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Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2023
First heart patients diagnosed using new fibre optic technology
First heart patients diagnosed using new fibre optic technology
A new diagnostic technology, developed by scientists at UCL, that uses tiny fibre optic sensors to detect the causes of heart disease, more quickly and accurately than existing methods, has been used for the first time in patients. The iKOr device uses an ultra-thin microcatheter integrated with fibre optic sensors and allows doctors to check both blood pressure and blood flow around the heart and look for signs of narrowing and thickening of the arteries - a common sign of disease.

Pharmacology - Health - 16.02.2023
Pharmacists based in care homes make them safer for residents
Basing specialist pharmacists in care homes can help make residents safer by cutting potential harm from medicines, according to research carried out by University of Leeds academics. The Care Home Independent Pharmacist Prescriber Study (CHIPPS), which involved researchers in Leeds and across the country, trialled onsite pharmacists in dozens of care homes.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.02.2023
Conundrum solved over HPV link with head and neck cancer
Conundrum solved over HPV link with head and neck cancer
International analysis has found that discordant results between two types of HPV test linked with worse outcomes for patients Patients who have head and neck cancer caused by the human papilloma virus should be double tested, after new research solves puzzle over worsening outcomes among some people.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 08.02.2023
Cannabis has same effect on adolescents and adults, and CBD doesn’t dampen effects
The short-term effects of vaporised cannabis do not differ between adolescents and adults, while cannabidiol (CBD) does not dampen the effects of the drug, finds a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. For the experimental study published in Addiction , the researchers measured how regular cannabis users of different ages responded to inhaling cannabis with differing levels of CBD.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 04.02.2023
Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments
Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments
Sussex researchers use Artificial Intelligence to personalise cancer patient treatments Researchers at the University of Sussex are using Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology to analyse different types of cancer cells to understand different gene dependencies, and to identify genes that are critical to a cell's survival.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.02.2023
Kisspeptin hormone injection could treat low sex drive in women and men
The hormone kisspeptin could be used to treat women and men distressed by their low sexual desire, according to two new studies. The studies, both published in JAMA Network Open , found that giving kisspeptin can boost sexual responses in women and men who have hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) - a condition characterised by low sexual desire that is distressing to the individual.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.02.2023
Combined steroid and statin treatment could reduce ’accelerated ageing’ in preterm babies, study in rats suggests
Potentially life-saving steroids commonly given to preterm babies also increase the risk of long-term cardiovascular problems, but a new study in rats has found that if given in conjunction with statins, their positive effects remain while the potential negative side-effects are -weeded out-. "We are not saying to stop using glucocorticoids, as they are clearly a life-saving treatment.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.01.2023
New study into Tuberculosis membrane molecules will aid drug delivery
A new method to aid in the development of antibiotics for tuberculosis (TB) infections has been devised. TB rivals covid-19 as the biggest infectious disease killer of humans, claiming millions of lives each year. Now, ground-breaking research from the Universities of Warwick and Toulouse has identified a new method to help tackle this global issue.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.01.2023
Major trials to test effectiveness of cannabidiol on psychosis
Major trials to test effectiveness of cannabidiol on psychosis
A global study involving three clinical trials will investigate the effectiveness of cannabidiol (CBD) in treating people with psychosis or psychotic symptoms, thanks to a multi-million pound grant to Oxford University. Wellcome has awarded Oxford's Department of Psychiatry £16.5 million for the STEP (Stratification & Treatment in Early Psychosis) programme, as part of its support for mental health research.

