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Health - Life Sciences - 14.04.2021
Worm infections leave African women more vulnerable to STIs
Worm infections leave African women more vulnerable to STIs
Intestinal worm infections can leave women in sub-Saharan Africa more vulnerable to sexually-transmitted viral infections, a new study reveals. The rate and severity of sexually-transmitted viral infections (STI) in the region are very high, as are those of worm infections, which when caught in the intestine can change immunity in other parts of the body.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.04.2021
UofG to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on blood vessels and blood pressure
A project at the University of Glasgow that is aiming to better understand the effects that COVID-19 infection has on blood vessels and blood pressure has received a grant of 250,000 from national charity Heart Research UK. Research has shown that people who are older, obese, male or those who have other medical problems including high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, or chronic lung conditions, have a higher risk of developing severe COVID-19.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
No evidence of a significant increase in risk of suicide in first months of the pandemic, but continued monitoring needed
A new observational study is the first to examine suicides occurring during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in multiple countries and finds that suicide numbers largely remained unchanged or declined in the pandemic's early months. The study, led by an international team including University of Bristol researchers, is published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.04.2021
UK variant, B.1.1.7, does not increase disease severity in hospitalised patients
UK variant, B.1.1.7, does not increase disease severity in hospitalised patients
The B.1.1.7 variant of Covid-19 - otherwise known as the UK or Kent variant - is not associated with more severe illness and death in hospitalised patients, but appears to lead to higher virus load, suggests a new study led by UCL researchers. As part of the observational study, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, researchers assessed 341 Covid-19 patients admitted to University College London Hospital and North Middlesex University Hospital (NMUH), between 9 November and 20 December 2020.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
Sex cells in parasites are doing their own thing
Sex cells in parasites are doing their own thing
Researchers at the University of Bristol have discovered how microbes responsible for human African sleeping sickness produce sex cells. In these single-celled parasites, known as trypanosomes, each reproductive cell splits off in turn from the parental germline cell, which is responsible for passing on genes.

Psychology - Health - 12.04.2021
Childhood cognitive problems could lead to mental health issues in later life
Childhood cognitive problems could lead to mental health issues in later life
Children experiencing cognitive problems such as low attention, poor memory or lack of inhibition may later suffer mental health issues as teenagers and young adults, a new study reveals. Targeting specific markers in childhood for early treatment may help to minimise the risk of children developing certain psychopathological problems in adolescence and adult life, such as borderline personality disorder, depression and psychosis.

Health - Environment - 12.04.2021
Volcanic pollution link to respiratory disease increase
Volcanic pollution link to respiratory disease increase
Respiratory disease increased markedly following one of Iceland's largest volcanic eruptions, a new study has found. The findings could have significant implications for actions taken to protect the health of the 800 million people living near active volcanoes. Only last month, lava burst through a crack in Iceland’s Mount Fagradalsfjall in the first eruption of its type for more than 800 years.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.04.2021
Researchers call for greater awareness of unintended consequences of CRISPR gene editing
Researchers call for greater awareness of unintended consequences of CRISPR gene editing
CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing can lead to unintended mutations at the targeted section of DNA in early human embryos, researchers have revealed. This highlights the need for further research into the effects of CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing, especially when used to edit human DNA in laboratory research. We and others are trying to develop and refine the tools to assess these complex mutations.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.04.2021
Analysis: Women’s pain is routinely underestimated, and gender stereotypes are to blame
The suspicion that gender stereotypes could lead doctors to underestimate women's pain has been confirmed by research which found healthcare staff, both men and women, often discount women's pain, says Professor Amanda Williams (UCL Clinical, Education & Health Psychology). When a man consults a doctor about pain, he will hope to be taken seriously: to convince the doctor that the pain is real, and a problem that needs addressing.

Pharmacology - Health - 08.04.2021
New multiple sclerosis subtypes identified using artificial intelligence
New multiple sclerosis subtypes identified using artificial intelligence
Scientists at UCL have used artificial intelligence (AI) to identify three new multiple sclerosis (MS) subtypes. Researchers say the groundbreaking findings will help identify those people more likely to have disease progression and help target treatments more effectively. MS affects over 2.8 million people globally and 130,000 in the UK, and is classified into four* 'courses' (groups), which are defined as either relapsing or progressive.

