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Materials Science - 11.03.2022
The next generation of robots will be shape-shifters
The next generation of robots will be shape-shifters
Physicists have discovered a new way to coat soft robots in materials that allow them to move and function in a more purposeful way. Physicists have discovered a new way to coat soft robots in materials that allow them to move and function in a more purposeful way. The research, led by the University of Bath, is described today in Science Advances .

Physics - Materials Science - 01.03.2022
NGI uses twist to engineer 2D semiconductors with built-in memory functions
NGI uses twist to engineer 2D semiconductors with built-in memory functions
A team of researchers at The University of Manchester's National Graphene Institute (NGI) and the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has demonstrated that slightly twisted 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) display room-temperature ferroelectricity. This characteristic, combined with TMDs- outstanding optical properties, can be used to build multi-functional optoelectronic devices such as transistors and LEDs with built-in memory functions on nanometre length scale.

Materials Science - Environment - 15.02.2022
New efficiency record set for ultrathin solar cells
New efficiency record set for ultrathin solar cells
A team co-led by UCL researchers has substantially increased the efficiency of a new type of solar cell, potentially paving the way for its use as a low cost, environmentally friendly alternative to existing solar power technology. Standard solar cells are silicon-based, but they are bulky, expensive and energy intensive to produce.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.02.2022
Two-dimensional material could store quantum information at room temperature
Two-dimensional material could store quantum information at room temperature
Researchers have identified a two-dimensional material that could be used to store quantum information at room temperature. There are defects in this material that can emit single photons, which means it could be used in quantum systems Hannah Stern Quantum memory is a major building block to be addressed in the building of a quantum internet, where quantum information is securely stored and sent via photons, or particles of light.

Materials Science - Physics - 10.02.2022
NGI advances graphene spintronics as 1D contacts improve mobility in nano-scale devices
NGI advances graphene spintronics as 1D contacts improve mobility in nano-scale devices
Researchers at The University of Manchester may have cleared a significant hurdle on the path to quantum computing, demonstrating step-change improvements in the spin transport characteristics of nanoscale graphene-based electronic devices.

Materials Science - Physics - 10.02.2022
Fully woven, smart display
Researchers have developed a 46-inch woven display with smart sensors, energy harvesting and storage integrated directly into the fabric. By integrating fibre-based electronics, photonic, sensing and energy functionalities, we can achieve a whole new class of smart devices and systems Luigi Occhipinti An international team of scientists have produced a fully woven smart textile display that integrates active electronic, sensing, energy and photonic functions.

Materials Science - Innovation - 07.02.2022
New adaptable smart window coating could help heat or cool a home and save energy
New adaptable smart window coating could help heat or cool a home and save energy
Researchers at the University of Oxford have collaborated with industry experts to develop an adaptable smart window technology that could reduce the energy usage of an average home by up to a third. The new glass has a spectrally tuneable low-emissivity coating that uses a phase change material to control the amount of heat that comes into the room from the window, without affecting the quality of the light.

Materials Science - Innovation - 07.02.2022
’Smart’ 3D-printed braces could improve scoliosis treatment
A new type of lightweight 3D-printed back brace capable of sensing how effectively it fits patients could lead to improved treatment for scoliosis, its developers say. Scoliosis, a common form of spine deformity, affects around three percent of the population, most often between the ages of 10 and 15.

Materials Science - Innovation - 25.01.2022
New research centre to develop next-generation battery technologies
New research centre to develop next-generation battery technologies
A newly-established Cambridge research centre will work to develop next-generation batteries and battery materials, one of the major technological hurdles in the transition to a zero-carbon economy. The WP-Cambridge Materials Innovation Centre (WP-CAMMIC) will be based at Cambridge's Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy (DMSM), supported by 7.2 million from the WP Investment Company (WPIC), a South Korean investment group.

Materials Science - Physics - 23.12.2021
Templating approach stabilises 'ideal' material for alternative solar cells
Templating approach stabilises ’ideal’ material for alternative solar cells
Researchers have developed a method to stabilise a promising material known as perovskite for cheap solar cells, without compromising its near-perfect performance. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, used an organic molecule as a 'template' to guide perovskite films into the desired phase as they form.

