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Astronomy / Space - Physics - 19.07.2023
Webb sees carbon-rich dust grains in the first billion years of cosmic time
Webb sees carbon-rich dust grains in the first billion years of cosmic time
For the first time, the James Webb Space Telescope has observed the chemical signature of carbon-rich dust grains in the early universe. Similar observational signatures have been observed in the much more recent universe, and have been attributed to complex, carbon-based molecules known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

Astronomy / Space - 19.07.2023
Play ’spot the difference’ to help scientists identify cosmic explosions
Members of the public are invited to take part in a brand new citizen science project to identify cosmic explosions in real-time. -Kilonova Seekers- aims to find kilonovae - the cosmic explosions of neutron stars and black holes colliding in distant galaxies. Volunteers will be asked to play -spot the difference- using data from the two Gravitational-wave Optical Transient Observer ( GOTO ) telescopes.

Astronomy / Space - 13.07.2023
When the stars align: Astronomers find answers to mysterious action of ghost stars in our Galaxy
A now iconic collage showing 22 individual well-known PNe, artistically arranged in a spiral pattern by order of approximate physical size. A collaboration of scientists from The University of Manchester and the University of Hong Kong have found a source for the mysterious alignment of stars near the Galactic Centre.

Astronomy / Space - 30.06.2023
Scientists help to map the dark Universe
Scientists at The University of Manchester are involved in an international satellite mission to map the dark Universe. The European Space Agency's (ESA) Euclid flagship Dark Energy Satellite Mission is due to launch from Cape Canaveral in Florida on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on Saturday, 1 July 2023.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 29.06.2023
First evidence for new class of gravitational waves which could unveil origin of the Universe
After 25 years of observations, an international team of astronomers has seen the first evidence of ultra-low-frequency gravitational waves. The waves are expected to come from pairs of supermassive black holes found in the centres of merging galaxies and the discovery could hold answers about the formation and evolution of the Universe and the galaxies that populate it, including our own Milky Way.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 22.06.2023
New hope in search for dark matter as most sensitive instrument of its kind begins first science run
New hope in search for dark matter as most sensitive instrument of its kind begins first science run
The search for extremely light particles which are thought to be the building blocks of dark matter is underway. An international team of scientists, led by Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) and drawing on expertise from Cardiff University, have started the Any Light Particle Search (ALPS II) experiment.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 22.06.2023
New gravitational waves observation run to reveal more of the universe's secrets
New gravitational waves observation run to reveal more of the universe’s secrets
A new observation run to search for ripples in space-time generated by colliding black holes and other extreme cosmic events will take gravitational wave astronomy to the next level, scientists claim. Upgraded instruments, some of which use Cardiff University-built technology, new and even more accurate signal models, and more advanced data analysis methods mean the 20-month observation will be the most sensitive search for gravitational waves to date.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 14.06.2023
Origin of superfast solar wind found by spacecraft flying close to the Sun
The Parker Solar Probe has flown close enough to the surface of the Sun to detect the fine structure of the solar wind close to where it is generated. In a paper published today in the journal Nature , a team of researchers including from Imperial College London used data from NASA's Parker Solar Probe to explain how the solar wind is capable of surpassing speeds of one million miles per hour.

Astronomy / Space - 12.06.2023
A new Tatooine-like multi-planetary system identified
A new Tatooine-like multi-planetary system identified
An international team of astronomers has announced the second-ever discovery of a multiplanetary circumbinary system. Circumbinary systems contain planets that orbit around two stars in the centre instead of just one, like in our Solar System. Circumbinary planets orbit around both stars at once. The discovery, led by researchers at the University of Birmingham, is reported in today's issue of the journal Nature Astronomy .

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 07.06.2023
What made the brightest cosmic explosion of all time so exceptional?
What made the brightest cosmic explosion of all time so exceptional?
Last year, telescopes registered the brightest cosmic explosion of all time. Astrophysicists can now explain what made it so dazzling. Few cosmic explosions have attracted as much attention from space scientists as the one recorded on October 22 last year and aptly named the Brightest of All Time (BOAT).

