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Health - Computer Science - 11.07.2024
COVID-19 phone apps shown to provide real-time information on the spread of infectious diseases
Researchers analysing data from mobile phone apps used during the COVID-19 pandemic found that digital contact tracing provides rich insights into epidemic dynamics with unprecedented resolution and speed, revealing how transmission varied by day of the week, gatherings during the 2021 Christmas period, and the UEFA Euro football tournament in July 2021.

Innovation - Computer Science - 25.06.2024
Effectiveness of large language models in political microtargeting assessed in new study
Researchers from the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) have published a new study of the effectiveness of AI tools like ChatGPT in targeting specific demographics with tailored political messaging. Recent advancements in large language models (LLMs) have raised the prospect of scalable, automated, and fine-grained political microtargeting on a scale previously unseen.

Health - Computer Science - 11.06.2024
AI system learns to speak the language of cancer to enable improved diagnosis
A computer system which harnesses the power of AI to learn the language of cancer is capable of spotting the signs of the disease in biological samples with remarkable accuracy, its developers say. An international team of AI specialists and cancer scientists are behind the breakthrough development, which can also provide reliable predictions of patient outcomes.

Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 31.05.2024
AI helps scientists understand cosmic explosions
AI helps scientists understand cosmic explosions
Scientists at the University of Warwick are using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyse cosmic explosions known as supernovae. Many stars in the Universe will end their lives as white dwarfs - compact stars containing about the mass of the Sun in the size of the Earth. Some of these white dwarfs will eventually explode as supernovae.

Computer Science - Innovation - 16.05.2024
Intelligent surfaces research breakthrough could solve indoor positioning problem
A new advance in a developing form of wireless communications could help precisely pinpoint the locations of people and objects indoors, researchers say. Engineers from University of Glasgow and colleagues from the UK and Australia are behind the research breakthrough. Their work could have a wide range of future applications, from helping emergency services quickly find people trapped in smoke-filled buildings to offering device-assisted navigation through public spaces for blind and partially-sighted people.

Health - Computer Science - 14.05.2024
Female health apps misuse highly sensitive data
Apps designed for female health monitoring are exposing users to unnecessary privacy and safety risks through their poor data handling practices, according to new research from UCL and King's College London. The study, presented at the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI) 2024 on 14 May, is the most extensive evaluation of the privacy practices of female health apps to date.

Transport - Computer Science - 08.05.2024
Research casts new light on bike safety in the age of self-driving cars
Equipping self-driving cars with external displays which use coloured lights to communicate their next manoeuvre could help keep cyclists safe on the roads of the future, researchers say. With autonomous vehicles becoming more common, reducing active human involvement in driving in the process, researchers from the University of Glasgow have been working to investigate new ways to help self-driving cars speak the language of cyclists.

Physics - Computer Science - 07.05.2024
Quantum breakthrough: World’s purest silicon brings scientists one step closer to scaling up quantum computers
More than 100 years ago, scientists at The University of Manchester changed the world when they discovered the nucleus in atoms, marking the birth of nuclear physics. Fast forward to today, and history repeats itself, this time in quantum computing.

Innovation - Computer Science - 02.05.2024
Polly wants a chatter: parrots prefer live calls over pre-recorded videos
Pet parrots given the choice to video-call each other or watch pre-recorded videos of other birds will flock to the opportunity for live chats, new research shows. The study, led by animal-computer interaction specialists at the University of Glasgow, gave tablet devices to nine parrots and their owners to explore the potential of the video chats to expand the birds' social lives.

Computer Science - Psychology - 18.04.2024
New research probes effectiveness of AR to improve self-driving car safety
As self-driving cars become more common on our roads, a key question for future road safety is how to balance passengers' desire to relax during their trip while still remaining aware of road hazards and be ready to retake control. Researchers from the University of Glasgow have been testing the potential of augmented reality technology to allow drivers to enjoy the benefits of being driven by an autonomous vehicle while enabling them to quickly take the wheel if required.

