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Health - Pharmacology - 12:35
Palliative care needed across China for everyone who needs it - study
Palliative care should extend across China and pay more attention to managing non-malignant disease - integrated within the country's healthcare system and available to everyone who needs it, according to a new study. Researchers have found that, with rapidly aging populations, there is an increasing need for palliative care across Greater China - Hong Kong, Macao, mainland China and Taiwan - to help improve quality of life, as well as reducing pain, anxiety and depression.

Health - Psychology - 08:36
Mental health impact of initial lockdown period
New study reveals mental health impact of initial lockdown period The first six weeks of the pandemic and lockdown had a major impact on the UK population's mental health and wellbeing, according to new research. Led by the University of Glasgow, the study, which is published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, found young people, women, individuals from more socially disadvantaged backgrounds and those with pre-existing mental health problems reported the worst mental health outcomes in the initial phase of the national lockdown.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.10.2020
Neuropilin-1 drives SARS-CoV-2 infectivity, finds breakthrough study
Neuropilin-1 drives SARS-CoV-2 infectivity, finds breakthrough study
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is a host factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. The image shows human cells infected with SARS-CoV-2 and expressing viral proteins (shown in green). Removal of NRP1 from cells or treating cells with a drug or an antibody targeting NRP1 reduces SARS-CoV-2 infection University of Bristol 20 October 2020 In a major breakthrough an international team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, has potentially identified what makes SARS-CoV-2 highly infectious and able to spread rapidly in human cells.

Health - 20.10.2020
Dementia prevention strategies could save £1.9bn annually
Programmes to reduce dementia risk by targeting smoking, high blood pressure and hearing loss are likely to be cost-effective and cost saving by reducing dementia rates by 8.5%, finds a new study by UCL and LSE researchers. The modelling study, published in The Lancet Healthy Longevity , found that the benefits would outweigh the costs of such programmes, and could save £1.86 billion each year in England.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.10.2020
Medium-term impact of COVID-19 revealed in new study
Initial findings from a study looking at the longer-term impact of COVID-19 has found that a large proportion COVID-19 patients discharged from hospital were still experiencing symptoms of breathlessness, fatigue, anxiety and depression two to three months after contracting the virus. The University of Oxford scientists carrying out the C-MORE study have also detected abnormalities on MRI in multiple organs and believe that persistent or chronic inflammation may be an underlying factor for these changes among COVID-19 survivors.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.10.2020
Risk predictor could eliminate TB in countries with low transmission
A new online tool which could help eliminate tuberculosis in countries with low transmission rates such as the UK, by identifying who is at highest risk of developing TB, has been developed by UCL researchers. The research, published today , is the largest study of its kind and pooled data from 18 previous studies and 20 countries including the UK and from across Western Europe, North America and Australia.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.10.2020
Online tool could help eliminate TB in countries with low transmission
A new online tool which could help eliminate tuberculosis in countries with low transmission rates such as the UK, by identifying who is at highest risk of developing TB, has been developed by UCL researchers. The research, published today , is the largest study of its kind and pooled data from 18 previous studies and 20 countries including the UK and from across Western Europe, North America and Australia.

Health - 15.10.2020
Scientists develop extremely rapid diagnostic test for Covid-19
Scientists develop extremely rapid diagnostic test for Covid-19
Scientists from Oxford University's Department of Physics have developed an extremely rapid diagnostic test that detects and identifies viruses in less than five minutes. The method, published on the preprint server MedRxiv , is able to differentiate with high accuracy SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19, from negative clinical samples, as well as from other common respiratory pathogens such as influenza and seasonal human coronaviruses.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.10.2020
Non-routine testing of patients with suspected Covid-19 ’of little benefit’ to assess risk
Non-routine testing of patients with suspected Covid-19 to help predict their prognosis on admission to emergency departments offers limited benefit and could have significant cost implications, according to a collaborative evaluation by Cardiff University and the University Hospital of Wales. Researchers drew together laboratory and clinical findings at Wales's largest hospital from the first wave of the pandemic using a newly created electronic healthcare resource, aimed at learning from routine care in the NHS.

Health - Psychology - 13.10.2020
COVID-19 inequality: poorest workers hit by worse outcomes
We have not all been in this together, according to  research  from Oxford, which shows the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in aggravated economic and mental health inequality. The study, published by PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America), shows lower paid workers have suffered disproportionately more economic hardship and more resulting mental health problems during the current crisis than their higher paid peers.

