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Environment - 31.08.2018
Prehistoric changes in vegetation could predict future of Earth's ecosystems
Prehistoric changes in vegetation could predict future of Earth’s ecosystems
Dramatic changes in the Earth's vegetation at the end of the last ice age could be a sign of future climate driven changes if greenhouse gas emissions are not cut. New research by an international team of scientists, including researchers at Durham University's Department of Biosciences , found that the Earth's vegetation underwent major changes as the last ice age came to an end 14,000 years ago and the planet warmed.

Health - Environment - 29.08.2018
Experts warn of cardiovascular risk from heavy metal pollution
Experts warn of cardiovascular risk from heavy metal pollution
Even low doses of toxic chemicals in the environment pose a significant risk to cardiovascular health, according to a report in today's edition of The BMJ , led by researchers at the University of Cambridge. The researchers have also challenged the omission of environmental risk factors such as toxic metal contaminants in water and foods from the recent World Health Organization report on non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

Environment - 28.08.2018
Governments urged to act by 2035 to keep global warming below 2°C
If governments don't act decisively by 2035 to fight climate change, humanity could cross a point of no return after which limiting global warming below 2°C in 2100 will be unlikely, according to a new study by scientists in the UK and the Netherlands.  The research also shows the deadline to limit warming to 1.5°C has already passed, unless radical climate action is taken.

Health - Environment - 23.08.2018
Cool indoor temperatures linked to high blood pressure
Cool indoor temperatures linked to high blood pressure
Turning up the thermostat may help manage hypertension, finds a new UCL study into the link between indoor temperatures and high blood pressure. Comparing blood pressure readings of people in their own homes with temperature readings, the researchers found that lower indoor temperatures were associated with higher blood pressure, according to the new study in the Journal of Hypertension .

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.08.2018
Less drain on freshwater supplies with seawater fuel discovery
Less drain on freshwater supplies with seawater fuel discovery
Researchers have found that seawater can replace freshwater to produce the sustainable fuel Bioethanol, reducing the need to drain precious resources. The study - ‘ The establishment of a marine focused biorefinery for bioethanol production using seawater and a novel marine yeast strain ' - has been published in Scientific Reports and was carried out by researchers at the University of Nottingham.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.08.2018
To float or not to float? Mystery solved as to why algae balls float and sink
To float or not to float? Mystery solved as to why algae balls float and sink
20 August 2018 Scientists from the University of Bristol have uncovered the age-old mystery of why marimo algae balls sink at night and float during the day. The balls are a rare form of algae found naturally in lakes in the northern hemisphere, particularly Japan and Iceland. In Japan they have such important cultural significance, they are a protected species.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 16.08.2018
Coral bleaching on Great Barrier Reef is on the rise
Coral bleaching on Great Barrier Reef is on the rise
Coral bleaching across Australia's Great Barrier Reef has been occurring since the late 18 th century, new research shows. Coral bleaching Using cores taken from long-lived corals, scientists show that bleaching events have steadily affected more and more corals, and are happening more frequently than in the past, adding to existing concerns about the future of coral reefs.

Life Sciences - Environment - 14.08.2018
Help survey wasps over the bank holiday weekend
Help survey wasps over the bank holiday weekend
Wasps might not be the nation's favourite insects but are some of the most important so UCL and University of Gloucestershire scientists are again asking for the public's help to find out more about these misunderstood creatures. "Wasps are predators, pest controllers and pollinators - they are absolutely vital for a healthy ecosystem and they deserve our respect.

Chemistry - Environment - 13.08.2018
Evidence of how Neolithic people adapted to climate change
Evidence of how Neolithic people adapted to climate change
13 August 2018 Research led by the University of Bristol has uncovered evidence that early farmers were adapting to climate change 8,200 years ago. The study, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) , centred on the Neolithic and Chalcolithic city settlement of Çatalhöyük in southern Anatolia, Turkey which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC.

Mathematics - Environment - 09.08.2018
Half of London car crashes take place in 5% of the city's junctions
Half of London car crashes take place in 5% of the city’s junctions
The location of road accidents is not random and they tend to be highly concentrated in urban areas, according to a new UCL study. The study, published in the open-access journal Plos One , found that nearly 50% of the serious and fatal accidents in London take place in 5% of road junctions.   PhD candidate Rafael Prieto Curiel, lead researcher (UCL Mathematics), said: "Despite being a rare event, road accidents are among the top ten causes of death worldwide.

