Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - Health - 28.04.2021
Nearly one in four children in psychiatric hospitals admitted involuntarily
Nearly one-quarter (23.6%) of children and adolescents admitted to psychiatric hospital were admitted involuntarily, finds a new review of evidence from 11 countries, led by UCL researchers, which also uncovered substantial racial disparities. The study, the first systematic analysis social and clinical factors associated with admission, was published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health journal.

Social Sciences - 28.04.2021
Young people who experience bullying are more likely to fantasise about committing acts of violence - study
Young people who experience bullying are more likely to fantasise about committing acts of violence - study
Experiencing bullying and forms of aggression in late adolescence and early adulthood is linked to a marked increase in the likelihood of having daydreams or fantasies about hurting or killing people, according to a new study. It's the difference between conditions that make people angry and upset, and those that make people vengeful Manuel Eisner While research has shown that significant numbers of people fantasise about inflicting harm, little is known about the processes behind such "violent ideations".

Health - Social Sciences - 23.04.2021
Substance use and depression more closely linked for generation Z teens
Substance use and antisocial behaviour are more likely to go hand-in-hand with poor mental health for generation Z teens compared to millennial adolescents growing up a decade earlier, finds a new UCL study. Researchers from the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute and the University of Liverpool analysed data collected from two cohorts, born a decade apart, when they were 14 years old.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 22.04.2021
Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who's on their team
Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who’s on their team
When it comes to friendships and rivalries, male dolphins know who the good team players are. New findings, published by University of Bristol researchers, reveal that male dolphins form a social concept of team membership based on cooperative investment in the team. The Bristol researchers, with colleagues from the University of Zurich and University of Massachusetts, used 30 years of observational data from a dolphin population in Shark Bay , Western Australia, and sound playback experiments to assess how male dolphins responded to the calls of other males from their alliance network.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 22.04.2021
Cultivating 'multilingual identities' in schools could help reverse national crisis in language-learning
Cultivating ’multilingual identities’ in schools could help reverse national crisis in language-learning
More young people may choose to study foreign languages to GCSE if they are encouraged to 'identify' with languages at school, rather than just learning vocabulary and grammar, new research suggests.

Social Sciences - 21.04.2021
Heavier social media use linked to more frequent drinking in young people
Heavier social media use is associated with more frequent alcohol consumption among young people in the UK, according to a new UCL study. Published today in the journal Addiction , the study found that those aged 10-15 who used social media more regularly were more likely to drink alcohol. The researchers also found a link between heavier social media use and more frequent binge drinking among young adults aged 16-19.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2021
Social Status calculator shows what
Social Status calculator shows what "class" you would have been in Shakespeare’s Time
Researchers from the University of Kent, King's College London and the University of Birmingham have developed a class calculator to explore the cultural and social world of the 16 th and 17 th Century England. The calculator will allow individuals to see where they would have sat on the social scale during the period of 1560 - 1660 and can be used as a research tool to identify the status of historic figures.

Social Sciences - 16.04.2021
Older adults most likely to make the effort to help others
Older adults are more willing to make an effort to help others than younger adults, according to new research from the University of Birmingham. The study, led by researchers in the University's School of Psychology, is the first to show how effortful 'prosocial' behaviour - intended to benefit others - changes as people get older.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.04.2021
Call for urgent action on energy drinks as new UK research reveals daily use among young people
A consistent number of young people are having energy drinks daily, despite an overall drop in the consumption of sugary beverages over time, new research has found. Academics at Cardiff University analysed the responses of more than 176,000 secondary school children aged 11 to 16. They found between 2013 to 2017, when their use began to be recorded, the proportion of young people consuming energy drinks daily remained stable (6%), while weekly consumption decreased from 23% to 15%.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
No evidence of a significant increase in risk of suicide in first months of the pandemic, but continued monitoring needed
A new observational study is the first to examine suicides occurring during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in multiple countries and finds that suicide numbers largely remained unchanged or declined in the pandemic's early months. The study, led by an international team including University of Bristol researchers, is published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.04.2021
Analysis: Women’s pain is routinely underestimated, and gender stereotypes are to blame
The suspicion that gender stereotypes could lead doctors to underestimate women's pain has been confirmed by research which found healthcare staff, both men and women, often discount women's pain, says Professor Amanda Williams (UCL Clinical, Education & Health Psychology). When a man consults a doctor about pain, he will hope to be taken seriously: to convince the doctor that the pain is real, and a problem that needs addressing.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Psychologists develop first measure of social media impact on teen sleep
Sleep experts have developed a new tool to help more accurately measure young people's ability to disengage from social media before bed. The University of Glasgow researchers who developed the Index of Nighttime Offline Distress, or iNOD, believe it is the first psychological measurement tool of its kind, which reflects the realities of how young people interact with each other in an online world.