Environment - Health - 13.10.2020
Soluble iron in skies over China’s cities could create health risk - study
Industrial and vehicle pollution in the skies above East China's major cities is boosting the amount of atmospheric soluble iron particles - creating health risks for citizens, a new study reveals. Research indicates that acidic gases emitted from power generation, industry and vehicle exhausts are helping to dissolve insoluble iron particles in Beijing, Handan, Zhengzhou and Hangzhou.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.10.2020
Dopamine and serotonin’s roles in rapid perception discovered
The neurochemicals dopamine and serotonin are involved in perception, working at sub-second speeds to shape how people perceive the world and take action, finds a new study co-led by UCL researchers. The findings, published in Neuron , demonstrate for the first time in humans that two neurochemicals best known for their roles in reward processing also integrate people's perceptions of the world with their actions.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.10.2020
Scientists develop new ’Precision Medicine’ approach to treating damaged DNA in Pancreatic Cancer
Scientists have developed a new 'Precision Medicine' approach to treating the damaged DNA in the cancer cells of Pancreatic Cancer patients. The findings mark an important step forward for potential treatment options for pancreatic cancer, improving the options and outcomes for a disease where survival rates have remained stubbornly low.

Health - 12.10.2020
UofG-led arthritis research centre creates new generation of scientists
A University of Glasgow-led national centre for research into inflammatory arthritis is proud to announce it has awarded 12 PhDs in its first round of funding, creating a new cadre of young scientists trained in pathogenesis research to fight arthritis. The Research into Inflammatory Arthritis Centre Versus Arthritis (RACE), who received renewed funding of nearly £2m over five years from Versus Arthritis last August, is now in its second phase and will be appointing a further 12 PhD students shortly - seven PhD students will start this year, with five more to start in 2021.

Health - 11.10.2020
Four in 10 extra deaths in Lombardy not linked to Covid-19
About 24,000 more people died in Lombardy than expected between January and April, and only 14,000 of these deaths were confirmed as being related to Covid-19, according to a new study led by researchers at UCL and Imperial College London. The study, published in PLOS ONE , looked at the number of deaths in each of the 7,251 local authority areas of Italy during the first four months of the year and compared these figures with predictions based on data from 2016-2019.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.10.2020
Social factors are key to identifying heart disease risk
Asking people simple questions about their social situation in addition to medical measures will give a more accurate picture of who might have a heart attack in the future, finds a study led by UCL researchers. The study, published this week in the European Heart Journal , shows for the first time, that factors such as educational qualifications, employment, marital status, mental health, BMI and physical activity could be crucial in identifying who is most at risk of heart disease.

Sport - Health - 08.10.2020
Athletes using sport supplements are more open to doping - study
Athletes using legal performance enhancing and medical sport supplements are more likely to dope than those using sport foods and superfoods, a new study reveals. While some sport supplements may be necessary for an athlete's programme, taking ergogenic and medical sport supplements may inadvertently lead to sports people developing favourable attitudes towards doping Researchers at the University of Birmingham and Canterbury Christ Church University are calling for bespoke anti-doping education for athletes using such supplements to prevent them turning to banned substances.

Health - 08.10.2020
Pregnancy complications are linked to heightened risk of heart disease and stroke in later life, new study reports
The report brings together data from 32 studies, which evaluated a range of risk factors over an average follow up period of seven to ten years. Pregnancy complications, along with several other factors, including starting periods early, the use of combined oral contraceptives and early menopause are linked to a heightened risk of heart disease and stroke in later life, according to new analysis of data by a team of researchers at the Universities of Birmingham and Warwick and Queen Mary's University London, published today (Wednesday 7 October 2020) in the BMJ.

Health - 08.10.2020
Symptoms of Covid-19 are a poor marker of infection
86% of people who tested positive for Covid-19 during lockdown did not have virus symptoms (cough, and/or fever, and/or loss of taste/smell), finds a study by UCL researchers. The authors say a more widespread testing programme is needed to catch 'silent' transmission. The study, which is published today in Clinical Epidemiology, used data from the Office for National Statistics Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey pilot study - a large population based survey looking at the association between Covid-19 symptoms and Covid-19 test results.

Health - 08.10.2020
E-cigarette use among young people has fallen for the first time in Wales but declines in youth smoking have stalled
E-cigarette use among young people has fallen for the first time in Wales but declines in youth smoking have stalled, analysis from Cardiff University shows. The report is based on responses from 119,388 11-16 year-olds who took part in the School Health Research Network's (SHRN) 2019 Student Health and Wellbeing survey, one of the largest youth health surveys of its kind in the UK.
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