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Mathematics - Innovation - 04.06.2024
New open-source platform allows users to evaluate performance of AI-powered chatbots
Researchers have developed a platform for the interactive evaluation of AI-powered chatbots such as ChatGPT. Anyone using an LLM, for any application, should always pay attention to the output and verify it themselves Albert Jiang A team of computer scientists, engineers, mathematicians and cognitive scientists, led by the University of Cambridge, developed an open-source evaluation platform called CheckMate, which allows human users to interact with and evaluate the performance of large language models (LLMs).

Physics - Innovation - 20.05.2024
Scientists make quantum breakthrough in 2D materials
Scientists have discovered that a 'single atomic defect' in a layered 2D material can hold onto quantum information for microseconds at room temperature, underscoring the potential of 2D materials in advancing quantum technologies. The defect, found by researchers from the Universities of Manchester and Cambridge using a thin material called Hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) , demonstrates spin coherence-a property where an electronic spin can retain quantum information- under ambient conditions.

Computer Science - Innovation - 16.05.2024
Intelligent surfaces research breakthrough could solve indoor positioning problem
A new advance in a developing form of wireless communications could help precisely pinpoint the locations of people and objects indoors, researchers say. Engineers from University of Glasgow and colleagues from the UK and Australia are behind the research breakthrough. Their work could have a wide range of future applications, from helping emergency services quickly find people trapped in smoke-filled buildings to offering device-assisted navigation through public spaces for blind and partially-sighted people.

Innovation - Computer Science - 02.05.2024
Polly wants a chatter: parrots prefer live calls over pre-recorded videos
Pet parrots given the choice to video-call each other or watch pre-recorded videos of other birds will flock to the opportunity for live chats, new research shows. The study, led by animal-computer interaction specialists at the University of Glasgow, gave tablet devices to nine parrots and their owners to explore the potential of the video chats to expand the birds' social lives.

Environment - Innovation - 15.04.2024
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Global North energy outsourcing demands more attention
Outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to Global South is creating problems for our planet Manufacturing nations in the Global North are stockpiling energy and emission problems by outsourcing energy-intensive industrial processes to countries in the Global South, a new study reveals. Global North countries use their advantages in capital and technology to grab a large amount of energy through outsourcing - creating a 'false decoupling' of energy consumption from economic growth.

Health - Innovation - 11.03.2024
Digitalised sexual health services wouldn’t be trusted by young people
Digital services, such as anonymous apps and texting services, could change how we engage with sexual health services but young people wouldn't trust them, finds new research by Cardiff University. Research has found that whilst digital sexual health services hold a lot of potential for helping young people feel more comfortable talking about sexual health, there are major issues with what young people expect and want from these services, and they currently wouldn't trust them.

Innovation - Economics - 11.03.2024
Prepayment technology is socially and financially isolating UK asylum seekers
A research team from the University of Oxford and the University of Glasgow has found that prepayment cards provided to UK asylum seekers by the Home Office are collecting their data and controlling their behaviours in ways that have highly detrimental impacts on their wellbeing. The research details the restrictive and isolating impacts of the Asylum Support Enablement (ASPEN) card: the prepayment card UK asylum seekers are issued with.

Health - Innovation - 05.03.2024
New research aims to ensure future AI healthcare systems are free of gender bias
Researchers are setting out to help ensure that the artificial intelligence behind the healthcare monitoring systems of the future is capable of providing the best possible care for both men and women. Recent advances in radar sensing technology could underpin a new generation of vital sign monitoring, experts say.

Health - Innovation - 29.02.2024
Poor spatial navigation could predict Alzheimer’s disease years before the onset of symptoms
People at risk of Alzheimer's disease have impaired spatial navigation prior to problems with other cognitive functions, including memory, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association , used virtual reality to test the spatial navigation of 100 asymptomatic midlife adults, aged 43-66, from the PREVENT-Dementia prospective cohort study.

