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Microtechnics - Astronomy / Space - 17.06.2024
Engineers unlock design for record-breaking robot that could jump twice the height of Big Ben
Manchester engineers unlock design for record-breaking robot that could jump twice the height of Big Ben Engineers at The University of Manchester have unlocked the secrets to designing a robot capable of jumping 200 metres - higher than any other jumping robot designed to date. Using a combination of mathematics, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments, the researchers have discovered how to design a robot with the optimum size, shape and the arrangement of its parts, allowing it to jump high enough to clear obstacles many times its own size.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 11.06.2024
Would astronauts' kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
Would astronauts’ kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?
The structure and function of the kidneys is altered by space flight, with galactic radiation causing permanent damage that would jeopardise any mission to Mars, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the largest analysis of kidney health in space flight to date and includes the first health dataset for commercial astronauts.

Astronomy / Space - 06.06.2024
Earliest detection of metal challenges what we know about the first galaxies
Earliest detection of metal challenges what we know about the first galaxies
Astronomers have detected carbon in a galaxy just 350 million years after the Big Bang, the earliest detection of any element in the universe other than hydrogen. Using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), an international team of astronomers led by the University of Cambridge observed a very young galaxy in the early universe and found that it contained surprising amounts of carbon, one of the seeds of life as we know it.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 05.06.2024
Scientists detect slowest-spinning radio emitting neutron star ever recorded
Artist's depiction of CSIRO's ASKAP radio telescope with two versions of the mysterious celestial object: neutron star or white dwarf Most collapsed stars rotate faster than once per second. This one takes nearly an hour. Scientists have detected what they believe to be a neutron star spinning at an unprecedentedly slow rate -slower than any of the more than 3,000 radio emitting neutron stars measured to date.

Astronomy / Space - Computer Science - 31.05.2024
AI helps scientists understand cosmic explosions
AI helps scientists understand cosmic explosions
Scientists at the University of Warwick are using artificial intelligence (AI) to analyse cosmic explosions known as supernovae. Many stars in the Universe will end their lives as white dwarfs - compact stars containing about the mass of the Sun in the size of the Earth. Some of these white dwarfs will eventually explode as supernovae.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 30.05.2024
Earliest, most distant galaxy discovered with James Webb Space Telescope
Earliest, most distant galaxy discovered with James Webb Space Telescope
The two earliest and most distant galaxies yet confirmed, dating back to only 300 million years after the Big Bang, have been discovered using NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), an international team of astronomers today announced.

Astronomy / Space - 24.05.2024
Intriguing Earth-sized planet discovered 40 light years away
Intriguing Earth-sized planet discovered 40 light years away
Two international teams of astronomers, including one co-led by a PhD candidate based at UCL and the University of Edinburgh, have discovered a planet only 40 light years away whose size is between that of Earth and Venus. The researchers used observations by NASA's TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite).

Astronomy / Space - 16.05.2024
Webb detects most distant black hole merger to date
An international team of astronomers, led by the University of Cambridge, has used the James Webb Space Telescope to find evidence for an ongoing merger of two galaxies and their massive black holes when the Universe was only 740 million years old. This marks the most distant detection of a black hole merger ever obtained and the first time that this phenomenon has been detected so early in the Universe.

Astronomy / Space - 15.05.2024
New Earth-sized world orbiting an ultra-cool star
A new, Earth-sized planet orbiting an ultra-cool red dwarf star, has been detected by an international team of astronomers - just 55 light years away. The planet is only the second of its kind to be discovered around this type of star. Called SPECULOOS-3 b, it takes around 17 hours to complete an orbit of the star which is more than twice as cold as our sun, as well as ten times less massive and a hundred times less luminous.

