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Physics - Materials Science - 19.02.2024
Researchers achieve breakthrough in silicon-compatible magnetic whirls
Researchers from Oxford University's Department of Physics have developed a method to integrate hurricane-like magnetic whirls with silicon, which could enable a new generation of green and super-fast computing platforms. Image credit: Anna Bliokh, Getty Images. Researchers from Oxford University's Department of Physics have made a breakthrough in creating and designing magnetic whirls in membranes that can be seamlessly integrated with silicon.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 19.02.2024
Potassium depletion in soil threatens global crop yields
Potassium depletion in soil threatens global crop yields
Potassium deficiency in agricultural soils is a largely unrecognised but potentially significant threat to global food security if left unaddressed, finds new research involving researchers at UCL, University of Edinburgh and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The study, published in Nature Food, found that more potassium is being removed from agricultural soils than is being added, throughout many regions of the world.

Health - 19.02.2024
Gout increases the risk of a broad range of cardiovascular diseases
Gout is associated with an increased risk of a broad range of cardiovascular diseases, according to new research which looked at the health records of more than 860,000 people Gout is associated with an increased risk of a broad range of cardiovascular diseases, according to new research which looked at the health records of more than 860,000 people.

Environment - 19.02.2024
Spilling the dirt on Combined Sewer Overflows
Researchers from Cardiff University are calling for a ban on flushing wet wipes down the toilet in a bid to prevent raw sewage from being spilled into UK waters. A team of ecologists, engineers, mathematicians, and economists from across the University have worked together to start addressing the challenges of Combined Sewer Overflows and sewage spillage, suggesting short and long-term strategies to ensure cleaner waters in the UK in the future.

Social Sciences - 16.02.2024
Only one in six rural councils made use of affordable housing option
Only 17% of rural local planning authorities have made use of Rural Exception Sites, a planning policy mechanism designed to boost the supply of affordable housing in rural areas, finds a new study by UCL researchers in association with the Rural Housing Network. Rural Exception Sites were introduced in England in 1991 to enable the development of affordable homes on underdeveloped land that would otherwise be restricted for residential development.

Health - Materials Science - 16.02.2024
First human trial shows ’wonder’ material can be developed safely
A revolutionary nanomaterial with huge potential to tackle multiple global challenges could be developed further without acute risk to human health, research suggests. Carefully controlled inhalation of a specific type of graphene - the world's thinnest, super strong and super flexible material - has no short-term adverse effects on lung or cardiovascular function, the study shows.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.02.2024
Scientists identify genes linked to DNA damage and human disease
Scientists identify genes linked to DNA damage and human disease
Cambridge scientists have identified more than one hundred key genes linked to DNA damage through systematic screening of nearly 1,000 genetically modified mouse lines. Continued exploration on genomic instability is vital to develop tailored treatments that tackle the root genetic causes Gabriel Balmus The work, published in Nature, provides insights into cancer progression and neurodegenerative diseases as well as a potential therapeutic avenue in the form of a protein inhibitor.

Veterinary - Health - 15.02.2024
New study from the RVC identifies most common findings in pre-purchase examinations of horses
New study from the RVC identifies most common findings in pre-purchase examinations of horses
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has found that lameness is the most common prejudicial PPE finding in prepurchase examinations (PPEs) in horses in the UK. It was also found that horses with a higher purchase price are more likely to undergo a five-stage vetting (5SV), compared to a two-stage vetting (2SV).

Health - 15.02.2024
Choice and consistent shift patterns could improve nurses’ work-life balance
Research by the University of Southampton has found nurses value both choice and consistency in their shift patterns to help balance work with commitments in their home life. Providing a good work-life balance is one way of helping to retain nurses in the NHS to ensure safe levels of care at a time of large shortfalls in staff.

Sport - Health - 15.02.2024
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies linked to students getting less exercise
School uniform policies could be restricting young people from being active, particularly primary school-aged girls, new research suggests. Social norms and expectations tend to influence what they feel they can do in these clothes. Unfortunately, when it comes to promoting physical health, that's a problem Esther van Sluijs The University of Cambridge study used data about the physical activity participation of more than a million five-to-17-year-olds internationally.

