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Materials Science - Physics - 20.12.2022
Lucky find! How science behind epidemics helped Sussex physicists to develop state-of-the-art conductive paint
Lucky find! How science behind epidemics helped Sussex physicists to develop state-of-the-art conductive paint
In new research published in Nature Communications , University of Sussex scientists demonstrate how a highly conductive paint coating that they have developed mimics the network spread of a virus through a process called 'explosive percolation' - a mathematical process which can also be applied to population growth, financial systems and computer networks, but which has not been seen before in materials systems.

Physics - Materials Science - 25.10.2022
New approach to 'cosmic magnet' manufacturing could reduce reliance on rare earths in low-carbon technologies
New approach to ’cosmic magnet’ manufacturing could reduce reliance on rare earths in low-carbon technologies
Researchers have discovered a potential new method for making the high-performance magnets used in wind turbines and electric cars without the need for rare earth elements, which are almost exclusively sourced in China.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 14.10.2022
Watching lithium in real time could improve performance of EV battery materials
Watching lithium in real time could improve performance of EV battery materials
Researchers have found that the irregular movement of lithium ions in next-generation battery materials could be reducing their capacity and hindering their performance. The team, led by the University of Cambridge, tracked the movement of lithium ions inside a promising new battery material in real time.

Microtechnics - Materials Science - 23.09.2022
Wearable sensors styled into t-shirts and face masks
Wearable sensors styled into t-shirts and face masks
Researchers have embedded new low-cost sensors that monitor breathing, heart rate, and ammonia into t-shirts and face masks. Potential applications range from monitoring exercise , sleep , and stress to diagnosing and monitoring disease through breath and vital signs. The flexible medium of clothing means our sensors have a wide range of applications.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 14.09.2022
New phases of water detected
New phases of water detected
One way to visualise this phase is that the oxygen atoms form a solid lattice, and protons flow like a liquid through the lattice, like kids running through a maze Venkat Kapil Scientists at the University of Cambridge have discovered that water in a one-molecule layer acts like neither a liquid nor a solid, and that it becomes highly conductive at high pressures.

Materials Science - Transport - 23.08.2022
Machine learning algorithm predicts how to get the most out of electric vehicle batteries
Researchers have developed a machine learning algorithm that could help reduce charging times and prolong battery life in electric vehicles by predicting how different driving patterns affect battery performance, improving safety and reliability.

Innovation - Materials Science - 16.08.2022
Algorithm learns to correct 3D printing errors for different parts, materials and systems
Algorithm learns to correct 3D printing errors for different parts, materials and systems
Engineers have created intelligent 3D printers that can quickly detect and correct errors, even in previously unseen designs, or unfamiliar materials like ketchup and mayonnaise, by learning from the experiences of other machines.

Physics - Materials Science - 02.08.2022
Researchers make 'significant advance' in 2D material science with diversely behaving layers in a single bulk material
Researchers make ’significant advance’ in 2D material science with diversely behaving layers in a single bulk material
Manchester researchers make 'significant advance' in 2D material science with diversely behaving layers in a single bulk material Scientists from The University of Manchester have developed a novel yet simple method for producing vertical stacks of alternating superconductor and insulator layers of tantalum disulphide (TaS 2 ).

Materials Science - 27.07.2022
AI tackles the challenge of materials structure prediction
Researchers have designed a machine learning method that can predict the structure of new materials with five times the efficiency of the current standard, removing a key roadblock in developing advanced materials for applications such as energy storage and photovoltaics. Our approach provides an efficient computational approach that can -mine- new stable materials that have never been made before.

Materials Science - 11.07.2022
Face masks unsafe in MRI machines
Certain types of face masks are unsafe for wearing in and around MRI machines, according to new research by scientists at Cardiff University. The team tested eight different types of commercially available filtering face piece (FFP3) respirators and found that five contained magnetic components that they regarded as 'MRI unsafe'.

