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Results 101 - 120 of 239.


Life Sciences - Health - 17.02.2023
Domestic abuse in pregnancy linked to structural brain changes in babies
Domestic abuse in pregnancy linked to structural brain changes in babies
A new study suggests psychological and physical violence experienced by women from their partners during pregnancy can shape baby brain development. Domestic abuse against women during pregnancy can potentially have a significant impact on how the unborn baby's brain develops, according to a new study.

Health - 16.02.2023
Socioeconomic disparities in operation and survival rates for abdominal aortic aneurysm, new study finds 
Patients living in socioeconomically deprived areas who were admitted with abdominal aortic aneurysm were more likely to die in hospital without having surgery for the aneurysm In patients from deprived areas who did have surgery for the aneurysm, this was more likely to be done as an emergency rather than as a planned operation The death rate after aneurysm surgery was higher in patients from deprived areas A new study from the University of Sheffield has found clear evidence of socioeconomic disparities in operation rates and survival after surgery for dangerous abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Pharmacology - Health - 16.02.2023
Pharmacists based in care homes make them safer for residents
Basing specialist pharmacists in care homes can help make residents safer by cutting potential harm from medicines, according to research carried out by University of Leeds academics. The Care Home Independent Pharmacist Prescriber Study (CHIPPS), which involved researchers in Leeds and across the country, trialled onsite pharmacists in dozens of care homes.

Economics - Social Sciences - 16.02.2023
Schools’ surge in marketing to attract pupils fuels inequalities globally
The new study published in the journal Review of Educational Research is authored by Prof Deborah Wilson, Dean of the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences. A pioneering global study has revealed how schools worldwide are using a raft of marketing techniques to attract higher performing pupils and climb the league tables.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.02.2023
First evidence that black holes are the source of dark energy
First evidence that black holes are the source of dark energy
Observations of supermassive black holes at the centres of galaxies point to a likely source of dark energy - the 'missing' 70% of the Universe. The measurements from ancient and dormant galaxies show black holes growing more than expected, aligning with a phenomenon predicted in Einstein's theory of gravity.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.02.2023
A ’zinc’ in the armour: could metal help combat common superbug?
A new study has shown that zinc plays a key role in a hospital superbug, that doctors struggle to treat due to its resistance to antibiotics. Acinetobacter baumannii ( AB) infections can cause infections in the blood, urinary tract, and lungs or in wounds in other parts of the body and are a particular issue in hospital situations.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.02.2023
Breast milk, super donors and gut health: Channel 4 show highlights work of BoobyBiome team
Breast milk, super donors and gut health: Channel 4 show highlights work of BoobyBiome team
Gut health is crucial for our wellbeing and numerous studies have found that imbalanced or disruptive gut microbiomes can lead to a wide range of disorders, including Parkinson's disease, depression and irritable bowel syndrome. One factor affecting our lifelong gut health is whether or not we received breast milk as babies.

Veterinary - Health - 15.02.2023
New RVC study first to reveal impact of vet-owner relationship on canine epilepsy management
New research from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) explores the role of vet-owner relationships in the experience of owners of dogs with epilepsy. The study found that clearer owner expectations for treatment outcomes and the condition's management alongside more reliable resources outside of the consult room are needed to support positive vet-owner relationships.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 15.02.2023
Origins of biodiversity gradient
Origins of biodiversity gradient
Researchers have used nearly half a million fossils to solve a scientific mystery - why the number of different species is greatest near the equator and decreases towards polar regions. The results, published in the journal Nature , give valuable insight into how biodiversity is generated over long timescales, and how climate change can affect the richness of global species.

