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Health - Chemistry - 13.11.2014
New imaging method could improve the treatment of the 5 million asthma sufferers in the UK
A new method of observing exactly what happens to drug particles as they travel from an asthma inhaler to the lungs could lead to the development of more efficient asthma treatments. Knowing exactly what happens to these drugs as they enter the human body could lead to the development of new asthma treatments that can be taken up more quickly by the body Markus Kalberer A team of researchers, led by the Universities of Cambridge and Birmingham, have used a laser beam trap to examine how drug particles from asthma inhalers behave as they are projected through the air.

Health - 13.11.2014
'Smart' drugs won't make smart people smarter
It is claimed one in five students have taken the 'smart' drug Modafinil to boost their ability to study and improve their chances of exam success. But new research into the effects of Modafinil has shown that healthy students could find their performance impaired by the drug. The study carried out by Dr Ahmed Dahir Mohamed , in the School of Psychology at The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus , and published today, Wednesday 12 November 2014, in the open access journal PLOS ONE , showed the drug had negative effects in healthy people.

Health - 13.11.2014
Puree helps kids make smooth transition to vegetables
Adding tiny amounts of vegetable puree to milk and then rice at the time of weaning makes children more likely to eat vegetables, new University of Leeds research shows. Infants who consumed either milk (breast milk or formula) followed by rice mixed with vegetable puree ate nearly half as many vegetables again as infants who ate just milk followed by baby rice.

Computer Science - 13.11.2014
Optical 'watermills' control direction of light
Scientists at King's have built on research they conducted last year to achieve previously unseen levels of control over the travelling direction of electromagnetic wave in waveguides and proved that the process works equally well in reverse, opening up the way for the development of technologies that could revolutionise secure communications as well as high speed computing.

Life Sciences - Environment - 13.11.2014
Mongoose sentinels respond flexibly to threats
Press release issued: 13 November 2014 Just as soldiers on sentry duty constantly adjust their behaviour to match the current threat level, dwarf mongoose sentinels exhibit flexible decision-making in relation to predation risk, new research from the University of Bristol has shown. Biologists Julie Kern and Dr Andy Radford found that decisions about when to go on duty, what position to adopt and how long to remain on post were all affected by information about the likelihood of danger.

Life Sciences - 12.11.2014
Last Ice Age has shaped sharks across Europe
Press release issued: 12 November 2014 Shark populations in the Mediterranean are highly divided, an international team of scientists, led by Dr Andrew Griffiths of the University of Bristol, has shown. Many previous studies on sharks suggest they move over large distances. But catsharks in the Mediterranean Sea appear to move and migrate much less, as revealed by this study.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.11.2014
Drugging the undruggable: discovery opens up possibility of slowing cancer spread
A trawl through a library of more than 50,000 'small molecules' has identified a potential candidate to inhibit the spread of cancer cells throughout the body. Reported today Communications, the molecule targets a mechanism of tumour development that had previously been considered 'undruggable'- in other words, extremely difficult, if not impossible, to target with a drug - and could open the door to further promising new candidates.

Life Sciences - 12.11.2014
Opportunity, and not necessity, is the mother of invention
When food is scarce, tool use among non-human primates does not increase. This counterintuitive finding leads researchers to suggest that the driving force behind tool use is ecological opportunity - and that the environment shapes development of culture.  Ecological opportunities influence the occurrence of tool use.

Social Sciences - 12.11.2014
Wales mixed ethnic groups more likely to claim national identity than Scots
Our structure (research) Impact of our research Postgraduate research 12 Nov 2014 Research on the 2011 Census, carried out by the Centre on Dynamics and Ethnicity at Manchester, found that 47% of mixed ethnicity groups in Wales claimed a Welsh only identity, compared to 37% of Scots counterparts. New research on the 2011 Census reveals that people from 'mixed' ethnic groups in Wales are more likely to claim their national identity than counterparts in Scotland.