Health - Computer Science - 25.03.2024
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
A free smartphone app, Drink Less, can help people who would benefit most from reducing their alcohol consumption to do so successfully, according to a large randomised controlled trial led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eClinicalMedicine funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) , found that people randomly recommended to use the Drink Less app reduced their drinking by 39 units a week at six months - two more units a week on average than a control group who were referred to standard NHS advice.

Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 11.03.2024
More precise understanding of dark energy achieved using AI
More precise understanding of dark energy achieved using AI
A UCL-led research team has used artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to infer the influence and properties of dark energy more precisely from a map of dark and visible matter in the Universe covering the last seven billion years. The study, carried out by the Dark Energy Survey collaboration, doubled the precision at which key characteristics of the Universe, including the overall density of dark energy, could be inferred from the map.

Health - Computer Science - 21.02.2024
Removing bias from healthcare AI tools
Rapid advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have opened the way for the creation of a huge range of new healthcare tools, but to ensure that these tools do not exacerbate pre-existing health inequities, researchers urge the use of more representative data in their development. Researchers from Oxford University's Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (NDORMS) , University College London and the Centre for Ethnic Health Research , supported by Health Data Research UK , have for the first time studied the full detail of ethnicity data in the NHS.

Health - Computer Science - 07.02.2024
Creating filters for the medical images of the future
Creating filters for the medical images of the future
A suite of filters which can be applied to medical images to help healthcare professionals with analysis and diagnosis has been developed by an international team of researchers. Operating in a similar way to those used on smart phones to enhance photography, the filters highlight different textures to help clinicians identify lesions or blood vessels in 3D medical images such as breast scans.

Microtechnics - Computer Science - 29.01.2024
Robot trained to read braille at twice the speed of humans
Robot trained to read braille at twice the speed of humans
Researchers have developed a robotic sensor that incorporates artificial intelligence techniques to read braille at speeds roughly double that of most human readers. The research team, from the University of Cambridge, used machine learning algorithms to teach a robotic sensor to quickly slide over lines of braille text.

Computer Science - 22.01.2024
New way to counter mobile phone 'account takeover' attacks
New way to counter mobile phone ’account takeover’ attacks
To understand and prevent these attacks, researchers had to get into the mind of the hacker, who builds a complex attack by combining smaller tactical steps. Computer science researchers have developed a new way to identify security weaknesses that leave people vulnerable to account takeover attacks, where a hacker gains unauthorized access to online accounts.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 02.01.2024
The way the brain learns is different from the way that artificial intelligence systems learn
The way the brain learns is different from the way that artificial intelligence systems learn
Study shows that the way the brain learns is different from the way that artificial intelligence systems learn Researchers from the MRC Brain Network Dynamics Unit and Oxford University's Department of Computer Science have set out a new principle to explain how the brain adjusts connections between neurons during learning.

Innovation - Computer Science - 14.12.2023
New speech analysis data aims to help silence speak volumes
Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say. Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say.

Psychology - Computer Science - 11.12.2023
VR users need an emotional connection to virtual worlds, not better graphics - study finds
VR users need an emotional connection to virtual worlds, not better graphics - study finds
Being amazed by powerful graphics is not enough for a person to feel fully engaged in a VR world - even more important is a strong emotional response. Published on Monday 11 December 2023 Last updated on Monday 11 December 2023 Being wowed by powerful graphics is not enough for a person to feel fully immersed in a virtual-reality (VR) world - a strong emotional response to the simulated environment is essential too, according to a new study from the University of Bath.

Computer Science - 07.12.2023
Using machine learning to monitor driver ’workload’ could help improve road safety
Researchers have developed an adaptable algorithm that could improve road safety by predicting when drivers are able to safely interact with in-vehicle systems or receive messages, such as traffic alerts, incoming calls or driving directions.
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