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Environment - 06.07.2022
Toads surprise scientists by climbing trees in UK woodlands
Toads surprise scientists by climbing trees in UK woodlands
Volunteers surveying dormice and bats in trees have made the unexpected discovery of over fifty common toads in nest boxes and tree cavities at least 1.5 metres high This is significant for our understanding of the ecology and conservation of common toads Silviu Petrovan Until now, common toads were thought to be terrestrial.

Environment - 30.06.2022
New report examines people's attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
New report examines people’s attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
A new report has taken an in-depth look at the UK public's attitudes to climate change - and how this might translate into action. The Net Zero Living report , led by the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST), based at Cardiff University, and Ipsos, is launched today at a public webinar.

Environment - Administration - 30.06.2022
Animation highlights importance of microplastics research in driving water company investigations
A new animation has highlighted how The University of Manchester's research on microplastic pollution in rivers has helped to drive investigations into the behaviour of water companies, and the roles of regulators in tacking illegal activity.

Environment - Innovation - 27.06.2022
Biodiversity risks to persist well beyond future global temperature peak
Biodiversity risks to persist well beyond future global temperature peak
Even if global temperatures begin to decline after peaking this century because of climate change, the risks to biodiversity could persist for decades after, finds a new study by UCL and University of Cape Town researchers. The paper, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , models the potential impacts on global biodiversity if temperatures increase by more than 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels, before beginning to decline again.

Environment - Materials Science - 27.06.2022
Green electronics project sets out to create compostable crop sensors
An international research collaboration is setting out to find new ways of monitoring grop growth with biodegradable sensors which can be composted at the end of their lifespan. The £1.8m CHIST-ERA project, called Transient Electronics for Sustainable ICT in Digital Agriculture, is led by researchers from the University of Glasgow and supported by colleagues in Canada, Finland, Poland and Switzerland.

Environment - History / Archeology - 27.06.2022
Ancient world adapted to climate change
A new study shows how the ancient world adapted to climate change A new study of the ancient world of Anatolia - now Turkey - shows how they adapted to climate change but offers a warning for today's climate emergency. The efforts of ancient populations to minimise the impacts of climate change were undermined during longer climate shifts when it is combined with other events such as pandemics, earthquakes and wars - findings the lead author says offer scary parallels to the modern day.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 25.06.2022
Climate damage caused by growing space tourism needs urgent mitigation
Climate damage caused by growing space tourism needs urgent mitigation
A formidable space tourism industry may have a greater climate effect than the aviation industry and undo repair to the protective ozone layer if left unregulated, according to a new study led by UCL. Published today in the journal  Earth's Future , researchers from UCL, the University of Cambridge and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) used a 3D model to explore the impact of rocket launches and re-entry in 2019, and the impact of projected space tourism scenarios based on the recent billionaire space race.

Social Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
As the climate crisis leads to more intense and more frequent extreme weather and climate-related events, this in turn risks increasing the amount of gender-based violence experienced by women, girls, and sexual and gender minorities, say researchers.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Scientists provide explanation for exceptional Tonga tsunami
Scientists say they have identified the exact mechanism responsible for the exceptional tsunami that spread quickly across the world after the colossal eruption of the Tonga volcano earlier this year. In a new paper , an international team including researchers from Cardiff University say the exceptional event was caused by acoustic-gravity waves (AGWs) triggered by the powerful volcanic blast, which travelled into the atmosphere and across the ocean as the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano erupted.

Environment - 01.06.2022
Dynamic soaring isn't just for albatrosses
Dynamic soaring isn’t just for albatrosses
A new study shows how small seabirds have mastered the art of working smarter not harder when soaring at sea. The new study published today in Science Advances proves it isn't just albatrosses that perform the aerial acrobatics needed for dynamic soaring on the windy open ocean. The research shows that sleek seabirds called Manx shearwater perform the same feat of flight in the seas around the UK.

