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Results 41 - 60 of 715.


Health - Life Sciences - 19.09.2023
Neurons die in Alzheimer's disease
Neurons die in Alzheimer’s disease
A team of researchers led by Professor Bart De Strooper (UK Dementia Research Institute at UCL, and VIB-KU Leuven) and Dr Sriram Balusu (VIB-KU Leuven) have discovered how neurons die in Alzheimer's disease. The breakthrough study, published in Science , illustrates how neurons initiate a programmed form of cell death, known as necroptosis, when they are exposed to amyloid plaques and tau tangles - the hallmark misfolded proteins implicated in Alzheimer's disease.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.09.2023
New approach to critical zone science could help secure Earth’s life support systems
Future plans to tackle the climate change's impacts on food security must integrate local knowledge to help preserve the Earth's critical zone, experts have warned. Future plans to tackle the climate change's impacts on food security must integrate local knowledge to help preserve the Earth's critical zone, experts have warned.

Health - 18.09.2023
New ways to predict outcomes of pregnancies with fetal growth problems
New ways to predict outcomes of pregnancies with fetal growth problems
A team of scientists, led by researchers at UCL, have developed new methods to predict outcomes for pregnancies where there are issues with poor growth of the baby inside the womb. The research, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation , involved 142 women from the EVERREST Prospective Study* who had severe early-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) - meaning their babies were very small on ultrasound scans early in the second half of pregnancy (between 20 and 27 weeks).

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.09.2023
Replanting logged forests with diverse seedlings accelerates restoration, says Oxford study
One of the world's biggest ecological experiments, co-led by the University of Oxford on the island of Borneo, has revealed that replanting logged tropical forests with diverse mixtures of seedlings can significantly accelerate their recovery. The findings , published today in the journal Science Advances, emphasise the importance of preserving biodiversity in pristine forests and restoring it in recovering logged forest.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.09.2023
Liverpool chemists solve long-standing polymer science puzzle
New research by the University of Liverpool's Chemistry Department represents an important breakthrough in the field of polymer science. In a paper published in the journal Nature Chemistry, and featuring on the front cover, Liverpool researchers use mechanochemistry to characterise how a polymer chain in solution responds to a sudden acceleration of the solvent flow around it.

Pharmacology - 18.09.2023
Portable device instantly detects illegal drugs with 95% accuracy
Portable device instantly detects illegal drugs with 95% accuracy
An ultraportable, low-cost device invented by researchers at the University of Bath proves highly successful at detecting the street drug Spice. Published on Monday 18 September 2023 Last updated on Tuesday 26 September 2023 A device that lights up in the presence of illegal drugs soaked into paper or fabric is expected to be cleared for rollout across the UK over the next few months.

Health - 18.09.2023
Covid-19 grief disorder rates ’higher than expected’
Cases of Prolonged Grief Disorder among people bereaved during the Covid-19 pandemic are likely to be significantly higher than pre-pandemic, indicates new research from Cardiff University and the University of Bristol. Prolonged Grief Disorder is a mental health condition which can develop caused by the death of someone close, such as a child or partner.

Health - 14.09.2023
When it comes to starting a family, timing is everything
A new Cochrane review of methods to increase chances of successful conception suggests that timed intercourse using urine ovulation tests probably improves live birth and pregnancy rates in women under 40 who had been trying to conceive for less than 12 months, compared to intercourse without ovulation prediction.

Social Sciences - Politics - 14.09.2023
Study uncovers link between anti-immigrant prejudices and support for LGBT+ rights
Cross-national research carried out by the University of Southampton and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VUA) into public opinion on LGBT+ rights has shown that anti-immigrant prejudices, particularly towards Muslims, contributes to explaining some of the widespread shifts in tolerance towards the LGBT+ community.

Psychology - 14.09.2023
First reliable test for dementia in people with hearing loss
Researchers have developed the first reliable test for dementia in people with hearing loss, following an international study led by The University of Manchester scientists. One in 11 people over the age of 65 have dementia in the UK, and more than 75% of people over 75 have hearing problems. This means hearing loss commonly occurs alongside dementia.

