks
A pioneering study by University of Bristol researchers finds that the evolution of teeth in the giant prehistoric shark Megalodon and its relatives was a by-product of becoming huge, rather than an adaptation to new feeding habits. The iconic extinct Megalodon was the largest shark to ever roam the seas.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2021
UofG supports major quantum technology effort to solve universe’s mysteries
The University of Glasgow's James Watt School of Engineering is providing key expertise for a new project which has won funding from UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). The Quantum-enhanced Interferometry for New Physics project, led by Cardiff University, is one of seven projects which aim to transform our understanding of the universe.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2021
Quantum tech to help weigh universe’s most elusive particle
Researchers are leading a 3.8 million project to develop quantum technology aimed at detecting the mass of a neutrino, the universe's most abundant but elusive particle of matter. UCL is playing a key role in three of the seven projects. Neutrinos are millions of times lighter than electrons and are poorly understood as they can pass through matter undetected.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.01.2021
Smacking young children has long-lasting effects
Children who have adverse experiences such as being smacked at the age of three are more likely to suffer from poor mental health and have behavioural problems through to age 14, according to a study led by UCL researchers. Children who have adverse experiences such as being smacked at the age of three are more likely to suffer from poor mental health and have behavioural problems through to age 14, according to a study led by UCL researchers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 13.01.2021
Scientists to lead hunt for dark matter
Cardiff University scientists are to lead a consortium hoping to track down one of the most mysterious materials in the Universe - dark matter. The 5m Quantum-Enhanced Interferometry (QI) collaboration will use state-of-the-art quantum technology to shed more light on the material which makes up roughly 27 per cent of the Universe but has yet to be directly detected.

Environment - 13.01.2021
Melting icebergs key to sequence of an ice age, scientists find
Scientists claim to have found the ‘missing link' in the process that leads to an ice age on Earth. Melting icebergs in the Antarctic are the key, say the team from Cardiff University, triggering a series of chain reactions that plunges Earth into a prolonged period of cold temperatures. It has long been known that ice age cycles are paced by periodic changes to Earth's orbit of the sun, which subsequently changes the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth's surface.

Pedagogy - 12.01.2021
Family court decisions distorted by misuse of key research, say experts
Family courts are misunderstanding and misusing research around how children form close relationships with their caregivers, say an international group of experts. The decisions reached by family courts can have a major impact on a child's life, but as we've seen, these decisions may be based on incorrect understanding and assumptions Robbie Duschinsky Seventy experts from across the globe argue that widespread misunderstandings around attachment research have hampered its accurate implementation, with potentially negative consequences for decisions in family courts.

History / Archeology - 12.01.2021
New insights from original Domesday survey revealed | University of Oxford
Prof. Stephen Baxter is a world-leading expert on Domesday Book. His research has formed the basis of radio and television documentaries, including on the Domesday survey (BBC2) . He is Clarendon Professor of Medieval History and Barron Fellow in Medieval History at St Peter's College, Oxford ( ) This new interpretation of Domesday is advanced by Stephen Baxter, ‘How and Why was Domesday Made'', English Historical Review , Volume 135, Issue 576 ( published online 22 December, 2020 and freely accessible ).

Environment - Life Sciences - 12.01.2021
Climate change damage to the homes of clownfish affects their physiology
The metabolism of clownfish - or anemonefish - decreases when their sea 'homes' are damaged by climate change, according to a new study. The research - led by an international team of scientists from the University of Glasgow and CRIOBE, and published today in Functional Ecology - found that exposure to bleached coral reefs can have a negative effect on the physiology and growth of anemonefish.

Astronomy / Space Science - 11.01.2021
Galaxy mergers could limit star formation
Our astronomers have looked nine billion years into the past to find evidence that galaxy mergers in the early universe could shut down star formation and affect galaxy growth. Using a powerful Earth-based telescope they saw that a huge amount of star-forming gas was ejected into the universe by the coming together of two galaxies.

Health - 11.01.2021
Light-carrying chips advance machine learning
New study shows targeting arterial stiffening earlier in a person's lifespan could provide cognitive benefits in older age and may help to delay the onset of dementia. Researchers at the University of Oxford and University College London investigated 542 older adults who received two measurements of aortic stiffness, at 64 years old and 68 years old.

Chemistry - Environment - 11.01.2021
Scientists make sustainable polymer from sugars in wood
Scientists from Bath's Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies have made a sustainable polymer using the second most abundant sugar in nature, xylose. Last updated on Tuesday 19 January 2021 Not only does the new nature-inspired material reduce reliance on crude oil products, but its properties can also be easily controlled to make the material flexible or crystalline.

Health - 11.01.2021
COVID-19: Online tool identifies patients at highest risk of deterioration
A new risk-stratification tool which can accurately predict the likelihood of deterioration in adults hospitalised with COVID-19 has been developed by UCL researchers, in collaboration with the UK Coronavirus Clinical Characterisation Consortium (known as ISARIC4C). Researchers say the online tool, made freely available to NHS doctors on Friday 8 January 2021, could support clinicians' decision making - helping to improve patient outcomes and ultimately save lives.

Health - 08.01.2021
International travel key to the introduction and early undetected community transmission of COVID-19 in Scotland
Scientists sequencing virus samples from the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Scotland (and through the first wave) have found evidence of community transmission, driven by multiple introductions through international travel, as early as February 2020. In new research had multiple introductions to Scotland in early 2020, mainly from European countries such as Italy and Spain.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.01.2021
Study identifies genetic changes likely to have enabled SARS-CoV-2 to jump from bats to humans
A new study, involving the University of Cambridge and led by the Pirbright Institute, has identified key genetic changes in SARS-CoV-2 - the virus that causes COVID-19 - that may be responsible for the jump from bats to humans, and established which animals have cellular receptors that allow the virus to enter their cells most effectively.

Health - Chemistry - 08.01.2021
Branching out: DNA discovery could advance degenerative disease treatments
New research on the structure and dynamics of a branched form of DNA called a three-way junction could lead to more effectively targeted treatments for degenerative disorders like Huntington's Disease, scientists say. In a new paper published , chemists from the University of Glasgow show for the first time how three-way DNA junctions undergo unexpected rearrangements in their structure.

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