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Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 22.09.2022
People of early medieval England had mostly north-western European heritage
People of early medieval England had mostly north-western European heritage
A genetic and archaeological study involving a UCL researcher has revealed the great extent of migration from continental Europe into the East of England during the early Middle Ages. In the largest early medieval ancient DNA study to date, an interdisciplinary team consisting of geneticists and archaeologists, led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany, analysed over 400 individuals from ancient Britain, Ireland, Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2022
Dementia rates over 20% higher among black adults than UK average
Dementia rates are 22% higher among black people in the UK compared to white people, while black and South Asian dementia patients die younger, and sooner after diagnosis, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The authors of the study, published in Alzheimer's & Dementia , say their findings demonstrate a need for more targeted interventions to reduce dementia risks and improve treatment outcomes in ethnic minority communities.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2022
Nightmares in middle age linked to dementia risk
People who experience frequent bad dreams in middle age are more likely to be diagnosed with dementia later in life, according to new research. A new study , published in The Lancet journal, eClinicalMedicine by researchers at the University of Birmingham, suggests nightmares may become prevalent several years or even decades before the characteristic memory and thinking problems of dementia set in.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 01.09.2022
Cannabis users no less likely to be motivated or able to enjoy life's pleasure
Cannabis users no less likely to be motivated or able to enjoy life’s pleasure
Adult and adolescent cannabis users are no more likely than non-users to lack motivation or be unable to enjoy life's pleasure, new research has shown, suggesting there is no scientific basis for the stereotype often portrayed in the media. We are so used to seeing -lazy stoners- on our screens that we don't stop to ask whether they-re an accurate representation of cannabis users.

Social Sciences - 25.08.2022
Much more hope than hate in posts sent to England’s women at Euro 2022
The vast majority of social media posts directed towards England's winning Euro 2022 football players across the tournament were positive, an analysis by Cardiff University's HateLab has found. The study of 78,141 posts on Twitter, Reddit and 4Chan identified more than 50,000 positive posts - roughly one "hate" post for every 125 "hope" posts - while 380 were classed as sexist or homophobic.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.08.2022
Gene therapy for completely colourblind children partly restores cone function
Gene therapy has partly restored the function of the retina's cone receptors in two children who were born completely colourblind, reports a new study led by UCL researchers. The findings, published in Brain , provide hope that the treatment is effectively activating previously dormant communication pathways between the retina and the brain, drawing on the plastic nature of the developing adolescent brain.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.08.2022
Racial discrimination linked to increased risk of premature babies
Women who experience racial discrimination on the basis of their ethnicity, race or nationality are at increased risk of giving birth prematurely, according to a team led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. Racial discrimination impacts the health of racialised communities not only in direct and intentional ways, but also in how it shapes an individual's experiences, opportunities, and quality of life Jeenan Kaiser The findings add to growing evidence that racial discrimination is a risk factor for poor health outcomes, say the researchers.

Social Sciences - 21.07.2022
Lonely old deers: ageing red deer become less social as they grow older
Lonely old deers: ageing red deer become less social as they grow older
A new social network analysis of female wild red deer on the Isle of Rum in Scotland shows that ageing deer tend to adopt a life of solitude in their advancing years. A multidisciplinary team led by researchers from the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh has found that wild red deer become less sociable with age.

