Results 81 - 100 of 1513.

Environment - Transport - 10.10.2022
Swarms of advanced UAVs to collect key environment data
Swarms of advanced unmanned aircraft are set to carry out aerial surveys of Antarctica - gathering crucial data on changes to the region's environment and wildlife - as part of new research with engineers from the University of Sheffield.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.10.2022
Releasing charge from robotic aircraft can change water droplets
Releasing charge from robotic aircraft can change water droplets
Electric charge released into fog changes how water droplets behave, first-of-its-kind research from the universities of Bath and Reading has revealed. Real world experiments have demonstrated that releasing charge led to detectable changes in the size and number of fog droplets. The new results are published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters .

Environment - 03.10.2022
Balancing economic policy outcomes for sustainable development
Researchers at the University of Manchester have published new research which seeks to allow policymakers to identify development options which balance economic, social and environmental goals. The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim at jointly improving economic, social and environmental outcomes for human prosperity and planetary health.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.09.2022
Seawater could have provided phosphorous required for emerging life
Seawater could have provided phosphorous required for emerging life
The problem of how phosphorus became a universal ingredient for life on Earth may have been solved by researchers from the University of Cambridge and the University of Cape Town, who have recreated primordial seawater containing the element in the lab.

Environment - History / Archeology - 26.09.2022
Ancient footprints on UK beach record demise of a biodiversity hotspot
A team of archaeologists and geographers from The University of Manchester have discovered that hundreds of ancient animal and human footprints found on a beach in Merseyside record a major decline in large animal diversity in Ancient Britain. Their new research, published in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution , includes a new programme of radiocarbon dating which shows that the most species-rich footprint beds at Formby Point are much older than previously thought.

Environment - History / Archeology - 22.09.2022
Past climate of Cape Town revealed in study
New insights into the history of South Africa's climate have been revealed. In a project that spanned seven years, the Tracing History Trust, with support from Cardiff University and Wits University, has digitised and transcribed the Dutch East India Company's day registers which were written between 1652 to 1791.

Environment - 21.09.2022
Climate models unreliable in predicting damage to coral reefs
Climate models are unreliable when it comes to predicting the damage that tropical cyclones will do to sensitive coral reefs, according to a new study published in the journal Earth's Future. With the expectation that tropical cyclones will increase in intensity with climate change, there has been interest among conservationists to use the models to identify the vulnerability of reef communities to storm damage, and to target conservation and protection efforts at those coral reefs that are less likely to be impacted by climate change.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.09.2022
Tropical soils 'highly sensitive' to global warming
Tropical soils ’highly sensitive’ to global warming
Global warming is likely to cause a decline in the number of species of microbes that live in tropical soils - and that could threaten the biodiversity of rainforests and increase carbon emissions. In a new study, scientists - led by Dr Andrew Nottingham from the School of Geography at Leeds - say evidence indicates that tropical soils are "highly sensitive" to an increase in temperature.

Health - Environment - 20.09.2022
How air pollution can cause lung cancer in non-smokers
How air pollution can cause lung cancer in non-smokers
Air pollution can cause lung cancer in people who have never smoked, a new study led by researchers at UCL and the Francis Crick Institute has shown. T he research  found that exposure to tiny pollutant particles that are 3% of the width of a human hair, called PM 2.5, promotes the growth of cells carrying cancer-causing mutations in the lungs.

Environment - 20.09.2022
Satellites now get full-year view of Arctic sea ice
Satellites now get full-year view of Arctic sea ice
Satellites can now measure the thickness of Arctic sea ice in the summer months for the first time, thanks to a new study involving UCL researchers. Until now, satellites could only measure sea ice thickness between October and March, when the ice and snow are cold and dry. In the warmer months, melt ponds on top of the ice floes confused the instruments, which could not be used to distinguish between melted ice on an ice floe and the ocean.

