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Astronomy / Space Science - 12.05.2022
First image of black hole at centre of our galaxy
First image of black hole at centre of our galaxy
The first image of the supermassive black hole at the centre of our own Milky Way galaxy has been produced by a global team involving UCL researcher Dr Ziri Younsi. The result provides overwhelming evidence that the object is indeed a black hole and yields valuable clues about the workings of such giants, which are thought to reside at the centre of most galaxies.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 25.04.2022
Mysteries of gas giants known as 'hot Jupiters' unravelled
Mysteries of gas giants known as ’hot Jupiters’ unravelled
Five long-standing questions about planets outside our solar system known as "hot Jupiters" have been answered in a major new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series , is one of the largest ever surveys of exoplanet atmospheres ever undertaken.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 07.04.2022
New observations of the sun could help develop better solar thermometer
New observations of the sun could help develop better solar thermometer
A sophisticated new observation of a cool zone on the surface of the sun could help scientists develop a new kind of solar thermometer. A team of astrophysicists led by researchers from the University of Glasgow are the first to use observations from the ALMA observatory in Chile to estimate the temperature of a solar prominence.

Computer Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 04.04.2022
New algorithm could be quantum leap in search for gravitational waves
A new method of identifying gravitational wave signals using quantum computing could provide a valuable new tool for future astrophysicists. A team from the University of Glasgow's School of Physics & Astronomy have developed a quantum algorithm to drastically cut down the time it takes to match gravitational wave signals against a vast databank of templates.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.03.2022
Particle physicists at UCL awarded £4.3 million
Particle physicists at UCL awarded £4.3 million
Some of the most fundamental questions about the Universe will be investigated by UCL particle physicists, following a £4.34 million award from the UK's Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). The funding is part of a £60 investment from STFC awarded to 18 universities, helping to keep the UK at the forefront of particle physics research.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.02.2022
Microscopic view on asteroid collisions could help us understand planet formation
Microscopic view on asteroid collisions could help us understand planet formation
A new way of dating collisions between asteroids and planetary bodies throughout our Solar System's history could help scientists reconstruct how and when planets were born. Our work shows that we need to draw on multiple lines of evidence to be more certain about impact histories - almost like investigating an ancient crime scene Craig Walton A team of researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, combined dating and microscopic analysis of t

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.02.2022
’Tatooine-like’ exoplanet spotted by ground-based telescope
A rare exoplanet which orbits around two stars at once has been detected using a ground-based telescope by a team led by the University of Birmingham. The planet, called Kepler-16b, has so far only been seen using the Kepler space telescope. It orbits around two stars, with the two orbits also orbiting one another, forming a binary star system.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 11.02.2022
Planetary bodies observed for first time in habitable zone of dead star
Planetary bodies observed for first time in habitable zone of dead star
A ring of planetary debris studded with moon-sized structures has been observed orbiting close to a white dwarf star, hinting at a nearby planet in the "habitable zone" where water and life could exist, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. White dwarfs are glowing embers of stars that have burned through all their hydrogen fuel.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 09.02.2022
Seismometer technology field-tested in Antarctica before space missions
Seismometer technology field-tested in Antarctica before space missions
Scientists from the University of Oxford are field-testing seismic sensors in the bitter conditions of Antarctica to simulate the solar system's icy moons. The Antarctic deployment is the first in what is hoped to be a series of extreme environment tests for the short-period (SP) sensor - a seismometer that records the high-frequency (high pitched) seismic waves generated by movement in the ice sheets.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 08.02.2022
How easy is it to create oxygen from water on Mars?
How easy is it to create oxygen from water on Mars?
Scientists at The University of Manchester and The University of Glasgow have today provided more insight into the possibility of establishing a pathway to generate oxygen for humans to potentially call the Moon or Mars 'home' for extended periods of time. Creating a reliable source of oxygen could help humanity establish liveable habitats off-Earth in an era where space travel is more achievable than ever before.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 08.02.2022
Microgravity experiments could help future space missions source oxygen
New research on generating oxygen from water found on the surfaces of other planets could help support future long-term missions to the Moon and Mars. Researchers from the University of Glasgow and colleagues took a series of gruelling flights into microgravity to study how the different gravitational pull of other planets could affect the process of electrolysis.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 03.02.2022
New research uncovers ancient Martian meteorite’s shocking history
Planetary scientists from the University of Glasgow have lent their support to an important new study of a Martian meteorite. The research, led by Curtin University in Australia, has found the first physical evidence of high-intensity damage caused by asteroid impact in ancient Martian meteorites, which could help identify when conditions suitable for life may have existed on early Mars.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 13.01.2022
'Slushy' magma ocean led to formation of the Moon's crust
’Slushy’ magma ocean led to formation of the Moon’s crust
Scientists have shown how the freezing of a 'slushy' ocean of magma may be responsible for the composition of the Moon's crust. Cooling of the early magma ocean drove such vigorous convection that crystals remained suspended as a slurry, like the crystals in a slushy machine. Jerome Neufeld The scientists, from the University of Cambridge and the Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon, have proposed a new model of crystallisation, where crystals remained suspended in liquid magma over hundreds of millions of years as the lunar 'slush' froze and solidified.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 13.01.2022
University of Glasgow researchers lend support to major Martian meteorite study
Researchers from the School of Geographical & Earth Sciences have contributed to a new study ­of a Martian meteorite which could provide insights into the reactions that led to the building blocks of life on early Earth. The study, led by the Carnegie Institution for Science and , demonstrates that organic molecules found in a meteorite that hurtled to Earth from Mars were synthesized during interactions between water and rocks that occurred on the Red Planet about 4 billion years ago.