Health - Environment - 06.08.2018
Foot-and-mouth disease vaccination could reduce poverty in eastern Africa
Vaccinating livestock against foot-and-mouth disease could help to reduce poverty in eastern Africa, according to new research. The study found that a vaccination programme targeting the circulating strains of foot-and-mouth disease in livestock, could help to alleviate poverty in eastern Africa. The research, led by the University's Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, looked at the causes and effects of foot-and-mouth disease in Tanzania, surveying farming households in the area and examining how the disease passed to livestock.

Physics - Environment - 02.08.2018
Scientists measure severity of drought during the Maya collapse
Scientists measure severity of drought during the Maya collapse
The severity of drought conditions during the demise of the Maya civilisation about one thousand years ago has been quantified, representing another piece of evidence that could be used to solve the longstanding mystery of what caused the downfall of one of the ancient world's great civilisations.  The role of climate change in the collapse of Classic Maya civilisation is somewhat controversial, partly because previous records are limited to qualitative reconstructions.

Environment - 02.08.2018
Ground-breaking study tests whether rejected livers can be made viable for transplantation
An international team of scientists has shown how much sea level would rise if Larsen C and George VI, two Antarctic ice shelves at risk of collapse, were to break up. While Larsen C has received much attention due to the break-away of a trillion-tonne iceberg from it last summer, its collapse would contribute only a few millimetres to sea-level rise.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.07.2018
Aims to discover if kidney transplants reverse heart damage in patients with chronic kidney disease
Warming streams and rivers could be disproportionately contributing to the amount of planet-warming greenhouse gases, according to a new study. Many such watercourses with high levels of fine sediment and organic materials building up in their streambeds could be increasing greenhouse gas emissions from rivers, as well as increasing the risk of communicable disease and putting wildlife at risk.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 30.07.2018
Ever-increasing CO2 levels could take us back to the tropical climate of Paleogene period
Ever-increasing CO2 levels could take us back to the tropical climate of Paleogene period
A new study led by scientists at the University of Bristol has warned that unless we mitigate current levels of carbon dioxide emissions, Western Europe and New Zealand could revert to the hot tropical climate of the early Paleogene period - 56-48 million years ago. As seen from the ongoing heat wave, the knock-on effects of such extreme warmth include arid land and fires as well as impacts on health and infrastructure.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 30.07.2018
Carbon 'leak' may have warmed the planet for 11,000 years, encouraging human civilisation
Carbon ’leak’ may have warmed the planet for 11,000 years, encouraging human civilisation
The oceans are the planet's most important depository for atmospheric carbon dioxide on time scales of decades to millennia. But the process of locking away greenhouse gas is weakened by activity of the Southern Ocean, so an increase in its activity could explain the mysterious warmth of the past 11,000 years, an international team of researchers reports.

Environment - 27.07.2018
Heatwave triggered by climate change
Heatwave triggered by climate change
The unprecedented temperatures seen over Summer 2018 are a sign of things to come - and a direct result of climate change, according to new Oxford University research. In the newly published report, researchers from the Environmental Change Institute (ECI) at the School of Geography and Environment, Oxford University , who worked in collaboration with the World Weather Attribution network (WWA) , reveal that climate change more than doubled the likelihood of the European heatwave, which could come to be known as regular summer temperatures.

Environment - 27.07.2018
Heatwave made ’twice as likely by climate change’
The unprecedented temperatures seen over Summer 2018 are a sign of things to come  - and a direct result of climate change, according to new Oxford University research. In the newly published report, researchers from the  Environmental Change Institute (ECI) at the School of Geography and Environment, Oxford University , who worked in collaboration with the World Weather Attribution network (WWA) , reveal that climate change more than doubled the likelihood of the European heatwave, which could come to be known as regular summer temperatures.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 26.07.2018
Wind and solar power could provide more than third of Europe's energy by 2030
Wind and solar power could provide more than third of Europe’s energy by 2030
By trading energy between countries with different weather patterns, Europe could make the most of wind and solar power. This conclusion is from a study modelling the future of weather and energy in Europe, which could help plan future continent-wide energy systems and policies that share renewable resources across countries.

Environment - Innovation / Technology - 26.07.2018
Wind and solar power could provide more than a third of Europe’s energy by 2030
By trading energy between countries with different weather patterns, Europe could make the most of wind and solar power. This conclusion is from a study modelling the future of weather and energy in Europe, which could help plan future continent-wide energy systems and policies that share renewable resources across countries.
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