Pedagogy - 12.11.2014
London’s diverse ethnic population explains the success of its schools
Press release issued: 12 November 2014 London's diverse ethnic population is the reason for its pupils achieving significantly better GCSE results than the rest of England, according to a new study published today [12 November]. This study from the Centre for Market and Public Organisation (CMPO) at the University of Bristol looked at GCSE data for the whole of England to understand what lies behind the 'London Effect' - a term used to describe the high levels of attainment and progress of pupils in the capital.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 11.11.2014
Majority of people underestimate a person’s weight
Participants in the study were unable to correctly identify what a healthy weight, overweight or obese person looked like The majority of people - including GPs – are unable to visually identify whether a person is a healthy weight, overweight or obese according to research by psychologists at the University of Liverpool.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.11.2014
New drug could make vaccines more effective in the elderly
Oxford University scientists have developed a new method of boosting the ageing immune system using a naturally occurring chemical compound. Early tests in mice carried out by the research team have shown that the compound restores the immune system's inbuilt 'memory', enabling the body to mount a more powerful protective immune response following vaccination.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.11.2014
Molecular breakthrough could halt the spread of prostate cancer
Research involving Nottingham academics has shown that a signal protein that plays a crucial role in controlling the growth of blood vessels could be used to suppress tumours in prostate cancer. The discovery by Dr Sebastian Oltean at Bristol University and Nottingham's David Bates , Professor of Oncology in The University of Nottingham's Cancer Biology Unit and academics at UWE Bristol , could be used to develop new drugs to improve the long-term management and prognosis for prostate cancer patients.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.11.2014
Molecular breakthrough could halt the spread of prostate cancer
Press release issued: 10 November 2014 Scientists believe a new treatment, shown to be effective in mice, could halt the growth of tumours in patients with prostate cancer. Pioneering research, by academics at the Universities of Bristol, Nottingham and the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol), shows that a specific compound can inhibit the activity of a molecule which is key to how tumours form new blood vessels.

Astronomy / Space Science - 10.11.2014
Stripping galaxies of interstellar gas could shut down star formation, researchers say
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Stripping galaxies of interstellar gas could shut down star formation, researchers say Scientists have observed in precise detail the stripping of gas from a distant galaxy as they seek to understand what shuts down star formation in galaxy clusters.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.11.2014
DNA sequencing helps identify genetic defects in glaucoma
Using new gene sequencing techniques the Liverpool team have produced data on the mitochondrial genome Scientists from the University of Liverpool have sequenced the mitochondrial genome in glaucoma patients to help further understanding into the genetic basis for the disease.

Health - Economics / Business - 07.11.2014
UK Tobacco controls a success in cutting smoking among adolescents
Related links: Full article available online MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit A new study, published today, reveals a significant drop in the number of young people taking up smoking over the last 20 years, as the UK has introduced a range of tobacco controls. However research findings also show inequalities in starting smoking across different economic backgrounds, despite these regulations.

Social Sciences - 07.11.2014
Your languages, your future
Research shows that children who speak more than one language have an advantage over their monolingual playmates when it comes to communication, understanding and social interaction. But the benefits go even further if children can be encouraged to take a formal qualification, such as a GCSE, as this short film describes.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 06.11.2014
Calorie labeling effective in reducing weight gain by 50%, study shows
Displaying the calorie content of meals in canteens and restaurants could significantly reduce weight-gain in customers, a new study shows. Researchers conducting the first long-term study of the effects of labeling meals in a university's students' residence canteen over the course of two 36-week academic years found students had reduced weight gain by an average of 3.5kg.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 06.11.2014
Ancient DNA shows earliest European genomes weathered the ice age, and shines new light on Neanderthal interbreeding and a mystery human lineage
Ancient DNA shows earliest European genomes weathered the ice age, and shines new light on Neanderthal interbreeding and a mystery human lineage A genome taken from a 36,000 year old skeleton reveals an early divergence of Eurasians once they had left Africa, and allows scientists to better assess the point at which 'admixture' - or interbreeding - between Eurasians and Neanderthals occurred.
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