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Health - Pharmacology - 26.04.2024
New treatment for brain tumours approved following decades of work
The first ever targeted treatment for brain tumours in children has been approved for NHS patients, following over 20 years of research by a UCL clinician scientist. Professor Darren Hargrave, who is a researcher at the UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health and consultant at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (GOSH), was the Chair of the TADPOLE-G trial steering group, alongside researchers across the world.

Health - Pharmacology - 26.04.2024
Azithromycin and preventing chronic lung disease in premature babies
The early use of azithromycin does not prevent the development of chronic lung disease in premature babies, finds new research by Cardiff University. The largest clinic trial for azithromycin and chronic lung diseases in premature babies has provided definitive answers to whether azithromycin can decrease rates of chronic lung disease in prematurely born babies.

Physics - Materials Science - 25.04.2024
Novel One-Dimensional Superconductor
Novel One-Dimensional Superconductor
In a significant development in the field of superconductivity, researchers at The University of Manchester have successfully achieved robust superconductivity in high magnetic fields using a newly created one-dimensional (1D) system. This breakthrough offers a promising pathway to achieving superconductivity in the quantum Hall regime, a longstanding challenge in condensed matter physics.

Health - 24.04.2024
Study highlights increased risk of second cancers among breast cancer survivors
Study highlights increased risk of second cancers among breast cancer survivors
Survivors of breast cancer are at significantly higher risk of developing second cancers, including endometrial and ovarian cancer for women and prostate cancer for men, according to new research studying data from almost 600,000 patients in England. It's important for us to understand to what extent having one type of cancer puts you at risk of a second cancer at a different site.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 24.04.2024
A simple ’twist’ improves the engine of clean fuel generation
Researchers have found a way to super-charge the 'engine' of sustainable fuel generation - by giving the materials a little twist. The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, are developing low-cost light-harvesting semiconductors that power devices for converting water into clean hydrogen fuel, using just the power of the sun.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.04.2024
'profound' link between dietary choices and brain health
’profound’ link between dietary choices and brain health
New research has highlighted the profound link between dietary choices and brain health. The research, published in the journal Nature , showed that a healthy, balanced diet was linked to superior brain health, cognitive function and mental wellbeing. The study, involving researchers at the University of Warwick, sheds light on how our food preferences not only influence physical health but also significantly impact brain health.

Environment - 24.04.2024
Finding bat roosts no longer like searching for 'a needle in a haystack'
Finding bat roosts no longer like searching for ’a needle in a haystack’
A new algorithm is making it easier for ecologists and conservationists to find bat roost locations - reducing search areas by nearly 375 times their previous size. The technology combines microphone detector data with a bat movement model to identify optimal searching regions and predict roost locations.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.04.2024
Concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK
Research finds concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK Alcohol is the most commonly used substance, while vaping is now more common than cigarette smoking among young people, according to a new WHO/Europe report coordinated by researchers at the University of Glasgow. The latest data from across Europe, Central Asia and Canada, from the new Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, paints a concerning picture of adolescent substance use in the UK and beyond.

Health - 23.04.2024
Livestock abortion surveillance could protect livelihoods and detect emerging global pathogens
Livestock abortion surveillance could protect livelihoods and detect emerging global pathogens
A small-scale surveillance system in Tanzania for reporting livestock abortions could help protect livelihoods and provide insights on potential livestock-to-human infections. The research, led by Washington State University in collaboration with the University of Glasgow and published as a reviewed preprint in eLife, is described as an important study with convincing findings of potential interest to the fields of veterinary medicine, public health and epidemiology.

Environment - 23.04.2024
More support needed to help households transition to green energy, research concludes
Citizens will need greater financial support and advice as they make the switch to decarbonised heat sources, research from Cardiff University shows. Published in the journal Nature Energy , this is the first paper to examine in-depth householder perceptions across a diverse range of low carbon heating technologies including heat pumps, hydrogen, hybrid heating and heat networks, as well as upgrades to home insulation and energy networks that will be needed to make each technology work.

