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Results 101 - 120 of 838.


Health - Pharmacology - 11.08.2023
Raised blood sugar levels linked with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases
Raised blood sugar levels linked with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases
Men and women with raised blood sugar levels have 30-50% greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease even when these levels are below the threshold for diabetes, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). The study, published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe, also found that, among people diagnosed with diabetes, women's higher relative risk of developing any cardiovascular disease than men disappeared once modifiable factors such as body measurements and medication use were taken into account.

Pharmacology - Health - 09.08.2023
Treatments for poxviruses - including those causing mpox and smallpox - may already exist in licensed drugs
Scientists have discovered how poxviruses evade natural defences in living cells, and realised that drugs to stop them doing this are already available. The drugs we identified may be more durable than the current treatment for monkeypox..and also effective against a range of other poxviruses Geoffrey Smith Scientists studying how poxviruses evade natural defences in human cells have identified a new approach to treatment that may be more durable than current treatments.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.08.2023
Key cause of restricted blood flow to the brain in vascular dementia
European research to tackle the triple challenge of dementia, hearing and vision impairment Researchers hope the discovery will accelerate development of treatments for the condition which affects around 150,000 people in the UK New research on mice has shed light on how high blood pressure causes changes to arteries in the brain, a process that leads to vascular dementia.

Pharmacology - Health - 04.08.2023
Risk of overdose higher when opioid agonists prescribed with other medicines
Patients prescribed medicines to replace illicit drugs are at higher risk of overdose resulting in hospital admission when taking other medicines which treat mental health conditions or pain, University of Manchester researchers have found. The authors of the study, published in the journal Addiction today (04/08/23), say doctors should avoid co-prescription of opioid agonists, with benzodiazepines, gabapentinoids, antipsychotics or Z-drugs if harm is greater than the benefit to patients.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.07.2023
Superior T-cell discovered in cancer survivors
Superior T-cell discovered in cancer survivors
Scientists from Cardiff University have discovered a superior form of killer T-cell in patients who have successfully cleared end stage solid cancer. Published today in the journal Cell , the researchers discovered that dominant, successful killer T-cells were capable of recognising multiple different cancer-associated targets at the same time.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.07.2023
New scanning methods can detect deadly heart condition before symptoms appear
New scanning methods can detect deadly heart condition before symptoms appear
Combining two types of heart scan techniques could help doctors to detect the deadly heart condition hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) before symptoms and signs on conventional tests appear, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, funded by the British Heart Foundation and published in the journal Circulation , opens the prospect of treating the condition at the earliest stages.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.07.2023
Significant rise in ADHD diagnoses in the UK
Both ADHD diagnoses and prescriptions for ADHD medication have increased significantly over the past two decades, except in children under five, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in BJPsych Open, reviewed data from 7 million individuals aged three to 99, from IQVIA Medical Research Data, a UK primary care database, between 2000 and 2018.

Pharmacology - Health - 14.07.2023
Men who previously used antidepressants significantly more likely to need them after having a child
Men who previously used antidepressants significantly more likely to need them after having a child
New fathers are over 30 times more likely to take antidepressants in the first year after having a child, if they have a recent history of the treatment, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in JAMA Network Open , analysed information from over 500,000 primary care electronic health records from the IQVIA Medical Research Database, from January 2007 to December 2016.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.07.2023
Historical medicine suggests a new way to use modern treatments
Combining honey and vinegar could be an old, yet new, way of treating persistent infections. The mixture of honey and vinegar, also known as oxymel, has been used as a medical treatment throughout history and now scientists have established that this combination could have modern applications in the treatment of wounds.

