Social Sciences

Results 81 - 100 of 869.

Health - Social Sciences - 04.04.2022
Pandemic ’shielding’ led to two-fold increase in depressive symptoms in older people
Older people who were shielding throughout the pandemic were nearly twice as likely to experience depressive symptoms compared to those who were not, even after accounting for loneliness and having fewer social contacts, according to researchers from UCL. The study from UCL and the University of Manchester is published today in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.03.2022
Arts activities may improve self-control and reduce antisocial behaviour among teenagers
Arts activities may improve self-control and reduce antisocial behaviour among teenagers
Teenagers who take part in arts and cultural activities, such as dance, drama, reading and going to concerts, are less likely to engage in antisocial and criminalised behaviour up to two years later, according to a new study by UCL and University of Florida researchers. For the peer-reviewed study, published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence (JOYO), researchers looked at data from more than 25,000 teenagers in the United States who had filled out questionnaires over several years.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2022
New data raises ’important questions’ about consistency of support for children in care
Social workers in areas of Wales with decreasing care rates feel more confident in the approach of their local authority, a report has found. The study, from the Wales Centre for Public Policy (WCPP) and the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE), sought the views of 792 social workers and care leaders.

Social Sciences - 23.02.2022
Sexual harassment common in Scotland's secondary schools
Sexual harassment common in Scotland’s secondary schools
Sexual harassment is common in Scotland's secondary schools, however the ways in which students distinguish between what's acceptable or not is nuanced, according to new research. The study - led by the University of Glasgow's MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, and published in PLOS ONE - suggests that school-based strategies to tackle sexual harassment must engage with the complexity of the issue, as many participants in the study, aged between 13-17, expressed uncertainty regarding the experience or acceptability of certain behaviours.

Social Sciences - Career - 21.02.2022
New study to investigate the effectiveness of an online LGBTQ+ training course to improve social care for LGBTQ+ young people in England
New study to investigate the effectiveness of an online LGBTQ+ training course to improve social care for LGBTQ+ young people in England
A new study led by the University of Birmingham will evaluate the effectiveness of an online training programme for improving social workers' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs when working with LGBTQ+ young people. In conjunction with What Works for Children's Social Care , the study will determine the effectiveness of LGBTQ+ diversity training for social workers and its impact on practice with LGBTQ+ young people.

Social Sciences - 15.02.2022
High rate of possible undiagnosed autism in people who died by suicide
High rate of possible undiagnosed autism in people who died by suicide
A significant number of people who died by suicide were likely autistic, but undiagnosed, according to new research that highlights the urgent need for earlier diagnosis and tailored support for suicide prevention.

Social Sciences - Health - 15.02.2022
Experiences of LGBTQ+ ethnic minorities reported in major new study
Experiences of LGBTQ+ ethnic minorities reported in major new study
People who identify as both LGBTQ+ and an ethnic minority have described their lived experiences of racism and homophobia in a new report co-led by researchers from UCL. The experiences of 29 individuals who identify as LGBTQ+ from ethnic minorities in the UK have been published today. The report, funded by UCL, is the UK's first major study to analyse the lived experiences of people living in the intersection of these minority identities.

Social Sciences - Health - 15.02.2022
Up to a third of children in the UK drink energy drinks weekly
Up to half of children worldwide, and up to a third of children in the UK, consume energy drinks every week, finds research led by UCL and The University of York. The study, published in the BMJ Open, found evidence that children who drank energy drinks on five or more days per week were likely to have low psychological, physical, educational and overall well-being such as headaches, sleep problems, alcohol use, smoking, irritability and school exclusion.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 31.01.2022
Stammering may be linked with anxiety in some children and adolescents
Children and adolescents who stammer report elevated symptoms of anxiety compared with non-stammering peers, according to a new review of evidence led by UCL researchers. The study, published in the Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research and also involving the Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, combined and re-analysed findings from 11 previous studies that had compared children and adolescents (two to 18 years) who do and do not stammer on symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Health - Social Sciences - 25.01.2022
Northerners’ hearing likely to be worse than Southerners
Northerners over 50 have a 13.5% higher prevalence of hearing loss than Southerners in England, reveal University of Manchester researchers. They examined socio-spatial patterns of hearing health among older adults in England, using objective hearing data of 8,263 participants aged 50-89 years old from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA).