Pharmacology - Health - 27.01.2023
New blood test could save lives of heart attack victims
New blood test could save lives of heart attack victims
Researchers from the Herring group in Oxford's Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics have developed a blood test that measures stress hormone levels after heart attacks. The test - costing just £10 - could ensure patients receive timely life-saving treatment. Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the UK.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.01.2023
Loyalty card data could help identify ovarian cancer symptoms sooner
Loyalty card data could help identify ovarian cancer symptoms sooner
Loyalty card data on over-the-counter medicine purchases could help spot ovarian cancer cases earlier, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The first-of-its kind study, published in JMIR Public Health and Surveillance , found that pain and indigestion medication purchases were higher in women who were subsequently diagnosed with ovarian cancer, compared to women who did not have ovarian cancer.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.01.2023
Loyalty card data could help to identify ovarian cancer symptoms sooner
Loyalty card data on over-the-counter medicine purchases could help spot ovarian cancer cases earlier, an Imperial College London-led study suggests. The study of almost 300 women found that pain and indigestion medication purchases were higher in women who were subsequently diagnosed with ovarian cancer, compared to women who did not have ovarian cancer.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.01.2023
COVID-19 patients may retain elevated risk of death 18 months after infection
COVID-19 patients may retain elevated risk of death 18 months after infection
COVID-19 is associated with higher risks of cardiovascular disease and death in the shortand long-term, according to a study in nearly 160,000 unvaccinated participants co-led by a UCL researcher. The study, published today in Cardiovascular Research , a journal of the European Society of Cardiology, investigated outcomes in a group of adults mostly aged in their 60s.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 23.01.2023
Scientists explain emotional 'blunting' caused by common antidepressants
Scientists explain emotional ’blunting’ caused by common antidepressants
Scientists have worked out why common anti-depressants cause around a half of users to feel emotionally -blunted-. In a study published today, they show that the drugs affect reinforcement learning, an important behavioural process that allows us to learn from our environment. According to the NHS, more than 8.3 million patients in England received an antidepressant drug in 2021/22.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.01.2023
’Remarkable’ results in colon cancer trial
Giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before surgery cuts the risk of the disease coming back, according to the results of a new clinical trial. The FOxTROT trial, a collaborative study by scientists at Leeds and the University of Birmingham, showed that giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before rather than after surgery reduced the chance of cancer returning within 2 years by 28%.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.01.2023
Does COVID really damage your immune system and make you more vulnerable to infections? The evidence is lacking
Over the past month or two, many northern hemisphere countries including the US and the UK have seen a large wave of respiratory viral infections. These include RSV ( respiratory syncytial virus ), flu and COVID in all ages, as well as bacterial infections such as strep A in children. Sometimes these infections can be very serious.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.01.2023
Chemotherapy before surgery cuts risk of colon cancer returning, trial finds
Chemotherapy before surgery cuts risk of colon cancer returning, trial finds
Patients with early stage colon cancer benefit from 6 weeks of chemotherapy before surgery Giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before surgery cuts their risk of the disease coming back, according to the results of a Cancer Research UK-funded clinical trial. The FOxTROT trial showed that giving colon cancer patients chemotherapy before rather than after surgery reduced the chance of cancer returning within 2 years by 28%.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.01.2023
Vaccination shown to protect against pregnancy complications from COVID-19 Omicron variant
Vaccination shown to protect against pregnancy complications from COVID-19 Omicron variant
The global network led by the Oxford Maternal and Perinatal Health Institute (OMPHI) at the University of Oxford has today published, in The Lancet , the results of the ' 2022 INTERCOVID Study ' conducted in 41 hospitals across 18 countries. To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 Omicron variant on maternal and neonatal outcomes the researchers studied 1,545 pregnant women diagnosed with the variant and 3,073 non-diagnosed, concomitant pregnant women as controls.

Pharmacology - Psychology - 17.01.2023
New study tests impact of coming off antidepressants on mood and thinking patterns
University psychologists aiming to improve help for people withdrawing from antidepressants want volunteers to come forward to participate in the new study. New research being led by a team of psychologists at the University of Bath hopes to provide evidence to improve the clinical care of people in the process of withdrawing from antidepressants.

Pharmacology - Health - 11.01.2023
Criteria to diagnose common cause of sudden vision loss
Criteria to diagnose common cause of sudden vision loss
A universal criteria for diagnosing the blinding eye condition, optic neuritis, has been developed by a UCL-led team of researchers. Optic neuritis is inflammation in the optic nerve and is a common cause of sudden and acute vision loss, affecting around 6 in 100,000 people. It may occur at any age with vision loss typically occurring over several hours or a few days , from onset Sometimes optic neuritis is caused by multiple sclerosis (MS), but it can also be triggered by many other conditions.
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