Materials Science - Physics - 20.12.2021
'Wonder material' phosphorene nanoribbons live up to hype in first demonstration
’Wonder material’ phosphorene nanoribbons live up to hype in first demonstration
Phosphorene nanoribbons have been incorporated into new types of solar cells, dramatically improving the cells' efficiency, in a new study led by UCL and Imperial College London researchers. Phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs) are ribbon-like strands of the 2D material phosphorous, which, similar to graphene, are made of single-atom-thick layers of atoms.

Materials Science - 15.12.2021
New approach to predicting battery failure could help maintain electricity for millions around the world
The new method of predicting battery failure is 15 - 20% more accurate than current approaches. Millions of people around the world lack access to electricity. Decentralised solar-battery systems are key for addressing this whilst avoiding carbon emissions and air pollution, but are hindered by relatively high costs and rural locations that inhibit timely preventative maintenance.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 30.11.2021
Miniature grinding mill closes in on the details of 'green' chemical reactions
Miniature grinding mill closes in on the details of ’green’ chemical reactions
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have developed a new approach for observing mechanochemical reactions - where simple ingredients are ground up to make new chemical compounds and materials that can be used in anything from the pharmaceutical to the metallurgical, cement and mineral industries.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 25.11.2021
'Super jelly' can survive being run over by a car | University of Cambridge
’Super jelly’ can survive being run over by a car | University of Cambridge
Researchers have developed a jelly-like material that can withstand the equivalent of an elephant standing on it, and completely recover to its original shape, even though it's 80% water. At 80% water content, you'd think it would burst apart like a water balloon, but it doesn't: it stays intact and withstands huge compressive forces Oren Scherman The soft-yet-strong material, developed by a team at the , looks and feels like a squishy jelly, but acts like an ultra-hard, shatterproof glass when compressed, despite its high water content.

Materials Science - Physics - 22.11.2021
Mystery of high-performing solar cell materials revealed in stunning clarity | University of Cambridge
Mystery of high-performing solar cell materials revealed in stunning clarity | University of Cambridge
Researchers have visualised, for the first time, why perovskites - materials which could replace silicon in next-generation solar cells - are seemingly so tolerant of defects in their structure. The findings , led by researchers from the , are published .

Materials Science - Physics - 29.10.2021
LEDs and smartphone screens could be made from next-generation glass | University of Cambridge
LEDs and smartphone screens could be made from next-generation glass | University of Cambridge
Cracked and blurry phone screens could someday be a thing of the past, suggests a new study from the and the University of Queensland, Australia. This is an example of how fundamental science leads to fantastic discoveries and possible real-life applications Thomas Bennett The international team of researchers has developed technology for next-generation composite glass, for use in lighting LEDs, smartphones, TVs and computer screens.

Materials Science - Physics - 20.10.2021
Flexible sensors slide into the future with new approach to electronic printing
A new method of 'sliding' delicate high-performance electronics onto flexible surfaces could enable future developments in electronics, scientists say. Engineers from the University of Glasgow claim they have found a way to solve one of the key problems of contact printing - a method of planting electronics onto bendable plastic surfaces to create flexible electronic circuits and devices.

Materials Science - Innovation - 04.10.2021
Space habitats for life beyond earth revealed as Manchester takes next graphene-enhanced leap
Advanced manufacturing experts from Manchester have revealed what human life in space could look like - with a graphene-enhanced space habitat developed to meet anticipated demand for human settlements beyond Earth. A community of specialists at The University of Manchester have teamed up with global architect firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) to research the design and manufacturing of space habitats for the space industry.

Materials Science - 23.08.2021
Phosphorescent material inspired by 'glow in the dark' wood
Phosphorescent material inspired by ’glow in the dark’ wood
Researchers have developed a new phosphorescent material from lignin, a major component of wood. Last updated on Wednesday 25 August 2021 Scientists have harnessed the natural ability of wood to faintly glow to develop a new sustainable phosphorescent material that could potentially be used in a wide number of applications, from medical imaging and optical sensing to 'glow in the dark' dyes and paints.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 17.08.2021
Perovskite: the material that allows a greener fabrication of transistors
Perovskite: the material that allows a greener fabrication of transistors
Physicists find a way to make components for low-cost electronics using a material that's highly rated for its performance in next-gen solar cells and LEDs. Last updated on Tuesday 17 August 2021 Physicists have found a way to make transistors using materials that are highly rated for their performance in next-generation solar cells and light-emitting diodes (LEDs).