Astronomy / Space - 16.04.2024
Large dormant black hole spotted in our galaxy
Large dormant black hole spotted in our galaxy
The European Space Agency's Gaia mission involving UCL researchers has discovered the most massive black hole in our galaxy to date that formed from an exploding star. The black hole, known as Gaia BH3, is 33 times the mass of our Sun and located relatively close to Earth at 2,000 light years away. (The Milky Way is 100,000 light years across.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 16.04.2024
New analysis reveals brutal history of Winchcombe meteorite's space journey
New analysis reveals brutal history of Winchcombe meteorite’s space journey
Intensive new nano-analysis of the Winchcombe meteorite has revealed how it was affected by water and repeatedly smashed apart and reassembled on the journey it took through space before landing in an English sheep field in 2021. Researchers from dozens of institutions in the UK, Europe, Australia, and the USA collaborated on the research.

Astronomy / Space - 09.04.2024
Solar System might die in new white dwarf research
Our solar system might be pulled into the gravity of a white dwarf star, crushed and ground to dust, according to scientists from the University of Warwick. Astrophysicists from Warwick and other universities have helped to answer what happens to planetary systems, like our solar system, when their host stars become white dwarfs.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 08.04.2024
Lovell telescope detects unprecedented behaviour from nearby magnetar
The two studies uses data from the Effelsberg radio telescope in Germany (left), the Lovell telescope in the UK (middle), and Murriyang, the Parkes radio telescope in Australia (right). Norbert Junkes / Mike Peel / Marcus Lower An international team of astronomers have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the unprecedented behaviour of a previously dormant star with a powerful magnetic field.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 08.04.2024
University of Glasgow researchers part of collaboration behind new gravitational wave detection
Researchers from the University of Glasgow are part of the international collaboration behind the detection of a gravitational wave signal which casts new light on the diversity of cosmic objects. In a paper presented at a meeting of the American Physical Society on Friday 5 April, researchers from LIGO-VIRGO-Kagra collaboration revealed a remarkable new gravitational wave signal detected in May last year.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 05.04.2024
Mysterious rainbow ’glory’ lights observed on distant planet
For the first time, signs of the rainbow-like 'glory effect' have been detected on a planet outside our solar system. Glory are colourful concentric rings of light that occur only under peculiar conditions. Glory occurs when light is reflected off clouds made up of a perfectly uniform, but so far unknown, substance.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 02.04.2024
Researchers make most precise ever measurement of expanding Universe
Researchers make most precise ever measurement of expanding Universe
The Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) collaboration, led by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in the US and involving UCL researchers, has made the most precise measurements to date of how fast the universe has expanded throughout its history. The analysis, based on the largest 3D map of the cosmos ever created with just the first year of data from DESI, confirms the basics of our current best model of the universe - with some tantalising areas to explore with more data.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 27.03.2024
’Cosmic Cannibals’ expel jets into space at 40% speed of light
Astronomers including those at the University of Warwick, have observed jets of matter being expelled into space at more than one-third the speed of light. These jets play an important role in the universe, from forming stars to transporting elements deep into space. Jets are produced by many different astronomical objects but studying them is hard, as they are so energetic.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 22.03.2024
Water persisted in Mars' Gale crater for longer than previously thought
Water persisted in Mars’ Gale crater for longer than previously thought
Imperial College London and NASA researchers have found signs that water was plentiful in Mars' Gale crater for longer than previously thought. Billions of years ago, Mars was home to abundant water, and its Gale crater contained a lake. Gradually, the climate changed, drying the Red Planet and creating the dusty desert world we know today.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 20.03.2024
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Pioneering muscle monitoring in space to help astronauts stay strong in low-gravity
Astronauts have been able to track their muscle health in spaceflight for the first time using a handheld device, revealing which muscles are most at risk of weakening in low gravity conditions. An international research team, including the University of Southampton and led by Charité University in Berlin, monitored the muscle health of twelve astronauts before, during and after a stay on the International Space Station (ISS).

Astronomy / Space - 13.03.2024
Survey reveals secrets of planet birth around dozens of stars
Survey reveals secrets of planet birth around dozens of stars
A team of astronomers including UCL's Professor Paola Pinilla have conducted one of the largest ever surveys of planet-forming discs, shedding new light on the fascinating and complex process of planet formation. The research, published in three new papers in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics , brings together observations of more than 80 young stars that might have planets forming around them, providing astronomers with a wealth of data and unique insights into how planets arise in different regions of our galaxy.
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