Life Sciences - 22.04.2024
Pressure in the womb may influence facial development
Pressure in the womb may influence facial development
Physical cues in the womb, and not just genetics, influence the normal development of neural crest cells, the embryonic stem cells that form facial features, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The study published in Nature Cell Biology found that an increase in hydrostatic pressure sensed by the embryo can hinder the healthy development of facial features in mouse and frog embryos and in human embryoids (cell structures grown in the lab from human stem cells), suggesting that differences in pressure might affect the risk of facial malformations.

Health - Economics - 22.04.2024
Taxing unhealthy food helps cut obesity, says global study
Mexico is leading the way in implementing taxes on unhealthy food options, successfully helping to tackle obesity and related health issues. Taxes on foods that are high in fat, salt or sugar (HFSS) reduce the sale, purchase and consumption of those foods, according to a new peer-reviewed analysis of evidence from around the world from Imperial College Business School.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 22.04.2024
Mystery behind huge opening in Antarctic sea ice solved
Mystery behind huge opening in Antarctic sea ice solved
Researchers have discovered the missing piece of the puzzle behind a rare opening in the sea ice around Antarctica, which was nearly twice the size of Wales and occurred during the winters of 2016 and 2017. A study published today [1 May 2024] in Science Advances reveals a key process that had eluded scientists as to how the opening, called a polynya, was able to form and persist for several weeks.

Health - 22.04.2024
Cost increasingly important motive for quitting smoking in England
Cost increasingly important motive for quitting smoking in England
Health concerns are still the primary motive for more than half of those who say they want to stop smoking in England, but cost is now a key factor for more than one in four, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers said that, given this shift in thinking, making much more of the potential savings to be had might encourage more people to stub out for good.

Earth Sciences - 22.04.2024
Feedback loop that is melting ice shelves in West Antarctica revealed
New research has uncovered a feedback loop that may be accelerating the melting of the floating portions of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, pushing up global sea levels. The study, published in Science Advances , sheds new light on the mechanisms driving the melting of ice shelves beneath the surface of the ocean, which have been unclear until now.

Health - 19.04.2024
Virtual reality study will assess link between navigation and Alzheimer’s disease
Researchers at UCL will use a virtual reality game to assess how well people navigate their surroundings to try and spot early signs of Alzheimer's disease. The new study is recruiting healthy volunteers over the aged over 40 to play a game called the 'Cave Crystal Quest' for  two 90-minute sessions at the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience in London.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.04.2024
Link between maternal diabetes and child ADHD may not be causal
While children of mothers with diabetes and more likely to develop ADHD, a new global analysis co-led by UCL and University of Hong Kong researchers suggests the relationship is likely not causal. The authors of the new Nature Medicine study, using data from over 3.6 million mother-baby pairs across three continents, say the link is likely due to genetic and familial factors that are shared between people with diabetes and ADHD.

Criminology / Forensics - Politics - 19.04.2024
Trust levels in the police are falling in England
The University of Glasgow has contributed to research that finds only 40% of people in England trust their police force. The study, commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ERSC), spotlights London's Metropolitan Police as the area where women trust the least - and Conservative voters have higher levels of trust in the force.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.04.2024
Training AI models to answer ’what if’’ questions could improve medical treatments
Machines can learn not only to make predictions, but to handle causal relationships. An international research team shows how this could make medical treatments safer, more efficient, and more personalised. Artificial intelligence techniques can be helpful for multiple medical applications, such as radiology or oncology, where the ability to recognise patterns in large volumes of data is vital.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 18.04.2024
Mess is best: disordered structure of battery-like devices improves performance
Mess is best: disordered structure of battery-like devices improves performance
The energy density of supercapacitors - battery-like devices that can charge in seconds or a few minutes - can be improved by increasing the 'messiness' of their internal structure. This could be a turning point for a field that's been stuck for a little while. Alex Forse Researchers led by the University of Cambridge used experimental and computer modelling techniques to study the porous carbon electrodes used in supercapacitors.
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