Pharmacology - Health - 06.07.2023
Researchers exhibit drug monitoring device at Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition
Researchers exhibit drug monitoring device at Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition
A new drug-monitoring tool, developed by a consortium including UCL researchers, calculates how much cancer medicine is in a patient's blood to help reduce heart problems and other side effects experienced by children in the UK who receive chemotherapy drugs. Researchers from all around the UK have descended on London this week to exhibit at The Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition, which runs until 11 July.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.07.2023
Real-world vaccine response in patients with impaired immune systems
OCTAVE study reveals real-world vaccine response in patients with impaired immune systems Updated data from the ongoing OCTAVE study show, for the first time, the real-world vaccine responses and infection outcomes in clinically at-risk patients with a range of immunocompromised or immunosuppressed conditions.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.07.2023
Unlocking the mystery of long-lasting cancer treatment
Unlocking the mystery of long-lasting cancer treatment
Scientists, including UCL experts, have found new insights into why some children have a longer remission than others after receiving CAR T-cell therapy for leukaemia. The collaborative research project, published in Nature Medicine , used clinical expertise and state-of-the-art computational analysis to identify a genetic signature of CAR T-cells that will be the most effective in the long term.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.07.2023
Novavax COVID-19 vaccine as a second dose generates high immune response in young people
Researchers running the University of Oxford-led Com-COV3 study have reported the results of a study assessing the immune response and side effect profile of 'mixed' two-dose COVID-19 vaccine schedules in adolescents aged 12 to 16 years - administering either a full or a one-third (fractional) dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine or a full dose of the Novavax vaccine at least eight weeks after a first full dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.07.2023
Study links overuse of antibiotics with severe COVID-19 side effects
Study links overuse of antibiotics with severe COVID-19 side effects
Frequent and diverse use of antibiotics may be associated with developing more severe outcomes after a COVID-19 infection, including death, a study led by University of Manchester scientists has shown. The findings, funded by Health Data Research UK and the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) , is published in eClinical medicine, act as a warning against the overuse of antibiotics in people.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.07.2023
COVID-19 booster vaccine doses strengthen immunity in blood cancer patients
Research by the University of Southampton into the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in people with lymphoma has shown that repeated vaccination increases their ability to prevent infection from the virus, particularly after four doses. The finding, from the two-year PROSECO study , is important because blood cancer patients have compromised immune systems - either as a result of cancer, or from cancer treatments.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.06.2023
New approach to scale-up manufacturing of life-saving oligonucleotide therapeutics
Scientists have developed a new approach to produce life-saving oligonucleotide therapeutics on a large scale, in high purity, and with minimal environmental impacts. Therapeutic oligonucleotides are an emerging class of drug molecules that have the potential to treat a wide range of diseases. The finding, by The University of Manchester, will facilitate large-scale production of oligonucleotides to ensure the widest possible access of these drugs for patients.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.06.2023
AI-generated nanoparticles prove capable of delivering modern medicines to diseased cells
New research from Cardiff University, in collaboration with Astra Zeneca, used artificial intelligence to create microscopic particles which can effectively transport medicines to precisely target and treat diseased cells. The team say their work has potential future applications in treating genetic diseases and cancer as well as infectious disease.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 27.06.2023
Chemical imbalance in the forebrain underpins compulsive behaviour and OCD
Chemical imbalance in the forebrain underpins compulsive behaviour and OCD
Neuroscientists say that the findings are a -major piece of the puzzle- in understanding OCD, and could open up new lines of treatment. The results suggest new strategies for medication in OCD based on available drugs that regulate glutamate Trevor Robbins Scientists at the University of Cambridge have used powerful new brain imaging techniques to reveal a neurochemical imbalance within regions of the frontal lobes in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Health - Pharmacology - 27.06.2023
New mechanism for rapid evolution of multi-drug resistant infections in patients
Artistic illustration showing rod-shaped Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria inside the alveoli air sacs of the lungs. Credit: Shutterstock. A research study led by the University of Oxford provides a transformational new insight into how antimicrobial resistance (AMR) emerges in patients with bacterial infections.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.06.2023
'Ageing' immune cell levels could predict how well we respond to vaccines
’Ageing’ immune cell levels could predict how well we respond to vaccines
Cambridge scientists have identified a signature in the blood that could help predict how well an individual will respond to vaccines. The discovery, published today in Nature Communications , may explain why, even among vulnerable patient groups, some individuals have better responses to vaccines than others.