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Results 21 - 40 of 934.


Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2023
Researchers define new class of regulatory element in DNA
Researchers at the MRC Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine's Laboratory of Gene Regulation , led by Professor Doug Higgs and Dr Mira Kassouf , have published a study in the journal Cell , in which they reveal another piece of the puzzle of how the code in our DNA is read. In this study, the authors introduce the concept of "facilitators", a newly identified type of non-coding DNA that can help to drive gene expression.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.12.2023
Pattern of alcohol intake more accurate indicator of liver disease risk than overall consumption
Those who binge drink and have a certain genetic makeup are six times more likely to develop alcohol-related cirrhosis, according to new research from UCL, the Royal Free Hospital, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The study, published in Nature Communications , is the first to assess how an individual's pattern of drinking, their genetic profile (via a polygenic risk score) and whether or not they have type-2 diabetes affects their risk of developing alcohol-related cirrhosis (ARC).

Health - Psychology - 14.12.2023
Body dissatisfaction linked with depression risk in children
Body dissatisfaction at age 11 is linked to increased risk of depression by age 14, finds a new longitudinal study led by UCL researchers. The findings, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , show that body image concerns explain a large proportion of an association between body mass index (BMI) and depression in children, particularly in girls.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.12.2023
Study explores accuracy of computerised ADHD test
A new study cautions against using the QbTest as a standalone diagnostic or screening tool for ADHD. Rather, the study authors highlight the intended use of the QbTest as a component of a full clinical assessment, since it could help clinicians reach faster diagnostic decisions and reduce waiting lists.

Innovation - Computer Science - 14.12.2023
New speech analysis data aims to help silence speak volumes
Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say. Sophisticated new analysis of the physical processes which create the sounds of speech could help empower people with speech impairments and create new applications for voice recognition technologies, researchers say.

Health - 14.12.2023
Researchers call for changes to tackle chronic pain in children
Researchers call for changes to tackle chronic pain in children
Dr Abbie Jordan from Bath's Centre for Pain Research was involved in the new analysis published via the Cochrane Library. Published on Thursday 14 December 2023 Last updated on Thursday 14 December 2023 Health psychologists at the University of Bath are calling for an overhaul of services for children living with chronic pain.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2023
Calls to assess neurological symptoms of rare genetic disorder
Neurological signs and symptoms of the different subgroups of a rare condition, called xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), have been systematically characterised for the first time by researchers at UCL and the UK National Xeroderma Pigmentosum Service. XP is a group of rare genetic disorders, affecting around 120 people in the UK, in which patients are not able to repair the damage in their DNA caused by ultraviolet radiation (UVR).

Health - Veterinary - 14.12.2023
New research confirms extreme welfare issues in Shar Pei, the sandpaper skin dog breed
Last Updated: 14 Dec 2023 00:01:45 New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) has found that in-turned eyelids and ear disorders are the most common health conditions in Shar Pei dogs in the UK; both resulting from the breed's characteristic loose, thickened and folded skin. This research highlights that urgent action is needed to discourage the normalisation and high public demand for dogs such as Shar Pei with extreme body shapes that threaten the dog's welfare.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 13.12.2023
Complex picture emerges around disproportionate use of Taser in some communities
The potential causes of racial and ethnic disparities in the use of Taser by police officers in England and Wales have been analysed by researchers from UCL, Keele University, the University of Exeter and Staffordshire University. The independent report , published today, suggests that a complex interplay of factors increases the likelihood of Taser being deployed against people from Black and other ethnic minority communities.

