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Results 41 - 60 of 506.

Life Sciences - 30.09.2021
Genetic risks for depression differ between East Asian and European groups
Specific genes increase the risk of developing depression, according to a new study led by UCL researchers, which also shows that the genes associated with depression vary depending on ancestry group. The research, published in JAMA Psychiatry , is the largest study into the genetic risks of depression conducted in non-European populations.

Health - Psychology - 30.09.2021
People with prior mental ill health hit harder by pandemic disruption
People who had higher pre-pandemic levels of depression or anxiety have been more severely affected by disruption to jobs and healthcare during the pandemic, according to a new study co-led by UCL researchers. The study, published in The British Journal of Psychiatry and funded by UKRI, looked at data from 59,482 people who are surveyed regularly as part of 12 ongoing longitudinal studies in England.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.09.2021
Staying on long-term antidepressants reduces risk of relapse
When people stop taking antidepressants after a long period of use, just over half (56%) experience a relapse within a year, compared to 39% of those who stay on medication, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers say their findings, published in The New England Journal of Medicine , can help doctors and patients to make an informed decision together on whether or not to stop their antidepressants after recovery from a depressive episode.

Innovation - 30.09.2021
Visible passion wins investors over more than pitch content
Entrepreneurs pitching to investors should pay more attention to their visual cues to increase their chances of success. Visual information, that is, body language, gestures, facial expressions and visible passion, are far more influential on investor decision-making than previously thought. In the paper, published in Academy of Management Discoveries , the researcher found that when both expert investors and novices were played silent videos of entrepreneurial pitches, they were able to correctly identify the original investors' selections of winning pitches.

Chemistry - Environment - 29.09.2021
Researchers identify and clear efficiency hurdle for organic solar cells | University of Cambridge
Researchers identify and clear efficiency hurdle for organic solar cells | University of Cambridge
Researchers have identified a key mechanism responsible for the lower efficiencies of organic solar cells and shown a way that this hurdle might be overcome. Organic solar cells can do lots of things that inorganic solar cells can't, but their commercial development has plateaued in recent years, in part due to their inferior efficiency Alexander Gillett The researchers, led by the , identified a loss pathway in organic solar cells which makes them less efficient than silicon-based cells at converting sunlight into electricity.

Transport - 29.09.2021
Lincoln and Hull among UK’s traffic collision hotspots
Cities such as Lincoln and Hull and towns including Woking, Maidstone and Ashford have more road traffic collisions than would be expected given their population size, a new study by UCL researchers has found. For the study, published in PLOS ONE , researchers analysed traffic collision data along with population data from over 300 urban areas in England, Wales, France, Germany and Spain in 2018 and, for Spain only, 2015.

Health - Psychology - 29.09.2021
Over a third of COVID-19 patients diagnosed with at least one long-COVID symptom
37% of people had at least one long-COVID symptom diagnosed in the 3-6 month period after COVID-19 infection. The most common symptoms were breathing problems, abdominal symptoms, fatigue, pain and anxiety/depression. This new study from the University of Oxford and the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre (BRC) investigated long-COVID in over 270,000 people recovering from COVID-19 infection, using data from the US-based TriNetX electronic health record network.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.09.2021
New cancer ’inhibitor’ could lead to improved treatment options
Researchers have discovered a potential advancement in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), which they hope will one day offer an improved option for treating patients with this form of blood cancer. The study- published today in Science Translational Medicine and led by the University of Glasgow in collaboration with LifeArc - has discovered a potential 'autophagy inhibitor' which, when used in combination with current cancer therapies, could lead to better treatment options for CML cancer patients.

Health - Economics / Business - 28.09.2021
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of 'nowcasts' | University of Cambridge
Study suggests R rate for tracking pandemic should be dropped in favour of ’nowcasts’ | University of Cambridge
When the COVID-19 pandemic emerged in 2020, the R rate became well-known shorthand for the reproduction of the disease. Yet a new study suggests it's time for 'A Farewell to R' in favour of a different approach based on the growth rate of infection rather than contagiousness.

