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Health - Life Sciences - 22.02.2024
'Dynamic duo' defences in bacteria ward off viral threats
’Dynamic duo’ defences in bacteria ward off viral threats
Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered that bacteria can pair up their defence systems to create a formidable force, greater than the sum of its parts, to fight off attack from phage viruses. Understanding how bacteria react to this type of virus is a big step in combatting antimicrobial resistance.

Health - 22.02.2024
Fewer nurses linked to delayed care and serious outcomes in emergency departments
Having fewer nurses on shift in emergency departments is linked to worse outcomes for patients, including heart attacks in the department, according to a new research paper. The paper found that lower staffing levels in emergency departments were associated with longer waits, patients leaving without being seen, and longer overall stays in in the department.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2024
Long COVID linked to persistently high levels of inflammatory protein: a potential biomarker and target for treatments
Long COVID linked to persistently high levels of inflammatory protein: a potential biomarker and target for treatments
SARS-CoV-2 triggers the production of the antiviral protein IFN- ? , which is associated with fatigue, muscle ache and depression. New research shows that in Long COVID patients, IFN- y production persists until symptoms improve, highlighting a potential biomarker and a target for therapies. We hope that this could help to pave the way to develop therapies and give some patients a firm diagnosis Benjamin Krishna A University of Cambridge-led study identifies the protein interferon gamma (IFN- ?

Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2024
Research progress reveals faster, more accurate blood flow simulation to revolutionise treatment of vascular diseases
A review has shed light on the groundbreaking advancements in the simulation of blood flow within the intricate vascular system that could transform medical treatment and device innovation for vascular diseases. Modelling vascular flow is crucial for understanding and treating vascular diseases, but traditional methods are labour and computationally intensive.

Health - Computer Science - 21.02.2024
Removing bias from healthcare AI tools
Rapid advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have opened the way for the creation of a huge range of new healthcare tools, but to ensure that these tools do not exacerbate pre-existing health inequities, researchers urge the use of more representative data in their development. Researchers from Oxford University's Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (NDORMS) , University College London and the Centre for Ethnic Health Research , supported by Health Data Research UK , have for the first time studied the full detail of ethnicity data in the NHS.

Health - Psychology - 21.02.2024
Avid appetite in childhood linked to later eating disorder symptoms
An enthusiastic response to food in early childhood may be linked to a higher likelihood of experiencing eating disorder symptoms in adolescence, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL and Erasmus University Rotterdam. The study, published in  The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health , looked at survey data from 3,670 young people in the UK and the Netherlands to investigate how appetite traits in early childhood might relate to the likelihood of developing eating disorder symptoms up to 10 years later.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.02.2024
Red light can reduce blood glucose levels
Shining a specific frequency of red light on a person's back for 15 minutes can reduce blood sugar levels, according to a new study from City, University of London and UCL. The researchers found that 670 nm red light stimulated energy production within mitochondria, the tiny powerhouses within cells, leading to increased consumption of glucose.

Health - Physics - 20.02.2024
Terahertz biosensor detects skin cancer with remarkable accuracy
Researchers have developed a revolutionary biosensor using terahertz (THz) waves that can detect skin cancer with exceptional sensitivity, potentially paving the way for earlier and easier diagnoses. Published in the IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering , the study presents a significant advancement in early cancer detection, thanks to the collaboration of multidisciplinary teams from Queen Mary University of London and the University of Glasgow.

Psychology - Health - 20.02.2024
Understanding the relationship between our sleep, body clock and mental health
Problems with our sleep and internal body clock can trigger or worsen a range of psychiatric disorders, according to a new review of recent research evidence. The review, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) , suggests gaining a better understanding of the relationship between sleep, circadian rhythms and mental health could unlock new holistic treatments to alleviate mental health problems.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.02.2024
Largest study on genetic risk for type 2 diabetes published
An international study of more than 2.5 million people has identified parts of the genome associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in diverse population groups from across the globe. The study potentially paves the way for genetically determined predictors of disease complications to allow earlier interventions.

Health - 19.02.2024
Gout increases the risk of a broad range of cardiovascular diseases
Gout is associated with an increased risk of a broad range of cardiovascular diseases, according to new research which looked at the health records of more than 860,000 people. The study, which is published in the Lancet Rheumatology and led jointly by researchers from the Universities of Glasgow, Oxford and KU Leuven, reveals that having gout is linked with a 58% higher risk of cardiovascular disease, with even higher relative risks noted for females and those under the age 45 who have the condition.

Health - Materials Science - 16.02.2024
First human trial shows ’wonder’ material can be developed safely
A revolutionary nanomaterial with huge potential to tackle multiple global challenges could be developed further without acute risk to human health, research suggests. Carefully controlled inhalation of a specific type of graphene - the world's thinnest, super strong and super flexible material - has no short-term adverse effects on lung or cardiovascular function, the study shows.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.02.2024
Scientists identify genes linked to DNA damage and human disease
Scientists identify genes linked to DNA damage and human disease
Cambridge scientists have identified more than one hundred key genes linked to DNA damage through systematic screening of nearly 1,000 genetically modified mouse lines. Continued exploration on genomic instability is vital to develop tailored treatments that tackle the root genetic causes Gabriel Balmus The work, published in Nature, provides insights into cancer progression and neurodegenerative diseases as well as a potential therapeutic avenue in the form of a protein inhibitor.

Veterinary - Health - 15.02.2024
New study from the RVC identifies most common findings in pre-purchase examinations of horses
New study from the RVC identifies most common findings in pre-purchase examinations of horses
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has found that lameness is the most common prejudicial PPE finding in prepurchase examinations (PPEs) in horses in the UK. It was also found that horses with a higher purchase price are more likely to undergo a five-stage vetting (5SV), compared to a two-stage vetting (2SV).

Health - 15.02.2024
Choice and consistent shift patterns could improve nurses’ work-life balance
Research by the University of Southampton has found nurses value both choice and consistency in their shift patterns to help balance work with commitments in their home life. Providing a good work-life balance is one way of helping to retain nurses in the NHS to ensure safe levels of care at a time of large shortfalls in staff.

Sport - Health - 15.02.2024
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies could be restricting young people from being active, particularly primary school-aged girls, new research suggests. Social norms and expectations tend to influence what they feel they can do in these clothes. Unfortunately, when it comes to promoting physical health, that's a problem Esther van Sluijs The University of Cambridge study used data about the physical activity participation of more than a million five-to-17-year-olds internationally.

Psychology - Health - 14.02.2024
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Psychological distress increased among people with Black Caribbean heritage in the UK, relative to the White population, following the 2014 Immigration Act and the Windrush scandal, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers say their findings, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , suggest a causal link between government policies and a subsequent decline in mental health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.02.2024
Ultra-processed foods score worse on food package labelling
Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) contain more calories, fat, saturated fat, sugar and salt than minimally-processed foods - but not all'UPFs are unhealthy, according to new research from UCL. For the study, published in The British Journal of Nutrition , scientists wanted to investigate whether food processing information could be a useful indicator of what is healthy to eat.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2024
Targeting inflammation to tackle long covid
Overactivation of the immune system leading to circulation of inflammatory proteins around the body contributes to the development of long covid, and could be targeted to provide treatments for patients, finds new research. Cardiff University research has uncovered biological markers that could be targeted by repurposing medication to treat long covid.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.02.2024
Common human gene mutations linked to a range of health conditions
A common human gene mutation combination - found in around 5% of the UK's black population as well as millions of people worldwide with recent African ancestry - has been linked to a number of health conditions and poor health outcomes in new research.