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Computer Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 29.06.2021
Artificial Intelligence pioneered at Oxford to detect floods launches into space | University of Oxford
Artificial Intelligence pioneered at Oxford to detect floods launches into space | University of Oxford
A new technology, developed by Oxford researchers, in partnership with the European Space Agency's (ESA) -lab, will pilot the detection of flood events from space. It was deployed on hardware on D'Orbit's upcoming 'Wild Ride' mission being launched by SpaceX's Falcon 9 from Cape Canaveral, 30 June, 20.00 UK time.

Health - Computer Science - 17.06.2021
AI app could help diagnose HIV more accurately
Pioneering technology developed by UCL and Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) researchers could transform the ability to accurately interpret HIV test results, particularly in lowand middle-income countries. Academics from the London Centre for Nanotechnology at UCL and AHRI used deep learning (artificial intelligence/AI) algorithms to improve health workers' ability to diagnose HIV using lateral flow tests in rural South Africa.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 10.06.2021
Robot chemist offers insight into the origins of life
A robotic 'evolution machine' capable of exploring the generational development of chemical mixtures over long periods of time could help cast new light on the origins of life, scientists say. A team of chemists from the University of Glasgow developed the robot, which uses a machine-learning algorithm to make decisions about which chemicals from a selection of 18 to combine in a reactor, and how to set conditions under which the reaction occurs.

Computer Science - 04.06.2021
Ultra-high-density hard drives made with graphene store ten times more data
Ultra-high-density hard drives made with graphene store ten times more data
Graphene can be used for ultra-high density hard disk drives (HDD), with up to a tenfold jump compared to current technologies, researchers at the Cambridge Graphene Centre have shown. Considering that in 2020, around 1 billion terabytes of fresh HDD storage was produced, these results indicate a route for mass application of graphene in cutting-edge technologies Andrea Ferrari The study was carried out in collaboration with teams at the University of Exeter, India, Switzerland, Singapore, and the US.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 01.06.2021
Researchers create a camera that knows exactly where it is
Researchers create a camera that knows exactly where it is
Researchers from the University of Bristol have demonstrated how a new special type of camera can build a pictorial map of where it has been and use this map to know where it currently is, something that will be incredibly useful in the development of smart sensors, driverless cars and robotics. Knowing where you are on a map is one of the most useful pieces of information when navigating journeys.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 14.05.2021
Supercomputer simulations unlock space weather puzzle
Scientists have long questioned why the bursts of hot gas from the Sun do not cool down as fast as expected, and now a UCL-led team of researchers have used a supercomputer to find out why. The team will now compare their simulations with 'real' data from the European Space Agency's flagship Solar Orbiter mission, with the hope that it will confirm their predictions and provide a conclusive answer.

Computer Science - 13.05.2021
Locomotion Vault will help guide innovations in virtual reality locomotion
Experts in virtual reality locomotion have developed a new resource that analyses all the different possibilities of locomotion currently available. Moving around in a virtual reality world can be very different to walking or employing a vehicle in the real world and new approaches and techniques are continually being developed to meet the challenges of different applications.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 11.05.2021
Building a universe in a supercomputer
Building a universe in a supercomputer
You can't physically crash a planet into another planet in a lab to see what happens or look quite far enough back in time to see how the universe might have formed. So what do you do? At Durham we use supercomputer technology to simulate the universe as we seek to unravel its mysteries. How do galaxies form? What are dark matter and dark energy? And what will be the ultimate fate of the universe? COSMA supercomputer The COSMA supercomputer - with the memory of about 25,000 high-powered laptops - allows researchers to answer these big cosmological questions.

Environment - Computer Science - 10.05.2021
Can federated learning save the world?
Can federated learning save the world?
Training the artificial intelligence models that underpin web search engines, power smart assistants and enable driverless cars, consumes megawatts of energy and generates worrying carbon dioxide emissions. But new ways of training these models are proven to be greener.   The development and usage of AI is playing an increasing role in the tragedy that is climate change, and this problem will only worsen as this technology continues to proliferate through society Nic Lane Artificial intelligence models are used increasingly widely in today's world.

