news 2017


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Results 101 - 120 of 1038.


Life Sciences - Physics - 28.11.2017
Revolutionary microscope and labelling technique maps DNA mutations
A team of scientists working at the University of Bristol have developed a new nanomapping microscope - powered by the laser and optics found in a typical DVD player. The new technology is being used to transform the way disease-causing genetic mutations are diagnosed and discovered. This microscope maps hundreds of chemically barcoded DNA molecules every second in a technique developed in collaboration with a team of US scientists led by Professor Jason Reed at Virginia Commonwealth University.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.11.2017
Diabetes and obesity together responsible for nearly 800,000 cancers worldwide
For the first time researchers have quantified the number of cancers likely to be caused by diabetes and high body mass index (BMI) worldwide. The study , led by Imperial College London, found that nearly six per cent of new worldwide cancer cases in 2012 were caused by the combined effects of diabetes and being overweight (BMI of over 25 kg/m2) or obese (BMI of over 30 kg/m2).

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 28.11.2017
Complications at birth associated with lasting chemical changes in the brain
New King's College London research, published today in eLife , shows that adults born prematurely - who also suffered small brain injuries around the time of birth - have lower levels of dopamine in the brain. This chemical change has been linked to lack of motivation and enjoyment in normal life, and changes to attention and concentration, which could all be early signs of more serious mental health issues such as substance dependence and depression.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.11.2017
Incidence of brain injury in babies estimated for first time using NHS data
New research has estimated that each year five babies in every 1,000 born in England suffer a condition or sign linked to brain injury. The study, conducted by researchers at the Neonatal Data Analysis Unit at Imperial College London and Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , analysed data on babies born between 2010 and 2015 to assess the number that may have sustained brain injury at or soon after birth.

Pedagogy - 27.11.2017
Deaths during childbirth reduce by half, report reveals
The extent of grandparents providing childcare in the UK is much higher than previously thought and is a factor in assisting mums, who had taken time out from work to have children, to get back into the workplace, according to new research carried out at the University of Birmingham. The study, published in the Journal of Social Policy, found that grandparents were the first named source of after school and weekend care for 36% of school entry year children for lone parents and 32% for partnered mothers.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.11.2017
Associated Architects throw their weight behind bike campaign
As part of the ongoing commitment to greater openness about animal research, the ten universities which conduct the most animal procedures have publicised their figures today, revealing that they collectively conducted a third of all UK animal research in 2016. All ten universities appear in the QS World University Ranking Top 100.

Health - 25.11.2017
Keyhole surgery for ruptured arteries has longer-term benefits for patients
More surgeons should opt for keyhole surgery to repair ruptured blood vessels in the abdomen rather than using open surgery, a study has found. Abdominal aortic aneurysms occur when the aorta, the main vessel carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body, swells and ruptures. If patients do not receive surgery to repair the artery they almost certainly will die from internal bleeding.

Health - 24.11.2017
Nearly 300,000 more could die from malaria after proposed cuts to US funding
Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. Imperial researchers have modelled the number of additional malaria cases and deaths that will occur by 2020 following proposed cuts to US funding. The President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) has been providing support to malaria control programmes in 19 African countries since 2005.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 24.11.2017
Can citizen scientists locate the world’s seagrass?
Citizen scientists have the potential to secure a future for seagrass meadows by collecting new data about the meadows globally, according to the lead author of a new study and a scientific adviser for BBC's Blue Planet II . Led by Cardiff University's Sustainable Places Research Institute along with Swansea University and James Cook University in Australia, the study suggests that citizen scientists may be key to helping answer global questions about seagrass meadows, their location, health, reproductive status and associated fauna.

Health - Psychology - 24.11.2017
Avatar therapy to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal. The randomised controlled trial compared the avatar therapy to a form of supportive counselling (adapted specifically for the study).

