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Health - 01.11.2022
AI trained to detect hard to spot cancerous lesions in colon
An artificial intelligence (AI) tool, developed by scientists at UCL, UCLH and UCL-spinout Odin Vision, has been further refined to identify hard to spot 'flat' polyps, that - when left untreated - can become highly aggressive and are a major cause of colorectal (bowel) cancer. For the study, published last year in Digestive Endoscopy, the research team trained the AI in Odin Vision's CADDIE system on these flat polyps.

Psychology - Health - 01.11.2022
Mental health burden of trauma in childhood
A new study published in The Lancet Psychiatry from Bath psychologists highlights the far-reaching effects of trauma in children. Findings from a major birth cohort study in Brazil suggest that children exposed to life threatening or horrifying events, such as witnessing someone die, or experiencing serious injury or sexual violence, are almost twice as likely to develop psychiatric disorders.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 31.10.2022
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Imperial and chemical company BASF will reveal new techniques for optimising experimental design at leading machine learning conference NeurIPS. Three papers outlining new machine learning techniques that address important needs in the chemical industry have been judged ground-breaking enough to win acceptance at the NeurIPS conference, one of the most competitive international venues for research in machine learning.

Health - 31.10.2022
Researchers trial tiny new microscope to detect breast cancer
Researchers trial tiny new microscope to detect breast cancer
An Imperial-developed tiny microscope that can be steered through small bodily spaces during surgery has entered its next phase of laboratory trials. The endo-microscope - a microscope designed to be inserted into the body to provide views of tissue and organs - produces images with unprecedented speed.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.10.2022
Bacterial armour plating has implications for antibiotics
Bacterial armour plating has implications for antibiotics
A new study published in the journal Science Advances sheds light on how Gram-negative bacteria like E. coli construct their outer membrane to resemble body armour, which has far-reaching implications for the development of antibiotics. Professor Colin Kleanthous in the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Oxford led the interdisciplinary study, with contributions from colleagues in Oxford and University College London.

Health - Life Sciences - 31.10.2022
New gene editing technology could treat children with resistant leukaemia
New gene editing technology could treat children with resistant leukaemia
Researchers at UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (GOSH) have engineered donor T-cells to try and treat seriously ill children with resistant leukaemia, who had otherwise exhausted all available therapies. The Phase I trial, published in Science Translational Medicine, is the first use of "universal" CRISPR-edited cells in humans and represents a significant step forward in the use of gene-edited cells for cancer treatment.

Life Sciences - 31.10.2022
Just like humans, more intelligent jays have greater self-control
A study has found that Eurasian jays can pass a version of the -marshmallow test and those with the greatest self-control also score the highest on intelligence tests. It's just mind-boggling that some jays can wait so long for their favourite food." Alex Schnell This is the first evidence of a link between self-control and intelligence in birds.

Environment - Chemistry - 28.10.2022
Controlling spin and Alzheimer's biological pathway: News from the College
Controlling spin and Alzheimer’s biological pathway: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From materials research that could help with the development of low-power next-generation technologies, to the discovery of a biological pathway that may explain the underlying mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease, here is some quick-read news from across the College.

Environment - 28.10.2022
Companies' 'deforestation-free' supply chain pledges have barely impacted forest clearance in the Amazon
Companies’ ’deforestation-free’ supply chain pledges have barely impacted forest clearance in the Amazon
More companies must make and implement zero-deforestation supply chain commitments in order to significantly reduce deforestation and protect diverse ecosystems, say researchers. Zero-deforestation pledges are a great first step, but they need to be implemented to have an effect on forests. Rachael Garrett Corporate pledges not to buy soybeans produced on land deforested after 2006 have reduced tree clearance in the Brazilian Amazon by just 1.6% between 2006 and 2015.

Health - 28.10.2022
Dentists forced to prescribe unnecessary antibiotics for toothache in pandemic
The COVID-19 restrictions preventing dentists in England from providing face-to-face treatment required some to unnecessarily prescribe antibiotics for dental pain, a study by University of Manchester researchers has shown. The results of the study were based on an analysis of NHS dental antibiotic prescribing data in England from before and during the pandemic, and an online survey in 2021 of 159 NHS dentists across England.

