Computer Science

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Computer Science - 24.05.2023
Largest study of video games reveals men say twice as much as women
Largest study of video games reveals men say twice as much as women
Researchers have found a stark gender imbalance after carrying out the largest-ever study of video game dialogue, published today. The research, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science , analysed more than 13,000 video-game characters and found that men speak twice as much as women. The study, led by Dr Stephanie Rennick at the University of Glasgow and Dr Seán G. Roberts at Cardiff University, performed the first large-scale test of gender imbalance in the dialogue of 50 role-playing video games (RPGs).

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 05.05.2023
Artificial neurons mimic complex brain abilities for next-generation AI computing
Researchers have created atomically thin artificial neurons capable of processing both light and electric signals for computing.áThe material enables the simultaneous existence of separate feedforward and feedback paths within a neural network, boosting the ability to solve complex problems. For decades, scientists have been investigating how to recreate the versatile computational capabilities of biological neurons to develop faster and more energy-efficient machine learning systems.

Computer Science - 13.04.2023
Sharing stress data could enable new forms of mental health support
Stress data collected by wearable tech and shared between close friends could help enable new forms of mutual care for mental health, research suggests. Computing scientists from Scotland and China are behind the finding, which is set to be presented at the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems in Germany later this month.

Innovation - Computer Science - 03.04.2023
Eye-tracking research is a peek into the future of mobile device interaction
A new study exploring how mobile devices can be controlled solely by the movements of users' eyes could offers a peek into the future of gaze-based interactions with smartphones, researchers say. Human-computer interaction specialists from universities in Scotland, Germany and Portugal have taken a closer look at how eyes can be used to control mobile devices and made a series of recommendations on how to integrate gaze-interaction into future generations of tech.

Computer Science - Environment - 07.03.2023
Phone-based measurements provide fast, accurate information about the health of forests
Phone-based measurements provide fast, accurate information about the health of forests
Researchers have developed an algorithm that uses computer vision techniques to accurately measure trees almost five times faster than traditional, manual methods. Ground-based measurements are hugely valuable, but also time-consuming. We wanted to know whether we could automate this process. Amelia Holcomb The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, developed the algorithm, which gives an accurate measurement of tree diameter, an important measurement used by scientists to monitor forest health and levels of carbon sequestration.

Health - Computer Science - 09.02.2023
Test that can identify respiratory viruses within five minutes
Scientists have developed a world-first diagnostic test, powered by artificial intelligence, that can identify known respiratory viruses within five minutes from just one nasal or throat swab. The new diagnostic test could replace current methods that are limited to testing for only one infection, such as a lateral flow test for COVID-19, or otherwise are either lab-based and time-consuming or fast and less accurate.

Environment - Computer Science - 09.01.2023
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
Scientists have developed AI to track the development of crevasses - or fractures - on the Thwaites Glacier ice tongue in west Antarctica. Crevasses are indicators of stress building-up in the glacier. A team of researchers from the University of Leeds and University of Bristol have adapted an AI algorithm originally developed to identify cells in microscope images to spot crevasses forming in the ice from satellite images.

Innovation - Computer Science - 16.12.2022
MIOIR Researchers launch new report on the Adoption of Digital Technologies and Skills in Greater Manchester
MIOIR Researchers launch new report on the Adoption of Digital Technologies and Skills in Greater Manchester
Silvia Massini, Mabel Sanchez-Barrioluengo, Xiaoxiao Yu have published a report exploring the key findings from ADiTS survey, in collaboration with the Greater Manchester Chamber of Commerce. High costs and a lack of access to people with the relevant skills are significant barriers to businesses adopting digital technologies across Greater Manchester, according to a major new AMBS report.

Health - Computer Science - 01.12.2022
Fitness levels can be accurately predicted using wearable devices - no exercise required
Cambridge researchers have developed a method for measuring overall fitness accurately on wearable devices - and more robustly than current consumer smartwatches and fitness monitors - without the wearer needing to exercise.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 18.11.2022
Worldwide dataset captures Earth in finest ever detail
Worldwide dataset captures Earth in finest ever detail
A global open-source dataset of high-resolution images of Earth - the most extensive and detailed of its kind - has been developed by experts led by UCL with data from the European Space Agency (ESA). The free dataset, WorldStrat, will be presented at the NeurIPS 2022 conference in New Orleans. It includes nearly 10,000km▓ of free satellite images, showing every type of location, urban area and land use from agriculture, grasslands and forests to cities of every size and polar ice caps.

