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Health - Psychology - 29.01.2024
When a stressful situation is perceived as a threat, health and wellbeing suffer
When a stressful situation is perceived as a threat, health and wellbeing suffer
People experience more health and wellbeing issues when they feel overwhelmed by stressful situations rather than seeing them as a challenge, study finds. Published on Monday 29 January 2024 Last updated on Monday 29 January 2024 People who tend to view stressful situations as a threat are more likely to experience health and wellbeing problems, both mental and physical, than those who see them as a challenge, according to new research from the University of Bath.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.01.2024
Blood test could be accurate way to detect Alzheimer's disease
Blood test could be accurate way to detect Alzheimer’s disease
A commercial blood test could detect Alzheimer's disease as accurately as standard lumbar punctures, finds a new study involving a UCL researcher. The research, published in JAMA Neurology, found that the ALZpath's Blood-Based Test was capable of detecting 'p-tau217', a form of the protein tau, which is a hallmark protein of Alzheimer's disease.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.01.2024
Research breakthrough could spare brain cancer patients risky surgery
A simple blood test could help diagnose patients with the deadliest form of brain cancer, sparing them from undergoing invasive, highly-risky surgery. In a world-first, the new technique has been proven for glial tumours including glioblastoma (GBM), the most commonly-diagnosed type of high-grade brain tumour in adults.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.01.2024
Gene behind Down syndrome heart defects identified
A gene that causes heart defects in Down syndrome has been identified by researchers at UCL and the Francis Crick Institute. The team found that reducing the overactivity of this gene partially reversed these defects in mice, paving the way for potential future therapies for heart conditions in people with Down syndrome.

Health - Microtechnics - 25.01.2024
New guidance published to aid researchers evaluating surgical robots
New guidance published to aid researchers evaluating surgical robots
Surgical robotics are amongst the most complex devices entering healthcare, but how should we evaluate them? Published in Nature Medicine , the Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment and Long-term monitoring (IDEAL) Robotics Colloquium outlines the latest guidance to aid researchers evaluating surgical robots.

Health - Environment - 25.01.2024
Cold water swimming improves menopause symptoms
Menopausal women who regularly swim in cold water report significant improvements to their physical and mental symptoms, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in Post Reproductive Health , surveyed 1114 women, 785 of which were going through the menopause, to examine the effects of cold water swimming on their health and wellbeing.

Health - 25.01.2024
New report reveals impact of social sciences and humanities research
How do you assess the real-world impact of the social sciences and humanities? A team of researchers at the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science (LCDS) delved into around 4,000 Research Excellence Framework 2021 (REF) Impact Case Studies to reveal the impact of social sciences and humanities research.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.01.2024
Digital pathology cleared for use in cancer screening programmes
New research funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) has led to the UK government approving the use of digital pathology to help speed up analysis of cancer screening samples. This allows the benefits offered by digital pathology to be used to improve cancer screening particularly in bowel, breast, lung and cervical cancers.

Health - 25.01.2024
Bystander support is crucial for tackling anti-social behaviour
Bystander support is crucial for tackling anti-social behaviour
Confronting poor behaviour cannot be left to a single voice to be effective, shows new research highlighting the importance of bystander intervention. Published on Thursday 25 January 2024 Last updated on Thursday 25 January 2024 Witnesses to anti-social behaviour must speak up to support the lone voices of people who confront it to reduce the risk of such behaviour becoming tolerated in society, according to research from the Universities of Bath, Groningen and Western Australia.

Health - Materials Science - 24.01.2024
New Wearable Sensor Accurately Tracks Tiny Changes in the Breath Process
"Our sensor is like a highly accurate microphone for your breath. It can pick up on the tiniest changes in airflow, providing valuable physiological information on an individual, for example related to their cardiac, neurological and pulmonary conditions as well as certain types of illness. " Manchester scientists have developed a new type of wearable sensor that can precisely track your breath, even the slightest changes in the exhaling and inhaling processes.