Psychology - Health - 28.09.2021
Psychological factors impact adherence and violation of pandemic restrictions
How well people adhered to restrictions during the UK's Covid-19 lockdowns varied depending on their learning and decision-making styles, finds a study led by researchers at UCL and Royal Holloway, University of London. The study, published in Scientific Reports , reveals that multiple psychological factors predicted how people responded to the first national lockdown in spring 2020.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Youngest children are least willing to have COVID-19 jab
In a large school-based survey of students from 9-18-years-old (Years 5 to 13), researchers from the University of Oxford, UCL and the University of Cambridge have discovered that the younger you are, the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination. Writing in  EClinicalMedicine , the authors present the results of the OxWell School Survey 2021, finding that 36% of 9-year-olds are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination, compared to 51% of 13-year-olds, and 78% of 17-year-olds.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.09.2021
Mental health burden of child maltreatment may last decades
New research into child maltreatment has highlighted the links with ongoing mental health disorders, even into middle and older age adulthood. The new study, led by the University of Glasgow and published in the Lancet Regional Health - Europe, finds that child maltreatment was associated with a wide range of mental health conditions in later life, even if they were not diagnosed of any in early adulthood.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.09.2021
Youngest youngsters least willing to get COVID-19 jab
36% of 9-year-olds and 51% of 13-year-olds say they are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination compared to 78% of 17-year-olds, finds a major study co-led by UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The study, published today in EClinicalMedicine, is the only large-scale study to ask children and adolescents about their willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and found that the younger you are the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination.

Health - 28.09.2021
Why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2
Scientists discover why some individuals have stronger natural defences against SARS-COV-2 A new study has revealed key insights into the natural human antiviral defences against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The research, published and led by a team of scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, sheds new light on why some people are naturally more resistant to serious SARS-CoV-2 infection - and how, in the future, the coronavirus might overcome this resistance.

Life Sciences - 28.09.2021
Magnetic stimulation of the brain can improve episodic memory
Inhibitory brain stimulation allows better memorization by reducing the power of beta-waves in the brain. Memories of past events and experiences are what define us as who we are, and yet the ability to form these episodic memories declines with age, certain dementias, and brain injury.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Machine learning can predict which animal viruses risk infecting humans
Scientists have developed a new machine learning method that can accurately predict which animal viruses could go on to infect humans in the future, using only information encoded in the viral genome. Most emerging infectious diseases of humans are caused by 'zoonotic' viruses that originate from other animal species.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 27.09.2021
Dinosaurs' ascent driven by volcanoes powering climate change
Dinosaurs’ ascent driven by volcanoes powering climate change
The rise of dinosaurs coincided with environmental changes driven by major volcanic eruptions over 230 million years ago, a new study reveals. The Late Triassic Carnian Pluvial Episode (CPE) saw an increase in global temperature and humidity - creating a major impact on the development of animal and plant life, coinciding with the establishment of modern conifers.

Physics - 27.09.2021
Will twisted superconducting flakes make better components for quantum computers?
Will twisted superconducting flakes make better components for quantum computers?
Researchers find a way to make single-crystal flake devices that are so thin and defect-free, they might outperform existing components in quantum computers. Last updated on Friday 1 October 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath have found a way to make 'single-crystal flake' devices that are so thin and free of defects, they have the potential to outperform components used today in quantum computer circuits.

Physics - 26.09.2021
'Back to basics' approach helps unravel new phase of matter | University of Cambridge
’Back to basics’ approach helps unravel new phase of matter | University of Cambridge
A new phase of matter, thought to be understandable only using quantum physics, can be studied with far simpler classical methods. We thought time crystals were fundamentally quantum phenomena, but it turns out a simpler classical approach let us learn more about them Andrea Pizzi Researchers from the used computer modelling to study potential new phases of matter known as prethermal discrete time crystals (DTCs).

Health - Life Sciences - 24.09.2021
New cause of inherited heart condition discovered
A UCL-led research team has identified a new gene as a cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an inherited heart condition affecting one in 500 people. The discovery, published in the European Heart Journal , provides a new causal explanation for 1-2% of adults with the condition.