Social Sciences - 31.03.2021
Social work guidance to protect adults living with dementia from abuse
New guidance, authored by Dr Jeremy Dixon for the Department of Health & Social Care, aims to improve supported decision-making for adults with dementia. Last updated on Friday 16 April 2021 Fresh guidance published by the Department of Health & Social Care, authored by the University of Bath, aims to protect people living with dementia suffering or at risk of abuse, by involving them more actively in their care plans.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 25.03.2021
Teens ignore advice, but only when they know better
Teenagers are more likely than younger children to ignore advice, but only when the advice is bad, because adolescents are better at judging their own decisions, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers found that between the ages of nine and 12, young people improve their ability to make decisions independently by learning when they should or shouldn't trust their own judgements.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.03.2021
Bristol COVID-19 antibody testing study launched
A study that will enable researchers to understand more about the second wave of COVID-19 and its long-term health effects has been launched today [24 March] by Children of the 90s, a health study based at the University of Bristol. The "COVID-19 antibody testing from the home" study is part of a national study that will bring together data from other longitudinal studies around the UK to track the second wave of COVID-19.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.03.2021
New study lays bare inequalities in life expectancy across Wales
The gap in life expectancy between the most and least deprived parts of Wales increased in the years leading up to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly for women, new research has suggested. The study by Cardiff University and Public Health Wales (PHW) looked at routine data on deaths in relation to age, gender and the Welsh deprivation index to explore trends between 2002 and 2018.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.03.2021
Sharing a household with young children appears to put adults at no greater COVID-19 risk
A new study suggests adults living with children are at no greater risk of testing positive for COVID-19 - even during periods when schools are open and there is active transmission of SARS-CoV2 in the community. The research - led by the University of Glasgow in partnership with Public Health Scotland and published today in - also suggests the risk of testing positive with COVID-19 was actually lower for those adults living in a household with a child between the ages of 0 and 11, than it was for those in households without young children.

Social Sciences - 18.03.2021
What bonobos could tell us about adoption in humans
What bonobos could tell us about adoption in humans
We're part of an international team that has seen the first evidence of wild bonobo apes adopting infants who were born outside of their social group. Adoptive mothers in the wild are usually related to orphaned infants or sometimes young females will adopt orphans to improve their own maternal skills.

Social Sciences - Health - 18.03.2021
Significant concerns over growing scale of sex selective abortions in Nepal
New analysis from Dr Melanie Channon (Bath) and Dr Mahesh Puri from (CREHPA, Nepal) in BMJ-Open focuses on sex selective abortion in parts of the country. Last updated on Friday 19 March 2021 Detailed, new analysis published this week in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) Open highlights significant concerns about a growing issue of sex selective abortion of girls in Nepal.

Social Sciences - 18.03.2021
Young people worried about catching up on their studies after lockdown, survey suggests
More than a quarter of secondary-age pupils in Wales were spending three days or less on school tasks during the first lockdown, research has shown. The survey, conducted by academics at Cardiff University, asked young people in years seven to 12 about their home learning experiences during summer last year, as well as focusing on their mental wellbeing and daily habits.
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