Health - Social Sciences - 19.01.2022
Review highlights risk factors associated with violence in schizophrenia
Review highlights risk factors associated with violence in schizophrenia
Researchers at Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry have found that people with schizophrenia and related disorders are at higher-than-average risk of perpetrating violence, but that the overall risk remains low (less than 1 in 20 in women, and less than 1 in 4 for men over a 35-year period for violent arrests and crimes).

Social Sciences - 13.01.2022
Greenspace outside prison walls has a positive effect on prisoner wellbeing
Prisoners who are incarcerated in buildings located in green areas are less likely to engage in self-harming or violent behaviours, new research shows. According to a study by researchers at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht, green areas outside prisons can have a positive effect on wellbeing, alongside the proven positive effects of greenspace inside the prison walls.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.01.2022
New article on evidence and literature around COVID-19 and water demand
COVID-19 has had unprecedented impacts across the international community, with complex and far-reaching consequences. Measures to prevent transmission have led to substantial changes to everyday life, with lock-downs, stay-at-home orders and guidance lead This movement of activity has had profound impacts on daily practices, affecting the consumption of resources including water.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.01.2022
Simple screening for common lung disease could relieve millions globally
The global burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a group of common lung conditions that affects more than 300* million people, could be significantly reduced with a simple health assessment, concludes a large-scale international study led by UCL researchers. COPD includes serious lung conditions, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis, and is the world's third leading cause of morbidity with more than three million deaths a year.

Social Sciences - Environment - 10.01.2022
Roles, responsibilities and capacities: Theorizing space, social practice, and the relational constitution of energy demand in and beyond Manchester
In a new journal article Dr Torik Holmes introduces a novel relational-space-inspired approach for exploring how cities become energy demanding sites over time. Urban energy transitions have increasingly formed a central topic of research over the past two decades. This is, in part, because 'modern urbanised societies are massively dependent on energy' - cities are understood to account for close to '75% of global carbon dioxide emissions and 75% of energy consumption'.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.01.2022
Study sheds new light on postgraduate researchers’ wellbeing
Postgraduate researchers at UK universities suffer from high rates of mental ill-health, with female, non-binary and LGBTQ+ communities faring particularly badly, new research suggests. The findings, published in the journal Current Psychology , are drawn from a survey of 479 postgraduate researchers (PGRs) working at 48 UK universities.

Social Sciences - 07.01.2022
Celebrities are more protected from cyberabuse than ordinary people due to their attractiveness
Celebrities and famous people are seen as more "attractive" which helps to protect them much more than ordinary people when they are cyberabused, new research has revealed. While being a celebrity doesn't make them immune from the cyberbullies, when they do become targets of the trolls these incidents were seen as much more severe than those involving other people.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.01.2022
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers may become more socially isolated and lonely than non-smokers as they get older, according to a new study co-led by UCL researchers that suggests the idea of smoking as a sociable pastime may be a myth. Previous research has found that people who are isolated and lonely are more likely to smoke.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.12.2021
How did lockdown affect people's sex lives in Britain?
How did lockdown affect people’s sex lives in Britain?
Lockdown affected people's sex lives in a variety of different ways with young people and those not living with a partner reporting the greatest changes, according to researchers from UCL, the University of Glasgow and the National Centre for Social Research (NatCen). The peer-reviewed paper, which is the largest national study of sexual behaviours since the beginning of the pandemic, is published today in BMJ Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Social Sciences - 16.12.2021
Gentrification changes the personality make-up of cities in just a few years
Gentrification changes the personality make-up of cities in just a few years
Massive study of almost two million US residents reveals rising housing costs may drive increases in "openness" of character among both long-term and new inhabitants of a city. Substantial personality shifts within cities can and do occur within a couple of years Jason Rentfrow Rising house prices may change the personality make-up of US cities within a few years, with residents becoming increasingly open-minded - not just as wealthier people move in, but also among longer-term locals.