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Results 21 - 40 of 88.


Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 22.04.2016
Windfarms generate microclimates with uncertain effects on peatland carbon store
The microclimates created by the action of wind farms is unlikely to affect the ability of peatland to capture carbon, scientists consider. Previous studies by other researchers have established that wind farms do create localised microclimates, with slightly different temperatures and levels of humidity caused by the action of the turbine blades.

Mechanical Engineering - 09.02.2016
A fifth of car fuel-efficiency savings are eroded by increased driving
A fifth of car fuel-efficiency savings are eroded by increased driving
A fifth of car fuel-efficiency savings are eroded by increased driving Around a fifth of the energy-saving benefits of fuel-efficient cars are eroded because people end up driving them more, according to a study into British motoring habits over the last 40 years. Using data from 1970 to 2011, energy experts at the University of Sussex found a long-term ‘rebound effect' among British car-drivers of around 20 per cent.

Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 05.02.2016
Motorboat noise gives predators a deadly advantage
Motorboat noise gives predators a deadly advantage
The rate that fish are captured by predators can double when boats are motoring nearby, according to pioneering work led by the University of Exeter and co-authored by the University of Bristol, published today in Nature. Dr Stephen Simpson of Exeter's Biosciences department and an international research team, including Bristol's Dr Andy Radford , found that noise from passing motorboats increases stress levels in young coral reef fish and reduces their ability to flee from predators.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 18.01.2016
It's a 3D printer, but not as we know it
It’s a 3D printer, but not as we know it
3D printing techniques have quickly become some of the most widely used tools to rapidly design and build new components. A team of engineers at the University of Bristol has developed a new type of 3D printing that can print composite materials, which are used in many high performance products such as tennis rackets, golf clubs and aeroplanes.

Environment - Mechanical Engineering - 27.11.2015
Earth's first ecosystems were more complex than previously thought, study finds
Earth’s first ecosystems were more complex than previously thought, study finds
Computer simulations have allowed scientists to work out how a puzzling 555-million-year-old organism with no known modern relatives fed, revealing that some of the first large, complex organisms on Earth formed ecosystems that were much more complex than previously thought. The international team of researchers from Canada, the UK and the USA, including Dr Imran Rahman from the University of Bristol, studied fossils of an extinct organism called Tribrachidium , which lived in the oceans some 555 million years ago.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 27.11.2015
Cholesterol-lowering statins could help tackle breast cancer
Cholesterol-lowering statins could help tackle breast cancer
A new study by researchers from Imperial College London suggests statins could help fight hard-to-treat cancers. The research, published today , reveals that tumours rely heavily on cholesterol for growth. Cholesterol-lowering statins - which are currently prescribed to around 30 million people worldwide, can block this supply - causing it to ‘starve' and die.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 11.11.2015
Power up: cockroaches employ a "force boost" to chew through tough materials
New research indicates that cockroaches use a combination of fast and slow twitch muscle fibres to give their mandibles a "force boost" that allows them to chew through tough materials.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 28.10.2015
Computer simulations reveal feeding in early animal
Computer simulations reveal feeding in early animal
Scientists have used computer simulations to reconstruct feeding in the common ancestor shared between humans and starfish, which lived over half a billion years ago. The international team of researchers from the UK and Spain, led by Dr Imran Rahman from the University of Bristol, tested competing theories for feeding in a 510-million-year-old fossil using computational fluid dynamics, an engineering tool.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 15.10.2015
Good neighbours turn bad: Helper cells in the brain could hold the clue to Motor Neuron Disease
Helper cells in the brain, which support nerve function, change their behaviour with the progression of Motor Neuron Disease (MND), a new study has found. Researchers at the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN) discovered the star-shaped cells, called astrocytes, progressively lose the ability to support motor neurons as MND progresses leading to the death of the specialised nerve cells that control our movements.

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 25.09.2015
Offshore wind farms could be more risky for gannets than previously thought
Offshore wind farms which are to be built in waters around the UK could pose a greater threat to protected populations of gannets than previously thought, research led by the University of Leeds says. It was previously thought that gannets, which breed in the UK between April and September each year, generally flew well below the minimum height of 22 metres above sea level swept by the blades of offshore wind turbines.

