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Results 81 - 100 of 239.


Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.02.2023
Satellites reveal speed-up of Antarctic glaciers
Satellites reveal speed-up of Antarctic glaciers
Glaciers along the Antarctic peninsula are flowing faster in the summer because of a combination of melting snow and warmer ocean waters, say researchers. On average, the glaciers - giant blocks of moving ice - travel at around 1km a year. But a new study has found a seasonal variation to the speed of the ice flow, which increases by up to 22% in summer when temperatures are warmer.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 24.02.2023
Astronomers measure the heartbeat of spinning stars
Astronomers measure the heartbeat of spinning stars
An international team of scientist have used the MeerKAT radio telescope to observe the pulsing heartbeat of the universe as neutron stars are born and form swirling lightning storms which last for millions of years. Radio pulsars are spinning neutron stars from which we can observe flashes of radio waves in the manner of light pulses from a lighthouse.

Social Sciences - Economics - 24.02.2023
Severity in gambling behaviours and suicidality linked in young adults
An increase in difficulties with gambling is linked to a heightened risk of suicide attempts among young adults, according to new research led by the University of Glasgow. 'Changes in severity of problem gambling and subsequent suicide attempts: a longitudinal survey of young adults in Great Britain, 2018-20' shows that over the course of a year, young adults (aged 16-24) who experienced an increase in severity of gambling harms were 2.74 times more likely to attempt suicide than those whose gambling was unchanged.

Life Sciences - Health - 24.02.2023
Early results of gene therapy trial for ’childhood dementia’ show promise
DNA helix, gene molecule spiral loop, 3D genetic chromosome cell. DNA molecule spiral of blue light on black background for molecular genetic science, genome biotechnology and health medicine Researchers will tell an international conference today (24/02/23) that an investigational gene therapy for Sanfilippo syndrome - which leads to a form of childhood dementia - has shown promising early results in a proof-of-concept study.

Health - Environment - 24.02.2023
Microphones could help track disease risk in the wild
Researchers have shown how sounds recorded by low-cost microphones could be used to help track infectious disease risks in the rainforest and in other rapidly changing landscapes. The study - published in Trends in Parasitology and led by the University of Glasgow - discusses how listening to the sounds of an ecosystem can inform our understanding of factors that drive the spread of disease between animals and people.

Economics - Social Sciences - 24.02.2023
Starting a business can liberate LGBT people to be themselves
Starting a business can liberate LGBT people to be themselves
Setting up a business or going self-employed can give LGBT people a sense of liberation and freedom to be their authentic selves, shows study. Setting up a business or going self-employed can give LGBT people a sense of liberation and freedom to be their authentic selves, shows a study of small businesses with LGBT owners.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.02.2023
Genes reveal kidney cancer’s risk of recurrence
A decade-long international study into kidney cancer has shown that doctors can predict the likelihood of a patient's disease returning by looking at DNA mutations in their tumours. The research, undertaken by a team of 44 researchers at 23 institutions across Europe and Canada, and published today, is the largest to link the genetic changes that occur in kidney cancer to patient outcomes.

Career - 23.02.2023
Parliamentary activity of MPs is affected by their place in corporate networks
New research from experts based at The University of Manchester and Edinburgh Napier University has found evidence which suggests that MPs who are heavily embedded in corporate networks outside Westminster may be too busy to effectively perform their parliamentary duties. The research looked at the business connections of all current sitting MPs using data from Companies House.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.02.2023
Head injuries could be a risk factor for developing brain cancer
Head injuries could be a risk factor for developing brain cancer
Researchers from the UCL Cancer Institute have provided important molecular understanding of how injury may contribute to the development of a relatively rare but often aggressive form of brain tumour called a glioma. Previous studies have suggested a possible link between head injury and increased rates of brain tumours, but the evidence is inconclusive.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 23.02.2023
Origins of mysterious patterns created by salt desertsá
Origins of mysterious patterns created by salt desertsá
The curious landscapes formed by dried out salt lakes are caused by the movement of fluids in the soil beneath the surface, according to new research published today. The characteristic honeycomb patterns are found worldwide, including in Death Valley in California where they attract tens of thousands of tourists.

