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## Mathematics

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**81**-**100**of**158**.Psychology - Mathematics -

**01.09.2015**Maths skills count for premature babies

A new study conducted by the University of Warwick links being born premature with low wages. Researchers have identified a link between being born preterm and decreased intelligence, reading and in particular mathematical ability and have highlighted an effect on earnings into adulthood.

Mathematics - Physics -

**26.06.2015** Simple statistics improve the quality of digital images

Simple statistical software designed for electron microscope images can be used to improve pictures of everything from cells to the surface of Mars. The quality of images from digital cameras is affected by variations in their digital light sensors. Variations in sensitivity and even broken pixels in the sensors are a natural consequence of the microscopic scale of their fabrication.

Social Sciences - Mathematics -

**11.06.2015**Cap hides the full extent of violent crime, research has shown

Lancaster researchers have found that a cap masks the scale of violent crime against women in official statistics. Lancaster researchers estimate that violent crime is 60% higher than official figures suggest due to a cap, which means that a person can only be registered as a victim five times. This 60% increase is not evenly distributed, however.

Mathematics -

**01.05.2015**£1.2m for studies to find out why maths is a struggle for many secondary school pupils

The University of Nottingham has received £1.2m in funding for two research projects examining ways that teachers can boost maths confidence and numeracy rates in UK secondary schools. Both studies, involving 150 schools, and conducted with Durham University, will provide evidence to help narrow the achievement gap in maths, and pinpoint what hinders some students to learn.

Life Sciences - Mathematics -

**26.04.2015**Upside down and inside out

Researchers have captured the first 3D video of a living algal embryo turning itself inside out, from a sphere to a mushroom shape and back again. The results could help unravel the mechanical processes at work during a similar process in animals, which has been called the "most important time in your life." This simple organism may provide ground-breaking information to help us understand similar processes in many different types of animals Stephanie Höhn Researchers from the University of Cambridge have captured the first three-dimensional images of a live embryo turning itself inside out.

Mathematics - Earth Sciences -

**27.03.2015**Earliest humans had diverse range of body types, just as we do today

New research harnessing fragmentary fossils suggests our genus has come in different shapes and sizes since its origins over two million years ago, and adds weight to the idea that humans began to colonise Eurasia while still small and lightweight. What we're seeing is perhaps the beginning of a unique characteristic of our own species - the origins of diversity.

Mathematics - Administration -

**25.03.2015**Impact singled out for recognition

A Lancaster University academic has been singled out in an international science journal for his far-reaching impact work on ship hatch designs. The weekly journal, Nature , has selected just 12 impact case studies for publication following the recent Research Excellence Framework (REF), a rigorous assessment of research work undertaken by British universities.

Mathematics - Economics -

**09.03.2015**London’s congestion charge has made roads safer for all

The introduction of London's congestion charge led to a substantial reduction in the number of accidents in the city and a significant decline in the rate of accidents per mile driven. That is the central finding of new research by Professor Colin Green from Lancaster University Management School and colleagues, to be presented at the Royal Economic Society's 2015 annual conference later this month.

Environment - Mathematics -

**26.02.2015**The Statistics of Climate Change

Professor Norman Fenton writes about his role co-presenting a forthcoming BBC Four documentary on climate change and the importance of three key statistics. I have the pleasure of being one of three presenters of a documentary called Climate Change by Numbers, to be screened on BBC Four on 2 March 2015.

Mathematics - Life Sciences -

**16.12.2014** Researchers develop more reliable method for working with mathematical models

Scientists from Imperial College London have developed a way to make the conclusions drawn from mathematical models more reliable. The work has implications for fields as diverse as medical research and ecology. Models are, by necessity, gross simplifications and, as such, there is always the risk that the model - and so the conclusions we draw - are wrong Most scientists choose to work with one mathematical model and change the input parameters to see what different outcomes result.

