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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 01.11.2023
Infrared aurorae discovered at Uranus
Infrared aurorae discovered at Uranus
Planetary scientists including UCL's Professor Steve Miller have detected the infrared aurorae of the ice giant Uranus after searching for more than 30 years, in a new study published in Nature Astronomy. On Earth, the Northern and Southern Lights (aurorae) occur as a result of the interaction between the stream of charged particles known as the solar wind and our magnetic field, which funnels the particles in our atmosphere around the poles.

Physics - Chemistry - 27.10.2023
Scientists receive funding to create a universal software for quantum dynamics simulations
· Scientists will develop a universal code for computer simulations which improve our understanding of the quantum world · This will help researchers across the world collaborate on experiments to make use of quantum effects · Many important new technologies - like quantum computing and generating clean energy - are based on understanding and controlling the dynamics of electrons, atoms and molecules For the first time, scientists will develop a universal software framework for simulations, removing many barriers that exist to achieving a deeper understanding across the quantum world.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 23.10.2023
The Moon is 40 million years older than scientists thought
The Moon is 40 million years older than scientists thought, new research reveals Published: 23 October 2023 New research on crystals brought back from the Moon by Apollo astronauts in 1972 has helped pinpoint the time of the Moon's formation to at least 4.46 billion years ago. More than 4 billion years ago, when the Solar System was still young and the Earth was still growing, a giant object the size of Mars crashed into the Earth.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 19.10.2023
Black holes could come in 'perfect pairs' in an ever expanding Universe
Black holes could come in ’perfect pairs’ in an ever expanding Universe
Researchers from the University of Southampton, together with colleagues from the universities of Cambridge and Barcelona, have shown it's theoretically possible for black holes to exist in perfectly balanced pairs - held in equilibrium by a cosmological force - mimicking a single black hole. Black holes are massive astronomical objects that have such a strong gravitational pull that nothing, not even light, can escape.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 18.10.2023
Going rogue: Scientists apply giant wave mechanics on a nanometric scale
Researchers have shown how the principles of rogue waves - huge 30-metre waves that arise unexpectedly in the ocean - can be applied on a nano scale, with dozens of applications from medicine to manufacturing. Long considered to be a myth, rogue waves strike from comparably calm surroundings, smashing oil rigs and ships in their path.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 13.10.2023
Planetary collision in distant solar system reveals new cosmic object
Planetary collision in distant solar system reveals new cosmic object
Astronomers have for the first time observed the collision of two ice-giant planets in a distant solar system, a process they believe planet Earth underwent when it was just a few million years old leading to the creation of our moon. The international team, which included an expert from Cardiff University's School of Physics and Astronomy, says the collision has revealed the signature of a new type of astronomical object - a synestia, which is composed of a cloud of molten and vapourised rock and shaped like a doughnut.

Physics - 12.10.2023
Simulations of ’backwards time travel’ can improve scientific experiments
Physicists have shown that simulating models of hypothetical time travel can solve experimental problems that appear impossible to solve using standard physics. We are not proposing a time travel machine, but rather a deep dive into the fundamentals of quantum mechanics David Arvidsson-Shukur If gamblers, investors and quantum experimentalists could bend the arrow of time, their advantage would be significantly higher, leading to significantly better outcomes.

Physics - Life Sciences - 04.10.2023
Assembly Theory unifies physics and biology to explain evolution and complexity
An international team of researchers has developed a new theoretical framework that bridges physics and biology to provide a unified approach for understanding how complexity and evolution emerge in nature. An international team of researchers has developed a new theoretical framework that bridges physics and biology to provide a unified approach for understanding how complexity and evolution emerge in nature.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 28.09.2023
Scientists observe the influence of gravity on antimatter for the first time
Scientists have demonstrated the existence of gravity between antimatter and Earth, reaffirming Albert Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. It is thought that Isaac Newton's historic work on gravity was inspired by watching an apple fall to Earth from a tree. But for decades, scientists have wondered what would happen to an "anti-apple" made of antimatter - would it fall in the same way if it existed? Until now, the question has left scientists with an incomplete picture of the Universe's gravitating content.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 25.09.2023
Methane and carbon dioxide found in atmosphere of habitable zone exoplanet
Methane and carbon dioxide found in atmosphere of habitable zone exoplanet
Astronomers have for the first time discovered carbon-based molecules in the atmosphere of an exoplanet in the habitable zone. The international team, which includes Cardiff University astrophysicist Dr Subi Sarkar, used data from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to detect methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of K2-18 b. Orbiting a red-dwarf star 124 light years away in the constellation of Leo, K2-18 b is a 'sub-Neptune' exoplanet 2.6 times the size of Earth and 8.6 times the mass of Earth.

