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Health - Psychology - 27.03.2023
Analysis: People with a history of poor mental health likelier to face hardships during the pandemic
Analysis: People with a history of poor mental health likelier to face hardships during the pandemic
Dr Vanessa Moulton (UCL Centre for Longitudinal Studies) and Professor George Ploubidis (UCL Centre for Longitudinal Studies) highlight in The Conversation their findings that adults with long-term psychological difficulties were disproportionally affected by the pandemic. More than a million people in England are waiting for mental health support due to soaring demand exacerbated by the pandemic.

Health - 27.03.2023
People in Britain had less ’risky’ sex in the year following the pandemic
The lower prevalence of people having condomless sex with multiple or new partners during the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic, was still evident one year after Britain's first lockdown, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and the University of Glasgow. The research, published in Sexually Transmitted Infections, provides the most comprehensive picture to date of the impact of Covid-19 on sexual and reproductive health in Britain.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.03.2023
Pathogen mapped for the first time – to understand evolution and potential treatments
Pathogen mapped for the first time - to understand evolution and potential treatments A parasite which has devastating impacts on agriculture and human health is the first pathogen to have its proteins located and mapped within its cells - providing clues to their function and helping to identify potential drug targets.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.03.2023
Gene therapy approach to boost 'cold shock protein' in the brain without cooling protects mice against neurodegenerative disease
Gene therapy approach to boost ’cold shock protein’ in the brain without cooling protects mice against neurodegenerative disease
Scientists in Cambridge and Berlin have used a form of gene therapy to increase levels of the so-called -cold shock protein- in the brains of mice, protecting them against the potentially devastating impact of prion disease. Essentially, the cold shock protein enables the brain to protect itself - in this case, against the damage nerve cells in the brain during prion disease Giovanna Mallucci The discovery is a step towards harnessing the protective effects of cooling the brain to treat patients with acute brain injury and even to prevent dementias, such as Alzheimer-s.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.03.2023
Any type of hormonal contraceptive may increase risk of breast cancer
An analysis of data by researchers at Oxford Population Health's Cancer Epidemiology Unit has shown that use of progestogen-only hormonal contraceptives is associated with a 20-30% higher risk of breast cancer. The results are published in PLOS Medicine . Previous studies have shown that use of the combined contraceptive pill, which combines oestrogen and progestogen, is associated with a small increase in the risk of developing breast cancer that declines after stopping use.

Pharmacology - Health - 23.03.2023
Preventing cancer relapse with a genetic test
Date Scientists have found a new way to predict which myeloma patients will benefit the most from a treatment often used to help keep the blood cancer from coming back after a stem cell transplant. For people with certain high-risk genetic features in their cancer cells, the drug, called lenalidomide, cut their risk of seeing their cancer progress or dying by up to 40-fold.

Health - 22.03.2023
Waist to height ratio a better outcome indicator than BMI in patients with heart failure
New research has debunked the idea that there is an "obesity paradox", whereby patients with heart failure who are overweight or obese are thought to be less likely to end up in hospital or die than people of normal weight. The new study - published in the European Heart Journal and led by the University of Glasgow - shows that if doctors measure the waist to height ratio of their patients, rather than looking at their body mass index (BMI), the supposed survival advantage for people with a BMI of 25kg/m2 or more disappears.

Health - Chemistry - 22.03.2023
Next epidemic could be spotted early in wastewater, say scientists
Next epidemic could be spotted early in wastewater, say scientists
Bath scientists worked with the water industry and UK Health Security Agency to pilot the first UK public health surveillance system that analyses wastewater. Researchers analysing wastewater say that routine monitoring at sewage treatment works could provide a powerful early warning system for the next flu or norovirus epidemic, alerting hospitals to prepare and providing public health agencies with vital health information.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Viewing self-harm images online and in social media usually causes harm
Clinical researchers from Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust have reviewed the international research evidence regarding the impact of viewing images of self-harm on the internet and in social media. This indicates that viewing such images usually causes harm, though the findings also highlighted the complexity of the issue.

