Results 81 - 100 of 382.

Economics / Business - Environment - 05.06.2018
Regional inequalities within the EU ’have declined over the past 35 years’
New research from the University of Oxford and UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Germany shows the gap between Europe's haves and have-nots has been narrowing over the past 35 years. The paper, a major comparative study of European urban and regional growth patterns, reveals that since 1980 cities and regions across the EU have been converging economically, becoming increasingly similar in per capita incomes and real growth rates.

Pedagogy - Economics / Business - 05.06.2018
Immigrant and disadvantaged children benefit most from early childcare
Attending universal childcare from age three significantly improves the school readiness of children from immigrant and disadvantaged family backgrounds, a new UCL study has found. However, the research by the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), shows the same universal childcare, only has a modest impact on the school readiness of children from advantaged backgrounds. The study, which looked at German school entry exam data, also shows that immigrant children and children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend childcare at age three.

Economics / Business - Law - 04.06.2018
Eye-tracking software makes insurance policies easier to understand
Researchers at the University of Nottingham and insurance law firm Browne Jacobson LLP are using eye-tracking software to help insurers write policies that are much easier to read and understand. If you've ever found an insurance document difficult to read, then you are not alone. A new study has found that one of the reasons for this is the number of ‘uncommon words' which are used in most policies.

Environment - Economics / Business - 04.06.2018
’Carbon bubble’ coming that could wipe trillions from the global economy - study
Macroeconomic simulations show rates of technological change in energy efficiency and renewable power are likely to cause a sudden drop in demand for fossil fuels, potentially sparking a global financial crisis. Experts call for a "carefully managed" shift to low-carbon investments and policies to deflate this "carbon bubble".

Economics / Business - Career - 24.05.2018
Improved financial regulation deters misconduct, study finds
Improved regulation has deterred a greater amount of financial misconduct in the UK since the global financial crisis, according to new research published today. Researchers at UEA, Bangor University, and the Universities of Warwick and Otago conducted an analysis differentiating between detection and deterrence of financial misconduct during the period 2002-2016.

History / Archeology - Economics / Business - 17.05.2018
Ice-core study sheds light on ancient European civilisations
A study published in PNAS offer new insights into how European civilisations and their economies developed over time - finding links between levels of lead pollution trapped in Greenland ice and significant historical events, such as plagues, wars and imperial expansion.

Health - Economics / Business - 16.05.2018
Most deprived are more likely to develop dementia
Older adults in England with fewer financial resources are more likely to develop dementia, according to new UCL research. Researchers analysed data from over 6000 adults born between 1902 and 1943 and found that the 20% most deprived adults were 50% more likely to develop dementia than the 20% least deprived adults.

Economics / Business - 15.05.2018
Online atlas explores north-south divide in childbirth and child mortality during Victorian era
A new interactive online atlas, which illustrates when, where and possibly how fertility rates began to fall in England and Wales during the Victorian era has been made freely available from today. In 1851, more than one in five children born in parts of Greater Manchester did not survive to their first birthday.

Psychology - Economics / Business - 10.05.2018
Analysing the 2011 riots: Why the emotional impact extended far beyond the affected communities
Analysing the 2011 riots: Why the emotional impact extended far beyond the affected communities New research investigating the emotional effects of the 2011 riots across England has found that the negative impacts were felt by communities far removed from where the activity took place, with black neighbourhoods being particularly severely impacted.

Health - Economics / Business - 04.05.2018
Why child mortality is 1.5 times higher in England than Sweden
Premature births, low birth weight and birth anomalies explain why England has a higher death rate than Sweden among children under 5 years old, according to a new study led by UCL. The study, published today in The Lancet , compared more than 3.9 million English births and 1 million Swedish births to understand factors driving higher rates of child mortality in England. Researchers found the difference is largely due to children in England typically weighing less at birth, being born earlier, and having more birth anomalies (such as congenital heart defects) than in Sweden.