Social Sciences - Health - 15.07.2022
Opinion: Obesity - neither genetics nor social background is a very good predictor of body weight
Opinion: Obesity - neither genetics nor social background is a very good predictor of body weight
Writing in The Conversation, Dr David Bann and Liam Wright (IOE, UCL's Faculty of Education and Society) and Neil Davies (University of Bristol) explore the connection between genetics and social background and body weight in adulthood. There's long been a debate about whether genetics or the environment people are raised in is the biggest cause of obesity.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 01.07.2022
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents are over three times more vulnerable to developing a cannabis addiction than adults, but may not be at increased risk of other mental health problems related to the drug, finds a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. The study, published today in the Journal of Psychopharmacology , found that adolescents who used cannabis were no more likely to have higher levels of subclinical depression or anxiety than adults who use cannabis, nor were they more vulnerable than adult users to the associations with psychotic-like symptoms.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 28.06.2022
Association of children conceived via infertility treatments with school and mental health outcomes
Children conceived through medically assisted reproduction (MAR) fare better at school but are slightly more likely to have mental health problems by their late teens, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and the University of Helsinki. The researchers say the correlation for mental health is  only  observed when the social demographics of children's families are taken into account, and that there is  no  evidence to suggest the MAR treatment itself is the source of association for mental health.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.06.2022
Calls for mental health of both parents to be considered during the perinatal period
Calls for mental health of both parents to be considered during the perinatal period
Perinatal mood disorders such as postnatal depression and perinatal anxiety, may affect both mothers and fathers simultaneously, finds a new systematic review and meta-analysis* led by UCL researchers. Around 3 in 100 couples (3.18%) were found to both suffer from late postnatal depression, which occurs three to 12 months after a child is born.

Social Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
As the climate crisis leads to more intense and more frequent extreme weather and climate-related events, this in turn risks increasing the amount of gender-based violence experienced by women, girls, and sexual and gender minorities, say researchers.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation is linked to lower brain volume in areas related to cognition and a higher risk of dementia, according to research published today in Neurology. The study found that social isolation was linked to a 26% increased risk of dementia, separately from risk factors like depression and loneliness.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2022
Talking methods, talking about methods: Invoking the transformative potential of social methods through animals, objects and how-to instructions
The blog post investigates if we should be spending more time talking about methods. Human Geographers are playing a key role in developing creative, collaborative methodologies that enable researchers to attend to a range of social, political, and environmental phenomena. But methods are not only important in witnessing global challenges or as tools to gather data.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 11.04.2022
Sense of purpose is linked to reduced risk of dementia
Sense of purpose is linked to reduced risk of dementia
Feeling a sense of purpose or meaning in life is associated with a lower risk of dementia years later, finds a new review of evidence led by UCL researchers. The academics were looking at whether positive psychological constructs, which also included positive mood and optimism and found that purpose and meaning in life were the key factors consistently associated with reduced risk, they report in Ageing Research Reviews .

Health - Social Sciences - 04.04.2022
Pandemic ’shielding’ led to two-fold increase in depressive symptoms in older people
Older people who were shielding throughout the pandemic were nearly twice as likely to experience depressive symptoms compared to those who were not, even after accounting for loneliness and having fewer social contacts, according to researchers from UCL. The study from UCL and the University of Manchester is published today in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.03.2022
Arts activities may improve self-control and reduce antisocial behaviour among teenagers
Arts activities may improve self-control and reduce antisocial behaviour among teenagers
Teenagers who take part in arts and cultural activities, such as dance, drama, reading and going to concerts, are less likely to engage in antisocial and criminalised behaviour up to two years later, according to a new study by UCL and University of Florida researchers. For the peer-reviewed study, published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence (JOYO), researchers looked at data from more than 25,000 teenagers in the United States who had filled out questionnaires over several years.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2022
New data raises ’important questions’ about consistency of support for children in care
Social workers in areas of Wales with decreasing care rates feel more confident in the approach of their local authority, a report has found. The study, from the Wales Centre for Public Policy (WCPP) and the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE), sought the views of 792 social workers and care leaders.

Social Sciences - 23.02.2022
Sexual harassment common in Scotland's secondary schools
Sexual harassment common in Scotland’s secondary schools
Sexual harassment is common in Scotland's secondary schools, however the ways in which students distinguish between what's acceptable or not is nuanced, according to new research. The study - led by the University of Glasgow's MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, and published in PLOS ONE - suggests that school-based strategies to tackle sexual harassment must engage with the complexity of the issue, as many participants in the study, aged between 13-17, expressed uncertainty regarding the experience or acceptability of certain behaviours.
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