Physics - Life Sciences - 22.02.2023
Animals' 'sixth sense' more widespread than previously thought
Animals’ ’sixth sense’ more widespread than previously thought
A study using fruit flies, led by researchers at The Universities of Manchester and Leicester, supported by the National Physical Laboratory, has suggested that the animal world's ability to sense a magnetic field may be more widespread than previously thought. The paper, published in Nature today (22/02/23) makes significant advances in our understanding of how animals sense and respond to magnetic fields in their environment.

Health - Environment - 22.02.2023
People in urban areas have worse hay fever symptoms, analysis suggests
People living in urban areas report significantly worse hay fever symptoms according to the first study to compare pollution levels with the severity and duration of real-time symptoms. The University of Manchester led team studied 36,145 symptom reports submitted over 5 years - from 2016 to 2020 - by over 700 Britons using a citizen science application called Britain Breathing.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 22.02.2023
Genomic region for impaired memory function and anxiety in Down syndrome identified
A UCL-led research team has, for the first time, identified a specific region of chromosome 21, which causes issues with memory function and anxiety in a mouse that models Down syndrome, a finding that provides valuable new insight into the condition in people. Most people have 46 chromosomes in each cell, divided into 23 pairs: people with Down syndrome (DS) have an extra copy of chromosome 21, which carries over 200 genes.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.02.2023
Covid-19 pandemic created life-long risks for children in temporary accommodation in London
Covid-19 pandemic created life-long risks for children in temporary accommodation in London
Adverse effects caused by the Covid-19 pandemic could have lasting implications for children under five who are living in temporary accommodation in London, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, examined the impact of not having a fixed address during the Covid-19 pandemic on the healthcare access and health outcomes of children under five living in the London Borough of Newham.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.02.2023
Analysis: Three in five long COVID patients have organ damage a year after infection
Analysis: Three in five long COVID patients have organ damage a year after infection
Professor Amitava Banerjee (UCL Institute of Health Informatics) describes in The Conversation his team's recent research finding that 59 percent of long Covid patients suffered organ damage, even in individuals with less-severe initial infections. The latest data from the Office for National Statistics suggests that more than 1.2 million people in the UK report living with long COVID for 12 months or more.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.02.2023
Exercising at least once a month linked to better brain function in later life
Exercising at least once a month linked to better brain function in later life
Exercising at least once a month at any time in adulthood is linked to better cognitive functioning in later life, a new study led by UCL researchers has found. The study, published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry looked at data from 1,417 people who filled in surveys about their leisure-time physical activity (sports and exercise) over three decades and took cognitive tests at the age of 69.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.02.2023
Accuracy at risk as governments reject specialist mapping tools
Accuracy at risk as governments reject specialist mapping tools
Governments are not using the latest mapping technology to report key environmental data about tropical forests to the UN, say researchers. Under what is known as the UN's Global Stocktake , set up as part of the Paris Agreement, governments report on the level of carbon emitted or removed in forested areas.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.02.2023
First heart patients diagnosed using new fibre optic technology
First heart patients diagnosed using new fibre optic technology
A new diagnostic technology, developed by scientists at UCL, that uses tiny fibre optic sensors to detect the causes of heart disease, more quickly and accurately than existing methods, has been used for the first time in patients. The iKOr device uses an ultra-thin microcatheter integrated with fibre optic sensors and allows doctors to check both blood pressure and blood flow around the heart and look for signs of narrowing and thickening of the arteries - a common sign of disease.

Health - 20.02.2023
Dangers of long-term inactivity for blood sugar levels
Dangers of long-term inactivity for blood sugar levels
A study which involved 20 men lying in bed for two months straight highlights the negative impact long-term inactivity places on the body's metabolic health. Put 20 young men in bed for two months with no physical activity and what do you get? A new study from the University of Bath, published today, shows that long-term inactivity significantly increases blood sugar levels even if you reduce your food intake to avoid gaining weight.

Health - 17.02.2023
59% of long Covid patients had organ damage a year later
Organ damage persisted in 59% of long Covid patients a year after initial symptoms, even in those not severely affected when first diagnosed with the virus, according to a comprehensive new study co-led by a UCL researcher. The study, published in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine , focused on patients reporting extreme breathlessness, cognitive dysfunction and poor health-related quality of life; 536 long Covid patients were included in the study.