Health - 13.12.2023
Increased hormone level linked with nausea during pregnancy
A link between increased levels of a hormone and nausea during pregnancy, including morning sickness, is reported in new research A link between increased levels of a hormone and nausea during pregnancy, including morning sickness, is reported in new research. The study, which is published in Nature and led by the University of Cambridge in collaboration with researchers from the University of Glasgow and others, sheds light on these complex metabolic processes and offer potential avenues for treatment going forward.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 12.12.2023
Vast amounts of waste caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
Vast amounts of waste caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
While the lithium-ion batteries in disposable electronic cigarettes are discarded after a single use, they can continue to perform at high capacity for hundreds of cycles, according to new research from UCL and the University of Oxford, supported by The Faraday Institution. The study, published in Joule , highlights a growing environmental threat from these increasingly popular vape pens, which are not designed to be recharged.

Health - 11.12.2023
Risk of dying from cancer varies widely across regions in England
The risk of dying of cancer in England varies hugely depending on where people live, according to new research led by Imperial. In an analysis of mortality rates for 10 forms of cancer with the largest death toll for men and women, researchers found the risk of dying from cancer varies widely depending on which district in England patients live.

Environment - 11.12.2023
Investigating microfibre pollution
Investigating microfibre pollution
Laundry bag for capturing microplastics released from synthetic textile products. Microfiber pollution. Environmental awareness. Our clothes are contributing to hundreds of thousands of tonnes of microfibres being released into the environment. Not enough is currently known about the impact this is having.

Psychology - Computer Science - 11.12.2023
VR users need an emotional connection to virtual worlds, not better graphics - study finds
VR users need an emotional connection to virtual worlds, not better graphics - study finds
Being amazed by powerful graphics is not enough for a person to feel fully engaged in a VR world - even more important is a strong emotional response. Published on Monday 11 December 2023 Last updated on Monday 11 December 2023 Being wowed by powerful graphics is not enough for a person to feel fully immersed in a virtual-reality (VR) world - a strong emotional response to the simulated environment is essential too, according to a new study from the University of Bath.

Economics - 08.12.2023
Ethical brands fare in a recession
A new study from experts at The University of Manchester and the University of East Anglia (UEA) has revealed why some 'eco goods' may fare better than others as a UK recession looms. The research has demonstrated that when money gets tight, people are more likely to keep up more expensive ethical purchases like buying fair trade products.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.12.2023
Engaging heterosexual men more effectively could slash HIV infections in Uganda
Engaging heterosexual men more effectively could slash HIV infections in Uganda
A study looking at 15 years of HIV transmission and suppression in Uganda reveals how closing gender gaps in treatment could slash infection rates. Providing more heterosexual men with easy access to HIV treatment and care could help to suppress the virus and rapidly cut transmission to their female partners, shows a new study published in Nature Microbiology .

Materials Science - Chemistry - 08.12.2023
Vast amounts of waste are caused by single-use e-cigarette batteries
While the lithium-ion batteries in disposable electronic cigarettes are discarded after a single use, they can continue to perform at high capacity for hundreds of cycles, according to new research from the University of Oxford and UCL, supported by The Faraday Institution. The study, published today in Joule , highlights a growing environmental threat from these increasingly popular vape pens, which are not designed to be recharged.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.12.2023
Ancient DNA reveals how a chicken virus evolved to become more deadly
An international team of scientists led by geneticists and disease biologists from the University of Oxford and LMU Munich have used ancient DNA to trace the evolution of Marek's Disease Virus (MDV). This global pathogen causes fatal infections in unvaccinated chickens and costs the poultry industry over $1 billion per year.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 07.12.2023
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Q&A: Reducing the use of animal tissues for testing the safety of cosmetics
Imperial College London researchers speak to us about their work exploring animal-free methods for the future of testing cosmetics safety. Testing cosmetics on live animals was outlawed by the EU in 2013, but animal tissues continue to be used to test for dermal absorption, a measure of how much a chemical permeates the skin to reach the bloodstream.

Computer Science - 07.12.2023
Using machine learning to monitor driver ’workload’ could help improve road safety
Researchers have developed an adaptable algorithm that could improve road safety by predicting when drivers are able to safely interact with in-vehicle systems or receive messages, such as traffic alerts, incoming calls or driving directions.