Results 141 - 160 of 290.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.04.2016
Maternal obesity and diabetes in pregnancy result in early overgrowth of the baby in the womb
The babies of obese women who develop gestational diabetes are five times as likely to be excessively large by six months of pregnancy, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge. The study, which shows that excessive fetal growth begins weeks before at-risk women are screened for gestational diabetes, suggests that current screening programmes may take place too late during pregnancy to prevent lasting health impacts on the offspring.
Agronomy / Food Science - 06.04.2016
Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees
Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees Exposure to a pesticide banned by the European Union significantly affects the learning of honeybees but has no effect on bumblebees - scientists from the University of Sussex have discovered. The research is the first time scientists have looked into how both species respond to field-realistic-levels of the neonicotinoid insecticide 'clothianidin' which was banned for use on flowering crops by the European Union in 2013.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.03.2016
Eating polyunsaturated fats linked to slowing diabetes progress for some
Research led by a dietitian at King's College London has found that replacing saturated fat in the diet with polyunsaturated fat, found in foods such as vegetable oils or nuts, is linked to slower progress of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes whose muscles do not take up glucose properly. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2016
Healthy vs unhealthy food: the challenges of understanding food choices
We know a lot about food but little about the food choices that affect the nation's health. Researchers have begun to devise experiments to find out why we choose a chocolate bar over an apple - and whether 'swaps' and 'nudges' are effective. Perceiving food as tasty is important. It's not good enough simply to tell people what is healthy if they don't think those foods are also tasty.
Chemistry - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.03.2016
Agricultural fertiliser could pose risk to human fertility, sheep study finds
Eating meat from animals grazed on land treated with commonly-used agricultural fertilisers might have serious implications for pregnant women and the future reproductive health of their unborn children, according to a new study involving sheep.
Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.02.2016
Being overweight linked to poorer memory
Overweight young adults may have poorer episodic memory - the ability to recall past events - than their peers, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge, adding to increasing evidence of a link between memory and overeating.
Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 13.02.2016
Eating breakfast could help obese people get more active
Eating breakfast causes obese people to be more active, according to the latest research published from our health researchers. The study, from health scientists based within the Department for Health and published in the leading diet and nutrition journal the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , analysed the links between breakfast and health for individuals classed as 'obese', comparing the results from a fasting group with a breakfasting group.
Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2016
Link between food advertising and child food consumption
New research at the University of Liverpool has confirmed that unhealthy food advertising increases food intake in children. Researchers, led by Dr Emma Boyland from the University's Institute of Psychology, Health & Society , reviewed and analysed 22 separate studies that had examined the impact of acute, experimental unhealthy food advertising exposure on food consumption.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.01.2016
Brain Receptor Regulates Fat Burning in Cells
Suppressing levels of a specific brain receptor can help to protect against diet-induced obesity as well as health concerns such as type-2 diabetes and fatty liver disease. Lower levels of p75 neurotrophin receptor (NTR) - a receptor involved in neuron growth and survival - has been shown to "put the brakes" on the body's metabolism of fat.
Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.01.2016
People face subconscious urges to over-eat at this time of year, study finds
People have evolved to have subconscious urges to over-eat, and limited ability to avoid becoming obese, especially in winter, a study by the Universities of Bristol and Exeter has found. There is not yet an evolutionary mechanism to help us overcome the lure of sweet, fatty and unhealthy food and avoid becoming overweight for understandable and sensible reasons, according to researchers.
Agronomy / Food Science - 06.01.2016
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s, study shows
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s, study shows Drought and extreme heat events in Europe slashed cereal harvests in recent decades by up to 20 per cent according to new research by the University of Sussex and Canadian academics. At a time when global warming is projected to produce more extreme weather yields and production around the world.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.11.2015
Diabetes drug could be used to combat fatty liver disease, research shows
New research published in The Lancet has shown that a drug, currently used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, can be effective in clearing fatty liver disease from some patients. The researchers from the University of Birmingham believe that the findings present the possibility of new therapies for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, for which there is no current licensed treatment.
Agronomy / Food Science - 10.11.2015
Evidence shows low energy sweeteners help reduce energy intake and body weight
Use of low energy sweeteners (LES) in place of sugar, in children and adults, leads to reduced calorie intake and body weight - and possibly also when comparing LES beverages to water - according to a review led by researchers at the University of Bristol published in the International Journal of Obesity today.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.10.2015
New treatment for obesity developed
Researchers at the University of Liverpool, working with a global healthcare company, have helped develop a new treatment for obesity. The treatment, which is a once-daily injectable derivative of a metabolic hormone called GLP-1 conventionally used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, has proved successful in helping non-diabetic obese patients lose weight.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.09.2015
Surgery achieves better long-term control of type 2 diabetes
Metabolic or bariatric surgery may be more effective than standard medical treatments for the long-term control of type 2 diabetes in obese patients, according to a new study by King's College London and the Universita Cattolica in Rome, Italy. The study, published in the Lancet , is the first to provide data on five-year outcomes of surgery from a randomized clinical trial specifically designed to compare this new approach against standard medical therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.09.2015
Manipulation of food structure could lead the way to a healthier diet
A new study led by scientists at King's College London shows that preserving the natural structure of dietary fibre during food production can help to slow the rise in blood sugar levels after a meal. This finding may lead the way for the development of a new generation of food products that contain similar ingredients to existing products, but with a more natural, enzyme resistant structure around the starch that enables it to be digested more slowly.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.08.2015
Aspirin reduces obesity cancer risk
Research has shown that a regular dose of aspirin reduces the long-term risk of cancer in those who are overweight. Researchers found that being overweight more than doubled the risk of bowel cancer in people with Lynch Syndrome, an inherited genetic disorder which affects genes responsible for detecting and repairing damage in the DNA.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.07.2015
Inflammatory marker predicts breast cancer risk in obese post-menopausal women
Imperial researchers have shed new light on the link between obesity and breast cancer in post-menopausal women. "The link between obesity and breast cancer in post-menopausal women has been identified, but is not fully understood," says Dr Marc Gunter, from Imperial's School of Public Health, who led the research.
Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 28.07.2015
Nutrition and pregnancy: scientists challenge 'eat for two’ myth
A new study suggests that women may not need to 'eat for two' during pregnancy because the body could adapt to absorb more energy from food. The findings, which are based on hormone research carried out in fruit flies, may also help to explain why some women struggle to lose weight after giving birth.
Agronomy / Food Science - 24.07.2015
Support from grandparents linked with lower levels of obesity in children
A new pilot study from Karolinska Institutet and the University of Oxford has shown how important the support from grandparents could be in protecting against child obesity. According to the study, published in Pediatric Obesity , emotional support from grandparents may have a preventative effect against child obesity, even with the presence of other risk factors.