Social Sciences

Results 21 - 40 of 720.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2021
Social Status calculator shows what
Social Status calculator shows what "class" you would have been in Shakespeare’s Time
Researchers from the University of Kent, King's College London and the University of Birmingham have developed a class calculator to explore the cultural and social world of the 16 th and 17 th Century England. The calculator will allow individuals to see where they would have sat on the social scale during the period of 1560 - 1660 and can be used as a research tool to identify the status of historic figures.

Social Sciences - 16.04.2021
Older adults most likely to make the effort to help others
Older adults are more willing to make an effort to help others than younger adults, according to new research from the University of Birmingham. The study, led by researchers in the University's School of Psychology, is the first to show how effortful 'prosocial' behaviour - intended to benefit others - changes as people get older.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.04.2021
Call for urgent action on energy drinks as new UK research reveals daily use among young people
A consistent number of young people are having energy drinks daily, despite an overall drop in the consumption of sugary beverages over time, new research has found. Academics at Cardiff University analysed the responses of more than 176,000 secondary school children aged 11 to 16. They found between 2013 to 2017, when their use began to be recorded, the proportion of young people consuming energy drinks daily remained stable (6%), while weekly consumption decreased from 23% to 15%.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
No evidence of a significant increase in risk of suicide in first months of the pandemic, but continued monitoring needed
A new observational study is the first to examine suicides occurring during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in multiple countries and finds that suicide numbers largely remained unchanged or declined in the pandemic's early months. The study, led by an international team including University of Bristol researchers, is published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.04.2021
Analysis: Women’s pain is routinely underestimated, and gender stereotypes are to blame
The suspicion that gender stereotypes could lead doctors to underestimate women's pain has been confirmed by research which found healthcare staff, both men and women, often discount women's pain, says Professor Amanda Williams (UCL Clinical, Education & Health Psychology). When a man consults a doctor about pain, he will hope to be taken seriously: to convince the doctor that the pain is real, and a problem that needs addressing.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Psychologists develop first measure of social media impact on teen sleep
Sleep experts have developed a new tool to help more accurately measure young people's ability to disengage from social media before bed. The University of Glasgow researchers who developed the Index of Nighttime Offline Distress, or iNOD, believe it is the first psychological measurement tool of its kind, which reflects the realities of how young people interact with each other in an online world.

Social Sciences - 31.03.2021
Social work guidance to protect adults living with dementia from abuse
New guidance, authored by Dr Jeremy Dixon for the Department of Health & Social Care, aims to improve supported decision-making for adults with dementia. Last updated on Friday 16 April 2021 Fresh guidance published by the Department of Health & Social Care, authored by the University of Bath, aims to protect people living with dementia suffering or at risk of abuse, by involving them more actively in their care plans.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 25.03.2021
Teens ignore advice, but only when they know better
Teenagers are more likely than younger children to ignore advice, but only when the advice is bad, because adolescents are better at judging their own decisions, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers found that between the ages of nine and 12, young people improve their ability to make decisions independently by learning when they should or shouldn't trust their own judgements.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.03.2021
Bristol COVID-19 antibody testing study launched
A study that will enable researchers to understand more about the second wave of COVID-19 and its long-term health effects has been launched today [24 March] by Children of the 90s, a health study based at the University of Bristol. The "COVID-19 antibody testing from the home" study is part of a national study that will bring together data from other longitudinal studies around the UK to track the second wave of COVID-19.

Health - Social Sciences - 24.03.2021
New study lays bare inequalities in life expectancy across Wales
The gap in life expectancy between the most and least deprived parts of Wales increased in the years leading up to the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly for women, new research has suggested. The study by Cardiff University and Public Health Wales (PHW) looked at routine data on deaths in relation to age, gender and the Welsh deprivation index to explore trends between 2002 and 2018.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.03.2021
Sharing a household with young children appears to put adults at no greater COVID-19 risk
A new study suggests adults living with children are at no greater risk of testing positive for COVID-19 - even during periods when schools are open and there is active transmission of SARS-CoV2 in the community. The research - led by the University of Glasgow in partnership with Public Health Scotland and published today in - also suggests the risk of testing positive with COVID-19 was actually lower for those adults living in a household with a child between the ages of 0 and 11, than it was for those in households without young children.

