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Psychology - 30.03.2020
Growing gap in children's socio-emotional skills
Growing gap in children’s socio-emotional skills
The gap between children with the highest and lowest socio-emotional skills has increased over the past three decades, and the socio-economic status of mothers is a significant contributing factor, according to a new UCL study. The study, published in the Journal of Public Economics , compares the socio-emotional skills of two cohorts of children born in England 30 years apart, and shows for the first time that inequality in these early skills has increased.

Psychology - 12.03.2020
Poor sleep in infancy linked to behavioural and emotional problems in toddlers
Disrupted and poor quality sleep in the earliest months of a child's life can be an indicator of depression, anxiety and behavioural problems among toddlers, according to a new study. Researchers at the Institute for Mental Health, at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, in Helsinki , found a clear relationship between sleep problems in infancy such as frequent night wakings, short sleep duration or difficulty in falling asleep and particular emotional and behavioural problems at 24 months of age.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 09.03.2020
Two brain systems for thinking about others’ thoughts
The brain seems to have two different systems enabling us to put ourselves in someone else's shoes, which develop at different ages, finds a new study involving UCL. The two systems mature at different times such that only four-year-olds can understand what another person is thinking, and not, as some have assumed, one-year-olds, according to the study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) .

Health - Psychology - 17.02.2020
Mortality from all causes over 40 per cent higher in female domestic abuse survivors
Women who have experienced domestic abuse appear to be more than 40 per cent more likely to die from any cause compared to the general population, a study led by the Universities of Warwick and Birmingham suggests. The researchers have also identified an increased risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in those who have experienced domestic abuse, although more research is required to determine what other factors specifically lead to an increase in their mortality.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.02.2020
Researchers develop new tool to help detect hidden signs of autism in adults
Researchers have developed a potential new tool to help clinicians detect hidden signs of autism in adults. Autism is usually diagnosed in childhood but a growing number of adults are being diagnosed with the condition, even in mid-to-late adulthood. Many adults develop compensatory psychological strategies to hide their symptoms from clinicians, employers and even their own families.

Health - Psychology - 15.01.2020
Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy may trigger long-term post-traumatic stress
Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy may trigger long-term post-traumatic stress
One in six women experience long-term post-traumatic stress following miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. This is the finding of the largest ever study into the psychological impact of early-stage pregnancy loss, from scientists at Imperial College London and KU Leuven in Belgium. Pregnancy loss affects up to one in two women, and for many women it will be the most traumatic event in their life.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 27.12.2019
Take part in Dry January and you'll reap the benefits for months, Sussex research shows
Take part in Dry January and you’ll reap the benefits for months, Sussex research shows
New research from the University of Sussex shows that people who take part in Dry January - living alcohol-free for a month - are still drinking less six months later. In the most robust research on the subject to date, the study, led by University of Sussex psychologist Dr Richard de Visser , compared the experiences of participants in the Dry January 2019 challenge with adult drinkers who did not take part.

Psychology - 06.12.2019
’Depression in pregnancy alters male infant behaviour - but mothers don’t notice’
Women who have symptoms of depression and anxiety during pregnancy do not report concerns with their infant sons' behaviour - but do with daughters, a Cardiff University study has found. As many as one in four women experience depression and/or anxiety in pregnancy and evidence suggests it can increase the risk of emotional and behavioural issues, particularly in boys.

Psychology - 22.11.2019
Sleep problems in children with genetic condition linked to mental health issues, clumsiness and impaired planning ability, experts say
Scientists from Cardiff University have studied the sleep patterns of children and adolescents with one of the most common genetic conditions - 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q). The researchers found nearly two thirds (60%) of the group aged 17 and under experienced insomnia or restless sleep and in turn, a higher proportion of these had conditions such as ADHD, anxiety disorders and conduct disorder.

