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Chemistry - Life Sciences - 02.06.2010
Pheromone responsible for male mouse 'sex appeal'
Pheromone responsible for male mouse ’sex appeal’
Liverpool, UK - 3 June 2010: Scientists at the University of Liverpool have identified a protein pheromone in mouse urine that is responsible for female attraction to particular male mice. The researchers have named the pheromone ‘darcin', after Jane Austen's hero in Pride and Prejudice, Mr Darcy.

Chemistry - Business / Economics - 25.05.2010
Discovery Fund makes its latest investment
Discovery Fund makes its latest investment
The University of Cambridge's Discovery Fund recently made its second investment in a new University spin-out which is developing water droplets that serve as ‘miniature test tubes'. The Fund has made a seed investment in Sphere Fluidics, which was formed earlier this month. The company aims to commercialise picolitre droplet technology, which enables researchers to carry out large numbers of simultaneous reactions contained within small water droplets a fraction of a millimetre in size.

Health - Chemistry - 12.05.2010
UCL team finds new ways to improve cervical cancer screening
UCL team finds new ways to improve cervical cancer screening
The research, led by Dr Daniel Ndisang (UCL Institute of Child Health) and made possible by funding from the Association for International Research (AICR), could significantly reduce the death rate from the devastating disease. Cervical cancer accounts for about one in 10 female cancer deaths worldwide each year.

Chemistry - Physics - 11.05.2010
Chemical remains of Dinobird found
Chemical remains of Dinobird found
A 150-million-year old 'Dinobird' fossil, long thought to contain nothing but fossilized bone and rock, has been hiding remnants of the animal's original chemistry, according to new research. The sensational discovery by an international team of palaeontologists, geochemists and physicists was made after carrying out state-of-the art analysis of one the world's most important fossils - the half-dinosaur/half-bird species called Archaeopteryx.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 25.04.2010
UK team reveals all three structures of a single transporter protein
UK team reveals all three structures of a single transporter protein
Adapted from a press release issued by the University of Leeds Friday 23 April 2010 A team of researchers from Imperial College London and the Universities of Leeds and Oxford has captured the 3D atomic models of a single transporter protein in each of its three main structural states, an achievement that has been a goal of researchers from around the world for over 25 years.

Mathematics - Chemistry - 23.04.2010
New computational method to uncover gene regulation
Scientists have developed a new computational model to uncover gene regulation, the key to how our body develops – and how it can go wrong. The researchers, from The University of Manchester (UK), Aalto University (Finland) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory Heidelberg (Germany), say the new method identifies targets of regulator genes.

Health - Chemistry - 20.04.2010
New test for early diagnosis of osteoarthritis
New test for early diagnosis of osteoarthritis
Researchers at King's College London's Twin Research Unit have discovered new ways of measuring metabolites in the blood which could be used to diagnose osteoarthritis earlier. Their new biochemical test called metabolomics allows the scientists to test for 163 chemical signals at the same time from a single blood sample.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 18.04.2010
You had me at hello: frisky yeast know who to 'shmoo' after two minutes
You had me at hello: frisky yeast know who to ’shmoo’ after two minutes
Yeast cells decide whether to have sex with each other within two minutes of meeting, according to new research published today in Nature. One of the authors of the study, from Imperial College London, says the new insights into how yeast cells decide to mate could be helpful for researchers looking at how cancer cells and stem cells develop.

Chemistry - Health - 14.04.2010
Experts hail kidney gene find
In this study, an international team of scientists, including researchers at the University, looked at the genes of nearly 70,000 people across Europe. They found 13 new genes that influence renal function and seven others that affect the production and secretion of creatinine - a chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism and filtered through the kidneys.