Computer Science - Environment - 06.05.2021
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Algorithm to improve aid response to victims in disaster zones
Research into disaster planning addresses issue of considering how to restore distribution networks alongside providing immediate aid Last updated on Thursday 6 May 2021 A University of Bath School of Management academic has developed an algorithm to help charities and aid organisations improve the way they help victims of storms, floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters.

Computer Science - Physics - 30.04.2021
’Bat-sense’ tech generates images from sound
Scientists have found a way to equip everyday objects like smartphones and laptops with a bat-like sense of their surroundings. At the heart of the technique is a sophisticated machine-learning algorithm which uses reflected echoes to generate images, similar to the way bats navigate and hunt using echolocation.

Physics - Computer Science - 29.04.2021
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Machine learning algorithm helps unravel the physics underlying quantum systems
Scientists from the University's Quantum Engineering Technology Labs (QETLabs) have developed an algorithm that provides valuable insights into the physics underlying quantum systems - paving the way for significant advances in quantum computation and sensing, and potentially turning a new page in scientific investigation.

Computer Science - Sport - 28.04.2021
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Virtual Reality could help improve balance in older people
Researchers at CAMERA are investigating VR technology to help improve balance and prevent falls. Last updated on Wednesday 28 April 2021 Researchers at the University of Bath investigating how virtual reality (VR) can help improve balance believe this technology could be a valuable tool in the prevention of falls.

Health - Computer Science - 15.03.2021
Machine learning models for diagnosing COVID-19 are not yet suitable for clinical use
Machine learning models for diagnosing COVID-19 are not yet suitable for clinical use
Systematic review finds that machine learning models for detecting and diagnosing COVID-19 from medical images have major flaws and biases, making them unsuitable for use in patients. However, researchers have suggested ways to remedy the problem.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 05.03.2021
Researchers use sound to shape the future of printing
Researchers use sound to shape the future of printing
Researchers have developed a way to coax microscopic particles and droplets into precise patterns by harnessing the power of sound in air. The implications for printing, especially in the fields of medicine and electronics, are far-reaching. The scientists from the Universities of Bristol and Bath have shown that it's possible to create precise, pre-determined patterns on surfaces from aerosol droplets or particles, using computer-controlled ultrasound.

Computer Science - Psychology - 04.03.2021
Speed of expression offers vital visual cues
The speed at which we produce facial expressions plays an important role in our ability to recognise emotions in others, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. A team in the University's School of Psychology carried out research which showed that people tend to produce happy and angry expressions more rapidly, while sad expressions are produced more slowly.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 19.02.2021
Making sense of the mass data generated from firing neurons
Scientists have achieved a breakthrough in predicting the behaviour of neurons in large networks operating at the mysterious edge of chaos. New research from the University of Sussex and Kyoto University outlines a new method capable of analysing the masses of data generated by thousands of individual neurons.

Physics - Computer Science - 15.02.2021
Light used to detect quantum information stored in 100,000 nuclear quantum bits
Light used to detect quantum information stored in 100,000 nuclear quantum bits
Researchers have found a way to use light and a single electron to communicate with a cloud of quantum bits and sense their behaviour, making it possible to detect a single quantum bit in a dense cloud. We don't have a way of 'talking' to the cloud and the cloud doesn't have a way of talking to us. But what we can talk to is an electron: we can communicate with it sort of like a dog that herds sheep Mete Atatüre The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, were able to inject a 'needle' of highly fragile quantum information in a 'haystack' of 100,000 nuclei.

Psychology - Computer Science - 05.02.2021
Tweets of fear used to spread malicious viruses online
Cybercriminals are preying on emotions of fear to spread dangerous viruses and spyware across Twitter, new research has revealed. Scientists from Cardiff University have shown, for the first time, that tweets containing malicious links are more likely to contain negative emotions, and that it is the content of the tweet that increases the likelihood of it being liked and shared, as opposed to the number of followers of the poster.

Health - Computer Science - 28.01.2021
Anonymous cell phone data can quantify behavioral changes for flu-like illnesses
Being prepared for a pandemic, like COVID-19, depends on the ability to predict the course of the pandemic and the human behaviour that drives spread in the event of an outbreak. Cell phone metadata that is routinely collected by telecommunications providers can reveal changes of behavior in people who are diagnosed with a flu-like illness, while also protecting their anonymity, a new study has found.
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