Computer Science - Mathematics -

**12.12.2014** Imperial mathematician sheds new light on 50 year old algorithm

An Imperial mathematician has found a new way of formulating a 50 year old algorithm, used when describing the world using mathematical models. It is anticipated that the proposed technique, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), will pave the way for greatly accelerating the calculations involved when making predictions about the behaviour of complex systems in many different areas of science and engineering.

Life Sciences - Mathematics -

**03.12.2014** UCL professors use probabilities to persuade doubters skeleton is King Richard III

Two UCL professors led a key part of the new analysis of 'Skeleton 1'; which was discovered in a Leicester car park in 2012 on the site of the Grey Friars friary, the last known resting place of King Richard III. They used probability calculations to combine several different lines of evidence, producing an overall weight-of-evidence for the skeleton being that of King Richard III.

Health - Mathematics -

**14.11.2014**Study predicts likely Ebola cases entering UK and US through airport screening

The team examined the current growth rate of the epidemic in West Africa alongside airline travel patterns Researchers at the University of Liverpool have found that screening for Ebola at airports could be an effective method for preventing the spread of the disease into the UK and US, but due to the long incubation period of the virus, screening won't detect all cases Published in the Lancet medical journal, the study used a mathematical model to test the probability of infected travellers from West Africa entering the UK and US.

Mathematics - Life Sciences -

**05.08.2014** Equation to predict happiness

The happiness of over 18,000 people worldwide has been predicted by a mathematical equation developed by researchers at UCL, with results showing that moment-to-moment happiness reflects not just how well things are going, but whether things are going better than expected. The new equation accurately predicts exactly how happy people will say they are from moment to moment based on recent events, such as the rewards they receive and the expectations they have during a decision-making task.

Mathematics - Computer Science -

**08.07.2014**Mathematical model illustrates our online 'copycat' behaviour

Researchers have developed a mathematical model to examine online social networks, in particular the trade-off between copying what friends download and relying on 'best-seller' lists. The researchers from the University of Oxford, the University of Limerick, and the Harvard School of Public Health looked at how we are influenced in the choice of apps we download on our Facebook pages by creating a mathematical model to capture the dynamics at play.

Mathematics -

**19.06.2014**Equations reveal the rebellious rhythms at the heart of nature

Physicists are using equations to reveal the hidden complexities of the human body. From the beating of our hearts to the proper functioning of our brains, many systems in nature depend on collections of 'oscillators'; perfectly-coordinated, rhythmic systems working together in flux, like the cardiac muscle cells in the heart.

Mathematics - Physics -

**27.05.2014**Sperm against the stream

Research may explain how sperm travel long distances, through difficult terrain, to reach an egg. Our findings highlight the very subtle interplay between the geometry of the sperm cells and their response to fluid flow near the chamber walls Raymond Goldstein Like salmon travelling upstream to spawn, sperm cells are extremely efficient at swimming against the current.

Mathematics - Health -

**02.05.2014** Statistical analysis unveils the hidden patterns in Eurovision voting

Voting for the Eurovision Song Contest has been scrutinised by statistics experts at UCL and Imperial College London, who have found that musical talent is unlikely to be the only element that wins scores - but that the contest is not 'stitched up' at the UK's expense. The analysis of voting patterns over the past two decades suggests that widespread support for certain countries' acts is, however, not driven by prejudice, as the media periodically suggests, but by positive loyalties based on culture, geography, history and migration.

Astronomy / Space - Mathematics -

**22.04.2014** Computer modelling draws link between medieval Bishop’s theories and today’s concept of multiple universes

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Computer modelling draws link between medieval Bishop's theories and today's concept of multiple universes A 13 th Century Bishop's theory about the evolution of the Universe has been shown to have parallels with modern ideas of multiple universes, according to research from Durham University.

Environment - Mathematics -

**04.04.2014**Scientists unmask the climate uncertainty monster

Press release issued: 4 April 2014 Increasing uncertainty in the climate system compels a greater urgency for climate change mitigation, according to new research from the University of Bristol. Scientific uncertainty has been described as a 'monster' that prevents understanding and delays mitigative action in response to climate change.