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Results 21 - 40 of 239.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.03.2023
Viewing self-harm images online and in social media usually causes harm
Clinical researchers from Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust have reviewed the international research evidence regarding the impact of viewing images of self-harm on the internet and in social media. This indicates that viewing such images usually causes harm, though the findings also highlighted the complexity of the issue.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 21.03.2023
Advanced brain imaging study hints at how DMT alters perception of reality
Advanced brain imaging study hints at how DMT alters perception of reality
Scientists have gleaned new insights into how psychedelics alter conscious experience via their action on brain activity. In a study at Imperial College London, detailed brain imaging data from 20 healthy volunteers revealed how the potent psychedelic compound, DMT (dimethyltryptamine), alters brain function.

Health - 21.03.2023
Report highlights the impact of Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) on deaths and hospital admissions
Today, Public Health Scotland (PHS) and The Lancet publish new evidence showing the impact of alcohol minimum unit pricing (MUP) on deaths and hospital admissions attributable to alcohol consumption. Carried out in collaboration with the University of Glasgow, the study evaluated the impact of MUP on alcohol health harms, over the first two-and-half years of the policy.

Astronomy / Space Science - 21.03.2023
Small stars may host bigger planets than previously thought
Small stars may host bigger planets than previously thought
Stars with less than half the mass of our Sun are able to host giant Jupiter-style planets, in conflict with the most widely accepted theory of how such planets form, according to a new study led by UCL and University of Warwick researchers. Gas giants, like other planets, form from disks of material surrounding young stars.

Innovation - Economics - 20.03.2023
Launch of the MIOIR Working Paper Series
Launch of the MIOIR Working Paper Series
We are delighted to announce the official launch of the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research Working Paper Series. The MIOIR Working Paper Series provides a platform for discussing and disseminating studies from across the disciplines, covering a range of issues related to Innovation. Our series will publish high-quality research papers with a focus on the Institute's primary research themes, including: Innovation management; Sustainable innovation; Science, technology, and innovation policy; and Emerging technologies.

Environment - Veterinary - 20.03.2023
Toxic pet flea and tick treatments are polluting UK freshwaters
Parasite treatments and preventatives we put on our pets are finding their way into UK waters in concentrations that are toxic to aquatic species. Parasiticides are commonly applied as 'spot-on' treatments on dogs and cats to prevent or kill fleas or ticks, but they contain toxic chemicals that are making it into UK rivers and ponds, particularly in urban areas.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.03.2023
Underactive immune response may explain obesity link to COVID-19 severity
Underactive immune response may explain obesity link to COVID-19 severity
Individuals who are obese may be more susceptible to severe COVID-19 because of a poorer inflammatory immune response, say Cambridge scientists. During the pandemic, the majority of younger patients I saw on the COVID wards were obese. I would have said that it was most likely due to excessive inflammation.

Health - Innovation - 20.03.2023
Lighting up tumours could help surgeons remove them more precisely
A new technique that combines highly detailed, real-time images of inside the body with a type of infrared light has, for the first time, been used during surgery to differentiate between cancerous tumours and healthy tissue. The pioneering technique, demonstrated in mice, has been developed by engineers at the Wellcome/EPSRC Centre for Interventional and Surgical Sciences (WEISS) at UCL and surgeons at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH).

Environment - 20.03.2023
Billions of tonnes of ice lost from Antarctic Ice sheet
Billions of tonnes of ice lost from Antarctic Ice sheet
Scientists have calculated that the fastest changing Antarctic region-the Amundsen Sea Embayment-has lost more than 3,000 billion tonnes of ice over a 25-year-period. If all the lost ice was-piled on London, it would stand-over 2-km-tall -or 7.4 times the height of the Shard. If it were to cover Manhattan, it would stand at 61 km- or 137 Empire State Buildings placed-on top of one another.

