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Agronomy / Food Science - 24.06.2022
Intensive farming may actually reduce risk of pandemics, experts argue
Intensive farming may actually reduce risk of pandemics, experts argue
Scientists evaluate the evidence that intensive livestock farming is causing pandemics, and find that intensive farming could actually reduce the risk of future pandemics compared to 'free range' farming. Those calling for a move away from intensive farming often fail to consider the counterfactual Harriet Bartlett In the wake of COVID-19, many have pointed to modern industrial farms with tightly-packed livestock as potential hothouses for further pandemics caused by "zoonotic" diseases: those transmitted from animals to humans.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 06.06.2022
Chickens for life not just for dinner
Chickens were introduced to Britain, mainland Europe, and Northern Africa later than previously thought, and were primarily regarded as exotica not food, new research suggests. The study, led by Cardiff University and published in the journal Antiquity is one of two papers published today which together, transform our understanding of how humans' relationship with the popular poultry has evolved over time.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.04.2022
Warming climate and agriculture halve insect populations in some areas
Warming climate and agriculture halve insect populations in some areas
Climate change and intensive agricultural land use have already been responsible for a 49% reduction in the number of insects in the most impacted parts of the world, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The study published in Nature is the first to identify that an interaction between rising temperatures and land use changes, is driving widespread losses in numerous insect groups across the globe.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 11.04.2022
Study sheds new light on the origin of civilisation
The research sheds new light on the mechanisms by which the adoption of agriculture led to complex hierarchies and states It challenges the conventional -productivity theory- which holds that regional differences in land productivity explain regional disparities in the development of hierarchies and states, by theoretical arguments and empirical analysis.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.03.2022
The hidden footprint of low-carbon indoor farming
A new study challenges the universal land-saving claims of vertical farming, finding that there is no one size fits all approach for land use, food security and sustainable agriculture. Faced with population growth, environmental change, and increasing concerns over food security and sustainability - the interest in Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) is on an upward trend.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.09.2021
Changing diets to tackle climate change ’unattainable’ for minority groups
Making food more affordable for ethnic minority groups is crucial to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from our diets, scientists have suggested. According to a new study of food habits in the US, a healthy diet with lower environmental impacts is achievable for a large portion of the population. But it is unaffordable for up to 38% of Black and Hispanic individuals in the lowest income and education groups, twice the percentage of white individuals in the same group.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.09.2021
Urgent need for new approach to combat global grassland degradation
Global grasslands are a source of biodiversity and provide a host of benefits to humans, including food production, water supply, and carbon storage. But their future looks bleak without action to halt their degradation and promote their restoration, according to the authors of a new paper published in the journal Nature Reviews Earth & Environment .