Innovation - Economics / Business - 01.05.2018
WMG to test new location system for intelligent vehicles
Intelligent vehicles and smart devices could gain more accurate location awareness by 'fusing' Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and WiFi signals - and a test for this is the focus of an Innovate UK project led by Spirent Communications and involving WMG at the University of Warwick. The 694k 'Enhanced Assured Location Simulator Leveraging WiFi and GNSS Sensor Fusion' (ELWAG) project will seek to develop to test this pioneering hybrid WiFi and GNSS location system in a cost-effective, repeatable and safe environment - so that manufacturers can verify its performance.

Innovation - Economics / Business - 30.04.2018
International collaboration vital to reduce pollution in Chinese cities
A new study from experts at the University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC), looks at whether international collaboration will help to tackle pollution in some of China's biggest cities. In the research, led by Professor May Tan-Mullins from UNNC, a group of experts looked into one of the most promising low carbon planning initiatives in China - Shenzhen's International Low Carbon City (ILCC).

Health - Economics / Business - 25.04.2018
Labelling alcoholic drinks as lower in strength could encourage people to drink more, study suggests
Wines and beers labelled as lower in alcohol strength may increase the total amount of alcoholic drink consumed, according to a study published in the journal Health Psychology . The study was carried out by the Behaviour and Health Research Unit at the University of Cambridge in collaboration with the Centre for Addictive Behaviours Research at London South Bank University.

Economics / Business - Law - 25.04.2018
Clearing up online confusion for consumers - top tips from the experts
PA 75/18 Consumers often fail to see important information about online services - which can lead to unexpected costs, according to new research. When you are buying a service online, what do you look at on a website? Connection Services (for example) offer connection to a small number of organisation's customer service phone lines -for a cost.

Sport - Economics / Business - 23.04.2018
Football makes fans less happy
Football makes fans less happy The pain felt by football fans after a defeat is more than double the joy of winning, according to researchers at the University of Sussex. The team analysed three million responses from 32,000 people on a smartphone app called Mappiness, which periodically asks users how they are feeling, what they are doing, where they are and who they are with.

Computer Science - Economics / Business - 04.04.2018
Online tool can measure individuals’ likelihood to fall for internet scams
Researchers have developed an online questionnaire which measures a range of personality traits to identify individuals who are more likely to fall victim to internet scams and other forms of cybercrime. Scams have been around for hundreds of years, and over the centuries, they haven't really changed that much - the only difference now is with the internet, it requires a lot less effort to do it.

Health - Economics / Business - 03.04.2018
Taxes on soft drinks, alcohol and tobacco are of most benefit to the poor
Taxes on tobacco, alcohol, sugar-sweetened drinks and snack foods may benefit poorer households the most, according to new research. The study lead by Professor Franco Sassi, Professor of International Health Policy & Economics at Imperial College Business School is one of five papers published today in The Lancet which collectively argue that taxes are a powerful response to rising rates of chronic diseases and an inescapable solution to tackling non-communicable diseases (NCDs) .

Sport - Economics / Business - 20.03.2018
Why it doesn’t pay to be just nice – you also need to be intelligent
Researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Minnesota and Heidelberg devised a series of games to find out which factors lead to cooperative behaviour when people interact in social and workplace situations. Their findings, due to be published in the Journal of Political Economy , showed that people with a higher IQ displayed 'significantly higher' levels of cooperation, which in turn led to them earning more money as part of the game.

Economics / Business - 15.03.2018
England has one of the lowest levels of financial literacy
One-in-three adults in England and Northern Ireland (NI) cannot work out the correct change from a shopping trip, according to new research from UCL and University of Cambridge. The findings show that adults in England and NI perform worse on everyday financial numeracy tasks than adults in many other developed countries - even when using a calculator.

Health - Economics / Business - 13.03.2018
Academics urge rethink on 28-day prescriptions for people with long-term conditions
The widely adopted practice of issuing 28-day rather than longer duration prescriptions for people with long-term conditions lacks a robust evidence base and should be reconsidered, according to a study published in the British Journal of General Practice today [Tuesday 13 March]. Related research shows that considerable savings could be made by the NHS switching to longer prescriptions.

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