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 06.06.2023
Early universe crackled with bursts of star formation, Webb Telescope shows
Early universe crackled with bursts of star formation, Webb Telescope shows
Among the most fundamental questions in astronomy is: How did the first stars and galaxies form? The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), a partnership between NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency, is already providing new insights into this question.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 24.05.2023
University of Glasgow researchers prepare for next gravitational wave observing run
Researchers from the University of Glasgow's School of Physics & Astronomy are preparing for the next observing run of the international LIGO-Virgo-KAGRA (LVK) network of gravitational-wave detectors. The LVK collaboration consists of scientists across the globe who use a network of observatories-LIGO in the United States, Virgo in Europe, and KAGRA in Japan-to search for gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time, generated by colliding black holes and other extreme cosmic events.

Astronomy / Space - 17.05.2023
First radio detection of Type Ia supernova explosion captured by e-MERLIN telescope at Jodrell Bank
After decades of trying, astronomers have found the origin of a Type Ia supernova explosion using radio emissions, thanks to the e-MERLIN telescope network based at Jodrell Bank , The University of Manchester. A supernova is a powerful and luminous explosion and is the end of a star's life. In the case of Type 1a supernovae, they can be used to measure distances in the Universe or for the study of dark energy.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 16.05.2023
JUICE magnetometer passes fitness tests and is ready to take data
JUICE magnetometer passes fitness tests and is ready to take data
The magnetometer instrument on the JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) spacecraft has been rigorously tested and is ready to fulfil its mission. The magnetometer instrument (J-MAG), led by Imperial College London researchers, consists of three sensors, all of which were shown to be operating well. The deployment also marks the first time a quantum interference sensor - a precise but delicate technology - has been used beyond Earth orbit.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.05.2023
Shining ring around black holes recreated in the lab
Shining ring around black holes recreated in the lab
Researchers have created a spinning disc of plasma in a lab, mimicking discs found around black holes and forming stars. The experiment more accurately models what happens in these plasma discs, which could help researchers discover how black holes grow and how collapsing matter forms stars. As matter approaches black holes it heats up, becoming plasma - a fourth state of matter consisting of charged ions and free electrons.

Astronomy / Space - 12.05.2023
Largest cosmic explosion ever seen
Largest cosmic explosion ever seen
A team of astronomers led by the University of Southampton have uncovered the largest cosmic explosion ever witnessed. The explosion is more than ten times brighter than any known supernova (exploding star) and three times brighter than the brightest tidal disruption event, where a star falls into a supermassive black hole.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 02.05.2023
Signs that a rocky exoplanet could have an atmosphere detected by JWST
Signs that a rocky exoplanet could have an atmosphere detected by JWST
Scientists working with the James Webb Space Telescope say new data potentially shows water vapour around a rocky exoplanet - a first if confirmed. However, the water signature may also be coming from the star itself, so additional observations are needed. Water vapour has been seen on gaseous exoplanets before, but to date no atmosphere has been detected around a rocky exoplanet - defined as those with sizes less than or equal to 1.4x Earth's radius.

Astronomy / Space - 02.05.2023
Advanced aliens could soon detect life on Earth, say scientists
Aliens on nearby stars could detect Earth through radio signals leaked from the planet, new research suggests. Scientists from The University of Manchester the University of Mauritius used crowd sourced data to simulate radio leakage from mobile towers to determine what alien civilisations might detect from various nearby stars, including Barnard's star, six light years away from Earth.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 26.04.2023
Most massive touching stars ever found will eventually collide as black holes
Most massive touching stars ever found will eventually collide as black holes
Two massive touching stars in a neighbouring galaxy are on course to become black holes that will eventually crash together, generating waves in the fabric of space-time, according to a new study by researchers at UCL and the University of Potsdam. The study, accepted for publication in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics , looked at a known binary star (two stars orbiting around a mutual centre of gravity), analysing starlight obtained from a range of groundand space-based telescopes.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 17.04.2023
Researchers team up with NASA to launch new citizen science study
Researchers team up with NASA to launch new citizen science study
The cosmos is roaring with activity produced by the fourth state of matter - and now we can listen to it. Contrary to popular belief, space isn't a total vacuum - it's actually full of activity, with 99.999% of the universe's matter found in the form of the mysterious fourth state of matter: plasma.