Agronomy/Food Science

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Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 18.08.2016
Unhealthy diet during pregnancy could be linked to ADHD
New research led by scientists from King's College London and the University of Bristol has found that a high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may be linked to symptoms of ADHD in children who show conduct problems early in life. Published today in The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry , this study is the first to indicate that epigenetic changes evident at birth may explain the link between unhealthy diet, conduct problems and ADHD.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 25.07.2016
Salad days - tomatoes that last longer and still taste good
The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of the most valuable fruit crops in the world with an annual global value in excess of $50bn. We eat so many they also play an important role in our diet providing valuable vitamins, minerals and health promoting phytochemicals. Plant breeders are working continuously to supply high yielding, better tasting, more nutritious and longer lasting tomato varieties, but some of the best tasting varieties soften rapidly and can have a short shelf life.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.07.2016
Obesity linked to premature death, with greatest effect in men
A study of 3.9 million adults published today in The Lancet has found that being overweight or obese is associated with an increased risk of premature death. The risks of coronary heart disease, stroke, respiratory disease and cancer are all increased. Overall, the excess risk of premature death (before age 70) among those who are overweight or obese is about three times as great in men as in women.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 10.06.2016
Peanut allergy prevention strategy does not impact breastfeeding or nutrition, study shows
Introducing peanut-containing foods during infancy as a peanut allergy prevention strategy does not compromise the duration of breastfeeding or affect children's growth and nutritional intakes, new findings show. The work, carried out by researchers at King's College London and funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, is published today in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology .

Agronomy / Food Science - 17.05.2016
No link between eating dinner after 8pm and obesity in children
Researchers at King's College London have found no significant link between eating the evening meal after 8pm and excess weight in children, according to a paper published this month in the British Journal of Nutrition . Previous evidence suggested that the timing of food intake can have a significant impact on circadian rhythms (i.e.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 10.05.2016
Why is there a social divide in child obesity rates?
Why is there a social divide in child obesity rates?
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have identified important early life factors that contribute to childhood obesity rates being different for children from different socio-economic backgrounds. It is well known that overweight and obesity are more common among children from disadvantaged backgrounds, but it's not known how much of a role early life factors might have in this.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.05.2016
Does food addiction affect your eating behaviour?
Researchers from the University of Liverpool have published a paper regarding their work on how beliefs about food addiction can affect eating behaviour. Obesity is often attributed to an addiction to food and many people believe themselves to be "food addicts." However, until now no studies have looked at whether believing oneself to be a food addict influences how much we eat.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.04.2016
Long-term phosphorus accumulation in land and water
Researchers studying three of the world's great rivers have found evidence of a legacy that could affect our planet for generations. The study of three river basins where food and water security are directly linked to phosphorus - a chemical element in fertiliser essential for food production - included the Thames River basin in the U.K., the Maumee River Basin in the mid-western section of the U.S. and the Yangtze River Basin in China.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.04.2016
Maternal obesity and diabetes in pregnancy result in early overgrowth of the baby in the womb
The babies of obese women who develop gestational diabetes are five times as likely to be excessively large by six months of pregnancy, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge. The study, which shows that excessive fetal growth begins weeks before at-risk women are screened for gestational diabetes, suggests that current screening programmes may take place too late during pregnancy to prevent lasting health impacts on the offspring.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.04.2016
Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees
Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees
Banned EU pesticide affects learning of honeybees but not bumblebees Exposure to a pesticide banned by the European Union significantly affects the learning of honeybees but has no effect on bumblebees - scientists from the University of Sussex have discovered. The research is the first time scientists have looked into how both species respond to field-realistic-levels of the neonicotinoid insecticide 'clothianidin' which was banned for use on flowering crops by the European Union in 2013.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.03.2016
Eating polyunsaturated fats linked to slowing diabetes progress for some
Research led by a dietitian at King's College London has found that replacing saturated fat in the diet with polyunsaturated fat, found in foods such as vegetable oils or nuts, is linked to slower progress of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes whose muscles do not take up glucose properly. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.03.2016
Healthy vs unhealthy food: the challenges of understanding food choices
We know a lot about food but little about the food choices that affect the nation's health. Researchers have begun to devise experiments to find out why we choose a chocolate bar over an apple - and whether 'swaps' and 'nudges' are effective. Perceiving food as tasty is important. It's not good enough simply to tell people what is healthy if they don't think those foods are also tasty.

Chemistry - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.03.2016
Agricultural fertiliser could pose risk to human fertility, sheep study finds
Eating meat from animals grazed on land treated with commonly-used agricultural fertilisers might have serious implications for pregnant women and the future reproductive health of their unborn children, according to a new study involving sheep.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.02.2016
Being overweight linked to poorer memory
Overweight young adults may have poorer episodic memory - the ability to recall past events - than their peers, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge, adding to increasing evidence of a link between memory and overeating.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 13.02.2016
Eating breakfast could help obese people get more active
Eating breakfast could help obese people get more active
Eating breakfast causes obese people to be more active, according to the latest research published from our health researchers. The study, from health scientists based within the  Department for Health and published in the leading diet and nutrition journal the  American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , analysed the links between breakfast and health for individuals classed as 'obese', comparing the results from a fasting group with a breakfasting group.

Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.01.2016
Link between food advertising and child food consumption
New research at the University of Liverpool has confirmed that unhealthy food advertising increases food intake in children. Researchers, led by Dr Emma Boyland from the University's Institute of Psychology, Health & Society , reviewed and analysed 22 separate studies that had examined the impact of acute, experimental unhealthy food advertising exposure on food consumption.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.01.2016
Brain Receptor Regulates Fat Burning in Cells
Suppressing levels of a specific brain receptor can help to protect against diet-induced obesity as well as health concerns such as type-2 diabetes and fatty liver disease.‌ Lower levels of p75 neurotrophin receptor (NTR) - a receptor involved in neuron growth and survival - has been shown to "put the brakes" on the body's metabolism of fat.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.01.2016
People face subconscious urges to over-eat at this time of year, study finds
People face subconscious urges to over-eat at this time of year, study finds
People have evolved to have subconscious urges to over-eat, and limited ability to avoid becoming obese, especially in winter, a study by the Universities of Bristol and Exeter has found. There is not yet an evolutionary mechanism to help us overcome the lure of sweet, fatty and unhealthy food and avoid becoming overweight for understandable and sensible reasons, according to researchers.

Agronomy / Food Science - 06.01.2016
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s, study shows
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s, study shows
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s, study shows Drought and extreme heat events in Europe slashed cereal harvests in recent decades by up to 20 per cent according to new research by the University of Sussex and Canadian academics. At a time when global warming is projected to produce more extreme weather yields and production around the world.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.11.2015
Diabetes drug could be used to combat fatty liver disease, research shows
New research published in The Lancet has shown that a drug, currently used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, can be effective in clearing fatty liver disease from some patients. The researchers from the University of Birmingham believe that the findings present the possibility of new therapies for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, for which there is no current licensed treatment.
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