Health - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Link between COVID-19 infection and subsequent mental health and neurological conditions found
One in three COVID-19 survivors received a neurological or psychiatric diagnosis within six months of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, an observational study of more than 230,000 patient health records published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal estimates. The study looked at 14 neurological and mental health disorders.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.04.2021
Scientists confirm bacteria's genetic 'Swiss army knife' is key driver of antibiotic resistance
Scientists confirm bacteria’s genetic ’Swiss army knife’ is key driver of antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance is a huge challenge facing society globally, posing a threat not only to human health but in areas such as food security and the economy.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.04.2021
Cutting-edge Cryo-EM reveals key insight into vital DNA repair process
New research, using cutting-edge cryo-electron microscopy (CryoEM), has revealed key insights into a vital DNA repair process, which is implicated in resistance to cancer treatments. Led by the University of Glasgow and published in Nature Structural Biology, the research is based on data and models collected from the Scottish Centre for Macromolecular Imaging (SCMI) and was conducted with colleagues at the University of Dundee.

Health - 01.04.2021
Nearly a third of Covid-19 hospital patients readmitted within 140 days
People discharged from hospital after Covid-19 appear to have increased risks of diseases across multiple organs and nearly a third are readmitted to hospital in the following months, according to a new study co-led by researchers at UCL. The study, published today in The BMJ , looked at nearly 50,000 people who were discharged from hospital by August last year and compared them to a control group who were matched according to personal characteristics and 10 years of medical history.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.03.2021
Gene therapy technique shows potential for repairing damage caused by glaucoma and dementia
Gene therapy technique shows potential for repairing damage caused by glaucoma and dementia
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have shown in animal studies that gene therapy may help repair some of the damage caused in chronic neurodegenerative conditions such as glaucoma and dementia. Their approach demonstrates the potential effectiveness of gene therapy in polygenic conditions - that is, complex conditions with no single genetic cause.

Health - 31.03.2021
Can drinking cocoa protect your heart when you're stressed'
Can drinking cocoa protect your heart when you’re stressed’
Increased consumption of flavanols - a group of molecules occurring naturally in fruit and vegetables - could protect people from mental stress-induced cardiovascular events such as stroke, heart disease and thrombosis, according to new research. Researchers have discovered that blood vessels were able to function better during mental stress when people were given a cocoa drink containing high levels of flavanols than when drinking a non-flavanol enriched drink.

Health - 31.03.2021
Low to moderate alcohol consumption linked to lower risk of cataracts
Low to moderate alcohol consumption appears to be associated with a lower risk of requiring surgery for cataracts, finds a new study led by UCL and Moorfields researchers. The study, published today in Ophthalmology (the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology), was observational and does not definitively prove a direct causal effect.

Health - 31.03.2021
Home monitoring methods can help reduce the risk of contracting COVID-19 for NHS patients and staff
A new study led by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) BRACE and RSET Rapid Evaluation Centres and undertaken by researchers at UCL and the University of Birmingham say NHS staff feel remote home monitoring methods enable improved patient care and also reduce the risk of staff and patients contracting Covid-19.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.03.2021
Targeting essential protein could lead to new breast cancer treatments
A protein frequently found in high levels in breast cancer cells helps tumours to survive and grow, and could be targeted with a new type of drug that is already being tested for other cancers, new research reveals. The new study confirms that a protein called MCL-1 helps breast cancer cells survive, by hindering cells' natural ability to die through a process called apoptosis, and proves that breast cancer tumours in fact rely on this protein to help them grow more aggressively, by blocking this natural cellular self-destruct function.

Health - 30.03.2021
Widespread use of control measures such as facemasks is vital to suppress the pandemic as lockdown lifts, say scientists
A new mathematical model suggests that the easing of lockdown must be accompanied by wider and more effective use of control measures such as facemasks even with vaccination, in order to suppress COVID-19 more quickly and reduce the likelihood of another lockdown. More effective use of control measures like facemasks and handwashing would help us to stop the pandemic faster.
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