Computer Science - Physics - 09.11.2022
Spiderweb-like lasers can emit light in controlled colours
Researchers have created a laser system based on a network like a spider's web, which can be precisely controlled to produce different light colours. The system, invented by a team led by researchers at Imperial College London with partners in Italy and Switzerland, could be used in new sensing and computing applications.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 31.10.2022
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Imperial and chemical company BASF will reveal new techniques for optimising experimental design at leading machine learning conference NeurIPS. Three papers outlining new machine learning techniques that address important needs in the chemical industry have been judged ground-breaking enough to win acceptance at the NeurIPS conference, one of the most competitive international venues for research in machine learning.

Innovation - Computer Science - 20.10.2022
Artificial intelligence powers record-breaking all-in-one miniature spectrometers
Artificial intelligence powers record-breaking all-in-one miniature spectrometers
Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to replace optical and mechanical components, researchers have designed a tiny spectrometer that breaks all current resolution records. We see light and colours around us every day. However, to analyse the information it carries, we must analyse light using spectrometers, in the lab.

Physics - Computer Science - 14.10.2022
Making quantum computing more resilient
Quantum computing systems could be made more stable and efficient thanks to a discovery about the way some atomic particles behave. The University of Leeds' Theoretical Physics Research Group has come up with a new way of making quantum particles defy the rules of statistical physics by utilising a special quantum computing device.

Computer Science - 10.10.2022
AI-driven ’thermal attack’ system reveals passwords in seconds
Computer security experts have developed a system capable of guessing computer and smartphone users' passwords in seconds by analysing the traces of heat their fingertips leave on keyboards and screens. Researchers from the University of Glasgow developed the system, called ThermoSecure, to demonstrate how falling prices of thermal imaging cameras and rising access to machine learning are creating new risks for 'thermal attacks.' Thermal attacks can occur after users type their passcode on a computer keyboard, smartphone screen or ATM keypad before leaving the device unguarded.

Computer Science - Health - 07.09.2022
Next generation of hearing aids could read lips through masks
A new system capable of reading lips with remarkable accuracy even when speakers are wearing face masks could help create a new generation of hearing aids. An international team of engineers and computing scientists developed the technology, which pairs radio-frequency sensing with artificial intelligence for the first time to identify lip movements.

Computer Science - Innovation - 11.08.2022
Putting the Human Back into the Algorithm
Putting the Human Back into the Algorithm
Is AI our only hope for the future of humankind? Professor Sami Kaski explores how this powerful tool could help meet the challenges facing our world. But how do we ensure that the human is present in the machine? Artificial Intelligence (AI) is all around us. From the smart watches we wear everyday collecting our personal biodata to helping medical professionals prescribe to patients, this technology has the potential to greatly advance global health services, to name just one area, in the future.

Computer Science - 19.07.2022
Research project lends helping human hand to AI decisionmakers
A new research project is setting out to help artificial intelligence systems make fairer choices by lending them a helping human hand. Researchers from the University of Glasgow and Fujitsu Ltd. have teamed up for the year-long collaboration, which is called 'End-users fixing fairness issues', or Effi.

Health - Computer Science - 11.07.2022
Gender bias revealed in AI tools screening for liver disease
Gender bias revealed in AI tools screening for liver disease
Artificial intelligence models built to predict liver disease from blood tests are twice as likely to miss disease in women as in men, a new study by UCL researchers has found. The study, published in BMJ Health & Care Informatics and funded by UKRI, recreated four AI models documented in previous research as having a greater than 70% success rate in identifying liver disease from the results of blood tests.

Computer Science - 30.06.2022
The hawk has landed: braking mid-air to prioritise safety over energy or speed
New research from the Oxford Flight Group using computer simulations and Hollywood-style motion capture shows how birds optimise their landing manoeuvres for an accurate descent. Researchers at the University of Oxford have found that hawks control their flight to ensure the safest landing conditions when perching, even if it takes longer and more energy to do so.
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