Health - Psychology - 24.11.2017
Avatar therapy may help to reduce auditory hallucinations for people with schizophrenia
An experimental therapy which involves a face-to-face discussion between a person with schizophrenia and an avatar representing their auditory hallucination may help reduce symptoms, when provided alongside usual treatment, according to a study led by King's College London and published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Health - Computer Science - 24.11.2017
Research collaboration aims to improve breast cancer diagnosis using AI
A new project to explore how artificial intelligence (AI) could improve breast screening could potentially lead to more accurate detection of cancers. The project will see a consortium of leading breast cancer experts, clinicians and academics partner with leaders in artificial intelligence (AI) research to explore whether AI could help detect and diagnose breast cancers more effectively.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 24.11.2017
Going underground: Cambridge digs into the history of geology with landmark exhibition
A box full of diamonds, volcanic rock from Mount Vesuvius, and the geology guide that Darwin packed for his epic voyage on the Beagle will go on display in Cambridge this week as part of the first major exhibition to celebrate geological map-making. We show how for the first time people were encouraged to think about the secretive world beneath their feet.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.11.2017
University of Birmingham and Royal Shakespeare Company to host conference in 2018
Charity Cancer Research UK has awarded the University of Birmingham 1.5 million to fund a five-year research programme aimed at finding new treatments for bowel cancer. The pioneering research, the first of its kind in the UK, will see scientists taking samples of 200 patients' bowel cancer in order to then grow avatars - or mini tumours - in the laboratory.

Health - 23.11.2017
Promising new treatment for rare pregnancy cancer leads to remission in patients
An immunotherapy drug can be used to cure women of a rare type of cancer arising from pregnancy when existing treatments have failed. We have been able to show for the first time that immunotherapy may be used to cure patients of cancerous GTD..These are landmark findings that have implications on how we treat the disease in the UK and around the world.

History / Archeology - 23.11.2017
New documents reveal intricate details of life at georgian court
Digitised papers publicly available for the first time reveal a wealth of intricate detail about day to day Court life in the Georgian period, and shine a light on the familial relationships of the Hanoverian Monarchs. In Phase II of the Georgian Papers Programme, a further 17,000 papers from the early Georgian period have been digitally scanned and published online, available free for anyone to access at www.royalcollection.org.uk/georgianpapers.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.11.2017
Radiographs of Dolly's skeleton show no signs of abnormal osteoarthritis
PA267/17 Original concerns that cloning caused early-onset osteoarthritis (OA) in Dolly the sheep are unfounded, say experts at the University of Nottingham and the University of Glasgow. The team, who published last year's Nottingham Dollies research which showed that the 8 year-old Nottingham 'Dollies' had aged normally, have now published a radiographic assessment of the skeletons of Dolly herself, Bonnie (her naturally conceived daughter) and Megan and Morag (the first two animals to be cloned from differentiated cells).

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 23.11.2017
Antarctic telescope shows how the Earth stops high-energy particles
The IceCube Laboratory at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, in Antarctica, hosts the computers collecting raw data. Due to satellite bandwidth allocations, the first level of reconstruction and event filtering happens in near real-time in this lab. Only events selected as interesting for physics studies are sent to UW-Madison, where they are prepared for use by any member of the IceCube Collaboration.

Sport - Health - 23.11.2017
THE FA & THE PFA COMMISSION NEW STUDY INTO DEMENTIA IN FOOTBALL
The Football Association and the Professional Footballers' Association have appointed Dr William Stewart and colleagues at the University of Glasgow and the Hampden Sports Clinic to lead an independent research study into the incidence of degenerative neurocognitive disease in ex-professional footballers.

Innovation - 23.11.2017
Children show implicit racial attitudes from a young age, research confirms
White children show signs of implicit racism from the age of five by favouring people with the same skin colour, according to new research. Academics from the University of Bristol and York University in Toronto measured the automatic attitudes of 359 white children aged five to 12-years-old by testing their preferences of unknown white and black children in photographs.