Health - Veterinary - 24.01.2024
New research highlights surprisingly good health characteristics in Shih Tzu dogs in the UK
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has found the most common conditions diagnosed in Shih Tzu dogs in the UK are periodontal disease (inflammation of the gums and tissue around the teeth), anal sac impaction and ear disorders. While the findings suggest that the breed is predisposed to a number of conditions, the overall disorder profile of the Shih Tzu is surprisingly different and better than many other common flat-faced breeds.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.01.2024
Financial stress linked to worse biological health
Financial stress linked to worse biological health
People who experience stressful life events or circumstances are more likely to have worse biological health, as indicated by biomarkers involved in the interaction between our immune, nervous and endocrine systems, according to a new study by UCL researchers. The study, published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity , found that not only major stressful experiences such as bereavement but chronic challenges such as financial strain were detrimental to the healthy interaction of these systems.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.01.2024
Colours fade as people age
Colours fade as people age
There is a difference between how the brains of healthy older adults perceive colour compared to younger adults, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in Scientific Reports , compared how the pupils of younger and older people reacted to different aspects of colour in the environment.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.01.2024
Widening inequalities are fuelling childhood obesity
New research shows how widening inequalities are fuelling childhood obesity Childhood obesity has increased the most in less advantaged groups, according to a new study Childhood obesity has increased the most in less advantaged groups, according to a new study. The research - led by the University of Glasgow and published in Archives of Disease in Childhood - found that despite a plateau in overall childhood obesity since 2004, widening societal inequalities meant the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity was seen primarily in socioeconomically disadvantaged children.

Veterinary - Health - 22.01.2024
High levels of problem behaviours and use of aversive training methods in pandemic puppies
The pawfect storm: study finds high levels of problem behaviours and use of aversive training methods in pandemic puppies The average number of owner-reported problem behaviours among 'pandemic puppies' was five, with problem behaviours more likely in owners using aversive training techniques, says the Royal Veterinary College Four in five (82%) 'pandemic puppy' owners have reported using aversive training methods in attempts to address their dog's problem behaviours, according to a new study by the Royal Veterinary College (RVC).

Health - Economics - 18.01.2024
Removing largest wine glass serving reduces amount of wine sold in bars and pubs
Removing largest wine glass serving reduces amount of wine sold in bars and pubs
Taking away the largest serving of wine by the glass - in most cases the 250ml option - led to an average reduction in the amount of wine sold at pubs and bars of just under 8%, new research led by a team at the University of Cambridge has discovered. When the largest serving size of wine by the glass was unavailable, people shifted towards the smaller options, but didn't then drink the equivalent amount of wine Eleni Mantzari While only modest, the finding could provide one way of nudging customers to drink less alcohol and have an impact at a population level, say the researchers.

Health - Veterinary - 18.01.2024
New research highlights high risk of ear and eye disease in English Cocker Spaniels in the UK
New research highlights high risk of ear and eye disease in English Cocker Spaniels in the UK
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) VetCompass? programme has found that English Cockers Spaniels have an increased risk of disorders such as ear discharge, dry eye and musculoskeletal pain, but have reduced risk of allergies, alopecia (hair loss) and osteoarthritis. This research will help vets, breeders and dog owners to predict what problems English Cocker Spaniels might develop, better monitor their health and promote earlier diagnosis.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.01.2024
'Mini-placentas' help scientists understand the causes of pre-eclampsia and pregnancy disorders
’Mini-placentas’ help scientists understand the causes of pre-eclampsia and pregnancy disorders
Scientists have grown 'mini-placentas' in the lab and used them to shed light on how the placenta develops and interacts with the inner lining of the womb - findings that could help scientists better understand and, in future, potentially treat pre-eclampsia. Most of the major disorders of pregnancy - pre-eclampsia, still birth, growth restriction, for example - depend on failings in the way the placenta develops in the first few weeks.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.01.2024
Role of inherited genetic variants in rare blood cancer uncovered
Role of inherited genetic variants in rare blood cancer uncovered
Combining three different sources of genetic information has allowed researchers to further understand why only some people with a common mutation go on to develop rare blood cancer Our hope is that this information can be incorporated into future disease prediction efforts Jyoti Nangalia Large-scale genetic analysis has helped researchers uncover the interplay between cancer-driving genetic mutations and inherited genetic variants in a rare type of blood cancer.

Pharmacology - Health - 16.01.2024
Machine learning predicts response to drug for arthritis in children
Doctors might one day be able to target children and young people with arthritis most likely to be helped by its first-line treatment, thanks to the application of machine learning by University of Manchester scientists. Though methotrexate is the first-line drug to be given for Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), it is only effective or tolerated in half of the children and young people who receive it.
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