Environment - Life Sciences - 14.02.2023
Microbes that co-operate contribute more carbon emissions
Communities of microbes that work together release more carbon dioxide than competitive communities, contributing more to climate change. Despite being small, microbes, and especially bacteria, contribute a lot to the global carbon cycle - the movement of carbon in various forms through nature. Its level in the atmosphere, and so its influence on climate change, is controlled by a series of sources and sinks, such as respiration and photosynthesis respectively.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.02.2023
Genetic test to prevent newborn babies going deaf recommended by NICE
Better growth during childhood (as indexed by adult height) was associated with better hearing, vision and cognition in adulthood A world-first genetic test to establish if a newborn baby is vulnerable to deafness if treated with a commonly used antibiotic, has been conditionally recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for use within the NHS.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.02.2023
Conundrum solved over HPV link with head and neck cancer
Conundrum solved over HPV link with head and neck cancer
International analysis has found that discordant results between two types of HPV test linked with worse outcomes for patients Patients who have head and neck cancer caused by the human papilloma virus should be double tested, after new research solves puzzle over worsening outcomes among some people.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 10.02.2023
Earth's atmosphere adds a quick pinch of salt to meteorites, scientists find
Earth’s atmosphere adds a quick pinch of salt to meteorites, scientists find
New analysis of the Winchcombe meteorite has revealed just how quickly space rocks which fall to Earth can be contaminated by our atmosphere. The meteorite, which landed in Gloucestershire in February last year, was the first to be recovered on UK soil in nearly 30 years. Fragments were recovered from a domestic driveway hours after it entered the Earth's atmosphere.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 10.02.2023
Reading facial expressions may be partly subjective
Does someone look angry or sad? You can probably offer an answer to that question based on the information you can see just by looking at their face. That's because facial expressions - or a combination of different small facial movements - can be read by other humans to help understand what a person might be feeling at that exact moment.

Chemistry - Physics - 09.02.2023
Graphene aerogel particles for efficient water purification
Writing in the Journal of Molecular Liquids , a team led by Professor Aravind Vijayaraghavan based in the National Graphene Institute (NGI) have produced 3-dimensional particles made of graphene, of many interesting shapes, using a variation of the vortex ring effect. The same effect is used to produce smoke rings and is responsible for keeping dandelion seeds flying.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics - 09.02.2023
Carbon emissions from fertilisers could be reduced by as much as 80% by 2050
Researchers have calculated the carbon footprint for the full life cycle of fertilisers, which are responsible for approximately five percent of total greenhouse gas emissions - the first time this has been accurately quantified - and found that carbon emissions could be reduced to one-fifth of current levels by 2050.

Health - Computer Science - 09.02.2023
Test that can identify respiratory viruses within five minutes
Scientists have developed a world-first diagnostic test, powered by artificial intelligence, that can identify known respiratory viruses within five minutes from just one nasal or throat swab. The new diagnostic test could replace current methods that are limited to testing for only one infection, such as a lateral flow test for COVID-19, or otherwise are either lab-based and time-consuming or fast and less accurate.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 09.02.2023
New AI tool identifies factors that predict the reproducibility of research
New AI tool identifies factors that predict the reproducibility of research
The replication success of scientific research is linked to research methods, citation impact and social media coverage - but not university prestige or citation numbers - according to a new study involving UCL researchers. Published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  ( PNAS ), the study explores the ability of a validated text-based machine learning model to predict the likelihood of successful replication for more than 14,100 psychology research articles published since 2000 across six top-tier journals.

Health - 09.02.2023
The secret world of Influenza A infections
The secret world of Influenza A infections
This winter many of us will experience the symptoms caused by colds and flu. Coughs, sneezes, sore throats and fevers are all caused by unwelcome viral visitors who temporarily setup home in our respiratory systems. But what's really happening inside our bodies as viruses fight to overpower our immune systems - and each other - in a bid to succeed? Now, scientists at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) have revealed more about the hidden world of respiratory viral infection.

Social Sciences - 08.02.2023
SCI weekly research round-up 8 February
SCI weekly research round-up 8 February
Don't miss out on any article, podcast or presentation by SCI members anymore with our regular research round ups covering any recently published SCI research! Dale Southerton and Alan Warde have just published an essay on sustainable consumption in a collection of papers in honour of Hal Wilhite. Hal was a social anthropologist working on issues of consumption and sustainability with a special interest in energy.