Social Sciences

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Health - Social Sciences - 20.11.2020
People in prison should be prioritised for any COVID-19 vaccine
Preventing serious complications from COVID-19 in potentially vulnerable populations in high risk environments, such as prisons, and preventing spread to surrounding communities needs a coordinated evidence-based approach to managing outbreaks of COVID-19 in prison settings.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 20.11.2020
High levels of serious mental health difficulties among 17-year-olds
16% of teenagers report high levels of psychological distress at age 17, finds a new study led by UCL researchers based on data collected in 2018-19. The findings also show 24% of young people report self-harming and 7% report self-harming with suicidal intent by age 17. The research, which is being published in a  briefing paper  by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute provides evidence of widespread mental health difficulties among the UK's Generation Z before the COVID-19 pandemic struck.

Social Sciences - 20.11.2020
'Spill-over' effects show hidden value of prioritising education of poorest children and marginalised girls
’Spill-over’ effects show hidden value of prioritising education of poorest children and marginalised girls
International development projects that target the education of the world's very poorest children and marginalised girls also significantly improve other young people's attainment, according to new research that suggests such initiatives should become a priority for international aid.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.11.2020
Dieting and weight worries on rise in teens
Significantly higher numbers of Generation Z boys and girls in the UK are dieting to lose weight, and are likely to overestimate their own weight, finds a new UCL-led study. The research, published in JAMA Pediatrics , found that girls who are trying to lose weight are also more likely to experience depressive symptoms than in previous years.

Social Sciences - 10.11.2020
India’s clean fuel transition slowed by cooks’ belief that firewood is better for well-being - study
India's transition to clean cooking fuels may be hampered by users' belief that using firewood is better for their families' wellbeing than switching to Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), a new study reveals. Women are considered primary family cooks in rural India and those featured in the study feel that both fuels support wellbeing.

Social Sciences - 10.11.2020
Analysis of Trump’s tweets reveals systematic diversion of the media
President Donald Trump's controversial use of social media is widely known and theories abound about its ulterior motives. New research published today claims to provide the first evidence-based analysis demonstrating the US President's Twitter account has been routinely deployed to divert attention away from a topic potentially harmful to his reputation, in turn suppressing negative related media coverage.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 10.11.2020
Female mongooses start violent fights to mate with unrelated males
Female banded mongooses lead their groups into fights then try to mate with enemy males in the chaos of battle, new research has found. Meanwhile, males bear the costs of these fights - injuries and deaths are common.  The mortality costs involved are similar to those seen in a handful of the most warlike mammals, including lions, chimpanzees, and humans Rufus Johnstone Mongooses rarely leave the group they are born into, so members are usually genetically related.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.11.2020
Common cold antibodies could help protect against COVID-19
Some antibodies created by the immune system during infection with common cold coronaviruses can also target and provide a degree of protection against COVID-19, finds new research by scientists at UCL and the Francis Crick Institute. In response to infection with a virus, the immune system creates antibodies to help fight it.

Social Sciences - 05.11.2020
Tobacco sales ban near schools cuts licensed shops by 70 per cent
Banning the sale of cigarettes close to schools and playgrounds would reduce the number of shops allowed to sell tobacco products in Scotland by more than 70 per cent, a study suggests. Preventing tobacco sales within 300 metres of children's spaces would greatly reduce availability, and could aid efforts to prevent young people taking up smoking, researchers say.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 04.11.2020
Analysis: Did prehistoric women hunt? New research suggests so
For a long time, it was assumed that hunting in prehistoric societies was primarily carried out by men. Now a new study adds to a body of evidence challenging this idea, says Honorary Research Fellow Dr Annemieke Milks (UCL Archaeology). The research reports the discovery of a female body, buried alongside hunting tools, in the Americas some 9,000 years ago.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.10.2020
One in six children has a probable mental disorder, according to new report
One in six children has a probable mental disorder, according to new report
The proportion of children experiencing a probable mental disorder has increased over the past three years, from one in nine in 2017 to one in six in July this year, according to a report published by NHS Digital and co-authored by Professor Tamsin Ford at the University of Cambridge.

Social Sciences - Health - 22.10.2020
Tackling COVID-19: Professor Sarah-Jayne Blakemore
Her plans to study the effects of social isolation on adolescents have become particularly pertinent this year. Sarah-Jayne Blakemore is a cognitive neuroscientist who has spoken out about the importance of supporting and empowering young people, not suppressing and blaming them, during the pandemic.  I usually work in the University's Department of Psychology on the Downing Site.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 14.10.2020
Austerity’s impact on rural poverty has been overlooked
Researchers at Cardiff University, Queen Mary University of London, and University of Exeter have revealed the significant impact of austerity on rural areas. The findings, published in the Journal of Rural Studies , provide the most comprehensive account to date of how changes in spending power and service spending have affected rural communities in England and Wales.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.10.2020
Vulnerable adults in police custody missing out on vital support
Thousands of police detentions and voluntary interviews of vulnerable people may have been carried out without an ‘appropriate adult' (AA) present, a report has found. There to Help 3 was co-authored Dr Roxanna Dehaghani of Cardiff University and Chris Bath, chief executive of the National Appropriate Adult Network (NAAN).

Social Sciences - 12.10.2020
Researchers launch first study into COVID bereavement among BAME people
A pioneering study into people's experience of bereavement during the COVID-19 pandemic has been launched by researchers from the universities of Cardiff and Bristol. The study is calling for participants, particularly those from black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) backgrounds following the disproportionate effect COVID-19 has had on ethnic minority groups.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.10.2020
Social factors are key to identifying heart disease risk
Asking people simple questions about their social situation in addition to medical measures will give a more accurate picture of who might have a heart attack in the future, finds a study led by UCL researchers. The study, published this week in the European Heart Journal , shows for the first time, that factors such as educational qualifications, employment, marital status, mental health, BMI and physical activity could be crucial in identifying who is most at risk of heart disease.

Environment - Social Sciences - 07.10.2020
City dwellers just as willing to help a stranger
People in cities are just as likely to help a stranger on the street as those in towns and villages, finds a study by UCL researchers. Helping behaviour was higher in more affluent areas, as social deprivation predicted lower levels of helping, according to the results of the UK-based study published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B .

Social Sciences - Pedagogy - 06.10.2020
Children use make-believe aggression and violence to manage bad-tempered peers
Children use make-believe aggression and violence to manage bad-tempered peers
Children are more likely to introduce violent themes into their pretend play, such as imaginary fighting or killing, if they are with playmates whom peers consider bad-tempered, new research suggests. For some children, this could actually be a way of developing their social and emotional skills Zhen Rao Academics from the University of Cambridge believe that the tendency for children to introduce aggressive themes in these situations - which seems to happen whether or not they are personally easy to anger - may be because they are 'rehearsing' strategies to cope with hot-headed friends.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.10.2020
Research emphasises need for COVID-19 vigilance in tight-knit communities
Small, close-knit communities are at high risk for rapid, intense COVID outbreaks especially if they haven't yet experienced outbreaks of COVID-19, shows a new study by the University of Oxford and Northeastern University, Boston. The paper, published today , shows that whether COVID outbreaks come to a fast, dramatic peak or whether they are long and drawn-out is more closely related to city layout and social structures than city size and density.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 05.10.2020
How the brain helps us navigate social differences
How the brain helps us navigate social differences
Our brain responds differently if we talk to a person of a different socioeconomic background from our own compared to when we speak to someone whose background is similar, according to a new imaging study by UCL and Yale researchers. In the study, published in the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience , 39 pairs of participants had a conversation with each other while wearing headsets that tracked brain activity.
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