Health - 21.03.2023
Report highlights the impact of Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) on deaths and hospital admissions
Today, Public Health Scotland (PHS) and The Lancet publish new evidence showing the impact of alcohol minimum unit pricing (MUP) on deaths and hospital admissions attributable to alcohol consumption. Carried out in collaboration with the University of Glasgow, the study evaluated the impact of MUP on alcohol health harms, over the first two-and-half years of the policy.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.03.2023
Underactive immune response may explain obesity link to COVID-19 severity
Underactive immune response may explain obesity link to COVID-19 severity
Individuals who are obese may be more susceptible to severe COVID-19 because of a poorer inflammatory immune response, say Cambridge scientists. During the pandemic, the majority of younger patients I saw on the COVID wards were obese. I would have said that it was most likely due to excessive inflammation.

Health - Innovation - 20.03.2023
Lighting up tumours could help surgeons remove them more precisely
A new technique that combines highly detailed, real-time images of inside the body with a type of infrared light has, for the first time, been used during surgery to differentiate between cancerous tumours and healthy tissue. The pioneering technique, demonstrated in mice, has been developed by engineers at the Wellcome/EPSRC Centre for Interventional and Surgical Sciences (WEISS) at UCL and surgeons at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH).

Health - Life Sciences - 16.03.2023
Preterm babies do not habituate to repeated pain
Preterm babies do not habituate to repeated pain
Preterm infants do not get used to repeated pain in the way that full-term infants, children and adults do habituate to pain, finds a study led by UCL researchers. The authors of the new Current Biology paper say that if preterm infants have not yet developed the mechanism that enables people to get used to moderate pain, medical procedures in their first few weeks of life could potentially impact their development.

Health - 16.03.2023
Scientists advance dream of targeted real time treatment of hypoxic cancers
Imaging researchers have taken a major step towards their ultimate goal of identifying cancers that are starved of oxygen so that altered treatment can be used to target them more effectively. The study led by researchers from The University of Manchester, working with scientists at the Institute of Cancer Research, University College London and The University of Leeds, is published in the journal Radiotherapy and Oncology.

Health - Veterinary - 16.03.2023
The UK’s largest ever feline dental disease study identifies age and breed as biggest risk factors
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has shed light on the frequency, risk factors and linked health problems associated with periodontal disease in pet cats in the UK. These findings will help veterinary practitioners and owners better understand and predict its occurrence and identify opportunities to improve cats' dental health.

Health - 15.03.2023
Improving TB detection and Singapore green energy: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From improving TB detection with algorithms, to Imperial academics sharing expertise for Singapore's green energy transition, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Improving TB detection with algorithms An international group of experts have developed an evidence-based algorithm that will make detecting TB (tuberculosis) in the lungs of children easier in resource-limited settings.

Health - 15.03.2023
High blood caffeine levels may reduce body weight and type 2 diabetes risk
A high blood caffeine level may reduce the body weight a person carries and their risk of type 2 diabetes, according to research. A new study, published in BMJ Medicine , has looked at the effect of higher blood caffeine levels on body weight and the long-term risks of type 2 diabetes and major cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation).

Life Sciences - Health - 14.03.2023
Experience of Endometriosis is rooted in genetics
Experience of Endometriosis is rooted in genetics
Researchers at the University of Oxford, in collaboration with 25 teams across the world, have published the largest study to date of the genetic basis of endometriosis. Their study included DNA from 60,600 women with endometriosis and 701,900 without. It revealed compelling evidence of a shared genetic basis for endometriosis and other types of pain seemingly unrelated to endometriosis, including migraine, back pain and multi-site pain.

Health - 14.03.2023
New research sheds light on how malaria parasites adapt to their human hosts
A study has characterised the factors that cause the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, to invest resources into reproduction - to maximise transmission to other hosts - or replication - to ensure survival within its current human host. The findings, published in eLife and led by researchers at the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust and the University of Glasgow, shed further light on how malaria parasites adapt to changing within-human environments as a result of changing transmission intensity - a measure of the level of transmission of the malaria parasite in a particular area.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.03.2023
Test for spiking to reduce psychological distress
A review of the evidence into the psychological impacts of spiking highlights that victims of suspected attacks are not routinely tested for drugs or alcohol. More should be done to help victims of suspected spiking attacks process the psychological trauma of the event by testing patients who arrive in hospital intoxicated by drink or drunks, say the authors of a new study.
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