Paleontology - 14.09.2023
Isle of Wight fossil shows Europe had different herbivorous dinosaurs to Asia and America
Isle of Wight fossil shows Europe had different herbivorous dinosaurs to Asia and America
Vectidromeus insularis was a herbivorous dinosaur belonging to the hypsilophodont family, and is only the second species in this family to be discovered. Published on Thursday 14 September 2023 Last updated on Thursday 14 September 2023 Scientists have discovered a new species of small plant-eating dinosaur on the Isle of Wight in southern England (UK).

Environment - Health - 13.09.2023
Roadside hedges can reduce harmful ultrafine particle pollution around schools
Roadside hedges can reduce harmful ultrafine particle pollution around schools
A new study led by Cambridge University confirms that planting hedges between roadsides and school playgrounds can dramatically reduce children's exposure to traffic-related particle pollution. Our findings show that hedges can provide a simple, cheap and effective way to help reduce exposure to local sources of pollution Hassan Sheikh The , a collaboration with Lancaster University, found that hedges can act as protective barriers against air pollution from major city roads by soaking up significant quantities of harmful particles emitted by traffic.

Health - Computer Science - 13.09.2023
World-first AI foundation model for eye care to supercharge global efforts to prevent blindness
World-first AI foundation model for eye care to supercharge global efforts to prevent blindness
Researchers at UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that has the potential to not only identify sight-threatening eye diseases but also predict general health, including heart attacks, stroke, and Parkinson's disease. RETFound , one of the first AI foundation models in healthcare, and the first in ophthalmology, was developed using millions of eye scans from the NHS.

Health - 12.09.2023
Care home study highlights poor care for dementia residents with hearing problems
Hard of hearing people with dementia are not receiving the care they desperately need, according to a new study by University of Manchester researchers. The anonymised study of 10 staff from 8 different care homes, published in the journal Disability and Rehabilitation, revealed how residents were largely unable to access audiology services.

Health - Career - 12.09.2023
Over a third of UK medical students do not receive sexual misconduct training
More than a third of newly qualified doctors are leaving UK medical schools without any education on sexual misconduct specifically relating to the medical profession according to new research led by researchers at the University of Cambridge.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.09.2023
Health of young people with ulcerative colitis at risk due to ceasing medication
Nearly 70 per cent of adolescents and young adults with ulcerative colitis stop taking medication to treat the disease within a year of diagnosis. Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the intestine, and it affects around 200,000 people in the UK.

History / Archeology - 11.09.2023
Archaeologists reveal largest palaeolithic cave art site in Eastern Iberia
Archaeologists reveal largest palaeolithic cave art site in Eastern Iberia
Archaeologists have discovered a major Palaeolithic cave art site, arguably the most important found on the Eastern Iberian Coast in Europe. Over a hundred ancient paintings and engravings, thought to be at least 24,000 years old, have been found in a 500 metre-long cave in 'Cova Dones' or 'Cueva Dones' - a site located in Millares near Valencia in Spain.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.09.2023
Healthy lifestyle can help prevent depression - and new research may explain why
Healthy lifestyle can help prevent depression - and new research may explain why
A healthy lifestyle that involves moderate alcohol consumption, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, healthy sleep and frequent social connection, while avoiding smoking and too much sedentary behaviour, reduces the risk of depression, new research has found. Although our DNA - the genetic hand we've been dealt - can increase our risk of depression, we've shown that a healthy lifestyle is potentially more important.

Health - 11.09.2023
Cardiovascular disease and complex health issues almost double COVID-19 infection risk
The risk of COVID-19 infection is around two times higher in older adults with cardiovascular disease and complex comorbidities than in their healthier peers, according to a new study from UCL. The study, published in Gerontology, analysed data from 4,428 individuals over the age of 50 who took part in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) COVID-19 Sub Study in 2020.

Architecture - 11.09.2023
Increasing affordable housing in the countryside with Rural Exception Sites
Embracing the Rural Exception Site planning policy can significantly increase the delivery of affordable homes in the English countryside, while maintaining the community's local character, finds a new report by researchers from UCL and the English Rural Housing Association. The report, titled Land, Landowners, and the Delivery of Affordable Homes in Rural Areas , outlines the housing affordability issues facing rural towns and parishes, and highlights how greater use of the already-established Rural Exception Site policy could help deliver much needed affordable homes.