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.07.2021
New Oxford University research will help optimize environmentally friendly ways of fertilising plants
New Oxford University research will help optimize environmentally friendly ways of fertilising plants
New research from the University of Oxford's Departments of Plant Sciences and Engineering, as well as collaborators at VU Amsterdam, uses both mathematical modelling and experimental validation to study the metabolic processes controlling how bacteria provide ammonia to legumes, which is vastly important for sustainable agriculture Ammonia-based fertiliser is commonly used in industrial agriculture, and since the early 20 th  C.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 23.07.2021
Blushing plants reveal when fungi are growing in their roots
Blushing plants reveal when fungi are growing in their roots
Scientists have created plants whose cells and tissues 'blush' with beetroot pigments when they are colonised by fungi that help them take up nutrients from the soil. We can now follow how the relationship between the fungi and plant root develops, in real-time, from the moment they come into contact.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 24.06.2021
Nanotech and AI could hold key to unlocking global food security challenge
Nanotech and AI could hold key to unlocking global food security challenge
'Precision agriculture' where farmers respond in real time to changes in crop growth using nanotechnology and artificial intelligence (AI) could offer a practical solution to the challenges threatening global food security, a new study reveals. Climate change, increasing populations, competing demands on land for production of biofuels and declining soil quality mean it is becoming increasingly difficult to feed the world's populations.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2021
Kelp, maggots and mycoprotein among future foods that must be mass-farmed to combat malnutrition
Kelp, maggots and mycoprotein among future foods that must be mass-farmed to combat malnutrition
Radical changes to the food system are needed to safeguard our food supply and combat malnutrition in the face of climate change, environmental degradation and epidemics, says new report. Advances in technology open up many possibilities for alternative food supply systems that more risk-resilient, and can efficiently supply sustainable nutrition to billions of people Catherine Richards Researchers at the University of Cambridge say our future global food supply cannot be safeguarded by traditional approaches to improving food production.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 04.05.2021
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Pea plants make smart investment decisions that could help inform sustainable agriculture | University of Oxford
Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners. Better understanding of how plants manage these interactions could help with the move towards sustainable agriculture. Researchers at the have shown that pea plants are able to make smart investment decisions when it comes to interactions with their symbiotic bacterial partners.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 29.04.2021
Exploit plants' ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Exploit plants’ ability to tell the time to make food production more sustainable, say scientists
Cambridge plant scientists say circadian clock genes, which enable plants to measure daily and seasonal rhythms, should be targeted in agriculture and crop breeding for higher yields and more sustainable farming. Plants grow much better when their internal clock is matched to the environment they grow in.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.04.2021
Managing peatlands to cut greenhouse gas emissions
Managing peatlands to cut greenhouse gas emissions
Substantial cuts in global greenhouse gas emissions could be achieved by raising water levels in agricultural peatlands, according to a new study. Peatlands occupy just three per cent of the world’s land surface area but store a similar amount of carbon to all terrestrial vegetation, as well as supporting unique biodiversity.

Agronomy / Food Science - 30.03.2021
Growing appetite for meat alternatives in Brussels
A new study analysing changing attitudes to meat-free diets finds growing support for plant-based alternative products in Belgium. Last updated on Tuesday 30 March 2021 Increasing numbers of people in Belgium are turning away from meat in favour of plant-based alternatives, according to new research from psychologists at the University of Bath, in collaboration with Belgian animal welfare organisation GAIA.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 22.03.2021
Eating processed meat could increase dementia risk
Eating processed meat could increase dementia risk
Eating processed meat has been linked with an increased risk of developing dementia. Scientists from the University’s Nutritional Epidemiology Group used data from 500,000 people, discovering that consuming a 25g serving of processed meat a day, the equivalent to one rasher of bacon, is associated with a 44% increased risk of developing the disease.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 18.03.2021
Sugar Tax in Spain has led to only tiny reduction in calories in shopping basket
New research suggests sugar taxes only slightly changed consumer behaviour, arguing that a combination of different policies is fundamental to tackle obesity. Last updated on Friday 19 March 2021 The introduction of a sugar tax, increasing the price of fizzy drinks and other products high in sugar content, has had only a limited, moderate effect in shifting people's dietary habits and behaviours, according to a new study.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 14.01.2021
Science finds simple way to make lamb leaner
Scientists based at Rothamsted and the University of Bristol Veterinary School have found a clear link between the weight of lambs early in their life and meat quality - which is good news for consumers, farmers, and the environment. Currently, 35 per cent of lambs going to market have meat that is considered too fatty, but this new study, published in the journal Animal , shows that it's the lambs which are heaviest at the point of weaning - when they switch from their mother's milk to grazing - that go on to produce the leanest, most sought-after meat at market.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 18.12.2020
Poorer teens at substantially greater risk of obesity
More than one third of UK teenagers are starting adult life with excess weight (either overweight or obese), and rates are even higher among the poorest, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published today in a briefing paper  by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute, shows that one in five (21%) young people were obese at age 17, and a further one in seven (14%) were overweight, based on data collected in 2018-19 .

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2020
Cancer risk from obesity differs for men and women
A new study, led by researchers at the University of Bristol and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), has revealed that where fat is on our body may lead to different health outcomes for men and women. The research, co-funded by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), Cancer Research UK and Diabetes UK, found that having more body fat around your waist is more dangerous for women than it is for men when it comes to risk of developing colorectal cancer (also known as bowel cancer).
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