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Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Looking at the environment around tumours could help predict how cancer spreads
Looking at the environment around tumours could help predict how cancer spreads
Examining the immune cells in the environment around a tumour could help to predict how a person's cancer might progress and respond to treatment, according to new research led by UCL and the Francis Crick Institute. The study, published in Cancer Discovery and reported at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2024, is part of the Rubicon project, which aims to create a detailed map of lung cancer immunology to speed up the development of new treatments.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.04.2024
Research could unlock more precise prognoses and targeted treatments for children with cancer
Research could unlock more precise prognoses and targeted treatments for children with cancer
Neuroblastoma study identifies new subgroups with distinct prognoses and potential vulnerabilities to therapies Researchers have identified new variations in neuroblastoma that could lead to a more accurate prognosis and better-targeted treatments for this devastating childhood cancer. A study published in the British Journal of Cancer reveals three new subgroups of the most common type of neuroblastoma, each with different genetic traits, expected outcomes, and distinguishing features that offer clues as to which treatments may be most effective.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.04.2024
Scientists identify rare gene variants which confer up to 6-fold increase in risk of obesity
Scientists identify rare gene variants which confer up to 6-fold increase in risk of obesity
Cambridge researchers have identified genetic variants in two genes that have some of the largest impacts on obesity risk discovered to date. We have identified two genes with variants that have the most profound impact on obesity risk at a population level we've ever seen Giles Yeo The discovery of rare variants in the genes BSN and APBA1 are some of the first obesity-related genes identified for which the increased risk of obesity is not observed until adulthood.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.04.2024
Scientists identify rare gene variants that confer up to 6-fold increase in risk of obesity
Scientists identify rare gene variants that confer up to 6-fold increase in risk of obesity
Cambridge researchers have identified genetic variants in two genes that have some of the largest impacts on obesity risk discovered to date. We have identified two genes with variants that have the most profound impact on obesity risk at a population level we've ever seen Giles Yeo The discovery of rare variants in the genes BSN and APBA1 are some of the first obesity-related genes identified for which the increased risk of obesity is not observed until adulthood.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.04.2024
Plastic-free vegan leather that dyes itself grown from bacteria
Researchers at Imperial College London have genetically engineered bacteria to grow animaland plastic-free leather that dyes itself. In recent years, scientists and companies have started using microbes to grow sustainable textiles or to make dyes for industry - but this is the first time bacteria have been engineered to produce a material and its own pigment simultaneously.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.04.2024
Largest ever family tree of bird species shows bird brains have grown
Largest ever family tree of bird species shows bird brains have grown
Scientists from the Milner Centre have published the largest ever evolutionary tree for birds as part of the Bird 10,000 Genomes Project (B10K). Published on Monday 1 April 2024 Last updated on Tuesday 9 April 2024 Bird brains have got bigger relative to their body sizes over evolutionary time, according to research by an international team of scientists, which has published the most comprehensive and detailed family tree of bird species as part of the Bird 10,000 Genomes Project (B10K) in the prestigious journal Nature .

Health - Life Sciences - 28.03.2024
'Exhausted' immune cells in healthy women could be target for breast cancer prevention
’Exhausted’ immune cells in healthy women could be target for breast cancer prevention
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have created the world's largest catalogue of human breast cells, which has revealed early cell changes in healthy carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations. We're very excited about this discovery, because it opens up potential for a preventative treatment other than surgery for carriers of BRCA breast cancer gene mutations.

