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Health - Life Sciences - 05.07.2022
Why highly infectious cholera variant mysteriously died out
Scientists say continuous monitoring of the cholera bug genome is key to preventing outbreaks of new variants There's a real possibility that another cholera variant may emerge with the potential to cause large outbreaks Ankur Mutreja A new study reveals why a highly infectious variant of the cholera bug, which caused large disease outbreaks in the early 1990s, did not cause the eighth cholera pandemic as feared - but instead unexpectedly disappeared.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.07.2022
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia
Blood test could predict future risk of leukaemia, study finds A blood test could predict risk of developing leukaemia in the elderly population years in advance by identifying changes in blood cell production, according to new research. By identifying those most at risk it should be possible to provide preventive or early treatment in the future to improve patient outcomes, experts say.

Veterinary - Health - 03.07.2022
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Sniffing or licking other dogs- genitalia - the common site of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour - can spread this unusual cancer to the nose and mouth. Although canine transmissible cancer can be diagnosed and treated fairly easily, vets in the UK may not be familiar with the signs of the disease because it is very rare here Andrea Strakova A new study has found that male dogs are four to five times more likely than female dogs to be infected with the oro-nasal form of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
Study highlights heavy mental health burden of Covid-19 for ’shielders’
Research into the mental health impacts of Covid-19 suggests vulnerable groups need increased psychological support as government guidance is reviewed. Research from a new study suggests that health anxiety among the clinically vulnerable groups who shielded at home has risen since the first pandemic wave, despite developments in viral treatment and the roll-out of the vaccination programme.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.06.2022
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Today, 30 June 2022, Understanding Animal Research (UAR) has published a list of the ten organisations that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in Great Britain. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL is releasing its animal research statistics today in collaboration with Understanding Animal Research - a non-profit that promotes open communications about animal research. UCL and nine other institutions together conducted nearly half of all animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in the UK in 2021.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.06.2022
Later diagnosis of children with Wilms tumours in the UK leads to lower survival chances
Children in the UK and Republic of Ireland who are diagnosed with Wilms tumour - the most common children's kidney cancer - are less likely to survive without relapse than those in Germany and France due to later diagnosis, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in JCO Global Oncology , compared tumour size and stage of cancer at diagnosis with survival chances of 3,176 children with Wilms tumour.

Economics / Business - Health - 28.06.2022
Messaging on healthy foods may not prompt healthier purchases: study
Messaging on healthy foods may not prompt healthier purchases: study
Healthy food cues standing alone don't prompt healthier buying decisions, but they may counter advertising for sugary and fatty foods, says study co-authored by Cambridge researchers. People making food-buying choices are often faced with adverts or other descriptions such as -low calorie- (healthy) or -tasty- (less healthy) to influence their decisions, so how effective are health-conscious nudges in moving consumer behaviour toward healthier lifestyles?

Health - Life Sciences - 28.06.2022
Maternal microbiome promotes healthy development of the baby
Maternal microbiome promotes healthy development of the baby
Researchers studying mice have found the first evidence of how a mother's gut microbes can help in the development of the placenta, and the healthy growth of the baby. This study, carried out in mice, identifies the maternal microbiome as a new player in the communication between mother, placenta and fetus.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.06.2022
Highly antibiotic-resistant strain of MRSA that arose in pigs can jump to humans
A new study has found that a highly antibiotic-resistant strain of the superbug MRSA - methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus - has emerged in livestock in the last 50 years, probably due to widespread antibiotic use in pig farming. Cases of livestock-associated MRSA in humans are still only a small fraction of all MRSA cases in human populations, but the fact that they-re increasing is a worrying sign.

Health - 23.06.2022
Local authority austerity associated with poor health
Local authority austerity associated with poor health
Local government spending cuts are associated with worse multimorbidity and health-related quality of life according to a study by University of Manchester health economists. The longitudinal study of 147 English local authorities revealed that a 1% cut in per capita total service expenditure was associated with a 0.1% increase in multimorbidity - the prevalence of people with two or more chronic conditions.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.06.2022
New hope to stop spread of antibiotic resistance
A new path to help stop the spread of antibiotic resistance has been uncovered by a team led by UCL and Birkbeck researchers, in a move that could impact the lives of millions globally. The pioneering research the structure of the transport apparatus that enables the spread of antibiotic resistant genes between bacteria.

Health - 22.06.2022
No ’safest spot’ to minimise risk of COVID-19 transmission on trains
Researchers have demonstrated how airborne diseases such as COVID-19 spread along the length of a train carriage and found that there is no -safest spot- for passengers to minimise the risk of transmission.

Health - 21.06.2022
Three fifths of UK Medical Certificates of Stillbirth have major errors
Three fifths of UK Medical Certificates of Stillbirth have major errors
The accuracy of reporting the causes of stillbirth has been called into question, following an analysis of 1,120 Medical Certificates of Stillbirth (MCS) from across the UK. According to a study led by The University of Manchester and Edinburgh researchers - in collaboration with Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust (MFT) - almost three quarters of the stillbirths officially certified as being of, "unknown cause of death," in fact had an identifiable cause.

Health - 21.06.2022
Catching Covid-19 in early pregnancy could increase risk of miscarriage
Pregnant women who reported being infected with Covid-19 in their first trimester were more likely to have an early miscarriage, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. However, despite the correlation observed in the COVID-19 Contraception and Pregnancy Study (CAP-COVID), researchers say further studies are needed to evaluate any causal association between SARS-CoV-2 infection in early pregnancy and miscarriage risk.

Health - 20.06.2022
Blood vessel breakthrough major step towards Alzheimer’s treatment
Discovery could lead to development of drugs that halt disease progression and stop memory loss A breakthrough in our understanding of Alzheimer's disease has revealed changes to blood vessels in the brain, potentially presenting a path for developing new drugs to help fight the disease, according to University of Manchester research funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) and published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 1 .

Life Sciences - Health - 20.06.2022
Gene discovery indicates motor neurone diseases caused by abnormal lipid processing in cells
Gene discovery indicates motor neurone diseases caused by abnormal lipid processing in cells
A new genetic discovery adds weight to a theory that motor neurone degenerative diseases are caused by abnormal lipid (fat) processing pathways inside brain cells. This theory will help pave the way to new diagnostic approaches and treatments for this group of conditions. The discovery will provide answers for certain families who have previously had no diagnosis.

Health - 17.06.2022
Closing schools and workplaces linked to reduced early Covid deaths, finds study
Closing schools and workplaces appear to have been the most effective strategies to mitigate deaths from Covid-19 in the early days of the pandemic's first wave, according to a study of 130 countries. The team from The University of Manchester and Imperial College London analysed the relative effects of different non-pharmacological interventions aimed at controlling the spread of Covid-19.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.06.2022
Progesterone altering drug could reduce risk of aggressive breast cancer
New research co-led by scientists at UCL, found that existing drugs modifying the effect of the hormone progesterone, such as mifepristone, could reduce the risk of aggressive "triple negative" breast cancer in women with an alteration of the BRCA1 gene. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is most common in women who have a BRCA1 mutation and this type of cancer affects 13 in every 100,000 women.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.06.2022
Molecular 3D-maps unlock new ways of studying human reproduction
Scientists have identified the biochemical signals that control the emergence of the body pattern in the primate embryo. This will guide work to understand birth defects and pregnancy loss in humans.
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