Environment - Psychology - 02.09.2022
Climate anxiety an important driver for climate action - new study
A study from CAST finds that whilst climate anxiety is low amongst the UK public, it may be an important driver of climate action such as cutting down on waste. The first-ever detailed study of climate anxiety among the UK adult population suggests that whilst rates are currently low, people's fears about the future of the planet might be an important trigger for action when it comes to adapting our high-carbon lifestyles to become more environmentally friendly.

Chemistry - Environment - 01.09.2022
Better metal oxides to boost the green credentials of many energy applications
Better metal oxides to boost the green credentials of many energy applications
Researchers have solved a key hurdle in greener manufacturing, carbon capture, energy storage and gas purification - using metal oxides. Metal oxides are compounds that play a crucial role in processes that reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. These processes include carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS), purifying and recycling inert gases in solar panel manufacturing, thermochemical energy storage, and producing hydrogen for energy.

Health - Environment - 01.09.2022
New £7 million NIHR funding for global health research
Researchers at the University of Glasgow have been awarded a multi-million pound grant, to establish a new health research unit to help tackle health inequalities in Latin America. Professor Alastair Leyland, based at the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit at the University of Glasgow, has been awarded £7 million for five years by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) to establish a Global Health Research Unit on Social and Environmental Determinants of Health Inequalities.

Environment - Health - 26.08.2022
A new method to assess the health of the ozone layer
Researchers have developed a new method for assessing the impact of ozone-depleting chemicals released into the atmosphere. The ozone layer-sits in the stratosphere - between 15 km and 30 km above the Earth -and provides a shield from some of the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation. Without this ozone protection, higher levels of ultraviolet radiation would-reach the Earth's surface and result in an increased-incidence-of skin cancer and eye disease as well as adversely effecting plants and crops.

Environment - Chemistry - 24.08.2022
New method to assess ozone layer recovery
Researchers have developed a new method for assessing the impacts of ozone-destroying substances that threaten the recovery of the ozone layer. The Montreal Protocol is successfully protecting the ozone layer, but there is increasing evidence to suggest the ozone hole is recovering slower than expected John Pyle Published in the journal Nature , their method - the Integrated Ozone Depletion (IOD) metric - provides a useful tool for policymakers and scientists.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.08.2022
Shark impact on fishing communities
People who make a living fishing off the coral reefs around the Maldives say their daily income is down by almost a quarter due to sharks stealing their catch. The waters around the Maldives, a collection of islands in the Indian Ocean, were designated a shark sanctuary in 2010 to help conserve shark species which had been in decline, primarily due to overfishing.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 22.08.2022
Sulfur shortage: a potential resource crisis looming as the world decarbonises
Sulfur shortage: a potential resource crisis looming as the world decarbonises
A projected shortage of sulfuric acid, a crucial chemical in our modern industrial society, could stifle green technology advancement and threaten global food security, according to a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) journal The Geographical Journal , highlights that global demand for sulfuric acid is set to rise significantly from '246 to 400 million tonnes' by 2040 - a result of more intensive agriculture and the world moving away from fossil fuels.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.08.2022
Museum collections indicate bees increasingly stressed by changes in climate
Museum collections indicate bees increasingly stressed by changes in climate
An analysis of bumblebee wings from a network of UK museums shows signs of stress linked to increasingly hotter and wetter conditions. As well as revealing what is linked to stress in bees in the past, the study can help predict when and where bees will face most stress and potential decline in the future.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.08.2022
Engineering enzymes to help solve the planet’s plastic problem
Researchers from the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology (MIB) have developed a new enzyme engineering platform to improve plastic degrading enzymes through directed evolution. To illustrate the utility of their platform, they have engineered an enzyme that can successfully degrade poly(ethylene) terephthalate (PET), the plastic commonly used in plastic bottles.

Environment - Innovation - 01.08.2022
Next-gen heat pump could cut energy bills and carbon emissions
Researchers from the University of Glasgow have developed a new type of heat pump, a flexible heat pump technology, which could help households save on their energy bills and contribute towards net-zero emissions goals. Heat pumps are a low-carbon alternative to gas boilers. They draw energy from external low temperature sources, most commonly outdoor air, in order to heat indoor spaces.