Agronomy/Food Science

Results 81 - 100 of 284.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.02.2018
’Apple shape’ more strongly linked to risk of heart attack in women
Women with bigger waists relative to their hips face a proportionately greater risk of experiencing a heart attack than men who have a similar 'apple shape', new research from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford has found. The study, of nearly 500,000 people who provided data to the UK Biobank, suggests that in both sexes, the waist-to-hip ratio is a better predictor of heart attacks than general obesity, as measured by weight relative to body size using the body mass index (BMI).

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 27.02.2018
New evidence suggests nutritional labelling on menus may reduce our calorie intake
New evidence published in the Cochrane Library today shows that adding calorie labels to menus and next to food in restaurants, coffee shops and cafeterias, could reduce the calories that people consume, although the quality of evidence is low.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.02.2018
Forest fires during droughts are major source of Amazonian carbon emissions
Extreme droughts in the Brazilian Amazon are causing forest fires that release significant carbon emissions, reveals a new study. Despite significant achievements by the Brazilian authorities in curbing carbon emissions from deforestation, these gains could be undermined by repeated droughts in the 21st Century.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.01.2018
Could re-designing supermarkets, bars and restaurants "nudge" us towards healthy habits?
Behavioural and cognitive scientists at the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol today launched a new four year programme of research funded by a prestigious Wellcome Collaborative Award in Science to investigate ways to 'nudge' people towards healthier behaviour. This includes improving diets, reducing alcohol consumption, and stopping smoking - in order to improve health across the population.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.01.2018
Women’s reproductive health linked to risk of heart disease and stroke
Girls who start their periods before they turn 12 are at greater risk of developing heart disease and stroke in later life, according to a new study of nearly 300,000 women in the UK by The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford. Women who give birth at a young age, experience miscarriage or stillbirth, or who go through the menopause early, are also more likely to develop cardiovascular disease when they get older, the study found.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.01.2018
Sleeping for longer leads to a healthier diet
Sleeping for longer each night is a simple lifestyle intervention that could help reduce intake of sugary foods and lead to a generally healthier diet, according to a King's College London study. Sleep is a modifiable risk factor for various conditions including obesity and cardio-metabolic disease with some figures suggesting more than a third of adults in the UK are not getting enough sleep.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 08.01.2018
Severe obesity linked to newly identified gene mutations
Researchers have discovered mutations in a gene related to obesity, offering new treatment possibilities in the fight against the global epidemic. Research into the genetic causes of obesity, and related conditions, could be incredibly valuable in finding ways to treat them. Currently, there are some drugs available or being tested, but knowing what specific mutations cause obesity allows scientists to create drugs that target them specifically.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.12.2017
Over 50s with fewer teeth at risk of frailty
Over 50s with fewer than 20 teeth at higher risk of musculoskeletal frailty New research by scientists at King's College London has found that tooth loss may contribute to musculoskeletal frailty in the over 50s, with those with fewer than 20 teeth being at greatest risk. Published in Geriatrics & Gerontology International on 11 December, the research led by Dr Wael Sabbah, from King's College London Dental Institute, examined the overall health of 9,338 Americans aged 50 years and older.

Agronomy / Food Science - 04.12.2017
Individual choices, not family influence teenagers’ non-alcoholic drink preference
Adolescents' non-alcoholic drinks preferences are strongly influenced by their own individual circumstances and lifestyle choices, but not by their families and home environment, according to a new UCL study. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the Medical Research Council, is the first paper to establish the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on liking for a range of common non-alcoholic beverages, in a large population-based sample of older adolescent twins.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.11.2017
Prehistoric women’s manual work was tougher than rowing in today’s elite boat crews
The first study to compare ancient and living female bones shows that women from early agricultural eras had stronger arms than the rowers of Cambridge University's famously competitive boat club. Researchers say the findings suggest a "hidden history" of gruelling manual labour performed by women that stretched across millennia.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.11.2017
Diabetes and obesity together responsible for nearly 800,000 cancers worldwide
For the first time researchers have quantified the number of cancers likely to be caused by diabetes and high body mass index (BMI) worldwide. The study , led by Imperial College London, found that nearly six per cent of new worldwide cancer cases in 2012 were caused by the combined effects of diabetes and being overweight (BMI of over 25 kg/m2) or obese (BMI of over 30 kg/m2).

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.11.2017
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
A new simple test that helps predicts which people with type 2 diabetes will benefit most from weight loss surgery has been developed by a UCL-led team. The study, published today in Diabetic Medicine , also reports that keeping the weight off after bariatric surgery is more important than which type of weight loss operation was done.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.11.2017
Food shortage is not the global crisis, lack of access to food is the issue - say NGOs
'Genome editing is not the answer to world poverty, because food shortage isn't the problem' says a group of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) surveyed by the University of Nottingham. This is one of three main findings in a report from the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University, which looks at NGO's scepticism of genome editing technology.

Earth Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 23.10.2017
Crops evolving ten millennia before experts thought
Ancient peoples began to systematically affect evolution of crops up to 30,000 years ago - ten millennia before experts previously thought, says new University of Warwick research Rice, wheat and barley were used so much that their evolution was affected - beginning the process that eventually turned them from wild to domesticated - as long ago as the last Ice Age Einkorn found to be on the evolutionary trajectory to domestication up to 30,000 y

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 17.08.2017
Children who skip breakfast may not be getting recommended nutrients
A study by researchers at King's College London has found that children who skip breakfast regularly may not be consuming the daily amounts of key nutrients for growth and development that are recommended by the UK government. Children who ate breakfast every day were deemed to have overall superior nutritional profiles compared to those who didn't.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.08.2017
’Fat but fit’ are at increased risk of heart disease
Carrying extra weight could raise your risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even if you are otherwise healthy. Researchers have found that being overweight or obese increases a person's risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by up to 28 per cent compared to those with a healthy bodyweight, even if they have healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.07.2017
Could redesigning supermarkets, bars and restaurants ’nudge’ us away from harmful consumption of food, alcohol and tobacco?
Behavioural and cognitive scientists at the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol have been awarded a prestigious Wellcome Collaborative Award in Science. This will investigate ways to 'nudge' people towards healthier behaviour - to reduce their food and alcohol consumption and to stop smoking - in order to improve health across the population.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.07.2017
Body size and prostate cancer risk
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in Europe and the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in men worldwide. A new study led by researchers in the Nuffield Department of Population Health Cancer Epidemiology Unit (CEU) investigated the associations of height and obesity with prostate cancer by different tumour characteristics and death from prostate cancer and found that taller men and men with more fat are at greater risk of high grade prostate cancer and death from prostate cancer.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.07.2017
Drinking coffee reduces risk of death from all causes, study finds
People who drink around three cups of coffee a day may live longer than non-coffee drinkers, a landmark study has found. The findings come from the largest study of its kind, in which scientists analysed data from more than half a million people across 10 European countries, including the UK, to explore the effect of coffee consumption on risk of mortality.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.07.2017
Sugar intake during pregnancy is associated with allergy and allergic asthma in children
High maternal sugar intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the offspring, according to an early study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) involving University of Bristol researchers and almost 9,000 mother-child pairs. While some research has reported an association between a high consumption of sugar-containing beverages and asthma in children, the relation between maternal sugar intake during pregnancy and allergy and asthma in the offspring has been little studied.