Chemistry - Physics - 19.09.2023
Cheap and efficient catalyst could boost renewable energy storage
Cheap and efficient catalyst could boost renewable energy storage
Storing renewable energy as hydrogen could soon become much easier thanks to a new catalyst based on single atoms of platinum. The new catalyst, designed by researchers at City University Hong Kong (CityU) and tested by colleagues at Imperial College London, could be cheaply scaled up for mass use. The new electrocatalyst could be a major contributor to ultimately helping the UK meet its net-zero goals by 2050.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.09.2023
Liverpool chemists solve long-standing polymer science puzzle
New research by the University of Liverpool's Chemistry Department represents an important breakthrough in the field of polymer science. In a paper published in the journal Nature Chemistry, and featuring on the front cover, Liverpool researchers use mechanochemistry to characterise how a polymer chain in solution responds to a sudden acceleration of the solvent flow around it.

Physics - 05.09.2023
Q&A: How can new sensors make trade more secure?
Q&A: How can new sensors make trade more secure?
We spoke to Professor Julie McCann about her work on secure tracking devices that contributed to the first quantum-secure cross-border trade. Towards the end of June, a consortium of scientists, industry and government officials watched anxiously on UK shores as a ship embarked on its journey to Singapore and slowly disappeared out of sight.

Physics - Chemistry - 31.08.2023
Peering into nanofluidic mysteries one photon at a time
Researchers at University of Manchester and the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, have revealed an innovative approach to track individual molecule dynamics within nanofluidic structures, illuminating their response to molecules in ways never before possible. Nanofluidics, the study of fluids confined within ultra-small spaces, offers insights into the behaviour of liquids on a nanometer scale.

Physics - Chemistry - 24.08.2023
Making the invisible, visible: New method makes mid-infrared light detectable at room temperature
Making the invisible, visible: New method makes mid-infrared light detectable at room temperature
Quantum-derived findings could make mid-infrared light sensing much easier at room temperatures. Scientists from the University of Birmingham and the University of Cambridge have developed a new method for detecting mid-infrared (MIR) light at room temperature using quantum systems. The research, published today (28th August) in Nature Photonics, was conducted at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge and marks a significant breakthrough in the ability for scientists to gain insight into the working of chemical and biological molecules.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.08.2023
Graphene discovery could help generate cheaper and more sustainable hydrogen
Researchers from The University of Manchester and the University of Warwick finally solved the long-standing puzzle of why graphene is so much more permeable to protons than expected by theory. A decade ago, scientists at The University of Manchester demonstrated that graphene is permeable to protons, nuclei of hydrogen atoms.

Physics - Chemistry - 16.08.2023
Switching 'spin' on and off (and up and down) in quantum materials at room temperature
Switching ’spin’ on and off (and up and down) in quantum materials at room temperature
Researchers have found a way to control the interaction of light and quantum -spin- in organic semiconductors, that works even at room temperature. These new materials hold great promise for completely new applications, since we've been able to remove the need for ultra-cold temperatures Sebastian Gorgon Spin is the term for the intrinsic angular momentum of electrons, which is referred to as up or down.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 14.08.2023
Dark energy could be measured by studying the galaxy next door
Dark energy could be measured by studying the galaxy next door
Researchers have found a new way to measure dark energy - the mysterious force that makes up more than two-thirds of the universe and is responsible for its accelerating expansion - in our own cosmic backyard.

Physics - 10.08.2023
Muon g-2 experiment moves step closer in search of new physics
Researchers have recorded the most precise measurement yet of the magnetic moment of the muon, entering a new realm in the search for new interactions that govern our Universe. An international team of researchers, including from The University of Manchester, working on the Muon g-2 experiment at the U.S. Department of Energy, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory have announced their much-anticipated updated measurement of the magnetic moment of the muon.

Physics - Chemistry - 10.08.2023
Making molecules dance to our tune reveals what drives their first movements
Making molecules dance to our tune reveals what drives their first movements
Bringing ultrafast physics to structural biology has revealed the dance of molecular -coherence- in unprecedented clarity. How molecules change when they react to stimuli such as light is fundamental in biology, for example during photosynthesis. Scientists have been working to unravel the workings of these changes in several fields, and by combining two of these, researchers have paved the way for a new era in understanding the reactions of protein molecules fundamental for life.