Astronomy / Space - 27.10.2022
Epic meteoroid impact on Mars
Epic meteoroid impact on Mars
NASA instruments have detected a Mars meteoroid impact that left a crater one and a half times the size of Trafalgar Square. It is the largest crater-forming impact ever observed in the solar system. The van-sized space rock weighed 200 tonnes and produced a blast zone around the crater equivalent in size to the area inside London's M25 motorway.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 27.10.2022
River longer than the Thames beneath Antarctic ice sheet could affect ice loss
River longer than the Thames beneath Antarctic ice sheet could affect ice loss
An unexpected river under the Antarctic ice sheet affects the flow and melting of ice, potentially accelerating ice loss as the climate warms. The 460km-long river is revealed in a new study, which details how it collects water at the base of the Antarctic ice sheet from an area the size of Germany and France combined.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.10.2022
New gene editing strategy could lead to treatments for people born with immune system diseases
New gene editing strategy could lead to treatments for people born with immune system diseases
A fault in cells that form a key part of the immune system can be repaired with a pioneering gene editing technique, finds new research demonstrated in human cells and mice, led by UCL scientists. Researchers say the study, published iná Science Translational Medicine , could lead to new treatments for a rare disease of the white blood cells that normally help to control the immune system - known as regulatory T cells - and those that protect the body from repeat infections and cancer - known as effector T cells.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 27.10.2022
New Scottish fossil sheds light on the origins of lizards
New Scottish fossil sheds light on the origins of lizards
A fossil discovery from Scotland has provided new information on the early evolution of lizards, during the time of the dinosaurs, reports a study involving UCL researchers. The tiny skeleton discovered on the Isle of Skye, called Bellairsia gracilis , is only 6 cm long and dates from the Middle Jurassic, 166 million years ago.

Life Sciences - 26.10.2022
Actors supress their sense of self when playing a new character
Actors supress their sense of self when playing a new character
Actors may suppress their core sense of self when acting, as they immerse themselves in a new role, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, suggests that when actors take on a new character, they may be able to suppress their everyday self - implying that theatre training may have a big impact on the fundamental mechanisms of the human brain.

Chemistry - Health - 26.10.2022
Sustainable way to make breast cancer drug could boost South African production
Sustainable way to make breast cancer drug could boost South African production
Researchers have devised a cheaper, more efficient, and sustainable way to produce a breast cancer drug in South Africa. The method is designed to facilitate the development of local pharmaceutical manufacturing capabilities in South Africa that could serve the country and its neighbours. We were able to find a more efficient way to manufacture lapatinib..

Psychology - Health - 26.10.2022
Autistic people are more likely to experience depression and anxiety during pregnancy
Autistic people are more likely to experience depression and anxiety during pregnancy
Autistic people are more vulnerable to depression and anxiety during pregnancy, according to new research from the University of Cambridge. The results are published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders and have important implications for supporting autistic people during pregnancy. This study suggests that autistic people are more vulnerable to mental health difficulties during pregnancy.

Life Sciences - 26.10.2022
Actors suppress their sense of self when playing a new character
Actors suppress their sense of self when playing a new character
Actors may suppress their core sense of self when acting, as they immerse themselves in a new role, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, suggests that when actors take on a new character, they may be able to suppress their everyday self - implying that theatre training may have a big impact on the fundamental mechanisms of the human brain.

Environment - Health - 26.10.2022
Over-dependence on fossil fuels risks the health of current and future generations
Over-dependence on fossil fuels risks the health of current and future generations
Fossil fuels continue to be prioritised over clean energy solutions by governments and companies to the detriment of health, finds the latest Lancet Countdown report led by UCL researchers. The 2022 Report of the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, published today, has found that ongoing crises, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, conflict in Ukraine, and a global energy and cost of living crisis, have caused countries to become over reliant on fossil fuels - compounding climate change and its effect on health.

Social Sciences - 25.10.2022
Majority of public don’t want use of their personal data to result in harm or corporate profit
Clear communication about how people's data is used won't necessarily alleviate their concerns about it, new research from the University of Sheffield has found.
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