Environment - Materials Science - 27.06.2022
Green electronics project sets out to create compostable crop sensors
An international research collaboration is setting out to find new ways of monitoring grop growth with biodegradable sensors which can be composted at the end of their lifespan. The 1.8m CHIST-ERA project, called Transient Electronics for Sustainable ICT in Digital Agriculture, is led by researchers from the University of Glasgow and supported by colleagues in Canada, Finland, Poland and Switzerland.

Materials Science - Innovation - 21.06.2022
Levitating objects with sound could revolutionise virtual reality and 3D printing
Using sound to levitate something when there are other objects in the way has been shown for the first time by UCL researchers and could lead to advances in the manufacturing and entertainment sectors. The findings open up possibilities for more advanced interactive entertainment through virtual reality and mixed reality at theme parks, arcades and museums.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 16.06.2022
World's first ultra-fast photonic computing processor using polarisation
World’s first ultra-fast photonic computing processor using polarisation
New research uses multiple polarisation channels to carry out parallel processing - enhancing computing density by several orders over conventional electronic chips. In a paper published in Science Advances , researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method using the polarisation of light to maximise information storage density and computing performance using nanowires.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 02.06.2022
'Fruitcake' structure observed in organic polymers
’Fruitcake’ structure observed in organic polymers
Researchers have analysed the properties of an organic polymer with potential applications in flexible electronics and uncovered variations in hardness at the nanoscale, the first time such a fine structure has been observed in this type of material. The field of organic electronics has benefited from the discovery of new semiconducting polymers with molecular backbones that are resilient to twists and bends, meaning they can transport charge even if they are flexed into different shapes.

Materials Science - Physics - 24.05.2022
Secret to treating 'Achilles' heel' of alternatives to silicon solar panels revealed
Secret to treating ’Achilles’ heel’ of alternatives to silicon solar panels revealed
A team of researchers from the UK and Japan has found that the tiny defects which limit the efficiency of perovskites - cheaper alternative materials for solar cells - are also responsible for structural changes in the material that lead to degradation.

Environment - Materials Science - 19.05.2022
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Researchers have developed a low-cost device that can selectively capture carbon dioxide gas while it charges. Then, when it discharges, the CO2 can be released in a controlled way and collected to be reused or disposed of responsibly. We found that that by slowly alternating the current between the plates we can capture double the amount of CO2 than before Alexander Forse The supercapacitor device, which is similar to a rechargeable battery, is the size of a two-pence coin, and is made in part from sustainable materials including coconut shells and seawater.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 10.05.2022
Nature-inspired self-sensing materials could lead to engineering breakthoughs
Nature-inspired self-sensing materials could lead to engineering breakthoughs
The cellular forms of natural materials are the inspiration behind a new lightweight, 3D printed smart architected material developed by an international team of engineers. The team, led by engineers from the University of Glasgow, mixed a common form of industrial plastic with carbon nanotubes to create a material which is tougher, stronger and smarter than comparable conventional materials.

Innovation - Materials Science - 04.04.2022
3D printed heat exchanger ’more efficient’ than conventional designs
A new type of lightweight, 3D printed heat exchanger with a maze-like design is more compact and efficient than its conventional counterparts, its developers say. A team led by engineers from the University of Glasgow have developed the system, which exploits the unique properties of microscale surfaces to create a high-performance heat exchanger.

Materials Science - 11.03.2022
The next generation of robots will be shape-shifters
The next generation of robots will be shape-shifters
Physicists have discovered a new way to coat soft robots in materials that allow them to move and function in a more purposeful way. Physicists have discovered a new way to coat soft robots in materials that allow them to move and function in a more purposeful way. The research, led by the University of Bath, is described today in Science Advances .

Physics - Materials Science - 01.03.2022
NGI uses twist to engineer 2D semiconductors with built-in memory functions
NGI uses twist to engineer 2D semiconductors with built-in memory functions
A team of researchers at The University of Manchester's National Graphene Institute (NGI) and the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has demonstrated that slightly twisted 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) display room-temperature ferroelectricity. This characteristic, combined with TMDs- outstanding optical properties, can be used to build multi-functional optoelectronic devices such as transistors and LEDs with built-in memory functions on nanometre length scale.