Life Sciences - Health - 27.03.2024
Risk factors for faster aging in the brain revealed in new study
Researchers from the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences at the University of Oxford have used data from UK Biobank participants to reveal that diabetes, traffic-related air pollution and alcohol intake are the most harmful out of 15 modifiable risk factors for dementia. The researchers had previously identified a 'weak spot' in the brain, which is a specific network of higher-order regions that not only develop later during adolescence, but also show earlier degeneration in old age.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2024
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass on more viruses to domestic and wild animals than we catch from them, according to a major new analysis of viral genomes by UCL researchers. For the new paper published in Nature Ecology & Evolution , the team analysed all publicly available viral genome sequences, to reconstruct where viruses have jumped from one host to infect another vertebrate species.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2024
Scientists close in on TB blood test which could detect millions of silent spreaders
Scientists have taken a major step towards developing a blood test that could identify millions of people who spread tuberculosis unknowingly. A breakthrough study has discovered a group of biological markers that are found in high levels among infectious patients. The researchers hope the findings will pave the way for a simple test that can diagnose and stop the spread of the estimated 10 million cases annually.

Physics - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
Researchers from the University of Southampton have developed technology to help scientists observe proteins in motion. Understanding how proteins move will allow novel drugs to be designed. X-ray crystallography is a scientific method which produces a 3D picture of molecules with exquisite, atomic-level detail.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
Climate change disrupts vital ecosystems in the Alps
Reduced snow cover and shifting vegetation patterns in the Alps, both driven by climate change, are having major combined impacts on biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems in the high mountains, according to new research published today. Mountain ranges covering vast areas of the world are warming much faster than surrounding lowland areas, triggering huge reductions in snow cover and rapid upward movement of dwarf-shrubs, such as heather.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 19.03.2024
Researchers uncover remarkable archive of ancient human brains
A new study conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford has challenged previously held views that brain preservation in the archaeological record is extremely rare. The team carried out the largest study to date of the global archaeological literature about preserved human brains to compile an archive that exceeds 20-fold the number of brains previously compiled.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.03.2024
Cells harvested from urine may have diagnostic potential for kidney disease, find scientists
Genes expressed in human cells harvested from urine are remarkably similar to those of the kidney itself, suggesting they could be an important non-invasive source of information on the kidney. The news offers hope that doctors may one day be able to investigate suspected kidney pathologies without carrying out invasive procedures such as biopsies, raising the tantalising prospect of earlier and simpler disease detection.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Using a mobile phone for extended periods is not linked with an increased risk of brain cancer, a study shows. These are the findings from the COSMOS study, a large international project led by researchers at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Imperial College London. Starting in 2007, researchers studied more than 250,000 mobile phone users to investigate if extensive use of mobile phones increases the risk of brain tumours over time.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2024
Cheetahs' unrivalled speed explained by their 'sweet spot' size, finds study
Cheetahs’ unrivalled speed explained by their ’sweet spot’ size, finds study
A new Imperial College London study has answered a long-held question about why medium-sized land animals like cheetahs tend to be fastest. There's a discrepancy in the animal kingdom. While many key traits such as strength, limb length, lifespan and brain size tend to increase with animals' size, maximum running speeds tend to be greatest in medium-sized animals.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.03.2024
Mathematicians use AI to identify emerging COVID-19 variants
Scientists at The Universities of Manchester and Oxford have developed an AI framework that can identify and track new and concerning COVID-19 variants and could help with other infections in the future. The framework combines dimension reduction techniques and a new explainable clustering algorithm called CLASSIX, developed by mathematicians at The University of Manchester.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.03.2024
AI research gives unprecedented insight into heart genetics and structure
A ground-breaking research study has used AI to understand the genetic underpinning of the heart's left ventricle, using three-dimensional images of the organ. It was led by scientists at the University of Manchester, with collaborators from the University of Leeds (UK), the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (Santa Fe, Argentina), and IBM Research (Almaden, CA).

Health - Life Sciences - 08.03.2024
Children with ’lazy eye’ are at increased risk of serious disease in adulthood
Adults who had amblyopia ('lazy eye') in childhood are more likely to experience hypertension, obesity, and metabolic syndrome in adulthood, as well as an increased risk of heart attack, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. In publishing the study in eClinicalMedicine , the authors stress that while they have identified a correlation, their research does not show a causal relationship between amblyopia and ill health in adulthood.
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