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Physics - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
High speed protein movies to aid drug design
Researchers from the University of Southampton have developed technology to help scientists observe proteins in motion. Understanding how proteins move will allow novel drugs to be designed. X-ray crystallography is a scientific method which produces a 3D picture of molecules with exquisite, atomic-level detail.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.03.2024
Climate change disrupts vital ecosystems in the Alps
Reduced snow cover and shifting vegetation patterns in the Alps, both driven by climate change, are having major combined impacts on biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems in the high mountains, according to new research published today. Mountain ranges covering vast areas of the world are warming much faster than surrounding lowland areas, triggering huge reductions in snow cover and rapid upward movement of dwarf-shrubs, such as heather.

Health - 21.03.2024
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
Lower social class throughout life linked to higher risk of cognitive impairment
People in lower socioeconomic positions throughout their lives have a higher risk of developing mild cognitive impairment by the age of 50, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL. The study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health , found that individuals who moved upward or downward in terms of their socioeconomic position were also at a higher risk of impairment compared to those who maintained a constant higher socioeconomic status.

Health - 20.03.2024
New study highlights troubling trends in midlife mortality in the US and UK
A new study by researchers at the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science (LCDS) and Princeton University reveals that US working-age adults are dying at higher rates than their peers in high-income countries; the UK is also falling behind. The study is published in the International Journal of Epidemiology .

Astronomy / Space - Health - 20.03.2024
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Astronauts have been able to track their muscle health in spaceflight for the first time using a handheld device, revealing which muscles are most at risk of weakening in low gravity conditions. An international research team, including the University of Southampton and led by Charité University in Berlin, monitored the muscle health of twelve astronauts before, during and after a stay on the International Space Station (ISS).

Economics - 20.03.2024
Using AI to price loans could boost profits at lenders by over a third
Using AI to price loans could boost profits at lenders by over a third
Study of car lenders shows AI could mitigate bias and open lending to marginalised customers. Published on Wednesday 20 March 2024 Last updated on Thursday 21 March 2024 Lenders operating in indirect retail channels such as car dealerships could improve their profit margins by over a third by using artificial intelligence to support the retailers' salespeople rather than rely on salespeople alone to price loans at their discretion, new research from the University of Bath shows.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 19.03.2024
Researchers uncover remarkable archive of ancient human brains
A new study conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford has challenged previously held views that brain preservation in the archaeological record is extremely rare. The team carried out the largest study to date of the global archaeological literature about preserved human brains to compile an archive that exceeds 20-fold the number of brains previously compiled.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.03.2024
Cells harvested from urine may have diagnostic potential for kidney disease, find scientists
Genes expressed in human cells harvested from urine are remarkably similar to those of the kidney itself, suggesting they could be an important non-invasive source of information on the kidney. The news offers hope that doctors may one day be able to investigate suspected kidney pathologies without carrying out invasive procedures such as biopsies, raising the tantalising prospect of earlier and simpler disease detection.

Health - 19.03.2024
Similar DNA changes found in cells of both smokers and e-cigarette users
Similar DNA changes found in cells of both smokers and e-cigarette users
E-cigarette users with a limited smoking history experience similar DNA changes to specific cheek cells as smokers, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and University of Innsbruck. This study is an incremental step in helping researchers to build a deeper understanding of the long-term effects of e-cigarettes on health.

Health - Veterinary - 18.03.2024
New RVC research proves clinical benefits from surgical intervention for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture
A new study from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has revealed that surgical management of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) ruptures in dogs causes better outcomes for reducing lameness compared to non-surgical management. The study demonstrated substantial clinical benefits following surgical management for CCL, with short-term lameness reduced by a quarter and long-term lameness by a third.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.03.2024
New research could help doctors ’see’ bowel cancer
Imaging technology could provide a ground-breaking new approach for diagnosing and treating bowel cancer patients, thanks to Cancer Research scientists in Glasgow. Biopsies are currently used to diagnose bowel cancer but require an invasive procedure which offers risks, such as potential infection, and are unable to capture an entire picture of what is happening in a patient's bowel.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.03.2024
New blood test could identify people at highest risk of dying from heart failure
A blood test could help identify those at highest risk of dying from heart failure, new research has found. The study, funded by the British Heart Foundation, found that patients with highest levels of a protein called neuropeptide Y (NPY) were 50 per cent more likely to die from a heart complication over the three years that the research was conducted, compared to those with lower levels.