Life Sciences - Career - 17.03.2023
Having the genetics of a night owl protects night shift workers against sleep loss
Some people have a genetic predisposition to being an 'evening person' and new research led by University of Oxford's Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science , published in the journal Sleep, finds this protects regular night shift workers against sleep penalties. Up to 25% of public sector employees in the UK do some form of night work.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.03.2023
Preterm babies do not habituate to repeated pain
Preterm babies do not habituate to repeated pain
Preterm infants do not get used to repeated pain in the way that full-term infants, children and adults do habituate to pain, finds a study led by UCL researchers. The authors of the new Current Biology paper say that if preterm infants have not yet developed the mechanism that enables people to get used to moderate pain, medical procedures in their first few weeks of life could potentially impact their development.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 16.03.2023
Giant underwater waves affect the ocean's ability to store carbon
Giant underwater waves affect the ocean’s ability to store carbon
Underwater waves deep below the ocean's surface - some as tall as 500 metres - play an important role in how the ocean stores heat and carbon, according to new research.

Health - 16.03.2023
Scientists advance dream of targeted real time treatment of hypoxic cancers
Imaging researchers have taken a major step towards their ultimate goal of identifying cancers that are starved of oxygen so that altered treatment can be used to target them more effectively. The study led by researchers from The University of Manchester, working with scientists at the Institute of Cancer Research, University College London and The University of Leeds, is published in the journal Radiotherapy and Oncology.

Health - Veterinary - 16.03.2023
The UK’s largest ever feline dental disease study identifies age and breed as biggest risk factors
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has shed light on the frequency, risk factors and linked health problems associated with periodontal disease in pet cats in the UK. These findings will help veterinary practitioners and owners better understand and predict its occurrence and identify opportunities to improve cats' dental health.

Earth Sciences - 16.03.2023
Activity deep in Earth affects the global magnetic field
Compass readings that do not show the direction of true north and interference with the operations of satellites are a few of the problems caused by peculiarities of the Earth's magnetic field.

Health - 15.03.2023
Improving TB detection and Singapore green energy: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From improving TB detection with algorithms, to Imperial academics sharing expertise for Singapore's green energy transition, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Improving TB detection with algorithms An international group of experts have developed an evidence-based algorithm that will make detecting TB (tuberculosis) in the lungs of children easier in resource-limited settings.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 15.03.2023
Scientists have new tool to estimate how much water might be hidden beneath a planet's surface
Scientists have new tool to estimate how much water might be hidden beneath a planet’s surface
In the search for life elsewhere in the scientists have traditionally looked for planets with liquid water at their surface. But, rather than flowing as oceans and rivers, much of a planet's water can be locked in rocks deep within its interior. We wanted to investigate whether these planets, after such a tumultuous upbringing, could rehabilitate themselves and go on to host surface water Claire Guimond Scientists from the University of Cambridge now have a way to estimate how much water a rocky planet can store in its subterranean reservoirs.

Health - 15.03.2023
High blood caffeine levels may reduce body weight and type 2 diabetes risk
A high blood caffeine level may reduce the body weight a person carries and their risk of type 2 diabetes, according to research. A new study, published in BMJ Medicine , has looked at the effect of higher blood caffeine levels on body weight and the long-term risks of type 2 diabetes and major cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, and irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation).

Life Sciences - 14.03.2023
Mammals have evolved complexity over time
Mammals have evolved complexity over time
Research published in Nature Ecology & Evolution shows that complexity can happen by chance without natural selection. Major changes in the spinal columns of mammals have been shaped by their highly variable numbers of vertebrae, according to new evidence from a team of international scientists, including researchers from the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.03.2023
Experience of Endometriosis is rooted in genetics
Experience of Endometriosis is rooted in genetics
Researchers at the University of Oxford, in collaboration with 25 teams across the world, have published the largest study to date of the genetic basis of endometriosis. Their study included DNA from 60,600 women with endometriosis and 701,900 without. It revealed compelling evidence of a shared genetic basis for endometriosis and other types of pain seemingly unrelated to endometriosis, including migraine, back pain and multi-site pain.