Psychology - Health - 14.02.2024
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Hostile environment policies linked to prolonged distress in people with Black Caribbean ancestry
Psychological distress increased among people with Black Caribbean heritage in the UK, relative to the White population, following the 2014 Immigration Act and the Windrush scandal, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers say their findings, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , suggest a causal link between government policies and a subsequent decline in mental health.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.02.2024
Ultra-processed foods score worse on food package labelling
Ultra-processed foods (UPFs) contain more calories, fat, saturated fat, sugar and salt than minimally-processed foods - but not all'UPFs are unhealthy, according to new research from UCL. For the study, published in The British Journal of Nutrition , scientists wanted to investigate whether food processing information could be a useful indicator of what is healthy to eat.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2024
Targeting inflammation to tackle long covid
Overactivation of the immune system leading to circulation of inflammatory proteins around the body contributes to the development of long covid, and could be targeted to provide treatments for patients, finds new research. Cardiff University research has uncovered biological markers that could be targeted by repurposing medication to treat long covid.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.02.2024
Common human gene mutations linked to a range of health conditions
A common human gene mutation combination - found in around 5% of the UK's black population as well as millions of people worldwide with recent African ancestry - has been linked to a number of health conditions and poor health outcomes in new research. A common human gene mutation combination - found in around 5% of the UK's black population as well as millions of people worldwide with recent African ancestry - has been linked to a number of health conditions and poor health outcomes in new research.

Health - 14.02.2024
Coronaviruses circulate twice yearly in Malawi, not only in winter
Common human coronaviruses circulate twice yearly in Malawi, in contrast to annual winter peaks in more temperate climates, according to new data Common human coronaviruses circulate twice yearly in Malawi, in contrast to annual winter peaks in more temperate climates, according to new data. The latest study, led by researchers at the MRC-University of Glasow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) and published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, may shed some light as to how SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, may circulate in Southern Africa in future years.

Health - Psychology - 13.02.2024
Childhood bullying linked to distrust and mental health problems in adolescence
Study finds childhood bullying linked to distrust and mental health problems in adolescence Teens who experience bullying and develop distrust of others are 3.5 times more likely to experience clinically significant mental health issues by age 17 Teens who experience bullying and develop distrust of others are 3.5 times more likely to experience clinically significant mental health issues by age 17.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 12.02.2024
Protein biomarkers predict dementia 15 years before diagnosis – according to new study
Protein biomarkers predict dementia 15 years before diagnosis - according to new study In the largest study of its kind, scientists have shown how protein "biomarkers" predict dementia 15 years before diagnosis. The research, published today in Nature Aging, shows how profiles of proteins in the blood accurately predict dementia up to 15 years prior to clinical diagnosis.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.02.2024
Astronomers uncover previously unknown source of star dust in rare supernova explosion
Astronomers uncover previously unknown source of star dust in rare supernova explosion
The first clear evidence of freshly baked star dust in a Type Ia supernova has been observed by an international team of astronomers. Monitored over the first three years after its explosion, the team claim the supernova - based in a spiral galaxy around 300 million lightyears away - is one of the most prolific dust-producing supernovae ever recorded.

Health - 09.02.2024
Sensors made from 'frozen smoke' can detect toxic formaldehyde in homes and offices
Sensors made from ’frozen smoke’ can detect toxic formaldehyde in homes and offices
Researchers have developed a sensor made from 'frozen smoke' that uses artificial intelligence techniques to detect formaldehyde in real time at concentrations as low as eight parts per billion, far beyond the sensitivity of most indoor air quality sensors. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, developed sensors made from highly porous materials known as aerogels.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.02.2024
New tumour spatial mapping tool will help clinicians diagnose cancer and personalise treatment
New tumour spatial mapping tool will help clinicians diagnose cancer and personalise treatment
FuncOmap directly maps the functional states of oncoproteins in patients' tumour sections, so that clinicians can predict which treatments will work best. Published on Friday 9 February 2024 Last updated on Monday 19 February 2024 Scientists have developed a new AI tool that maps the function of proteins in a cancerous tumour, enabling clinicians to decide how to target treatment in a more precise way.