Astronomy / Space Science - 12.01.2022
International collaboration offers new evidence of a gravitational wave background
International collaboration offers new evidence of a gravitational wave background
The results of a comprehensive search for a background of ultra-low frequency gravitational waves has been announced by an international team of astronomers including scientists from the Institute for Gravitational Wave Astronomy at the University of Birmingham. These light-year-scale ripples, a consequence of Einstein's theory of general relativity, permeate all of spacetime and could originate from mergers of the most massive black holes in the Universe or from events occurring soon after the formation of the Universe in the Big Bang.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 22.12.2021
2021's news highlights from the Faculty of Science and Engineering
2021’s news highlights from the Faculty of Science and Engineering
Our world-leading science and engineering at The University of Manchester has been the cause of some exciting stories this year. Whether it's space, materials, or the climate, our stories have been top news across the country and the world. Here's some of the most popular and interesting news releases from the Faculty of Science and Engineering in 2021.

Chemistry - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.12.2021
Could acid-neutralising life-forms make habitable pockets in Venus' clouds?
Could acid-neutralising life-forms make habitable pockets in Venus’ clouds?
A new study shows it's theoretically possible. The hypothesis could be tested soon with proposed Venus-bound missions. If life is there, how does it propagate in an environment as dry as the clouds of Venus? Paul Rimmer It's hard to imagine a more inhospitable world than our closest planetary neighbour.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.12.2021
Turbocharged data analysis could prevent gravitational wave computing crunch
A new method of analysing the complex data from massive astronomical events could help gravitational wave astronomers avoid a looming computational crunch. Researchers from the University of Glasgow have used machine learning to develop a new system for processing the data collected from detectors like the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO).

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.12.2021
New space telescope to uncover secrets of Universe's origins
New space telescope to uncover secrets of Universe’s origins
The NASA-led James Webb Space Telescope, which includes hardware designed and built at UCL and which will image the very first stars to shine in the Universe, is scheduled to be launched into space later this month. The telescope, one of the great space observatories following Hubble, will be launched on-board the Ariane rocket from Europe's spaceport in French Guiana on or after Friday 24 December.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation - 15.12.2021
Gravitational wave scientists set their sights on dark matter
Gravitational wave scientists set their sights on dark matter
The technologies behind one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs of the century - the detection of gravitational waves - are now being used in the long-standing search for dark matter. Thought to make up roughly 85% of all matter in the Universe, dark matter has never been observed directly and remains one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in modern physics.
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