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Health - Life Sciences - 05.07.2022
Why highly infectious cholera variant mysteriously died out
Scientists say continuous monitoring of the cholera bug genome is key to preventing outbreaks of new variants There's a real possibility that another cholera variant may emerge with the potential to cause large outbreaks Ankur Mutreja A new study reveals why a highly infectious variant of the cholera bug, which caused large disease outbreaks in the early 1990s, did not cause the eighth cholera pandemic as feared - but instead unexpectedly disappeared.

Life Sciences - 05.07.2022
Why it is so hard for humans to have a baby?
Why it is so hard for humans to have a baby?
Professor Laurence Hurst from the Milner Centre for Evolution finds solution to the mystery of why most human embryos die young. New research by a scientist at the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath suggests that -selfish chromosomes- explain why most human embryos die very early on.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.07.2022
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia, study finds A blood test could predict risk of developing leukaemia in the elderly population years in advance by identifying changes in blood cell production, according to new research. By identifying those most at risk it should be possible to provide preventive or early treatment in the future to improve patient outcomes, experts say.

Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
Rare wild ancestors of feral pigeons found living on British and Irish islands
DNA testing reveals that the wild ancestors of the common domestic and feral pigeons, now extinct in many parts of the world, are still living on islands in Scotland and Ireland. Researchers led by members of Oxford University's Department of Biology have found rare colonies of the wild ancestors of common domestic and feral pigeons.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.06.2022
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Today, 30 June 2022, Understanding Animal Research (UAR) has published a list of the ten organisations that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in Great Britain. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL is releasing its animal research statistics today in collaboration with Understanding Animal Research - a non-profit that promotes open communications about animal research. UCL and nine other institutions together conducted nearly half of all animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in the UK in 2021.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.06.2022
Maternal microbiome promotes healthy development of the baby
Maternal microbiome promotes healthy development of the baby
Researchers studying mice have found the first evidence of how a mother's gut microbes can help in the development of the placenta, and the healthy growth of the baby. This study, carried out in mice, identifies the maternal microbiome as a new player in the communication between mother, placenta and fetus.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.06.2022
Gene discovery indicates motor neurone diseases caused by abnormal lipid processing in cells
Gene discovery indicates motor neurone diseases caused by abnormal lipid processing in cells
A new genetic discovery adds weight to a theory that motor neurone degenerative diseases are caused by abnormal lipid (fat) processing pathways inside brain cells. This theory will help pave the way to new diagnostic approaches and treatments for this group of conditions. The discovery will provide answers for certain families who have previously had no diagnosis.

Life Sciences - 17.06.2022
Scientists unravel the mystery of genes that are key to brain development
Scientists unravel the mystery of genes that are key to brain development
Scientists are starting to understand the precise workings of a type of gene that, unlike other genes, does not code for proteins - the building blocks of life. Scientists are starting to understand the precise workings of a type of gene that, unlike other genes, does not code for proteins - the building blocks of life.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.06.2022
Molecular 3D-maps unlock new ways of studying human reproduction
Scientists have identified the biochemical signals that control the emergence of the body pattern in the primate embryo. This will guide work to understand birth defects and pregnancy loss in humans.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.06.2022
Tumour 'signatures' could provide key to more accurate treatment for deadliest cancers
Tumour ’signatures’ could provide key to more accurate treatment for deadliest cancers
Scientists have found a way to identify and interpret -signatures- that reveal the complex genetic causes of some of the deadliest cancers - which often have a survival rate of less than 10%. The results could allow them to develop more accurate treatments and significantly improve survival rates.

Life Sciences - 15.06.2022
Discovery of gene involved in chronic pain creates new treatment target
Discovery of gene involved in chronic pain creates new treatment target
Oxford researchers have discovered a gene that regulates pain sensitisation by amplifying pain signals within the spinal cord, helping them to understand an important mechanism underlying chronic pain in humans and providing a new treatment target. Chronic pain is a common issue affecting millions of people worldwide, but why some people are more prone to it and what factors lead to chronic pain are not fully understood.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 15.06.2022
Netflix-style algorithm builds blueprint of cancer genomes
The science behind your Netflix viewing habits could soon be used to guide doctors in managing cancer, according to new research co-led by UCL scientists and funded by Cancer Research UK and Cancer Grand Challenges. In the study an international team of scientists used artificial intelligence (AI) to investigate and categorise the size and scale of DNA changes across the genome - a cell's complete genetic code - when cancer starts and grows.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.06.2022
One in 500 men carry extra sex chromosome, putting them at higher risk of several common diseases
Around one in 500 men could be carrying an extra X or Y chromosome - most of them unaware - putting them at increased risk of diseases such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis and thrombosis, say researchers at the universities of Cambridge and Exeter.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation is linked to lower brain volume in areas related to cognition and a higher risk of dementia, according to research published today in Neurology. The study found that social isolation was linked to a 26% increased risk of dementia, separately from risk factors like depression and loneliness.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.06.2022
Largest study to date reveals stark changes in brain structure for people with anorexia
New findings highlight clear differences in grey matter for people with anorexia nervosa and point to the importance of early treatment interventions. A major study, coordinated by neuroscientists at the University of Bath (UK) with international partners, has revealed key differences in brain structure between people with and without anorexia nervosa.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.06.2022
Study suggests that most of our evolutionary trees could be wrong
Study suggests that most of our evolutionary trees could be wrong
Scientists say convergent evolution is much more common than previously thought New research led by scientists at the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath suggests that determining evolutionary trees of organisms by comparing anatomy rather than gene sequences is misleading. The study, published in , shows that we often need to overturn centuries of scholarly work that classified living things according to how they look.

Life Sciences - Microtechnics - 01.06.2022
E-skin that can feel pain could create new generation of touch-sensitive robots
An electronic skin which can learn from feeling 'pain' could help create a new generation of smart robots with human-like sensitivity. A team of engineers from the University of Glasgow developed the artificial skin with a new type of processing system based on 'synaptic transistors, which mimics the brain's neural pathways in order to learn.

Life Sciences - 31.05.2022
Mice choose best escape route without ever experiencing threat
Mice choose best escape route without ever experiencing threat
Mice do not need previous experience of threat in order to respond to danger by choosing the shortest possible escape route, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. In the new Current Biology study, the researchers show that mice can learn the shortest route to escape after only 10 minutes of exploring a new environment.

Health - Life Sciences - 31.05.2022
Alzheimer's disease causes cells to overheat and 'fry like eggs'
Alzheimer’s disease causes cells to overheat and ’fry like eggs’
Researchers have shown that aggregation of amyloid-beta, one of two key proteins implicated in Alzheimer's disease, causes cells to overheat and -fry like eggs. No one has shown this link between temperature and aggregation in live cells before Chyi Wei Chung The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, used sensors small and sensitive enough to detect temperature changes inside individual cells, and found that as amyloid-beta misfolds and clumps together, it causes cells to overheat.
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