Health - 18.03.2024
Can over-the-counter cold medicine treat covid-19?
Research by Cardiff University shows that over-the-counter cold and flu treatments are safe and effective for managing mild covid-19 symptoms at home and could help alleviate the burden on hospitals during high incidence of the illness in the population. The study, led by Ron Eccles, Emeritus Professor in the School of Biosciences, found that medicines used to treat cold and flu symptoms - such as pain relief, fever reducers, decongestants and cough suppressants - can also be used to manage mild covid-19 infection at home despite not being licensed for such.

Social Sciences - Environment - 15.03.2024
Communities more likely to adopt conservation measures if their neighbours have
Research undertaken in Fiji found that communities were more likely to adopt marine conservation initiatives if their neighbours have. A new paper published in Global Environmental Change featuring Imperial College London researchers explores how Indigenous-led initiatives can be scaled to protect marine ecosystems.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.03.2024
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Longer mobile phone use does not increase the risk of brain tumours
Using a mobile phone for extended periods is not linked with an increased risk of brain cancer, a study shows. These are the findings from the COSMOS study, a large international project led by researchers at the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Imperial College London. Starting in 2007, researchers studied more than 250,000 mobile phone users to investigate if extensive use of mobile phones increases the risk of brain tumours over time.

Health - 14.03.2024
Study explores homeless women’s experiences of ’period poverty’
Research from the University of Southampton has identified common issues women face when experiencing periods while homeless. A review of research published in Women and Health has found homeless women experienced practical challenges in managing menstruation alongside feelings of embarrassment and shame, with many 'making do' due to inadequate provision.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.03.2024
Treatments for rare diseases are needed to beat kidney failure
Treatments for rare diseases are needed to beat kidney failure
Focusing on rare conditions could significantly reduce the burden of kidney disease on both patients and the NHS, according to a major new study led by UCL and the UK Kidney Association. The study, published in The Lancet to mark World Kidney Day, draws on the largest rare kidney disease dataset ever created.

Health - Psychology - 14.03.2024
Young people seeing GPs for mental health problems have low ongoing contact, finds study
Most children and adolescents in England presenting to their GPs with psychiatric symptoms have low or declining rates of ongoing contact, according to a study led by University of Manchester researchers. The findings, published in Lancet Psychiatry today (13/03/2024) and funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research and Wellcome , could indicate that most children are in a low risk group and won't require long-term support, providing reassurance for children and their parents and caregivers.

Career - Psychology - 13.03.2024
Unintended ethical faultline in team-based reward systems
Unintended ethical faultline in team-based reward systems
Employees rewarded jointly more likely to turn blind eye to team members' bad behaviour. Published on Wednesday 13 March 2024 Last updated on Thursday 14 March 2024 Employers who have introduced team-based rewards systems to foster creativity, collaboration, productivity and sales may want to look again at a system that new research shows can create an unintended, insidious side-effect.

Astronomy / Space - 13.03.2024
Survey reveals secrets of planet birth around dozens of stars
Survey reveals secrets of planet birth around dozens of stars
A team of astronomers including UCL's Professor Paola Pinilla have conducted one of the largest ever surveys of planet-forming discs, shedding new light on the fascinating and complex process of planet formation. The research, published in three new papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics , brings together observations of more than 80 young stars that might have planets forming around them, providing astronomers with a wealth of data and unique insights into how planets arise in different regions of our galaxy.
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