Social Sciences - 18.03.2021
What bonobos could tell us about adoption in humans
What bonobos could tell us about adoption in humans
We're part of an international team that has seen the first evidence of wild bonobo apes adopting infants who were born outside of their social group. Adoptive mothers in the wild are usually related to orphaned infants or sometimes young females will adopt orphans to improve their own maternal skills.

Social Sciences - Health - 18.03.2021
Significant concerns over growing scale of sex selective abortions in Nepal
New analysis from Dr Melanie Channon (Bath) and Dr Mahesh Puri from (CREHPA, Nepal) in BMJ-Open focuses on sex selective abortion in parts of the country. Last updated on Friday 19 March 2021 Detailed, new analysis published this week in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) Open highlights significant concerns about a growing issue of sex selective abortion of girls in Nepal.

Social Sciences - 18.03.2021
Young people worried about catching up on their studies after lockdown, survey suggests
More than a quarter of secondary-age pupils in Wales were spending three days or less on school tasks during the first lockdown, research has shown. The survey, conducted by academics at Cardiff University, asked young people in years seven to 12 about their home learning experiences during summer last year, as well as focusing on their mental wellbeing and daily habits.

Health - Social Sciences - 16.03.2021
COVID-19 death rate among people in prison three times higher than public
People in prisons are at an increased risk of COVID-19 - with a death rate over three times higher than that of the general population - and should be made a vaccine priority, according to UCL-led team of researchers. In an article published today in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine , the research team reveals that there were 121 deaths related to COVID-19 among people in prisons in England and Wales between March 2020 and February 2021, representing a risk of dying 3.3 times higher than that of people of the same age and sex outside secure environments.

Social Sciences - 15.03.2021
Separating primary school children in preparation for SATs could be ’damaging’
A fear of poor SATs results is driving headteachers to separate pupils by ability despite the impact on children's self-esteem and confidence, according to a study by UCL researchers. The findings, published in in the peer-reviewed British Journal of Sociology of Education, provide new evidence of a high-stakes culture around testing where some pupils are prioritised above others and physically segregated from them.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.03.2021
Ants socially distance too! BBC's Chris Packham unveils University of Bristol research
Ants socially distance too! BBC’s Chris Packham unveils University of Bristol research
Humans are not the only species to socially distance when disease hits their community, research from the University of Bristol reveals. This Sunday on BBC Two, Chris Packham and Bristol University scientist Dr Nathalie Stroeymeyt explained how ants employ social distancing to prevent diseases spreading across their colonies.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2021
Impact of ultra-thin dolls on girls' body image
Impact of ultra-thin dolls on girls’ body image
What was your favourite childhood toy? A car? A teddy bear? A doll? Many of us have fond memories of playing with dolls: dressing them up, combing their hair or doing some kind of role play with other toys. But new research shows that playing with ultra-thin dolls could make young girls want a thinner body.

Social Sciences - 09.03.2021
New study highlights barriers faced by women and marginalised groups in supramolecular chemistry
A new study by the international network Women In Supramolecular Chemistry (WISC) has highlighted the equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI) issues faced by women and marginalised groups working within that field. The network has also set out a 'calling in' approach to address these issues. The study was led by Dr Jennifer Leigh and Dr Jennifer Hiscock of the University of Kent, alongside WISC's wider team of international researchers, including Dr Emily Draper of the University of Glasgow.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.03.2021
Lockdowns and restrictions reduced time spent in green space
Almost two thirds of people, 63%, reported a decrease in time spent visiting green spaces following movement restrictions in the original lockdown period, which began on 23 rd March 2020. Inequalities in green space use were also sustained, and may even have been exacerbated, as a result of lockdowns and restrictions of movement in the UK due to the COVID-19 pandemic.