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Results 41 - 60 of 642.


Computer Science - 25.06.2020
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
Researchers have demonstrated how machine learning could help design lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells with better performance. A new machine learning algorithm allows researchers to explore possible designs for the microstructure of fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries, before running 3D simulations that help researchers make changes to improve performance.

Economics / Business - 25.06.2020
Resource curse or resource blessing: How major oil discoveries keep autocrats in power
Resource curse or resource blessing: How major oil discoveries keep autocrats in power
Oil is the most effective natural resource when it comes to keeping despots in power, new research shows. Oil is a more useful resource for rulers looking to hold onto power than minerals such as copper, nickel or zinc but its' benefits are felt most strongly more than a decade after a discovery is made, according to new research led by the University of Sussex Business School.

Career - Health - 25.06.2020
Economic impact of Covid-19 compounding existing inequalities in Wales, report finds
Wales's lowest earners were ten times more likely to have been affected by the Covid-19 shutdown than those on the highest salaries, research shows. The briefing paper from Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre says almost half of those bringing home the smallest incomes were working in jobs that were forced to stop due to the lockdown.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 24.06.2020
On brain swelling in children with cerebral malaria reveals potential new treatment approach
Research on brain swelling in children with cerebral malaria reveals potential new treatment approach Through investigating the causes of brain swelling in cerebral malaria - a devastating parasitic disease that is fatal for one in five children - scientists have found a potential new treatment approach that could be safely used to improve outcome.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.06.2020
Genomes front and centre of rare disease diagnosis
Genomes front and centre of rare disease diagnosis
Cambridge-led study discovers new genetic causes of rare diseases, potentially leading to improved diagnosis and better patient care. This research shows that quicker and better genetic diagnosis will be possible for more NHS patients Willem Ouwehand A research programme pioneering the use of whole genome sequencing in the NHS has diagnosed hundreds of patients and discovered new genetic causes of disease.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 24.06.2020
Reveals how water in the deep Earth triggers earthquakes and tsunamis
Reveals how water in the deep Earth triggers earthquakes and tsunamis
Water (H2O) and other volatiles (e.g. CO2 and sulphur) that are cycled through the deep Earth have played a key role in the evolution of our planet, including in the formation of continents, the onset of life, the concentration of mineral resources, and the distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes.

Health - Innovation - 24.06.2020
Healthy new tissue can be ’printed’ using innovative technique
New muscle has successfully been created in mice using a minimally invasive technique dubbed 'intravital 3D bioprinting' by a team involving UCL scientists. This new research could pave the way for minimally invasive surgical techniques for organ repair and reconstruction that could remove the need for transplantation in children with complex conditions.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.06.2020
Bacterial predator could help reduce COVID-19 deaths
A type of virus that preys on bacteria could be harnessed to combat bacterial infections in patients whose immune systems have been weakened by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes the COVID-19 disease, according to an expert at the University of Birmingham and the Cancer Registry of Norway. Called bacteriophages, these viruses are harmless to humans and can be used to target and eliminate specific bacteria.

Health - 24.06.2020
Obesity linked to higher dementia risk
Obesity is associated with a higher risk of dementia up to 15 years later, finds a new UCL study suggesting that weight management could play a significant role in reducing risk. The findings, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology , suggest that people who are obese in late adulthood face a 31% increased risk of dementia than those whose body mass index (BMI) is within the 'normal' range.

Health - Physics - 24.06.2020
Medicine delivery via microbubbles could be made possible using sound waves
Medicine delivery via microbubbles could be made possible using sound waves
New research has shown that microbubbles, which can be used to deliver drugs to remote parts of the body, can be manipulated by sound waves. Drugs can sometimes be difficult to deliver to specific areas of the body. One way to reach these areas is via microbubbles, which are the subject of intense research for this purpose.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 24.06.2020
Faulty brain processing of new information underlies psychotic delusions, finds new research
Faulty brain processing of new information underlies psychotic delusions, finds new research
Problems in how the brain recognizes and processes novel information lie at the root of psychosis, researchers from the University of Cambridge and King's College London have found. Their discovery that defective brain signals in patients with psychosis could be altered with medication paves the way for new treatments for the disease.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.06.2020
LIGO-Virgo finds mystery object in ’mass gap’
An unusual gravitational wave signal is casting new light on the 'mass gap' between neutron stars and black holes. When the most massive stars die, they collapse under their own gravity and leave behind black holes. When stars that are a bit less massive than this die, they explode in a supernova and leave behind dense, dead remnants of stars called neutron stars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.06.2020
Gravitational wave scientists grapple with the cosmic mystery of GW190814
A highly unusual gravitational wave signal, detected by the LIGO and Virgo observatories in the US and Italy, was generated by a new class of binary systems (two astronomical objects orbiting around each other), an international team of astrophysicists has confirmed. Scientists from the LIGO and Virgo Collaboration, which includes researchers from the Institute for Gravitational Wave Astronomy at the University of Birmingham, detected the signal, named GW190814, in August 2019.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.06.2020
Covid-19: Most disadvantaged 9 times more likely to struggle paying the bills
Adults in the lowest socio-economic group have been almost nine times more likely to struggle to pay the bills compared to those from higher socio-economic groups, finds a new UCL study examining adversity relating to Covid-19. The study, published with Epidemiology and Community Health , explored the changing patterns of adversity in the UK relating to the Covid-19 pandemic by socioeconomic position during the early weeks of lockdown from 25 March to 14 April 2020.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.06.2020
First volunteers receive Imperial COVID-19 vaccine
The first healthy volunteers have now received a candidate coronavirus vaccine developed by researchers. The clinical team, who delivered a small dose of the vaccine to participants at a West London facility, are closely monitoring the participants and report they are in good health, with no safety concerns.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.06.2020
Cardiff student at the centre of LIGO's mysterious new discovery
Cardiff student at the centre of LIGO’s mysterious new discovery
A Cardiff University student has found himself at the centre of a major breakthrough discovery that could potentially help to solve a decades-old mystery. Charlie Hoy, currently in the third year of his PhD and a member of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) Scientific Collaboration, has played a leading role in deciphering new data observed from the violent collision of two objects roughly 800 million light-years away from Earth.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.06.2020
Certain human genes relate to gut bacteria
Certain human genes relate to gut bacteria
The role genetics and gut bacteria play in human health has long been a fruitful source of scientific enquiry, but new research marks a significant step forward in unraveling this complex relationship. Its findings could transform our understanding and treatment of all manner of common diseases, including obesity, irritable bowel syndrome, and Alzheimer's disease.

Health - Mathematics - 22.06.2020
United States COVID-19 model passes Codecheck
The software behind a major Imperial study warning of a potential US coronavirus resurgence has received a Codecheck endorsement. The key findings in the 'Report 23' from Imperial College were reproducible. Dr Stephen Eglen University of Cambridge The independent review of the Imperial COVID-19 Response Team's code for Report 23 was led by Dr Stephen Eglen, Reader in Computational Neuroscience in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.06.2020
Urine test reveals quality of your diet - and whether it’s best for your body
Scientists have completed large-scale tests on a new type of five-minute urine test that measures the health of a person's diet. The test also produces an individual's unique urine ‘fingerprint'.

Electroengineering - Computer Science - 22.06.2020
New technique may enable all-optical data-centre networks
A new technique that synchronises the clocks of computers in under a billionth of a second can eliminate one of the hurdles for the deployment of all-optical networks, potentially leading to more efficient data centres, according to a new study led by UCL and Microsoft. Data centres, comprising tens or hundreds of thousands connected servers, are the underlying technology empowering everything we do online, from storing films and photos to serving up webpages and online services.

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