Psychology - 07.11.2019
Diverse neighbourhoods linked to better mental health in White British youths
White British young people living in more ethnically diverse deprived neighbourhoods have better mental health than those living in "white working-class" neighbourhoods, according to a new UCL study.á The study found there was no difference in the mental health of ethnic minority youths by whether they lived in neighbourhoods of differing levels of ethnic density and ethnic diversity.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 05.11.2019
World-leading mental health research centre celebrates 'decade of discovery'
World-leading mental health research centre celebrates ’decade of discovery’
One of the world's leading centres for research into the underlying causes of mental health issues is marking its 10th anniversary. The MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics is also transitioning from a Medical Research Council Centre to a Cardiff University Centre, and Professor James Walters is taking over as director, replacing Professor Sir Michael Owen.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.10.2019
Opinion: Mental health is a care we must share
Professor Peter Fonagy, Head of UCL Psychology & Language Sciences, writes about how wide social networks can help to shield people from mental disorder, arguing that we should celebrate this collective responsibility. The government published its first national review of children and young people's mental wellbeing on 10 October, World MentaláHealtháDay.

Environment - Psychology - 10.10.2019
Scientists 'must be allowed to cry' about destruction of nature
Scientists ’must be allowed to cry’ about destruction of nature
Scientists witnessing the destruction of the natural world must be supported and "allowed to cry", researchers say. In a letter published in the journal Science , three leading researchers say it is "dangerously misguided" to assume scientists are dispassionate observers. They say many scientists experience "strong grief responses" to the current ecological crisis, and there are profound risks to ignoring this emotional trauma.

Psychology - 10.10.2019
Improving young people’s mental health
How much does social media help or hinder young people's efforts to seek support for their emotional wellbeing? What challenges do students face when accessing services and how might they navigate them? Is there sufficient support available for students with autism? These are some of the questions that lie at the heart of a series of new research projects led by the University of Bristol's Elizabeth Blackwell Institute.

Psychology - 10.10.2019
Rest may help reduce PTSD symptoms
A period of rest following a traumatic event can reduce the subsequent development of involuntary 'memory intrusions'*, one of the hallmark symptoms in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a new UCL study has found. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the European Research Council and Wellcome, suggests memory disturbances in PTSD may be ameliorated by increased 'consolidation' (a process by which memories are stored and contextualised), which could shed new light on treatment and prevention.

Health - Psychology - 10.10.2019
Aims to address suicide prevention in low- and middle-income countries
Aims to address suicide prevention in low- and middle-income countries
Future treatment and prevention of suicidal behaviour in lowand middle-income countries (LMIC) should involve a wider range of approaches beyond just the treatment of psychiatric illness, according to a new University of Bristol study published on World Mental Health Day today [Thursday 10 October] in PLOS Medicine.

Psychology - 27.09.2019
Teenagers less likely to respond to mothers with controlling tone of voice
Teenagers are less likely to cooperate and put effort into their mother's requests when they are said in a controlling tone of voice, researchers have found. Speaking to a son or daughter in a pressurising tone is also accompanied by a range of negative emotions and less feelings of closeness, a new study has discovered.

Health - Psychology - 26.09.2019
Abused or neglected children are four times more likely to develop serious mental illness
A study by the University of Birmingham has shown that children who have experienced child abuse or neglect are four times more likely to develop serious mental illness such as psychoses, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Researchers studied GP records dating between 1995 and 2018 of 217,758 patients aged under 18 who had experienced, or were suspected to have experienced, childhood maltreatment or related concerns, and then compared them to the records of 423,410 patients who had not.

Psychology - 09.09.2019
High levels of sexism could be fuelling poor mental health among women
High levels of sexism could be fuelling poor mental health among women
One in five women report sex discrimination and these women are more likely to develop poorer mental health after the sexist experience, according to a new UCL study investigating links between sexism and mental health and wellbeing. The study, published today in Health Psychology, analysed data from nearly 3,000 women from T he UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) over a period of four years.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 05.09.2019
Generational study looks for biological links between adverse childhood experiences and self-harm
New research from the University of Bristol is the first to use a large generational family study to examine links between childhood trauma, the impact of inflammation and self-harm. Epidemiologists examined 4300 young people in Bristol's Children of the 90s study to see if adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) such as experiencing abuse, witnessing domestic violence or having separated parents are linked to self-harm at the age of 16.
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