Chemistry - Physics - 06.04.2010
Building blocks of the future
Building blocks of the future
Professor Varinder Aggarwal is no ordinary builder. He and his team in the School of Chemistry have just discovered a new technique that could hasten the development of new drugs for today‘s incurable diseases ' by building complex organic molecules. Complex organic molecules are finding increasing applications in virtually all aspects of our lives, from the pill we take for heart disease and the insecticide used in the production of the food we eat, to the flat screens of mobile phones.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 25.03.2010
Scientists solve chicken puzzle
The research, which involved studying rare naturally occurring chickens with white (male) plumage on one side and brown (female) plumage on the other, sheds new light on the sexual development of birds. It was previously thought that sex chromosomes in birds control whether a testis or ovary forms, with sexual traits then being determined by hormones.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 25.03.2010
DNA sequencing pioneer is Innovator of the Year 2010
DNA sequencing pioneer is Innovator of the Year 2010
Cambridge Professor Shankar Balasubramanian has been named Innovator of the Year by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The prize, worth £10,000, is for his work on Solexa sequencing, the high speed genome sequencing technology that means it is now possible to sequence a human genome for less than $10,000.

Physics - Chemistry - 24.03.2010
Shells, silicon & neighbourly atoms
Shells, silicon & neighbourly atoms
As Andrew Goodwin of Oxford University's Department of Chemistry explains this irregularity is important: it's what allows shells to grow their curved edges and gives silicon its incredibly useful electronic properties. ‘Our main technique for establishing what materials look like on the atomic scale is crystallography ,' Andrew tells me, ‘and this relies explicitly on the existence of a repeating arrangement of atoms in order to work.

Environment - Chemistry - 22.02.2010
39 Steps to understanding Ocean Acidification
Plymouth marine scientists have joined with international colleagues to help educate the public about "ocean acidification," the scientific details of which are intricate and sometimes counterintuitive. Twenty-seven scientists from five countries worked together to produce and distribute a document to provide accessible and accurate answers to the most commonly asked questions about this growing problem.

Physics - Chemistry - 16.02.2010
Astronomers unveil atmospheres of far-away planets
Astronomers unveil atmospheres of far-away planets
The discovery and characterisation of a planet with an Earth-like atmosphere is a step closer thanks to a new observation technique, developed by astronomers at NASA and UCL, using small ground-based telescopes. Published today in Nature , astronomers have identified organic molecules in the atmosphere of a Jupiter-sized planet nearly 63 light years away.

Physics - Chemistry - 07.02.2010
Ingredients for life present on Saturnian moon, say UCL scientists
Ingredients for life present on Saturnian moon, say UCL scientists
A team from the Mullard Space Science Laboratory working on the Cassini-Huygens mission have found negatively charged water ions in the ice plume of Enceladus.   MSSL's Professor Andrew Coates, lead author of a paper on the latest discovery, said: ‘While it's no surprise that there is water there, these short-lived ions are extra evidence for sub-surface water and where there's water, carbon and energy, some of the major ingredients for life are present.

Physics - Chemistry - 26.01.2010
Black hole hunters set new distance record
Black hole hunters set new distance record
Using the European Southern Observatory´s Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers from the University of Sheffield have detected a stellar mass black hole much farther away than any other previously known. The newly discovered black hole is in the spiral galaxy NGC 300, about six million light years away from the Sun.

Chemistry - 14.01.2010
Professor wins Institution of Chemical Engineers medal
Professor wins Institution of Chemical Engineers medal
Professor Haroun Mahgerfeteh has won a prestigious medal for a paper on the feasibility of transporting captured carbon dioxide (CO2) along a pipeline. Professor Mahgerfeteh (UCL Chemical Engineering) won the 2009 Institution of Chemical Engineers Frank Lees Medal for the most meritorious publication on the topic of 'safety and loss prevention' in any IChemE publication, including journals, books, conference proceedings and web resources.

Health - Chemistry - 15.12.2009
Oldest case of leprosy found in 1st century tomb
Analysis of human remains buried in the 1st century 'Tomb of the Shroud? in Jerusalem has revealed evidence of ancient leprosy and tuberculosis. The new research, involving UCL researchers, is published in the journal PLoS One today. This is the first time that a 1st century tomb from Jerusalem has been investigated by molecular methods.

Health - Chemistry - 20.11.2009
Largest mass extinction linked to 21st century lung cancer epidemic
Largest mass extinction linked to 21st century lung cancer epidemic
The geologic conditions that very nearly annihilated life 250 million years ago are still killing people today. Parts of Xuan Wei County in Yunnan Province in China have the world"¤ s highest known death rates from lung cancer in non-smoking women. For thirty years the region, which uses locally mined coal for domestic cooking and heating, has been the focus of intense scientific research to establish a cause.
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