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Materials Science - Environment - 05.08.2019
Five cool things our surface scientists do
Surface science can make a big difference to our health, well-being and environment. Our surface scientists at Durham have been working on a whole range of applications that have already changed our lives in some way (think mobile phones and puddles) and could make a real difference to people around the world, particularly in developing countries.

Environment - 02.08.2019
Groundwater resources in Africa resilient to climate change
A consortium of 32 scientists from across Africa and beyond carried out the research amplified by climate change. Groundwater plays a central role in sustaining water supplies and livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa due to its widespread availability, generally high quality, and intrinsic ability to buffer episodes of drought and increasing climate variability.

Health - Environment - 23.07.2019
Air pollution in US associated with 30,000 deaths and reduced life expectancy
Air pollution in US associated with 30,000 deaths and reduced life expectancy
Air quality in the US may be linked with increased mortality and reduced life expectancy according to new research. The study, published in the journal PLOS Medicine and led by Imperial College London and the Center for Air, Climate and Energy Solutions at Carnegie Mellon University , analysed concentrations of fine particles in the air, called PM2.5, across all counties in the contiguous USA (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) between 1999 and 2015.

Environment - 10.07.2019
Best male biathletes 'more attractive'
Best male biathletes ’more attractive’
Top male biathletes are more attractive to the opposite sex, according to a new study by scientists at the universities of Exeter and Bristol. This result, say the team, fits with the theory that women have an evolved preference for more athletic men, who in past times were better able to provide for their families.

Innovation / Technology - Environment - 09.07.2019
Making sense of science
A University of Sussex professor has helped draw up new guidance to aid European policymakers in making better informed decisions on issues of complex scientific evidence. Professor Andy Stirling has contributed to the new report Making Sense of Science by Science Advice for Policy by European Advisors (SAPEA) which brings together outstanding expertise in engineering, humanities, medicine, natural and social sciences from over 100 academies, young academies and learned societies across Europe.

Environment - 08.07.2019
Cave droplets provide window into past climates
The chemistry of drip waters that form stalagmites and stalactites in caves around the world have given researchers an insight into our past climate. In the first ever global analysis of cave drip water, an international team, led by Andy Baker at UNSW Australia and including scientists from Cardiff University, have explored how stalagmites and stalactites can show how groundwater resources have recharged in the past.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 25.06.2019
Shows how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the sea
The findings of a research expedition to coastal Greenland which examined, for the first time, how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the oceans has been published in the journal Progress in Oceanography. The European Research Council-funded expedition on board the RSS Discovery took place during the summer of 2017.

Environment - 24.06.2019
Clouds dominate uncertainties in predicting future Greenland melt
Clouds dominate uncertainties in predicting future Greenland melt
New research led by climate scientists from the University of Bristol suggests that the representation of clouds in climate models is as, or more, important than the amount of greenhouse gas emissions when it comes to projecting future Greenland ice sheet melt. Recent research shows that the whole of the Greenland ice sheet could be gone within the next thousand years, raising global sea level by more than seven metres.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.06.2019
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Methods from 1,400 years ago could boost water availability during Lima's dry season, according to new Imperial College London research. Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains , the people of Peru 's coastal region rely on surface water from the Andes for drinking water, industry, and animal and crop farming.

Health - Environment - 21.06.2019
No conclusive links to health effects from waste incinerators
No conclusive links to health effects from waste incinerators
Researchers have found no link between exposure to emissions from municipal waste incinerators (MWIs) and infant deaths or reduced foetal growth. However, they show living closer to the incinerators themselves is associated with a very small increase in the risk of some birth defects, compared to the general population.

Environment - 10.06.2019
Our water cycle diagrams give a false sense of water security
Pictures of the earth's water cycle used in education and research throughout the world are in urgent need of updating to show the effects of human interference, according to new analysis by an international team of hydrology experts. Leaving humans out of the picture, the researchers argue, contributes to a basic lack of awareness of how humans relate to water on Earth - and a false sense of security about future availability of this essential and scarce resource.

Environment - 05.06.2019
Adjusting carbon emissions to the Paris climate commitments would prevent thousands of heat-related deaths
Thousands of annual heat-related deaths could be potentially avoided in major US cities if global temperatures are limited to the Paris Climate Goals compared with current climate commitments, a new study led by the University of Bristol has found. The research, published today in the journal Science Advances , is highly relevant to decisions about strengthening national climate actions in 2020, when the next round of climate pledges is due in 2020.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 05.06.2019
Food freshness sensors could replace 'use-by' dates to cut food waste
Food freshness sensors could replace ’use-by’ dates to cut food waste
Imperial academics have developed low-cost, smartphone-linked, eco-friendly spoilage sensors for meat and fish packaging. These sensors are cheap enough that we hope supermarkets could use them within three years. Dr Firat Güder Department of Bioengineering The researchers say the new sensors could help detect spoilage and reduce food waste for supermarkets and consumers.

Environment - 05.06.2019
Lack of trust in UK government’s settled status scheme pushes EU citizens to apply for naturalisation
Many EU nationals do not trust the UK government's settled status scheme and are being pushed to apply for British citizenship to secure the position of their families, new research by the University of Birmingham's Eurochildren project has found. Eurochildren, which is researching the lives of EU citizens in the UK, has released three new reports covering the legal, statistical and sociological aspects of the impact of Brexit on EU families.

Environment - 03.06.2019
Pollution control of rivers can reduce impact of climate warming
Improvements in water quality could reduce the ecological impact of climate change on rivers, finds a new study by Cardiff University's Water Research Institute and the University of Vermont. Warm water can affect freshwater organisms in similar ways to many pollutants: both reduce the availability of oxygen in the water.

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.05.2019
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Researchers identify how to find best and worse colours for camouflage
Avoiding detection can provide significant survival advantages for prey, predators, or the military. For the first time, scientists from Bristol's Camo Lab have identified a new method to find the optimal colour to minimize or maximize detectability of a target. The study is published in a Royal Society Interface study.

Environment - 24.05.2019
First comprehensive network of wild crop species will help breeders tackle food insecurity
The first comprehensive network of sites where crop wild relatives are found has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham. The network will help breeders develop more resilient crops and tackle challenges of global food security, as well as being important for nature conservation.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 22.05.2019
Source of new CFC emissions
Source of new CFC emissions
Since 2013, annual emissions of a banned chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) have increased by around 7 Australia and Switzerland. Last year, it was reported that emissions of one of the most important ozone depleting substances, CFC-11, had increased. This chemical was used primarily as a foaming agent for building insulation, refrigerators and other consumer products.

Innovation / Technology - Environment - 20.05.2019
Expert judgement provides better understanding of the effect of melting ice sheets
Expert judgement provides better understanding of the effect of melting ice sheets
Melting ice sheets in Greenland and the Antarctic, and subsequent sea level rise (SLR) this will cause, is widely recognised as posing a significant threat to coastal communities and ecosystems. Strategies and measures to mitigate and plan for the potential impacts are reliant on scientific projections of future SLR - conventionally provided using numerical modelling.

Environment - Chemistry - 10.05.2019
Secrets of fluorescent microalgae could lead to super-efficient solar cells
Tiny light-emitting microalgae, found in the ocean, could hold the secret to the next generation of organic solar cells, according to new research carried out at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht. Microalgae are probably the oldest surviving living organisms on the planet. They have evolved over billions of years to possess light harvesting systems that are up to 95 per cent efficient.

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