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 25.09.2015
Offshore wind farms could be more risky for gannets than previously thought, study shows
Offshore wind farms which are to be built in waters around the UK could pose a greater threat to protected populations of gannets than previously thought, research led by the University of Leeds says. It was previously thought that gannets, which breed in the UK between April and September each year, generally flew well below the minimum height of 22 metres above sea level swept by the blades of offshore wind turbines.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 02.06.2015
Weight management is critical for survival in motor neuron disease
Weight management is critical for survival in motor neuron disease
Researchers from around the UK, led by a team at the University of Sheffield's Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN), have found new evidence to support early nutrition management in motor neuron disease (MND). The first UK wide study into tube feeding in MND (ProGas) has found that MND patients benefited most from enteral feeding when they had lost less than 10 per cent of their body weight before the intervention.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 27.05.2015
Unravelling the mystery of the most common genetic cause of Motor Neuron Disease
Unravelling the mystery of the most common genetic cause of Motor Neuron Disease
Researchers from the Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience (SITraN) have shed light on how mutations in a high risk gene specifically affect motor neurons. Scientists at the flagship motor neuron disease research centre, based at the University of Sheffield, investigated how specialised nerve cells that control voluntary movements die - something which is key to understanding motor neuron disease (MND).

Mechanical Engineering - 20.04.2015
New research gives clues as to why older people get more tendon injuries
New research into how tendons age has found that the material between tendon fibre bundles stiffens as it gets older and that this is responsible for older people being more susceptible to tendon injuries. Researchers from QMUL, University of East Anglia, University College London and University of Liverpool, repeatedly stretched samples of horse tendons, which are very similar to human ones, to test their elasticity and ability to recover.

Economics / Business - Mechanical Engineering - 09.04.2015
Engineers to showcase leading research to industry
Renewable energy technologies, future cities and novel in-car parameter estimators are just some innovative research from the University of Bristol's Faculty of Engineering that will be showcased to industry later this month. The Faculty of Engineering Research Showcase is held every two years and enables the faculty to strengthen and develop existing partnerships with industry and to start new collaborations.

Psychology - Mechanical Engineering - 31.03.2015
Thinking inside the box
New research into the phenomenon of design fixation - allowing prior experience to blind us to new possibilities - may help in the development of new tools and strategies that help to stimulate the creative process without inadvertently limiting it. Fixation can stop the creative process cold: severely limiting the way in which we see a problem and the variety of solutions we explore Nathan Crilly It's a common occurrence: when faced with a problem which is similar to one which has been faced before, most people will default to what worked in the past.

Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering - 23.03.2015
How do humans interact with a changing visual world?
A new £1.4 million research project led by the University of Bristol will use engineering and science in the design of radically new approaches and solutions to vision-based technology. Researchers from the University's Bristol Vision Institute (BVI) have been awarded an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Platform Grant for their project ‘ Vision for the future '.

Mechanical Engineering - Life Sciences - 08.01.2015
Practice really does make perfect
New research into the way in which we learn new skills finds that a single skill can be learned faster if its follow-through motion is consistent, but multiple skills can be learned simultaneously if the follow-through motion is varied.

Mechanical Engineering - 02.12.2014
Shark-shaped sampler to hunt down ‘fugitive’ air pollution
Industrial sites and highways could become cleaner in the future thanks to shark-shaped samplers that hunt ‘fugitive' air pollutants. Scientists at Lancaster University and the Environment Agency are working together to develop a new sampler to measure levels of so-called fugitive pollutants - such as particulates, and gases such as ammonia and nitrogen dioxide.

Electroengineering - Mechanical Engineering - 01.12.2014
New research could transform high speed optical networks
Press release issued: 1 December 2014 There is an ever growing demand for high speed internet communication systems. New research has shown optical switching technology built on nanoantenna reflectarrays and tunable materials could transform high speed optical networks. The study by Dr Maciej Klemm and Professor Martin Cryan from the University of Bristol's Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering is published in the journal, Optics Express .

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