Innovation - Microtechnics - 26.02.2024
Opinion: the future of science is automation
Professor Ross King from Cambridge's Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, who originated the idea of a 'Robot Scientist', discusses why he believes that AI-powered scientists could surpass the best human scientists by the middle of the century, but only if AI for science is developed responsibly and ethically.

Psychology - Innovation - 26.02.2024
Good vibrations could hold answer to calming social anxiety
People who live with social anxiety could be given a helping hand to deal with their stress by the power of good vibrations, new research suggests. Computing scientists and psychologists from the University of Glasgow have worked with socially anxious people to prototype a series of handheld 'comfort objects' in a research study.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 05.02.2024
New biocontainment method for industrial organisms
Researchers in the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology (MIB) at The University of Manchester have developed a new biocontainment method for limiting the escape of genetically engineered organisms used in industrial processes. In a paper published in Nature Communications Dr Stefan Hoffmann, lead author on the paper, and Professor Patrick Cai have found that by adding an estradiol-controlled destabilising domain degron (ERdd) to the genetic makeup of baker's yeast (S accharomyces cerevisiae), they can control survival of the organism.

Health - Innovation - 16.01.2024
Tiny device in the ear canal can monitor heart health
A driving simulation study has shown we are one step closer to monitoring our heart health in real time via a tiny device worn in the ear. A study co-led by PhD candidate Metin Yarici in Imperial's Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering has shown for the first time how tiny devices in a single ear can gather electrocardiogram (ECG) data in real time.

Innovation - Computer Science - 14.12.2023
New speech analysis data aims to help silence speak volumes
Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say. Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 07.12.2023
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Imperial College London researchers speak to us about their work exploring animal-free methods for the future of testing cosmetics safety. Testing cosmetics on live animals was outlawed by the EU in 2013, but animal tissues continue to be used to test for dermal absorption, a measure of how much a chemical permeates the skin to reach the bloodstream.

Innovation - 30.11.2023
Remote collaborations deliver fewer scientific breakthroughs, says Oxford co-led research
Remote teams are less likely to make breakthrough discoveries compared to those who work onsite, according to published in Nature [29 Nov], led by the universities of Oxford and Pittsburgh into the international rise of remote collaborations among scientists and inventors. The researchers' key finding was that, while remote collaboration has the potential to deliver new and creative scientific ideas through easier access to a global knowledge pool, it is harder for such teams to integrate effectively to deliver breakthroughs.

Environment - Innovation - 21.11.2023
Sustainability transitions in energy, mobility, food: Research shifts focus from future goals to real-world change processes
Highway tunnel in mountain. Traffic on the road. Transportation from above. Cars as a source of air pollution. Existing consumption and production systems, which use natural resources to meet societal needs for food, shelter, energy and health, are unsustainable. Although researchers from different disciplines have long investigated how these systems can become more sustainable, scientists from socio-technical and socio-environmental research communities are now seeking to join forces.

Health - Innovation - 17.11.2023
New AI tool detects up to 13% more breast cancers than humans alone
A new AI tool from Kheiron Medical Technologies and Imperial College London can detect up to 13% more breast cancers than humans in breast screenings. The prospective evidence, published in Nature Medicine , found that the tool, called Mia, could significantly increase the early detection of breast cancers in a European healthcare setting by up to 13%.

Pharmacology - Innovation - 16.11.2023
New device and drug combination will revolutionise heart failure treatment
A newly-developed heart failure device and medication combination is safe and effective to use, and will allow patients to receive treatment from the comfort of their own home A newly-developed heart failure device and medication combination is safe and effective to use, and will allow patients to receive treatment from the comfort of their own home.

Computer Science - Innovation - 14.11.2023
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Opinion: Can you spot the AI impostors? We found AI faces can look more real than actual humans
Alongside colleagues from four other universities, Dr Eva Krumhuber (UCL Psychology & Language Sciences) writes in The Conversation that images of white faces generated by the StyleGAN2 algorithm look more "human" than actual people's faces. Does ChatGPT ever give you the eerie sense you're interacting with another human being? Artificial intelligence (AI) has reached an astounding level of realism, to the point that some tools can even fool people into thinking they are interacting with another human.
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