Environment - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
AI learns coral reef 'song'
AI learns coral reef ’song’
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can track the health of coral reefs by learning the "song of the reef", finds new research involving a UCL scientist. Coral reefs have a complex soundscape - and even experts have to conduct painstaking analysis to measure reef health based on sound recordings. In the new study, published in Ecological Indicators, scientists trained a computer algorithm using multiple recordings of healthy and degraded reefs, allowing the machine to learn the difference.

Chemistry - Environment - 24.05.2022
Scientists make plastic more degradable under UV light
Scientists make plastic more degradable under UV light
Scientists at Bath found that incorporating sugar units into polymers makes them more degradable when exposed to UV light. Many plastics that are labelled as biodegradable are only compostable under industrial conditions, but scientists at the University of Bath have now found a way to make plastics break down using only UV light.

Environment - Materials Science - 19.05.2022
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Researchers have developed a low-cost device that can selectively capture carbon dioxide gas while it charges. Then, when it discharges, the CO2 can be released in a controlled way and collected to be reused or disposed of responsibly. We found that that by slowly alternating the current between the plates we can capture double the amount of CO2 than before Alexander Forse The supercapacitor device, which is similar to a rechargeable battery, is the size of a two-pence coin, and is made in part from sustainable materials including coconut shells and seawater.

Environment - 13.05.2022
Satellite images reveal dramatic loss of global wetlands over past two decades
Satellite images reveal dramatic loss of global wetlands over past two decades
This data can help identify coastal areas most impacted - and therefore in need of protection Thomas Worthington Global change and human actions are driving rapid changes to tidal wetlands - tidal marshes, mangroves and tidal flats - worldwide. However, ecosystem restoration and natural processes are playing a part in reducing total losses.

Health - Environment - 12.05.2022
UCL comes second in the UK for research power
UCL comes second in the UK for research power
The excellence of research at UCL and its positive real-world impact has improved since 2014, according to the Research Excellence Framework 2021 (REF) assessment results announced today. UCL has come second in the UK for research power by a measure of average research score multiplied by staff numbers submitted.

Environment - Pharmacology - 05.05.2022
Our lifestyles are key contributors to river pollution - here is how social prescribing can help
Our lifestyles are key contributors to river pollution - here is how social prescribing can help
Home and lifestyle activities are major contributors to water quality. Social interventions may provide the most sustainable solution. Household and lifestyle activities are key contributors to water quality, according to new research from the University of Bath. Social interventions - such as social prescribing - may provide a more sustainable solution to this problem than improvements to wastewater treatment processes.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 28.04.2022
Space-based system using GPS satellites could warn of incoming tsunamis
Space-based system using GPS satellites could warn of incoming tsunamis
A new method for detecting tsunamis using existing GPS satellites orbiting Earth could serve as an effective warning system for countries worldwide, according to a new study by an international team led by UCL researchers. Initial tsunami waves are typically a few centimetres high but nonetheless cause a disturbance in the Earth's upper atmosphere by pushing up air and creating an acoustic wave that is amplified as it goes higher.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 25.04.2022
Mysteries of gas giants known as 'hot Jupiters' unravelled
Mysteries of gas giants known as ’hot Jupiters’ unravelled
Five long-standing questions about planets outside our solar system known as "hot Jupiters" have been answered in a major new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series , is one of the largest ever surveys of exoplanet atmospheres ever undertaken.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.04.2022
Warming climate and agriculture halve insect populations in some areas
Warming climate and agriculture halve insect populations in some areas
Climate change and intensive agricultural land use have already been responsible for a 49% reduction in the number of insects in the most impacted parts of the world, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The study published in Nature is the first to identify that an interaction between rising temperatures and land use changes, is driving widespread losses in numerous insect groups across the globe.

Environment - Chemistry - 14.04.2022
New way to predict pollution from cooking emissions
New way to predict pollution from cooking emissions
Organic aerosols from cooking may stay in the atmosphere for several days because of nanostructures formed by fatty acids as they are released into the air. Organic aerosols - such as those released in cooking - may stay in the atmosphere for several days because of nanostructures formed by fatty acids as they are released into the air, new research finds.
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