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Health - Pharmacology - 27.03.2024
Locums and permanent GPs equally safe, study reassures patients
There is no evidence that locum doctors are less clinically competent or practice less safely than permanent doctors, a study in England led by University of Manchester researchers has shown. Some differences in practice and performance of locum and permanent GPs were found, however the researchers suggest they are likely to be shaped by the organisational setting and systems within which they work.

Psychology - Health - 26.03.2024
Measuring emotional 'emptiness' could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience
Measuring emotional ’emptiness’ could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience
Comment: Measuring emotional 'emptiness' could help manage a potentially life-threatening experience Dr Shona Herron (UCL Psychology & Language Sciences) explains the experience of emotional 'emptiness' and how we should measure it in The Conversation. Imagine a hollowness deep in your chest, a vacant space where feelings should be.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2024
Clinical trial shows rheumatoid arthritis drug could prevent disease
A drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis could also prevent the disease in individuals deemed to be at risk. Results from a Phase 2b clinical trial, published in The Lancet by a team led by King's College London and involving Birmingham researchers, provides hope for arthritis sufferers after it showed that the biologic drug abatacept reduces progression to this agonising chronic inflammatory disease.

Health - 25.03.2024
Surgery video recording practices vary widely across the NHS
The first national study of surgical video across the NHS has revealed that policies and procedures vary significantly. Recording surgical procedures can provide an invaluable tool to train clinical staff, but the policies in place around video recording for training vary hugely from one hospital to the next, a study has found.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2024
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass more viruses to other animals than we catch from them
Humans pass on more viruses to domestic and wild animals than we catch from them, according to a major new analysis of viral genomes by UCL researchers. For the new paper published in Nature Ecology & Evolution , the team analysed all publicly available viral genome sequences, to reconstruct where viruses have jumped from one host to infect another vertebrate species.

Health - Computer Science - 25.03.2024
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
A free smartphone app, Drink Less, can help people who would benefit most from reducing their alcohol consumption to do so successfully, according to a large randomised controlled trial led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eClinicalMedicine funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) , found that people randomly recommended to use the Drink Less app reduced their drinking by 39 units a week at six months - two more units a week on average than a control group who were referred to standard NHS advice.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2024
Scientists close in on TB blood test which could detect millions of silent spreaders
Scientists have taken a major step towards developing a blood test that could identify millions of people who spread tuberculosis unknowingly. A breakthrough study has discovered a group of biological markers that are found in high levels among infectious patients. The researchers hope the findings will pave the way for a simple test that can diagnose and stop the spread of the estimated 10 million cases annually.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.03.2024
Kinder test could improve diagnosis of womb cancer
A simple, safe and accurate test that identifies women with womb cancer from a sample taken from the vagina has been developed by clinician scientists from The University of Manchester. The research, published in the journal Ebiomedicine, part of the Lancet Discovery Science, reports that the test has over 95% accuracy in identifying post-menopausal women with cancer as the cause of their bleeding, and is more accurate than current methods.

Health - 21.03.2024
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
People in lower socioeconomic positions throughout their lives have a higher risk of developing mild cognitive impairment by the age of 50, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL. The study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health , found that individuals who moved upward or downward in terms of their socioeconomic position were also at a higher risk of impairment compared to those who maintained a constant higher socioeconomic status.

Health - 20.03.2024
New study highlights troubling trends in midlife mortality in the US and UK
A new study by researchers at the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science (LCDS) and Princeton University reveals that US working-age adults are dying at higher rates than their peers in high-income countries; the UK is also falling behind. The study is published in the International Journal of Epidemiology .

Astronomy / Space - Health - 20.03.2024
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Astronauts have been able to track their muscle health in spaceflight for the first time using a handheld device, revealing which muscles are most at risk of weakening in low gravity conditions. An international research team, including the University of Southampton and led by Charité University in Berlin, monitored the muscle health of twelve astronauts before, during and after a stay on the International Space Station (ISS).

Health - Life Sciences - 19.03.2024
Cells harvested from urine may have diagnostic potential for kidney disease, find scientists
Genes expressed in human cells harvested from urine are remarkably similar to those of the kidney itself, suggesting they could be an important non-invasive source of information on the kidney. The news offers hope that doctors may one day be able to investigate suspected kidney pathologies without carrying out invasive procedures such as biopsies, raising the tantalising prospect of earlier and simpler disease detection.

Health - 19.03.2024
Similar DNA changes found in cells of both smokers and e-cigarette users
Similar DNA changes found in cells of both smokers and e-cigarette users
E-cigarette users with a limited smoking history experience similar DNA changes to specific cheek cells as smokers, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and University of Innsbruck. This study is an incremental step in helping researchers to build a deeper understanding of the long-term effects of e-cigarettes on health.

Health - Veterinary - 18.03.2024
New RVC research proves clinical benefits from surgical intervention for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture
A new study from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has revealed that surgical management of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) ruptures in dogs causes better outcomes for reducing lameness compared to non-surgical management. The study demonstrated substantial clinical benefits following surgical management for CCL, with short-term lameness reduced by a quarter and long-term lameness by a third.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.03.2024
New research could help doctors ’see’ bowel cancer
Imaging technology could provide a ground-breaking new approach for diagnosing and treating bowel cancer patients, thanks to Cancer Research scientists in Glasgow. Biopsies are currently used to diagnose bowel cancer but require an invasive procedure which offers risks, such as potential infection, and are unable to capture an entire picture of what is happening in a patient's bowel.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.03.2024
New blood test could identify people at highest risk of dying from heart failure
A blood test could help identify those at highest risk of dying from heart failure, new research has found. The study, funded by the British Heart Foundation, found that patients with highest levels of a protein called neuropeptide Y (NPY) were 50 per cent more likely to die from a heart complication over the three years that the research was conducted, compared to those with lower levels.

Health - 18.03.2024
Can over-the-counter cold medicine treat covid-19?
Research by Cardiff University shows that over-the-counter cold and flu treatments are safe and effective for managing mild covid-19 symptoms at home and could help alleviate the burden on hospitals during high incidence of the illness in the population. The study, led by Ron Eccles, Emeritus Professor in the School of Biosciences, found that medicines used to treat cold and flu symptoms - such as pain relief, fever reducers, decongestants and cough suppressants - can also be used to manage mild covid-19 infection at home despite not being licensed for such.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Using a mobile phone for extended periods is not linked with an increased risk of brain cancer, a study shows. These are the findings from the COSMOS study, a large international project led by researchers at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Imperial College London. Starting in 2007, researchers studied more than 250,000 mobile phone users to investigate if extensive use of mobile phones increases the risk of brain tumours over time.

Health - 14.03.2024
Study explores homeless women’s experiences of ’period poverty’
Research from the University of Southampton has identified common issues women face when experiencing periods while homeless. A review of research published in Women and Health has found homeless women experienced practical challenges in managing menstruation alongside feelings of embarrassment and shame, with many 'making do' due to inadequate provision.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.03.2024
Treatments for rare diseases are needed to beat kidney failure
Treatments for rare diseases are needed to beat kidney failure
Focusing on rare conditions could significantly reduce the burden of kidney disease on both patients and the NHS, according to a major new study led by UCL and the UK Kidney Association. The study, published in The Lancet to mark World Kidney Day, draws on the largest rare kidney disease dataset ever created.